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some Austrian renegade-some Spanish “I think, Leonardo, he is a painter traitor--sent here, peradventure, with indeed," cried for he grasps his promises of reward for thy head and pencil as thou dost thy dagger--as if he mine."

were used to it.” “It were but fair," cried another, “to “ He is well rid of his paleness, too," let him leave his own as a pledge for his said Antonio. I think the youngster good faith.”

hath touched his skin with the colour “ Not his head, good Rinaldo, but his fair women paint their cheeks with, only heart.

the eyes are as fiery as our lady's when An' we have women to lead us, and Leopoldo brought in his last plunder." the talk be of hearts to be pierced with “If the youth be truly a poor moonCupid's arrows, rather than good Span- struck artist,” cried Leonardo, I thank ish steel, we may better lay down our the saints we have spared him; but I weapons at once.'

took him for a certain Duke, whom I " Thou poor youth, cease thy fears. have seen ere now grinning at the priIf thou art not sent here to do us harm, son windows of such scum as we.” what wild caprice hath tossed thee among “Duke or artist,” cried another, “it the heights of the Abruzzi ?”

was a lucky chance which brought Ma“I am, by profession, a poor painter, dalena up the hill. He would have been without a carline or a friend. I wan. drawing else by fire light.” dered here to study nature, that I may

While the wretches were thus engaged, transfer her features to my canvass. the animated artist had, with a few bold

“ It is a false tale,” cried one of the touches, sketched the splendid scene men ; “ painters love their ease too well, around, and told the whole story of his and have little to do with nature. morning adventure. The cliffs frowned, Spagnioletto sleeps in the gorgeous halls with their shaggy, rugged outlines of the Spanish viceroy. Neither he nor against the sky, upon the terrific edge of his gang haunt the peaks of the Abruzzi. the chasm where they sat. The feroci. I see not why his life should be spared.” ous ruffians lay around, dashed off with

“ He is no painter," cried several a vigorous and powerful hand, and voices ; "he comes here a spy, perhaps a strikingly like the originals, whose cardinal, perhaps a Spanish noble. I eyes, now lighted with better humour, say, give him a sound sleep in the rocky gleamed from under their black and bed of yonder stream.”

heavy brows. On the brink sat the “ Youth,” cried Madalena, “I would artist himself, bound, and aghast at the save thy life; tell me truly art thou what prospect of approaching death, and in thou professest to be."

the centre rose the commanding form of “ By the blessed Redeemer, by the Madalena, her finger on his head, sternly holy Mother, dear lady, I am.

remonstrating with the savage banditti “Canst thou paint well, then ?" against their murderous intent. “I may not say of myself such a The brigands fairly shouted with thing, but my hand is familiar with the delight, as each portrait was recognized, pencil.”

and with one accord, promised him his “Soldiers," said Madalena, in a good- life and liberty. natured voice, “come, I will wager “This is nobly done, gentle youth. with you for this youth's life; ye have a Thou hast in thee the cunning of true fair set of goodly faces, though some- genius. Here shalt thou remain, as free what rough and uncourtly; but we will as the winds, or the eagle, till thou art put this young stranger's skill to the tired of our company, and I pledge thee test; we can find whether he be pain. a hospitable entertainment, and a safe ter or no. I see pencils and paper in return; am I right, comrades ?” his portfolio, through which thy bullet, “ Yea, by the heart of Diana, not a Leonardo, has made a perforation. Now hair of his head shall be injured by us.” lie ye down here, and let him draw one Even Leonardo smiled, and said ; of ye, to prove his profession, and as a “ The hand that drew this, should not specimen of his ability.”

perish among the mountains.” “ Agreed, agreed,” cried the rude “ And what is thy name young man ?”. group ; and flinging themselves down inquired Madalena kindly. into careless attitudes, they unbound the iAlas! I have no name,” replied the pale youth, and placed before him the liberated youth, “the world knows not utensils of his art.

