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required, than they themselves furnith against those extravagancies of theory, which confounded all the established maxims of reason, wisdom, and experience : which alarmed the whole civilized world with the dread of barbarism, convulsion, and dissolution."
To finish the work which the philosophers of France had principally in view, and to consummate that happy æra, when heathenism should ride triumphant over the ruins of Christianity, and by so doing, conipletely verify the predi&tion of Voltaire, the prince of infidelity ; the Calendar was changed, the fabbath was abolithed, many of the churches were shut up, others were transformed to civil uses ; and toleration given to all religions, for the purpose, by an oblique method, of degrading Christianity.
“ Sich was the mild spirit of philofophy, as it was liyled by some of their wri. ters, who reproached Christianity with intolerance and persecution. Yet, if they will erter upon the argument, we will prove that more bluod was shed in France during seven years under the mild dominion of philosophy than in the last seven hundred years of Christianity.”
But the Doctor allows, and very properly too, that a whole nation ought not to be reproached for the crimes of individuals ; he, however, takes occasion to observe, for the instruction of this country, that every principle by which those exceffes have been excited and continued, has been abandoned. The French overturned monarchy, and substituted anarchy in its place; they have subdued anarchy, and submitted to the government of a single person. . .
They endeavoured to suppress a sense of moral and religious sentiment, and for a time, unfortunately for then selves, were successful. The consequences of this depravity they have, however, severely felt, without being able to accomplish the blessed purpose, which was the object of their anxious desires.
". The people, however corrupt in morals, were not without a sense of God, without reverence for the religion of their fathers; the government saw and felt this, and has acknowledged it; and the government saw likewise, that fociety cannot exist without religion."
“ Religion has been adopted again, the experiment of rejecting it has been tried and failed: and what is the conclufion we muit now draw? but that all the imagination of man has been exerted in vain to find a substitute for the Gospel, and that if a nation cannot lublilt without virtue and morals, as well as law, it is to the Gospel they must revert ; for those who have once seen the light of the Gospel, cannot discover God in any other system, and will never submit to the invention of men.”
Having taken a view of the old government of France, and contrasted it with what it might have been made by a temperate amelioration; and having glanced at the present system of imperial sway in that country, and happily drawn a juft and admirable portrait of our own constitution, government, and laws, he concludes the whole with the following anis mated, eloquent, and imprellive language.
« Such is the condition of France, and such is the situation of England at the termination of a war, which has ended on our side with victory, and the undoubted sovereignty of the lea. On theirs, with the accellion of territory, and the aggrandizement of their empire. Both have cause to exult, and both have wounds to heal. May they be healed! and may the God of peace heal all the animofities which they have caused! We have upon many occasions had reason to be persuaded, that the Special interposition of Providence had been visible in the preservation of this king. dom, but never more than in the present instance. Open war is a calamity; but
the diffolution of society, the perversion of the human mind, the delusion of the people, the abolition of religion, the destruction of moral principles, are evils which the world knew not how to combat; but if these notions have been exploded, if those who have renounced all religion, have been compelled to acknowledge " that there is a God who judgeth the world;" if those who denied the Gospel, have been obliged to assume it once more as the only true foundation of morality ; if those who diffolved monarchy, have again taken refuge under the dominion of a single person; if we have escaped the contagion of their example ; if the example itself has perished in the folly that conceived it, then have we more reason to thank God at the present instant, than at the issue of any war in which this nation was ever engaged. Thine O Lord, is the praise, and he glory, and the victory, and the majesty ; in Thy hand is the power and the might; it is Thou that givest strength, and makeft us to stand alone among the nations; it is Thou that lavelt us, and not we ourselves; to Thy name be the praise, now and evermore, would without end.”
Of this sermon we say in a few words, that it is worthy of Dr. Vincent, was well adapted to the occasion for which it was composed, and highly deserving of that honour which the honourable the House of Commons, before whom it was preached, conferred upon it, by desiring its publication.
The text (Psalm lviii. v. 10.) is exceedingly apposite, and the subject discussed with great force of reasoning, and strength of argument.
A Sermon preached on the day appointed for a public Thanksgiving for the : Restoration of Peace, ist of June, 1802, by the Rev. John CLARKE,
L.L.B. 4to. pp. 19. THIS is an excellent discourse from 2 Chronicles xx. 29, 30. sc And
the fear of God was on all the kingdoms of those countries, when they had heard that the Lord fought against the enemies of Israel. So the realm of Jehosaphat was quiet, for his God gave him rest round about.”
With much address, and yet with perfect ease, the preacher draws a parallel between the circumstances of Judea in the time alluded to in the text, and those of Great Britain. The piety of both monarchs certainly forms no small portion of the picture : but Mr. Clarke dwells principally upon the great national events; he goes back to the origin of the late arduous contest, and he proves clearly enough to every honest mind, that this was an insulted country, menaced in the most barefaced manner by a proud and sanguinary foe.
The following remarks with respect to the due improvement of national blessings, will afford a favourable specimen of the author's manner.
