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spoken; the bags in which the avowed inten- detected, it is utterly impossible! It never tion was to carry away the heads of some of did happen--it never can! I cannot believe the murdered party.

on any testimony that it is intended. But Now this is truly, in all its circumstances, a how fallacious would have been such reasoning case of a most extraordinary nature. It is is proved too clearly by the fact! And the admitted, that all these persons were met (not faci established, the next step I fear is of no it is argued for a treasonable purpose) but difficulty whatever. For that public revolution with an intention to proceed to a cabinet din- could only have been intended by such means, ner, to assassinate all the ministers assembled is as difficult to disbelieve as it was difficult to there; to what motive can this be referred ? believe in the means till established. Besides, Was it private malice? Was it personal re- upon the evidence, it will be for you to say, venge merely? The lots of the prisoners at whether extensive co-operation was not the the bar were cast too widely asunder from support and consequence to what they looked, those of the objects of their vengeance, to per as proved expressly not only by the measures mit us to account for their plan on any grounds but by the different declarations given in of private or personal difference. Is it possible evidence. to suppose, that the object was to commit a The prisoner has called witnesses to immurder merely, and stop there? Of this you peach the testimony of Adams, of whose eviwill judge, looking to the nature of the prepara-dence you will judge. You bave heard his tions made; not merely daggers concealed, defence, which I need not repeat to you, and but long staves for pikes; not merely cartridges in which he has desired you, before you disfor pistols ; but cartridges of a size to charge pose of his case, fully to examine all the cirartillery; grenades sufficiently strong in their cumstances, and well to weigh the verdict you construction, to be equal to the power of a may pronounce. In that prayer I most readily nine-inch shell—the number of arms—the join.' Weigb well the evidence! Deliberate quantity of ammunition-the military dépôt- thoroughly on the result! And if in concluthe fire balls, and the surveys made.-Connect- sion you can have any doubt of the facts which ing this with what relates to the Mansion-house constitute the overt acts charged, or the and the Bank—the provisional government purpose alleged as connected with them; if and the expectation that the people would you think that, however horrible, this was an rise and join—it is for you, gentlemen, to

intended assassination, and nothing more ; judge, whether this was merely to lead to and that the conspirators were to go into the house, end in the assassination of the king's ministers ; commit the murder, and then separate, and or, whether there was not an ulterior purpose that with that separation all operations were of insurrection and revolution, to which the to cease-if this should be your opinion—in assassination was but preparatory and subser- the honest exercise of your judgment apply it vient.

to the case, and acquit the prisoner. But, on But it has been said, is it probable that the other hand, if it be impossible fairly to form persons comparatively so few in number should such a judgment, then you will perform that suppose themselves able to accomplish such a duty which in the name of that Being referred mighty purpose as to bring about a revolution to more than once in the course of these proin the government of the country? I cannot ceedings, you have been sworn well and truly tell what in their estimation might be proba- to discharge, and pronounce the prisoner ble; but this is a most uncertain test by guilty because you believe him to be so. which to judge; for if I had been told there Finally, if you have any doubt, give him the could be found five-and-twenty men

benefit of it, and nobody will rejoice more the face of the earth, and still more (and I than I shall, if you can, with satisfaction to grieve to say) five-and-iwenty men of the your consciences, pronounce him not guilty. country to which we have the happiness to belong, who could have combined io commit The Jury withdrew at twenty-five minutes such a dreadful deed of barbarity and blood, I past eight, and returned in twenty-five should have said, till they had been detected minutes, finding the prisoner Guilty on in the way in which these persons have been the first and third counts.


704. The whole Proceedings on the Trial of John THOMAS

Brunt, for High Treason, before the Court holden under a
Special Commission, for the Trial of certain Offences therein
mentioned, on the 24th and 25th days of April : 1 Geo. IV.
A. D. 1820.*

Mr. Barclay was sworn. SESSIONS HOUSE, OLD BAILEY,

Edward Hughes, gentleman, excused on account Monday, APRIL 24th, 1820.

of illness.

