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Notes and Queries.

ITALIC LETTERS IN THE BIBLE.- We have sometimes wonderfully illustrated in the gradual changes that heard the words, printed in Italic letters in our ver- have been made in the meaning of words. We subsion of the Bible, read as emphatic. Generally they join a few curious specimens: are the least emphatic of all the words in the verse; Climate.-At present, the temperature of a region, and they are not so printed to mark emphasis, but to but once, a region itself. show what words in the translation are supplied in Corpse.-Now used only for the body abandoned by the English text and necessary to the English idiom, the spirit of life, but once for the body of the living but not necessary to the sense in the Hebrew or Greek man equally as of the dead. idioms, and therefore not found in the original. Desire.-" To desire" is only to look forward with When the word Lord is found in the Old Testament longing, now the word has lost the sense of regret or printed in capital letters, it is a translation of the looking back upon the lost but still loved. Hebrew word Jehovah.

W. Ensure.—None of our dictionaries, as far as we can ANCIENT INHABITANTS OF NEBRASKA.-On the upper

observe, have taken notice of an old use of this Missouri there exists a tract of land known by the

word-namely, to betroth, and thus make sure the

future husband and wife to each other. name of the “Mauvaises Terres," or Bad Lands, at one time probably the bottom of an immense lake in

Hag.-One of the many words which, applied forwhich perished thousands of animals having now no

merly to both sexes, are now restrained only to one.

Mountebank.-Now any antic fool, but once rerepresentative on earth. It appears that the waters of this pond were removed in some convulsions of

strained to the quack doctors, who, at fairs and such Dature, and the sediment at its bottom became indu- places of resort, having mounted on a bank or bench, rated. The portion of the earth thus excavated forms

from thence proclaimed the virtues of their drugs. a valley of ninety miles in length by thirty in breadth.

Ostler.-Not formerly, as now, the servant of the The remains of animals which lived and breathed inn, having care of the horses, but the inn-keeper or long before the advent of man upon the earth, are

host, the “ hostler" himself. here found in such abundance as to form of this tract

Shrev.—There are at present no “shrews” save an immense cemetery of vertebrata. The bones are

female ones; but the word, like so many others which said to be completely petrified, and their cavities filled

we have met with, now restrained to one sex, was with silicious matter. They are preserved in various

formerly applied to both.

Sonnet.-A“sonnet now must consist of exactly degrees of integrity, some being beautifully perfect, and others broken.

fourteen lines, neither more nor less, and these with Two remarkable species of rhinoceros, the first

a fixed arrangement, though admitting a certain reever found in America, were discovered here, and also

laxation of the rhymes; but sonnet used often to be a sort of panther, smaller than the present variety

applied to any

shorter poem, especially of an amatory

kind. and likewise a number of strange animals with long names, unlike any thing which man ever saw alive.

Slove.--This word has much narrowed its meaning. We know, then, that there were once individuals in

Bath, hot-house, any room where air or water were Nebraska, as curious, and strangely shaped, and pug

artificially heated, was a stove

Tobacconist.-Now the seller, once the smoker of nacious, as any squatter which the present rush of

tobacco. emigration will carry thither.

Uncouth.--Now, unformed in manner, ungraceful in PRIDE AND EXCLUSIVENESS.—It is reported of the behavior; but once, simply unknown. proud Duke of Somerset that he never stooped to Wince.—Now to shrink or start away, as in pain, speak to a servant, but signified his wants by signs.

from a stroke or touch, but used always by our earliHis children were not allowed to sit in his presence. est authors in the sense of to kick. In his afternoon nap, one of his daughters was required to stand by him as he slept. Lady Charlotte