" It is truly observed, that the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom: if we be deterred from the breach of duties by that fear, the exercise of the virtues will soon win our judgment to approve their excellency; and what was no more than a negative virtue through fear, will be kindled into the most active one through estimation. The fear of the Lord will be succeeded by the deepest love and veneration. The observance of integrity, one of the earliest of the divine cominands, will illustrate the infeperable connexion between justice and utility. The babits of obedience and restraint necessary to society, and belt to be cultivated and confirmed by the precepts of religion, and the forbearance which she impoles upon the pala fions, will give conviction of their expediency, strength to the mind, and moderation to the desires. The excitements to benevolence from the same principle will gradually be enlarged, by the growing feelings of humanity. In fine, it is the religion of Chriit, adding irresistible motives to virtue, by bringing life and inimortality to light; and securing these inexpressible blessings, by the coniummation of ineltima. ble love ; whịch in the highelt degree wili effect whatever is most excellent in senti02
ment and practice; which has already brought the sword to the anvil ; and in the course of time will complete its conversion. But this cannot take place till she shall be professed in deed, as well as in word. When faith shall have accomplished this sublime work, then will coinmence the reign of piety and benevolence;—then will glory be given to God in the highest ;-then will peace and good will be eftablished on the earth."
A Sermon preached at the Parish Church of St. Andrew, in the City of
Norwich, upon June 1, being the Day of General Thanksgiving for Peace. By the Rev. LANCASTER ADKIN, A. M. and published at the
Request of the Parishioners. 4to. pp. 16. THIS is an animated discourse, from that appropriate passage, Psalm
cxlvii. 14. “ He maketh peace in thy borders, and filleth thee with the flour of wheat.”
The following just encomium upon the late ministers, particularly the « Pilot who weathered the storm," does credit to the integrity and boldness* of the preacher, as the request to have the sermon printed, does to the good sense and virtuous principles of the parishioners,
“ We have not only been protected from well concerted assaults, but the attention of the foe has been directed from ourselves to other objects, to other quarters from whence the true religion has been long lince banished; from whence the seeds of infidelity ripened in the hot-bed of modern philosophy and earthly wisdom, of vain conceit and human pride, have been dispersed over the civilized world, to confound and punish the apostatizing nations. Here, after bowing with reverence to the all-directing Power above us, let us pay the tribute of grateful respect so justly due to THAT ASTONISHING MAN, that persevering Statesman, and to his ABLE ASSISTANTS, who, having guided the helm with soinuch steadiness and skill when the vessel was in danger, (even to the light of the haven whither she was bound,) resigned the fruit of their hard labours with a virtuous felt denial, and from a disinterested attachment to their country's wishes, that there might be no obItacle to the desired reit from bloodshed, and from increasing burthens. The re. vengeful enemy, prodigal alike of human life, as Sinarting from his powerful exer. 'tions, acknowledged his merit, by refusing seriously to negociate till his ostensible influence was removed."
One extract more, and we will close our report of this energetic composition, in the perusal of which we have been greatly delighted.
“ Religion! what a glorious theme to dwell upon! What an opportunity to ce. lebrate! Thou hast been trampled upon and despised, but retainei still thy loveli. ness and perfection! Gigantic have been the efforts to root thee out of the land, but the gates of hell have not prevailed, and shall NEVER prevail against thee! Thy ministers have been reviled, insulted, and oppresled, but they have been sup. ported by their gracious Master, and have proved them!elves to be the truest friends of those whom they are appointed to instruct. Look at bleeding France, and alk (the inhabitants) how they have succeeded ;--without a revealed God-without the acknowledgment of a Saviour--without the declaration of an eternal neep after death! Have they been happy ? Have they received the promised REWARDS from their REFORMS and ALTERATIONS? I will not attempt to describe the miseries which they have endured ---they are l'ufficiently known. But see how joyfully they return to the God of CHRISTIANS! How eagerly they fill bis opened temples! In vain did the all.destroying Iword cut down the ranks of mankind-IT COULD NOT MURDER RELIGION. In vain they sought for obligations to bind man one to another, to unite their jarring interests! They could not do it without RELIGION. * We use this word in reference to the place where the discourse was delivered.
From her they trace the strongest cement of society its advantages and comforts; and rejoice at her return. . May she return to that lately suffering people more free from error, and feel them more disposed to embrace THE TRUTH."