Edward Grant, cow-keeper, excused on ac. Present

count of illness. The Right Hon. Lord Chief Baron (Richards.] Thomas Lester, bookseller, challenged by the The Hon. Mr. Baron Garrow.

Crown. The Hon. Mr. Justice Richardson.

Joseph Sheffield, esq. and ironmonger, challenThe Common Sergeant,

ged by the prisoner. And others his Majesty's Justices, &c.

Thomas Goodchild, esq. sworn.

Joseph Haynes, bricklayer, challenged by the [The Prisoner was set to the Bar.] Crown. The Jury Panel was called over, commen

Robert Stephenson, anchorsmith, challenged by cing with No. 219.

the Crown. Richard Emery, cooper, challenged by the Mr. Stephenson.-I am sorry to be under Crown.

the necessity of appealing to your lordship, Stephen Gaurd, bricklayer, challenged by the but I should think, having been challenged Crown.

twice* I may claim a right to withdraw alto-, John Apple, drug-grinder, excused on account gether.

of illness. Thomas Brayne, mason, challenged by the

Lord Chief Baron.–Certainly not. prisoner

Mr. Stephenson. I have always applied myWilliam Butler Baker, challenged by the self strictly to do my duty, as I have been Crown.

taught from my infancy, but I conceive I am William Benn, farmer, challenged by the trifled with. Crown.

Mr. Solicitor-General.-It is no reproach to John Roper, gentleman, fined for non-attend.

any gentleman that he is challenged, either on William Norton, sawyer, challenged by the the one side or the other, and ought not to be prisoner.

so considered.
William Blasson, gentleman, challenged by the Lord Chief Baron.--No, certainly not.

Alerander Barclay, gentleman, and grocer.

Richard Blunt, gentleman, challenged by the

prisoner. Mr. Barclay.-My lord, I feel so completely Isaac Gunn, baker, challenged by the Crown. influenced by the facts that came before me William Churchill, gentleman, and wine-meron the former trial,+that I really do not feel chant, challenged by the Crown. myself a competent judge.

Thomas Suffield Aldersey, esquire, sworn. Lord Chief Baron. It is no objection unless Thomas Wilkinson, farmer, challenged by the the parties object.


Samuel Fish, tobacconist, challenged by the Mr. Curwood.—We prefer him, my lord, prisoner. because he will be able to see the difference. Edmund Collingridge, water-gilder, challenged Mt. Barclay.I trust I may be exempt William Shore, farmer, challenged by the Crown.

by the Crown. under these circumstances.

James Herbert, carpenter, sworn. Mr. Justice Richardson. It is no objection John Shuter, gentleman, sworn. in point of law.

Josiah Bartholomew, watchmaker, challenged

by the prisoner. See the preceding and following Cases. + He was one of the Jury on the trial of * Now, and in the case of Arthur ThistleArthur Thistlewood,






John Jones, carpenter, challenged by the Crown. | John Jones, stock-broker, challenged by the Henry Ramsey, boat-builder, excused on ac Crown. count of illness.

Thomas Partridge, farmer, challenged by the Thomas Bristow, coachmaker, challenged by prisoner. the prisoner.

George Henn, ship-chandler, challenged by the Samuel Granger, lighterman, challenged by the Crown. prisoner.

Thomas Harby, esq. and rope-maker, challenged George Dickenson, builder, challenged by the by the prisoner. prisoner.

Wilian Jarrett, watch-engraver, challenged by Thomas Parkinson, upholsterer, challenged by the prisoner. the prisoner.

Samuel Wimbush, horse-dealer, fined for nonThomas Ashton, esq. and ship-chandler, chal attendance. lenged by the prisoner.

John Bunting, gentleman and tailor, challenged Janes Wilmot, market-gardener, sworn.

by the Crown. George Phillips, jeweller, challenged by the William Dawes, farmer, challenged by the prisoner,

Crown, Thomas Bird, distiller, challenged by the pri- Wilham Cooper, gentleman, challenged by the

prisoner. William Johnson, baker, challenged by the Robert Greaves, gentleman, excused on account Crown.

of illness. John Edward Shephard, gentleman, sworn. Christopher Dowson, ship-builder, challenged Samuel Gould, calico-printer, challenged by the by the Crown. Crown.