THE DEVELOPMENT OF LANGUAGE.-Language shares Seymour having once, when very tired, violated this

in all the vicissitudes of man. It reflects all the etiquette, he left her in his will £2,000 less than her

changes in the character and habits of a people, and sister. His second wife once gave him an affection

shows how they progress or retrograde. The sense ate and familiar tap with her fan. “My first duch

of a word gets altered by imperceptible degrees, till ess," said the august noble, drawing himself haughtily up, was a Percy, and she never would have

it comes to express a reverse signification. It is well

known that the word prevent, in its Latin etymology, taken such a liberty." The only titled and noble

had the sense of anticipation, getting the start of, blooded fool that ever excelled the Duke, as far as

and not to oppose, to obstruct, as now it signifies. our knowledgo extends, was that Spanish hidalgo To let has turned completely about since the received who, having once fallen down, indignantly exclaimed, version of the Bible, when it meant to oppose; now, " This comes of walking on the earth!”

to permit. Man-stealing, with the Romans, was called CHANGE IN THE MEANING OF WORDS.—The change plagium; from thence it passed to designate literary in the habits, customs, and business of society is thefte Quaint, according to original usage and deri

VOL. XX-44



vation, meant scrupulously exact, elegantly refined; Easter Eggs.—The question is sometimes asked, now it is applied to what is odd, affected, and fantas- why eggs are eaten at Easter. The following extract tic, a violation of the natural and tasteful.

from Hutchinson's History of Northumberland gives Words get degraded. Thus simple, not double, the answer. “Eggs were held by the Egyptians as took a strange metamorphose in giving us simpleton; a sacred emblem of the renovation of mankind after simplicity still holds its charm. We elevate words the Deluge. The Jews adopted it to suit the circumfrom their physical relations to mental and spiritual stances of their history, as a type of their departure

Taste, as applied to the sensibilities of the from the land of Egypt; and it was used in the feast palate, has risen to express a fondness for chaste or- of the Passover as a part of the furniture of the table naments, neat arrangements, love of the fine arts,

with the Paschal lamb. The Christians have cerand belles-lettres. We also talk of intellectual pyr

tainly used it on this day, as retaining the elements otechnics and moral gymnastics. We enlarge the

of future life, for an emblem of the resurrection. It circumference of words. Civilization once applied seems as if the egg was thus decorated (by coloring, only to the inhabitant of a city; urbanity, the man

painting, etc.) for a religious trophy, after the days ners of a city; villain, one living in a village. We

of mortification and abstinence were over and festirlimit and restrict the meaning of words. Meat was ity had taken place; and as an emblem of the resuronce applied to all kinds of food, now only to flesh.

rection of life, certified to us by the resurrection Acre meant any field of whatever size. Furlong was

from the regions of death and the grave." Brand, a furrow of any length. Yard denoted no exact

in his Observations on the Popular Antiquities of measure. Peck and gallon were vague and unsettled

Great Britain, adds: “The ancient Egyptians, if the quantities. Words that were used for both sexes are

resurrection of the body had been a tenet of their now applicable to only one. Nephew stood for grand faith, would perhaps have thought an egg no inchildren and lineal descendants. Girl designated all

proper hieroglyphical representation of it. The exyoung persons.

clusion of a living creature by incubation, after the

vital principle has lain a long while dormant or seerTHE NEW TESTAMENT.—The groat mass of readers ingly extinct, is a process so truly marvelous that, if suppose the books of the New Testament appear in

it could be disbelieved, would be thought by some a the order as written—that the Gospel of St. Matthew

thing as incredible to the full as that the Author of was first composed, and the Revelations last. This

life should be able to reanimate the dead." W. is a mistake. The following is well established to be the order in which the various parts came before the

BURIAL IN A SITTING Posture.—I remember the world: 1. St. Paul's epistles. 2. Epistle to the He

funeral of a native African named Yarrow, which brews. 3. The first three Gospels. 4. Epistle of St.

took place at Georgetown, adjacent to the city of James. 5. The Revelations. 6. Epistle of St. Peter.

Washington, in the United States, about twenty-fire 7. Acts of the Apostles. 8. Gospel and Epistles of years ago. The deceased was very old-more than St. John. The last-named Gospel is not admitted as

one hundred and twenty years of age-and had been authentic by some who hold themselves as orthodox brought direct from Africa nearly a century before. Christians.