Divine Authority, conferred by Episcopal Ordination, necesury to a legitimate Discharge of the Christian Ministry; a Sermon preached before the University of Oxford, May 16, 1802. By George STANLEY FABER,
A. M, Fellow of Lincoln College. 8vo. pp. 37. W E are glad to see the divine right of Episcopacy frequently brought
w forwards and defended from the pulpit and press. For many years it was seldom, or ever touched upon, though the clergy saw schism spreading its poisonous and distracting streams in every direction. The common people, and indeed many pious and tolerably-well informed perfons too, had no clear or correct notions of Ecclesiastical Unity, or of Apostolical Authority. They were led to think, that mere Spiritual Religion was all that God required, and that an obedience of his positive institutions, with respect to the order and discipline of the Church, was a matter of indifference. The sectaries, cunningly enough, represented Schism as an Ecclefiaftical bug-bear, and a word of no meaning, unless connected with bigotry and superstition. But the same sectaries have been always free enough to inveigh against any breach in their own congregations as a “ rending of the body of Chrift;" that is, in plain terms, as a “ Schismatical Division.” It is necessary, therefore, that men should frequently be reminded, that it is their duty to obey Christ in The CHURCH, as well as in their private relations, or in their peaceful deportment, as subjects of the state. In other words it seems, that the only effectual means of stopping the alarming progress of schism and enthuhalm is, to convince the people, at large, that the Almighty requires obedience to the Apoftolical Institution of the Christian Ministry, as much as he does to the Civil Magistracy, and that as resistance to the latter is Rebellion, so a disregard of the former is Schism. We thank Mr. Faber for this found defence of EPISCOPACY (from Ephef. vi. 19, 20.) which well deserves the perusal of every one who has any regard for Christianity, or the flightest wish to follow the precepts of Christ in all things. We never saw the vain pretensions of self-created teachers more powerfully, and yet with more gravity, exposed, than in this truly argumentative and Christian discourse.
An Esuy on the Method of Illustrating Scripture, from the Relations of Modern Travellers in Palestine and the neighbouring Countries. Published, in pursuance of the Will of the late Mr. NORRIS, us having gained the Annual Prize, instituted by him in the University of Cumbridge.
By John FOSTER, A. B. Scholar of Trinity College. 8vo. THE first person, we believe, who properly took the hint of comparing
the language and descriptions of the scripture, with the existing scenery and customs of the eastern nations, was Mr. Maundrell, whole very entertaining and faithful “ Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem,” is, in many respects, an excellent guide to the understanding of the Bible. The late Mr. Harmer, in his “ Observations on the Scripture,” has followed up the idea to a still greater extent, and with more variety; and
the author of an ~ Effay towards a New Translation of the Bible," judiciously availed himself of all that information which the accounts of travellers into those countries, down to his time, afforded him. Mr. Norris's trustees, we think, could not have adopted a fitter subject, to exercise the ingenuity of students, than that which is discussed in this compendious, but really excellent Essay. To the elaborate works of Mr. Maurice and Sir William Jones, Mr. Foster makes frequent reference; and he very happily illustrates many obscure passages of Sacred Writ, by striking quotations from some modern travellers. We shall quote the following as a specimen :
• Surely the serpent will bite without enchantment, and a babbler is no better."'* “ They are like the deaf adder that stoppeth her ear, which will not hearken to the voice of the charmer, charming ever so wisely.”+ “ Who will pity a charmer, that is bitten with a serpent?” It is an established fact, that serpents may be charmed, and rendered perfely harmless by musical sounds. But our two last quotations seem to allude to certain persons, who made a profession of charming serpents, not by music particularly, but by words. “ The charmers of serpents," says Mr. Browne,“ seem worthy of remark, their powers appearing extraordinary. The serpent most common at Kahira, is of the viper class, and undoubtedly poisonous. If one of them enters a house, they send for a charmer, who uses a certain form of words. I have seen three ferpents enticed out of the cabin of a ship, lying near the shore. The operator handled them, and then put them into a bag. At other times I have seen the serpents twist round the bodies of these psylli, in all directions, without having their fangs extracted or broken, and without doing them any injury." ||
We should be glad to see a much larger work on the same plan, convinced that it would prove of great utility.
* Ecclef. x. 11.
Ś Compare Shaw's Supplem., to his Travels, p. 64, with the authorities in Parkhurit’s Heb. Lex. at the word woh Art. 2.
|| Browne's Travels, p. 84.
LIST OF BOOKS IN DIVINITY. THE Triumphs of Chriftianity over Chrilt Church, Surry, on Tuesday, the
Infidelity displayed ; being a full ift of June, 1802, 'the day of General Answer to the Objection of Mr. Gib. Thanksgiving for the Peace, by Thobon, that our Lord and his Apostles mas Ackland, M. A. rector of Christ foretold the near Approach of the End Church, Surry, and Chaplain to the of the World in their own Time, by N. Filhmonger's Company. 410. pp. 19. Nisbett, A. M. 8vo. pp. 276.
A Thanksgiving Sermon for the A Sermon, preached at the Parish Peace, preached in the Parish Church Church of St. Andrew, in the City of of Stockton upon Tees, June 1, 1802, Norwich, on the ist of June, being the by John Brewiter, M. A. Vicar of that day of General Thankigiving for the place ; published by request, pp. 8vo. 27. Peace, by the Rev. Lancaster Adkin, Natural Theology; or Evidences of A. M. and published at the requelt of the Existence of the Attributes of the the Parihioners, pp.
Deity, collected from the Appearances Performance of Vows, the True of Nature. By W. Paley, D.D. ArchThanksgiving. A Sermon preached at deacon of Carlife.