It will scarcely dwell in thy The boy seized his pencil. It was remembrance, but I am called in my always his joy, now it was his inspira- own little circle, Salvator Rosa." tion and his life.

of me.

· Then you


The obscure painter long dwelt with What do you intend to be, Benjamin ?' his rough friends, and it is supposed “A painter.' A painter ! what sort of imbibed among them many of those deep a trade is a painter ? I never heard of and splendid conceptions, which have it before.' A painter,' said this humble since made the productions from his son of a Philadelphia quaker, “is the hand precious treasures, in the galleries companion of kings and emperors.' "You of kings, princes and pontiffs. The are surely mad,' said the embryo tailor; magnificent figures of robbers, found there are neither kings nor emperors in scattered through his works, are said to America.'— Ay, but there are plenty in be closely drawn from his entertainers other parts of the world.

And do you among the Abruzzi; and he has even really intend to be a tailor ?' — Indeed I left one picture, an engraving, in which do; there is nothing surer.' the above recital is narrated more vivid- may ride alone,' said the future comly; where the fierce brigands still recline panion of kings and emperors, leaping around ; where the noble Madalena still down; • I will not ride with one willing remonstrates with her finger on his head; to be a tailor.' and where he, the greatest artist in many “When directing our friend Sully how respects which the world ever saw, and to find the house in which he was born, the only landscape painter produced by the old gentleman, in describing the a country, the most remarkable of all road, pointed out the spot where he had countries for its exquisitely beautiful abandoned the intended tailor.” scenery, hangs trembling over the cliff,

WEST'S FIRST INTERVIEW WITH THE awaiting till the appeal of a robber's wife be pronounced upon by the group of Neapolitan brigands.

“ Dr. Drummond, the archbishop of New York, Nov. 1834. York, a dignified and liberal prelate, and

an admirer of painting, invited West to ARTS AND ARTISTS. his table, conversed with him on the in

fluence of art, and on the honour which We have obtained further extracts from the patronage of genius reflected on the Dunlap's “ History of American Arts rich; and opening Tacitus, pointed out and Artists,” which is now nearly ready that fine passage where Agrippina lands for publication, and we doubt not will with the ashes of Germanicus. He interest the British public as much as caused his son to read it again and our Atlantic brethren, to whose national again, commented upon it with taste and pride the work is intended as an homage. feeling, and requested West to make him

We like these memorials of a nation's a painting of that subject. The artist genius—they incite and cheer others in went home: it was then late, but before whom are the germs of like talent; and closing his eyes he formed a sketch, and although patronage may not be found carried it early next morning to his on their native soil, they have the assur- patron, who, glad to see that his own ance that other “ Benjamin Wests” will notions were likely to be embodied in find a home in every clime--the world's lasting colours, requested that the full size their sphere, and their most lasting monu. work might be proceeded with. Nor ments are their works.

was this all-- that munificent prelate proWEST'S EARLY AMBITION.

posed to raise three thousand pounds by “ One of his school-fellows allured subscription, to enable West to relin. him on a half-holiday from trap and quish likenesses, and give his whole time ball, by promising him a ride to a and talents to historical painting. Fifneighbouring plantation. • Here is the teen hundred pounds were accordingly horse, bridled and saddled,' said his subscribed by himself and his friends; friend, so come, get up behind me.' but the public refused to co-operate, and • Behind you,' said Benjamin; “I will the scheme was abandoned. ride behind nobody.' •0, very well,' The archbishop regarded the failure replied the other, ‘I will ride behind you, of this plan as a stigma on the country; so mount.