Yarrow had evidently been a person of importance

in his native country. He spoke and wrote Arabie TRANSCENDENTALISM.-)

:-This word is in frequent use, fluently and readily, and was a Mohammedan in his but is not always correctly understood. Any thing religious faith. He was buried, at his own urgent which is peculiarly abstruse or absurd, which is highly request, in a sitting posture.- Eng. Notes & Queries. metaphysical or intensely silly, which is so profound

QUERIES.— Commencement.- Why are the closing that no bottom can be discovered or so shallow that days of a college year, when degrees are conferred it can not even be skimmed, which contains the best

and the annual festivals occur, called commencements : lessons of wisdom or the shabbiest philosophy of the pretender, which is expressed in the simple language Words Signifying Tico.-What is the exact meaning of Plato or the bombast of the modern newspaper of and difference between the various words signifyscribbler, is indifferently called transcendental. But

ing two; such as couple, pair, brace, twin or twain, the true signification is this: The basis of Locke's

match, span, etc.?

X. philosophical system is that all knowledge is received

Jake or Jakes.—What is the derivation or origin of into the soul through the medium of the senses, and

this word as a term of reproach? is to be judged of and analyzed by the understanding. This may be called the sensuous philosophy.

Barbarian.-Herodotus, in the second book of his Kant, on the contrary, denies that all knowledge is history, where he speaks of the Egyptians, says that received through the senses, and maintains that the they call all foreigners barbarians. Now, it is well highest and universally-received truths are commu

known that this term was used by the Greeks to desnicated to a faculty within the soul transcending the ignate foreigners: must we therefore infer that the mere understanding, which he denominates pure rea

Greeks borrowed the word from the Egyptians? or son, distinguishing it from the understanding. Ac- does IIerodotus mean that the Egyptians only used a cording to this system all perceptions of the true, the

term identical in meaning with that of the Greeks? beautiful, and the good are revealed to the pure rea

What is the probable etymology of the word? s. son; while it is the province of the understanding to The Hebrero Priesthood. What is the statute in the determine upon external things, such as facts, scien- law of Moses requiring a specific age for the induetific laws, etc. This philosophy is named transcend- tion of the priests of the law to their sacerdotal ental.


C. A.

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EYEBRIGHT AND THE Two Philosophers. Some of the most touching and beautiful teachings of the Savior were in the form of parables. And in all ages this style of composition has been peculiarly attractive to all classes. Children are especially fascinated with it. We have some very good sayings that are illustrated by the following story. One is, “Never borrow trouble.” Another is, “Nothing venture, nothing have." Still another is found in the good book, which represents the irresolute man as shrinking under imaginary dangers, and exclaiming,“ There is a lion in the way!” Now, children, read the story and then tell us whether you do not think the philosophy of Mr. Sparrow much better than that of old Gaffer Croak:

Once upon a time, in the great silver fir-tree by the shrub. bery palings lived a little squirrel. All the summer he had spent with his parents among the beech-trees by the side of the avenue; but as the autumn came on they laid up a little store of nuts and beech-mast for him in a hole in one of the branches of the fir-tree, and told him that he was old enough now to take care of himself, and that this was to be his home.

Eyebright-for that was his name-rather liked the idea of being his own master. “Now," thought he, “I can travel to the thick wood that I can see across the wide field beyond the gate, and find out what sort of country that is. And I can play as often as I please with my cousin Lightfoot in the Scotch firs; and I can have acorns for breakfast and nuts for supper, just as I like best, without asking leave of any one. To be sure, I shall miss my parents a good deal; still, I can go and see them often, and they will sometimes visit me I hope.”

So saying Eyebright tumbled head over heels half-way down the tree, and then went to his cupboard and took out a large double nut for his breakfast. While he was nibbling a hole in it with his sharp teeth he beard an ugly, hoarse voice near him; and looking up he saw Gaffer Croak-the old raven--sitting on a branch just above him. He was ruffling his dark feathers, that looked blacker than ever in the morning sun, and shaking his head now and then, as he let fall little short groans, that seemed to mean a great deal.