William James Furmer, baker, challenged by James Wadmore, esq. challenged by the prisoner. the prisoner. Thomas Brown, oilman, challenged by the pri- David Newman, farmer, challenged by the soner.

Crown. George Allen, brass-founder, challenged by the George Thorpe, clock-case maker, challenged prisoner,

by the Crown, William Reed, esq. challenged by the prisoner. Henry Seaborn, cooper, excused on account of George Davis, cooper, challenged by the pri illness,

Francis Sherborn, esq. and farmer, challenged John Farnell, brewer, challenged by the pri

by the prisoner.

Edward Simpson, shipwright, challenged by the John Westbrook, brick-maker, fined for non prisoner.

attendance, but the fine afterwards remitted William Davies, shopkeeper, challenged by the on proof of illness.

Crown, Jonathan Passingham, farmer, challenged by the Richard Franks, esq. and silk-mercer, chalCrown.

lenged by the Crown. Joseph Drake, draper, challenged by the pri- John Smith, undertaker, sworn. soner.

Thomas Langley, ship-chandler, challenged by Joseph Clements, market-gardener, excused on the Crown. account of illness,

George Priest, esq. challenged by the prisoner. John Fowler, iron-plate worker, sworn. Samuel Wilson, gentleman and mercbant, Samuel Rhodes, esq. and cow-keeper, challenged

Mr. Curwood.--I have no cause to shew, my by the prisoner. William Gibbs Roberts, cooper, sworn.

challenges are exhausted. Richard Smith, esq. challenged by the Crown. Mr. Attorney General. The prisoner sball Joseph Pendered, iron-plate worker, challenged not suffer inconvenience from that circumby the Crown.

stance. Thomas Garrett, shipwright, challenged by the

Challenged by the Crown. Crown, Matthew Ashton, coach-master, challenged by Alfred Batson, esq. and porter-dealer, challeng

Michael Atkins, esq., challenged by the Crown. the prisoner. Richard Hatchett, esq. and farmer, challenged George Taylor, bricklayer, challenged by the

ed by the Crown. by the prisover.

John Dickenson, builder, sworn.

John Woodward, geotleman, sworn.
William Bushby, esq. fined for non-attendance.
Thomas Austin, esq. excused on account of

THE JURY. illness.

Alexander Barclay, John Shephard, John Dobson, esq. challenged by the prisoner. Thomas Goodchild, John Fowler, Thomas Dicks, silversmith, challenged by the Thos. Suffield Aldersey, Wm. Gibbs Roberts, Crown.

James Herbert, John Dickenson, Thomas Wood, painter, ehallenged by the pri- John Shuter,

John Smith,

James Wilmot, Jobn Woodward. James Gates, joiner, challenged by the Crown. Robert Wells, farmer, challenged by the Crown. The Jury were charged with the prisoner in Edward Bracebridge, watchmaker, challenged the usual form.

by the Crown.


Mr. Attorney General.-Before Mr. Bolland request, and that therefore it is unnecessary, opens the case, I think it my duty to bring but in justice to the prisoner at the bar you before your lordships a eircumstance which will forgive me for baring made it; and I am has occurred since you last sat in this place. satisfied, that through the whole course of this The Court, from an anxious desire that nothing trial, your minds will not be influenced by any should occur during the course of these trials, thing but the evidence in the case, and that, which could by any means operate to the pre- upon that evidence alone your conclusion with judice of the prisoners, at the commencement be formed. of the proceedings directed that do publication The charge against the prisoner at the bar of the proceedings on the first or any other is that of high treason; and without troubling trial, should take place until the whole of you with stating the different counts of this them were brought to a conclusion. With that indictment, I shall content myself by observing injunction, I believe I may state, that the to you, that it is necessary by the law, that daily papers have most properly complied; but the acts intended to be given in evidence it appears by the paper which has been put against the accused, shall be stated in the ininto my hands, that a publication was made dictment. Those acts consist in consultations yesterday in the Observer newspaper of the and deliberations by the prisoner at the bar, whole of the trial of Arthur Thistlewood, and and others, 10 overturn the constitution of the not a very short account was given also of the country, to excite insurrection against the trial of James Ings, and my lords, this publica established government–in having actually tion has been issued with a full knowledge on prepared means for that purpose--and in the part of the publisher, of the prohibition having formed and acted upon an intention which the Court had pronounced, for I find to assassinate all his majesty's ministers. Those that prohibition published in this very paper statements are introduced into the indictment which contains the account of the trials I have as indicating and evidencing the intention har, mentioned