He mounted accordingly, his self-love, too, was offended. He and away they rode. • This is the last disregarded alike the coldness of the Duke ride I shall have,' said his companion, of Portland and the evasions of Lord * for some time. To-morrow I am to Rockingham, to whom he communicated be apprenticed to a tailor.' 'A tailor !' his scheme-sought and obtained an exclaimed West; you will surely never audience of his Majesty, then young and be a tailor ?' • Indeed but I shall,' re- unacquainted with cares-informed him piled the other ; it is a good trade. that a devout American and quaker had


painted, at his request, such a noble pic- which he cut. Some one cried · West ! ture that he was desirous to secure his West ! It was Colonel Howe. “I am talents for the throne and the country. glad to see you,' said he,' and not the The king was much interested with the less so that you come in good time to story, and said, “Let me see this young vindicate my praises of American skapainter of yours, with his Agrippina, as ting.' He called to him Lord Spencer soon as you please.' The prelate retired Hamilton, and some of the Cavendishes, to communicate his success to West. A to whom he introduced West as one of gentleman came from the palace to re- the Philadelphia prodigies, and requested quest West's attendance with the picture him to shew them what was called • The of Agrippina. • His majesty,' said the Salute.' He performed his feat so much messenger, 'is a young man of great to their satisfaction, that they went away simplicity and candour, sedate in his spreading the praises of the American affections, scrupulous in forming private skater over London. Nor was the confriendships, good from principle, and siderate quaker insensible to the value of pure from a sense of the beauty of virtue.' such commendations; he continued to Forty years intercourse, we might almost frequent the Serpentine, and to gratify say friendship, confirmed to the painter large crowds by cutting the Philadelphia the accuracy of these words.

Salute. Many, to their praise of his “ The king received West with easy skating, added panegyrics on his profesfrankness, assisted him to place the sional skill; and not a few, to vindicate Agrippina in a favourable light, removed their applause, followed him to his easel, the attendants, and brought in the queen, and sat for their portraits." to whom he presented our quaker. He related to her majesty the history of the picture, and bade her notice the simpli- “ We must all remember how long, city of the design, and beauty of the and how successfully, Redheffer had decolouring. • There is another noble luded the Pennsylvanians by his perpetual Roman subject,' observed his majesty, motion.

the departure of Regulus from Rome “ Many men of ingenuity, learning, -would it not make a fine picture?' •It and science, had seen the machine: some is a magnificent subject,' said the painter. had written on the subject; not a few of • Then,' said the king, you shall paint these were his zealous advocates ; and it for me.' He turned with a smile to others, though they were afraid to admit the queen, and said, “The archbishop that he had made a discovery which viomade one of his sons read Tacitus to Mr. lated what were believed to be the estabWest, but I will read Livy to him my lished laws of nature, appeared also afraid self—that part where he describes the to deny what the incessant motion of his departure of Regulus.' So saying, he wheels and weights seemed to prove. read the passage very gracefully, and These contrived ingenious theories, which then repeated his command that the pic- were hardly less wonderful than the perture should be painted.

petual motion itself. They supposed “ West was too prudent not to wish to that Redheffer had discovered a means retain the sovereign's good opinion--and of developing gradually some hidden his modesty and merit deserved it. The power, which, though it could not give palace doors now seemed to open of their motion to his machine forever, would keep own accord, and the domestics attended it going for some period, which they did with an obedient start to the wishes of not pretend to determine. him whom the king delighted to honour. “ One of these perpetual motions comThere are minor matters which some- menced its career in this city, in eighteen times help a man on to fame; and in hundred and thirteen. Mr. Fulton was these, too, he had his share.

West was

a perfect unbeliever in Redheffer's disa skilful skater, and in America had covery; and although hundreds were formed an acquaintance on the ice with daily paying their dollar to see the wonColonel, afterward too well known in der, Mr. Fulton could not be prevailed the colonial war as General Howe. This upon for some time to follow the crowd. friendship had dissolved with the thaw, After a few days, however, he was inand was forgotten, till one day the duced, by some of his friends, to visit the painter, having tied on his skates at the machine. It was in an isolated house in Serpentine, was astonishing the timid the suburbs of the city. practitioners of London by the rapidity “ In a very short time after Mr. Fulof his motions and the graceful figures ton had entered the room in which it was