“Good morning, Gaffer," said Eyebright.

“Good!" quoth the raven: “bad, I should say to you-a very bad one to you, I should say."

And the old fellow began swinging to and fro, with his head on one side, and his large, bright eye fixed full on the little squirrel.

Eyebright left off nibbling his nut and scratched the side of his head with his long claw-he was so puzzled with the raven's manner. “Why, what's the matter?” he asked at length. “Why should this be a sad morning to me? Certainly my father and mother have left me; but we are often to meet; and now I may do as I please, and see a little of the world."

With which view of the subject Eyebright was so pleased tbat he went on again with his nut with vigor.

“llo, ho, ho!" laughed the raven-but it was n't a merry laugh at all. ** Ana so you are to do as you please, now that you are left by yourself. But there's something besides pleasure in the world—there 's care! And who is to care for you, do you think, now that your parents are gone?"

“0, they have left me quite a large store!" said Eyebright. “I sha'n't want any thing all the winter: and besides, I can pick up a little for myself during the autumn."

The raven sighed hoarsely, so as to blow off a little with


ered spray near, which fell on Eyebright's pretty brown coat, which he instantly began brushing and cleaning.

“Ha!" said the raven, “ you won't care about fine clothes soon, I can tell you. I know what a life you have got before


“But why?" asked the squirrel.

“Why!” said Croak. “ Do n't you know that you are 'surrounded by enemies? As long as your parents were by to guard you, a fine life you led indeed! Now you must defend yourself."

Poor Eyebright felt quite alarmed at the raven's words, and still more at his voice and manner, which were indeed very ominous and gloomy. “I did n't know, I am sure, Mr. Croak," he said, humbly, "that I had any enemies. I have done no harm to any one that I know of."

“No enemies," said the raven, laughing his ugly laugh again--"have you never heard of men?"

“ But I thought men liked us," said Eyebright, “and planted trees on purpose for us to live in and pick nuts off. "T is true that I run away when I see them; but that is be. cause they are so large, and walk so differently to us, that I do n't understand it."

“ And have you ever heard a gun?" asked the raven sig. nificantly.

Eyebright trembled a little at this question, for he did recollect a terrible crash awaking him one day, when he was dozing at the top of the tree, and his mother calling to him to run into the hole, for that was a gun that was fired. And before he could reach the hole he had seen a black-bird, who had been singing sweetly but the minuto before, fall scream. ing and fluttering to the ground! So that it was with a very grave voice that he replied yes, he had heard a gun once.

Men carry guns!" said the raven, in a deep, hollow tone. Eyebright shuddered and mentally beheld himself strug. gling and screaming like the poor black-bird.

“Have you ever seen cats?"continued the raven, pursuing his inquiries.

Yes, indeed; Eyebright had often and often watched the gambois of the pretty little white kitten with blue eyes, who seemed as if she would make such a nice play-fellow-and so he told old Croak.

The raven sneered. "Cats eat squirrels!” he said shortly" when they can catch them, that is."

“I can run faster than any cat," said Eyebright.

The raven fixed his great eyes upon him: “Do you never sleep?" he said. “And who is to protect you then? Cats hunt by night!"

“What is to become of me?" cried Eyebright in despair. The raven shook his head and coughed.

* Come with me, he said, “and I will show you what you have to expect. It's best to be prepared for the worst-come!” And be hopped solemnly down from twig to twig.

Eyebright hesitated a little before following his guide; for his beak looked so strong, and his eyes so fierce, he was not sure but that this might be another enemy. Yet he feared to offend him by refusing to accompany him; so when Croak had got about half-way down the tree, with one spring Eyebright was at his side. The raven then flew slowly across the paddock toward the poultry-yard, and there alighted on the lime-tree that overhung the entrance, pretending to wait for Eyebright, who ran after him at full speed-but I believe, in reality, he was peering about after a broud of young ducks that had been hatched the night before, and from which he thought he might contrive a savory breakfast. As Eyebright stopped, panting, under the tree, he looked down on him: * Hark!" said he; “do you hear what those guinea-hens say?"

