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IVerKngton, Jan. llth, 1808.
It is with great pleasure I inform you of my observation on the benefits resulting from your plan of supplying this town with genuine new milk from your farm twice a day, particularly in the winter,
It is sensibly felt by those who have young families.
A few years since, in the winters, the supplies were so scanty, that interest was made with the seller to obtain a small quantity two or three times a week; the demands were so great, that they could only get it in, .rotation.
In consequence, the situation of the children of the lower order was miserable ; their breakfasts consisted of tea, mixed barley-bread, made with leaven, perhaps the most improper food for them, sometimes oatmeal porridge, with a small quantity of molasses, butter being so dear that they could not obtain it.
Your abundant supply of the most proper aliment for them demands the utmost gratitude from the inhabitants in general, and with the utmost satisfaction I repeat the good effects I have remarked in the general health of the children in this town, where milk has been used in preference to other food. I do assure you this description is not meant in compliment, but from a conviction of the utility of your plan. I consider myself interested in the continuance of it, and hope it may be continued, not merely from emolu
H 2 ment men% but th? general good of the town, which yo« have at all times considered. £. i. J.
I am, Sir,
Your most obedient humble servant,
I was gratified by the receipt of the preceding letter
from the first medical gentleman of this town, which
» is the most convincing proof of the benefits derived
from a supply of milk to the labouring community,
and is a rich reward for any personal exertions*
STATEMENT OF PROCEEDINGS, 1808.
The following is an Abstract of the Fortnight's Sale at the Schoose, for three years.
Produce of Milk, from October t 1807, till October*
Sold to the Town - 84464.
Milk given to calves - 2500
j£ . s. d.
86954 at 2d. per quart, ?24 14 O
£& s. d.
Calves sold for - 40 1 O
Three reared, at 5 gs. each 15 15 O
55 16 O
Milk given to calve?, 2500
quart*., at 2d. - 20 10 8
Total .produce, 759 13 3
& *. d. Keep of 30 mikh cows, for 12 months, at
6/. per day, - - 270 15 O
Estimated losi on 30 cows, at 21. per head 90 O O
360 15 O
Clear profit 3gs 18 O
This gives a profit of 12/. 19s. per cow. If the manure should not be considered as equivalent for milking, &c. strike off the 19s. and say 121.
I am led to believe the following statement of the progressive increase of the sale of milk, in the town of Workington, will be tolerably accurate:
Year. Quarts. £.
1805 - 222,755, at a cost of 1783.
1806 - 834,128, 2674.
1807 - 408,096, . .— 3151.
1808 - 507,024,. 4244.
The sale was formerly at the place of milking, or by a few individuals at their own houses, in the town; it is now sent round the streets in carts, by all the principal dealers, and disposed of with a facility that offers the strongest proof of an increasing demand. The profits are ample; and whilst those who are embarked in the trade have the wisdom to be satisfied with a price which gives to milk a preference over the other necessaries of life, the demand will continue, and mos< probably become still greater: but i', unfur untt.ly for themselves and the public, the dealers should be induced to combine, and succeed in adTi & vanciag vancing the price of milk, the infallible consequence will be, that the demand will as rapidly decrease as it has advanced, and milk will become again an article of luxury, as it was a few years back. The farmer will be disappointed of his golden hopes, and the labouring classes deprived of a beverage, which has contributed so essentially to their general health and happiness.
No part of my fanning affords me more satisfaction than my dairy. I daily witness the comfort it diffuses. The increased sale of milk is alone evidence sufficient to establish its utility. The profit is abundant, and might still be increased, by attending to the stock of which the dairy is composed. I have been gratified with the prospect of seeing the plan adopted in different parts of England. Lord Dundas has assured me of his intention of proceeding on the same system, at his great allum-works, in Yorkshire. I have also heard from that able friend to every measure which can better the situation of the poor, (I mean Dr. Beddoes) pf his hopes and wishes to see it established in Bristol.
In concluding this subject, as it is not probable I shall ever again be called on to revise or add to my labours, I trust I may be excused if I express my ardent wish, that the earlier part of life had been devoted to the pursuits of agriculture. Without subjecting myself, I trust, to the imputation of arrogance, I may hope to have employed the leisure hours of the few last years, not altogether unprofitably to the public, or without advantage to my family 5 and I can more confidently
speak, with much pleasure to myself. If I should prevail on others to follow me in this pursuit, I am certain I shall not deceive or mislead them.
The years spent in public life I cannot help reviewing as a sacrifice of time and health. For above 20 years, not one object contended for attained!—The corrupt influence of the Crown has increased, is increasing, and not likely to be diminished. To what quarter can we now look with any degree of confidence, for its being reduced within proper bounds? It is not from the attacks of external enemies I fear the ruin of the country, but from an accumulation of abuses which are likely to obscure, defeat, and prevent, the wisest and best of all human governments answering its great end and object, in promoting the happiness and felicity of the people.
H 4 A Statement