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exhibited, he exclaimed, · Why, this is a FRAGMENT.-TWILIGHT. crank motion. His ear enabled him to

(For the Parterre.) distinguish that the machine was moved by a crank, which always gives an un

Once more the Golden Monarch of the skies equal power, and therefore an unequal Hath run his fiery course, and wearied sinks velocity in the course of each revolution: To rest, in gorgeous palace of the clouds; and a nice and practised ear may perceive And plaintive sigh, creeps o'er the" waning

The fitful twilight, with her dusky wing that the sound is not uniform. If the machine had been kept in motion by Of nature's loveliness, as thongh too bright what was its ostensible moving power, it

For man's undying and unhallowed gaze.

Welcome, ye solemn shades and boundless must have had an equable rotatory mo

gloom ! tion, and the sound would have been Dear to the wanderer, and his mournful tale always the same.

Of giant death, of charnel-house and shroud. After some little conversation with

Welcome fair Night Queen, with thy silver

glance the show-man, Mr. Fulton did not hesi

And azure train, bedecked with starry gems, tate to declare that the machine was an Rousing each slumbering wave to revelry, imposition, and to tell the gentleman On! 1° could dwell for ever on this hour,

. that he was an impostor.

So still and sad, yet melancholy sweet ; “ Notwithstanding the anger and blus- For I ain sick, and weary of the world, ter which these charges excited, he as- Its strife and treachery;-would that my heart, sured the company that the thing was a

Stemming its ruddy tide, might cease to beat,

And fading eye be closed in endless rest, cheat, and if they would support him in Untouched by thought, unscathed by memory! the attempt, he would detect it at the

JULIAN. risk of paying any penalty if he failed. Having obtained the assent of all

BEAUTIFUL ARTIFICIAL who were present, he began by knocking

PETRIFACTIONS. away some very thin little pieces of lath, which appeared to be no part of the machinery, but to go from the frame of the Pur into a retort a quantity of pounded machine to the wall of the room, merely fluor spar, with a few bits of broken to keep the corner posts of the machine glass, and pour upon them some sulsteady.

phuric acid ; fluoric acid gas will be dis“ It was found that a catgut string engaged, holding silex in solution. The was led through one of these laths and subjects that you wish to resemble petrithe frame of the machine, to the head of factions must now be moistened with the upright shaft of a principal wheel: water, and placed in a vessel connected that the catgut was conducted through with the neck of the retort. The fluoric the wall, and along the floors of the acid gas will be absorbed by the moissecond story to a back cock-loft, at a dis- ture adhering to the substances, and the tance of a number of yards from the room silex will be precipitated upon them like which contained the machine, and there a sort of hoar frost, which will have a was found the moving power. This was beautiful appearance, and is very durable. a poor old wretch, with an immense beard, and all the appearance of having Artificial coronas may be made in suffered a long imprisonment; who, when cold weather, by placing a lighted candle they broke in upon him, was unconscious in the midst of a cloud of steam; or if a of what had happened below, and who, glass window is breathed upon, and the while he was seated on a stool, gnawing flame of a candle placed at some distance a crust, was with one hand turning a from the window, while the operator is crank.

also at the distance of some feet from “ The proprietor of the perpetual mo- another part of the window, the flame tion soon disappeared. The mob de- will be surrounded by a coloured halo. molished his machine, the destruction In winter, an elegant chimney ornament of which immediately put a stop to that may be formed by cutting the head, or which had been, for so long a time, thick end of a carrot, containing the and to so much profit, exhibited in bulb, and placing it in a shallow vessel Philadelphia.”

with water. Young and delicate leaves

unfold themselves, forming a radiated There is a curious oversight in Mr. tuft of a very handsome appearance, Bulwer's novel, “ The last days of Pom- which is heightened by contrast with the peii." He has made an uneducated blind season of the year. girl write a letter ; obviously impossible.