Eyebright listened, but did not very well understand their language; so Croak translated it into a sort of Lingua Francia

in which the squirrel and himself conversed. “They are warning you of danger on your road," he said. “ Listen Go back! go back! go back!' That's what they say.”

“ Had we not better return?" asked the squirrel timidly.

"No," replied his companion. “Having come so far we will proceed; and I will shield you from danger-if I can,' he added, emphatically.

The next point at which be stopped was the stable; there perching on the weathercock, while Eyebright scrambled up a water-pipe to the roof, he bade him look down into the bay. loft. There lay Puss giving her kittens their breakfast. She had just brushed her glossy coat, and, with her eyes half shut, was purring a nursery song for her children's amusement. Now and then, through the fingers of her velvet mittens, her long, sharp claws might be seen as she stretched them out and then withdrew them again.

Croak shuffed up to Eyebright, and in a loud whisper that roused the cat's attention, asked, “Do you see those claws ? Strong enough, an't they?”

While he spoke Puss, rather tired after a night's hunting, gave a great yawn, and showed such a set of sharp, white teeth, that Eyebright stared and scampered away in a hurry, kicking a loose tile after him in his flight. Having secured his retreat on some trees that grew near the stable, he looked about for the raven, wbom he soon saw hopping along the gravel walk and beckoning him to follow. With still greater reluctance, after his last fright, Eyebright obeyed, and found Croak in an attitude of profound meditation, standing near a kennel; in which, with his head resting on his paws, lay a great black dog, dozing in the morning sun.

“ There 's a monster!" quoth the raven. " What should you say to meeting him some fine day as you were crossing the avenue?"

Leaving Eyebright to improve that suggestion he hopped sideways toward the kennel, and began slyly drawing toward him a large bone that lay within a few inches of the dog's nose, But stealthy as his movements were, they were suffi. cient to arouse black Wallace, who, waking up suddenly and perceiving the thief, rushed from his kennel, shaking his chain, and showing his teeth with an angry growl that souuded terrible in the ears of the poor little squirrel.

The raven croaked angrily and obbled away, bidding Eyebright still follow him, and so led him up the steps on which the hall-door of the great house opened. Eyebright peeped furtively in and saw a number of glass cases, in which were all kinds of stuffed birds, looking as if they were alive, and yet with a hard, strained, uncomfortable expression, that made him cold to see. Their eyes, too, though staring wido open, were motionless; and never had he seen birds so still, even when they were asleep. Altogether that pretty, sunny hall was, to Eyebright, a chamber of horrors! And then old Croak addressed him solemnly: “I have brought you here that you may see assembled together, and in a state in which they can do you no harm, a few of the enemies of whom I havo warned you; others I have already shown you."

He then pointed to him a small brown owl and two large white ones, looking solemnly down on a little mouse; a bawk, with its claw in a sparrow, and a kite gazing hungrily at a chicken. He quite omitted to show him some of his own brethren, though there were a pair of them in their glossy black coats, with an egg-in which a hole had been piercedlying before them.

“How do you ever expect to be safe, surrounded by these?” asked the raven.

But while he was speaking Eyebright's attention was drawn to another case, in which he saw a relation of his own, with his tail spread over his head; apparently, only that he never moved on, in the act of running up the mossy branch of a tree, from which hung a bunch of hazel-nuts. “Why does n't he move?" he asked the raven; "and why does he pot eat the nuts?"

“He can't,” returned Croak. “He can't stir from that place. There he must remain forever and forever!"

He spoke so lugubriously, while his eye sparkled so viciously, that Eyebright could bear it no longer; but without wait. ing to take leave of him, he rushed down the steps, across the

lawn, in and out of the flower-beds, leaped the sunk fence, and never stopped till he got to the top of the silver fir again.