boured in the mind of the prisoner at the bar It is not my intention at this moment to and his associates, to depose the king from his interrupt the proceedings which are about to royal authority, or to levy war against him, in take place, by calling upon your lordships to order by force to compel him to change bis take any specific step upon this most daring and measures and counsels; and I believe I may flagrant contempt of the authority of the Court; state with perfect confidence, that if these overt but I think I owe it to the dignity of the Court, acts, as they are called, shall be proved to your and to the situation which I hold, to state thus satisfaction, they will establish the charge of publicly, that this conduct cannot pass unno- high treason against the prisoner at the bar. ticed ; and that undoubtedly some proceedings | I consider it, therefore, sufficient at present to will be taken, when the means are furnished request your attention to the nature of the to bring the matter in a proper shape before evidence which will be laid before you, without your lordships. *

troubling you further upon the law of the Prisoner. — Would your lordship have the case. goodness to give me the indulgence of a seat, shoemaker, residing in Fox-court near Gray’s

The prisoner, John Thomas Brunt, was a at intervals, when I am tired. Lord Chief Baron. --Certainly.

ino-lane, and it will be proved by the witnesses,

that early in the present year, plans (which The Indictment was opened by Mr. Bolland. In the mind of the prisoner at the bar, and the

probably had for a period long before existed Mr. Attorney General.-Gentlemen of the other persons who were associated with him), Jury ;-You have heard, from the opening of were more matured and brought nearer to the the indictment by my learned friend, the point of execution. One of his associates was nature of the charge which is preferred against a man who must frequently be mentioned in the prisoner at the bar; and as the circum- the course of this investigation, of the name stances of this case, about to be laid before of Thistlewood, a name probably not unknown you in evidence, have already come to the to any of you, and it is a duty I owe to the knowledge of some of you from the duty you prisoner to request that you will lay out of have lately performed, and may probably have your consideration'any thing which has occurred reached the minds of the rest; let me, in the with respect to Thistlewood, and confine outset, beseech you to dismiss, as far as you yourselves strictly to the proofs which will be can, all recollection of what you have heard or laid before you in support of the particular read upon the subject of this proceeding, and charge you are now impanelled to try. Anoto confine your attentiou exclusively to the ther person, included in the present indict. facts which will be adduced in evidence upon ment, James Ings, by trade a butcher, will the present occasion. I am convinced that also appear to you to have been an intimate of every one of you has anticipated me in this the prisoner Brunt. At the commencement

of the present year, meetings were called by * See the commencement of the trial of these three individuals, Thistlewood, Ings, and. Arthur Thistlewood, April 17th, suprd ; and the prisoner, at which several other persons, the proceedings at the close of the present who will be introduced to your notice in the trial, infrà.