MAGICAL ILLUSIONS. ket. The Scotchman, whom we will call

by his familiar epithet of “ Jock," was Behind a transparent screen of white careless to incredibility in his mercantile cloth, place a very powerful light, from concerns, but like a cat always fell upon which, as the performer, whose image is his feet, in a jump to the conclusion. formed on the screen, recedes, his figure The heretic party denying his infallibiwill attain to gigantic proportions; again, lity, went forth from the conference, terwhen he approaches, and is between the minating in the curious bet alluded to, light and the screen, his figure will be more with a commission to lead “ Jock” into accurately defined; by jumping over the temptation. Presently it chanced that light, he will appear to ascend to a great our merchant had a small share of a cargo height, and disappear. By nimble and of hardware to make up for the West grotesque movements and attitudes, and Indies at a late hour : so a friend with a by the judicious introduction of any ani- wise face, seized on the opportunity to mal, &c., the effect may be considerably advise “ Jock" to send out a consignheightened, and much laughter beexcited. ment of warming-pans, adding he was

credibly informed, that there was not MERCANTILE ANECDOTES. one to be had for love or money in Ja(For the Parterre.)

maica. 6 Jock” fell into the snare, and exported warming-pans to the tropics,

with the greatest satisfaction. When the Amongst the many whimsical anecdotes vessel put into Kingston, messengers told of the peculiar habits of the Chinese, from the plantations thronged down diperhaps few will be considered more cha- rectly, to inquire the lading; for, the racteristic of their love of imitation than sugar season had commenced, and the the following. Towards the close of last harvest was so abundant, that in many of century, an officer of the Pitt, East In- the boiling houses they were waiting for diaman, when that ship lay off Canton, ladles, to the great inconvenience of the sent ashore to a native, an order for a manufacturers. The warming-pans were dozen pair of trowsers, to be made of the bought up at a high premium as a subNankeen for which China has so long stitute for ladles, and Jock's infallibility been famed. The Chinese artisan re- as a commercial speculator, unanimously quired a pattern ; he could not make any subscribed to. This same individual paid thing without a pattern : so a pair of a visit in the course of time to the East trowsers were sent at his request, which Indies, in his proper person ; his facepair had been mended with a patch, and tious friends directed a letter to “ Jock needle-work on the knee. In due time at Calcutta,” making it another bet as to the dozen pair were sent on board, made whether it would reach him. The very day of a fabric of exceeding beauty for fine- it reached the post office at Calcutta, ness and quality, but every pair bearing, it chanced to meet the eye of a mutual like an heraldic badge, the obnoxious friend to the parties, who was aware of patch on the one knee, exactly copied the witticisms to which they inclined, and stitch for stitch, in a style that reflected being persuaded, from the hand-writing, the highest credit on the mechanical skill &c. for what Jock it was designed, made of the workman, and for the difficult ex. the necessary communication for its safe ecution of which an extra charge was transmission to the right owner. It is made upon the purse of the exasperated better to be born lucky then rich, so Jock's owner, who had no alternative but to friends thought.

B. E. M. bring home his bargain as a qualification for the Traveller's Club; for certainly THE BALL THAT KILLED amongst no kindred or people living be- WITHOUT WOUNDING. twixt this and China, could a similar achievement have been perpetrated.

(From the French). A young Scotchman, known in the “ 'Sdeath, sir, you shall give me satismercantile world many years ago, as one

faction.” so peculiarly fortunate in every commer

“ Whenever you please.” cial speculation, as to have become “ To-morrow at eight o'clock." amongst his intimate friends an object of “ At eight o'clock then, let it be. I ludicrous remark, was the subject of a shall be furnished with a second.” City bet of a rump and dozen, between And the following morning at eight some of his associates, as to the practica- o'clock, four individuals took their way bility of his being mistaken in his mar- towards the “Bois de Boulogne,” two


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