A doleful life was Eyebright's from this day forth. He was afraid of venturing to see his parents, lest he should meet the great dog in the avenue. On the lawn Puss and her progeny occasionally disported themselves—60 that, of course, he shunned. From the poultry yard he could hear the guinea-hen's warning cry; and how he started at every sud. den sound, thinking it the report of a gun! The trees in the thick plantation he would not approach; for there he knew the hawks had their nests, and over them he had maus a time watched the kites sailing. At last he never quitted the silver fir at all-though far from feeling secure even there. He scarcely slept all night, trembling as he listened to the hooting of the owls; and once he quite gave himself up for lost, feeling persuaded he heard the cat scrambling up the lower branches--though I believe it was nothing but the peacock, who was disturbed with bad dreams. Then he was afraid almost of eating a nut, lest he should not have enougb to last him through the winter; and he was too timid to venture out to look for more.

All the evil that morning call of the ravep's did it would be hard to tell. Poor Eyebright soon became quite thin and dejected; and his coat, which he had not the heart to brush, grew dim and dusty. I think he must soon have pined away but for another morning visitor of his-a sparrow-who, as be sat drooping at the entrance of his hole, trying to sbelter his head from the east wind with his bushy tail, hopped up to bim, calling ont briskly, “ Cheer up! cheer up!"

Eyebright lifted his head and gazed mournfully at the homely little fellow, who gave him so friendly a greeting.

“What's the matter with you to-day?" asked the sparrow, twitching one of the feathers in his wing, which was rather ruffled. “Why do n't you eat your breakfast and then go and see your cousin Lightfoot, who is wondering what has become of you?"

Eyebright sighed heavily and began retreating backward into his hole; for he suspected the sparrow of being a spy sent to betray him to some of his enemies; but the sparrow was not so casily to be got rid of, but edged himself to the entrance of the hole after him. “I'll wait while you are ai breakfast for company," ho said, "and then fly over to Lightfoot and tell him you are coming."

"I shall eat no breakfast to-day, thank you," was the reply.

“No!” cried the sparrow_"and why not, pray? There's plenty in the larder I am sure."

And he stood on tiptoe and peeped in; for he was not a very refined bird I must admit.

“Not more than I shall want, nor as much through all the long, long winter," replied Eyebright dolefully.

“ Then why do n't you go and gather more for yourself?" asked his visitor. “I can show you splendid filberts outside the walled garden. But dear me! you need scarcely take the trouble of hoarding them,” he continued; “for there will be plenty of hazel-nuts in the hedgey for the next two months; and there are always a good many walnuts under the trees in the avenue till Christmas; and the beech-mast and the acorns won't all be gone then; and after that there are the cones on the firs and the larch-trees. 0, you need n't fear being starved--there's no chance of that!"

“Certainly,” returned Eyebright, "if it were possible for me to go out and gather these filberts and walnuts, and all that you speak of; but surrounded as I am with enemies"

“ Enemies!" cried the sparrow, and burst into such a fit of laughter as nearly threw him off the branch on wbich he sat-a laugh, though, so hearty and cheery, that it did poor Eyebright good to hear it. “Well, who are your enemies?" he said at length. The squirrel told him of the raren's warn. ing; but when he spoke of men he interrupted hiin at once. “Men!” he cried, “ why, they are the very best friends wa have! What would become of the black-birds but for their orchards? And how useful the swallows and martins find the eaves and chimney-pots! I believe those tall-steepled buildings are meant expressly for the jackdaw's fortresses! And why do the farmers plow their fields, if it is not to feed

the rooky? or sow them, if it is not to support the partridges waking; and from that day there was not a happier little in the antumn? I and my cousins have, I confess it, our full squirrel than he in all the wood! share of the ricks; and it is certain that the corn in the