course of this trial, were assembled. They


were held at the White Hart in Brook's-market, the evening of the following Wednesday.
not in the public house itself, but in a room Thistlewood, acquiescing in this opinion, pra
in the yard belonging to it. It being thought posed, that upon the ensuing morning they
however, for some reason or other, that this should assemble again, and that a committee
was not a secure place for their meetings, ano- should then be appointed for the purpose of
ther room was obtained, in the house in Fox- digesting the operations of Wednesday; and
court, in which the prisoner at the bar lived; and it will appear to you, that on Sunday the 20th
it will appear, that though hired for the ostensi- of February, the party met more numerously
ble purpose of being occupied by Ings as a lodg- than had been usual; twenty persons or more
ing, it never was applied to that purpose, but were, I believe, collected.
was used exclusively for the meetings which The plan of these conspirators embraced
the conspirators daily held, in order to consult other objects besides the destruction of his
upon their plans, and to prepare the means for majesty's ministers ; different parties were to
carrying them into execution. This room was be posted in various parts of this metropolis ;
on the same floor with the apartments of the some were to set fire to buildings, which were
prisoner Brunt; his were in the front, that to be pointed out; others were to seize the
hired for Ings was at the back of the house ; cannon deposited in Gray's-inn-lane at the
the key of it was kept at Brunt's, and access Light-horse Volunteer stables, and in the
to it obtained by applying to him or some Artillery-ground dear Finsbury-square. It was
member of his family.

intended, that after the taking of those cannon
· It will be in your recollection that at the and the firing of different places in the metro-
close of the month of January, his late majesty polis, they should meet at the Mansion-house ;
died. It had been part of their plan to com- which was to be the seat of what they termed
mence operations by the destruction of his the provisional government. This being
majesty's ministers, and it was thought that no settled and arranged on the Sunday, you will
opportunity would be so convenient as that find that their activity increased to complete
which the assembling of those distinguished the preparations they had begun. Ammunition
persons at a calvinet dinner would afford. In con was procured in very large quantities; hand-
sequence of his majesty's death, those dinners grenades, which will be exhibited to you, were
were suspended, and therefore no such oppor- prepared ; fire-balls, to which they gave the
tunity was at that time likely to occur, at least appellation of illumination balls, were made,
the prisoner and his associales so believed; it to be lighted and thrown into the houses which
was therefore proposed at one of their delibera- were to be set on fire ; cartridges for the cannon
tions, that although the whole of their scheme were obtained in considerable quantities; arms
could not be accomplished, some individuals of every description-guns, blunderbusses,
of his majesty's ministry should be cut off pistols, and swords—were collected. Other
either at their own houses, or at other places ; | instruments which were found will be exhibited
and it was thought that the night of the king's to you; they are pikes made of slaves of ash
funeral might be a convenient time for the and beech, into one end of each of which were
commencement of their plan. It was observed to be screwed bayonets or sharpened files;
by one of them, that the soldiers, or the greater thus connected together, the bayonet and the
part of them, would then be withdrawn from staff formed a very formidable weapon, of the
London to attend his majesty's funeral at length of eight or nine feet.
Windsor, and that many of the police officers In order to their security, fearing that their
would be necessarily absent upon the same motions at Brunt's room might be observed,
duty; and from these considerations it was they had appointed another place as a depo-
proposed to the meeting, that that night should sitory for the arms and ammunition which
be fixed as the period for beginning the projected they had procured, and you will find that
operations. This proposal, however, either was place was at the house of Tidd, who is another
not adopted, or, if then agreed to, was not of the persons charged in this indictment, who
afterwards acted upon, and their operations lived in Hole-in-the-wall-passage, in Brook's
were postponed beyond the evening of his ma- market. They met again on the following
jesty's funeral. Atlength the conspirators,heated day, Monday, the 21st, when their plans were
and infamed with the object which they had again considered, and they were still equally
in view, became impatient; and you will find eager to complete them on the Wednesday;
that on the 19th of February (a day to which and you will find their deliberations turned
your attention will be particularly directed), again entirely on the mode in which their
at a meeting at Brunt's room, at which Thistle- scheme was to be carried into effect.
wood, Ings, Brunt, Davidson, Harrison, and On Tuesday the 22nd another meeting was
others were assembled, their impatience was held. At that meeting a man of the name of
exhibited. Many of them said, that they Adams, who will be called before you as a
were resolved that a blow should be struck witness, communicated to them something
without delay, and that if no convenient op- which had occurred with respect to himself,
portunity occurred in the mean time, at which and which excited a suspicion in his mind
ibe whole of his majesty's ministers might at that their intentions were not altogether un-
one blow be cut off, they were determined that known to the government, and that their mo
something at all events should be attempted on tions were watched. The very suspicion of

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