THE FIVE PEACHES.--The following little story granary belongs quite as much to the mice as to men! And even little robin, who is a poor soft-billed creature, and can't

is translated from the German. It has been told do much for himself, has his breakfast of bread and milk at

often; but it will bear repeating. Its moral is very the nursery window most mornings with the children. And fine and the whole is told in a very touching manner: for myself, I certainly get my dinner from the dairy-maid as A countryman, on returning from the city, took home with regularly as the ducks or the hens."

him tive as fine peaches as one could possibly desire to see. “Ah! those frightful birds!" said Eyebright. “But they As his children had never beheld the fruit before, they reFarned me not to go on. They knew the horrors that await- joiced over them exceedingly, calling them the fine apples ed me!"

with rosy cheeks and soft, plum-like skin. The father di* What warning did they give you?" asked the sparrow. vided them among his four children, and retained one for " They bid me go back—they did, indeed!” said Eyebright. their mother. In the evening, ere the children retired to

"So Mr. Croak told you!" answered the sparrow, tossing their chamber, the father questioned them by asking: up his head,

" You must n't mind hiin: ho is of great age “How did you like the soft, rosy apples?" and has had losses. The real meaning of their words is an “Very much, indeed, dear father," said the eldest boy. Invitation to you—Come quick! come quick! come quick!' " It is a beautiful fruit, so acid, and yet so nice and soft to At least so I always understood it at dinner-time."

the taste; I have carefully preserved the stone that I may All the time he was speaking the squirrel felt himself grow- cultivate a tree." ing less gloomy. Things looked much brighter than they “Right and bravely done,” said the father. “ That speaks had done since the raven's visit; and now he sat up briskly well for regarding the future with care, and is becoming in a and began cracking au acorn. “Perhaps," said he, stopping | young husbandman.” in his employment—“perhaps, as Gaffer Croak mistook the “I have eaten mine and thrown the stone away," said the guinea-hen's language, he may have made some other mis- youngest; “besides which, mother gave me half of hers. 0 takes too?"

it tasted so sweet and melting in my mouth." “ Very possibly," said the sparrow. “Indeed, I observe “Indeed," answered the father, “thou hast not been pruthat those who see an enemy in every one that they meet are dent. However, it was very natural and child-like, and disthemselves their own worst enemies."

plays wisdom enough for your years." Eyebright thought that there might be a great deal of * I have picked up the stone," said the second son, “which truth in this last remark of the sparrow's, and he pondered my brother threw away, cracked it and eaten the kernel; it over it a great deal, long after he had flown away; and when was as sweet as a nut to my taste; but my peach I have sold he heard bim singing his merry song, "Cheer up! cheer up!" for so much money that when I go to the city I can buy near the gilded cage of the canary-bird in the drawing-room twelve of them." window-"Well," he said, “I have not been the happier for The parent shook his head reproachfully, saying: following the raven's advice; and how much time I have "Beware, my boy, of avarice; prudence is all very well, wasted, in which I might have been adding to my winter's but such conduct as yours is unchild-like and unnatural. store! Now I'll try the sparrow's plan, and trust, instead Heaven guard thee, my child, from the fate of a miser." of doubting every one!"

“And you, Edmund ?" asked the father, turning to his So he ate a better breakfast than he had since that which third son, who frankly replied: the raren had interrupted; and after he had brushed his coat “I have given my peach to the son of our neighbor, the went out and spent the morning with his parents in the ave- sick George who has the fever. He would not tako it, so I nue, where he picked up some acorns and beech-mast to add left it on the bed, and have just come awny." to his store. And when he had put these away he ran over Now," said the father, “ who has done the best with his to the Scotch firs aut finished the day with Lightfoot--and a

peach?" famons game of hide-and-seek they had together; and though

“ Brother Edmund!" the three exclaimed aloud. the white owls were bemoaning themselves over his head, for Edmund was still silent, and the mother kissed him with an hour at least, he slept through the night without once the tears of joy in her eyes.

w a y side 61 e a nings.

How to GET RICH. Many of our readers desire to things, and for the nice embarrassments of a delicate and get rich. With some this desire is inordinate. Shall ingenious spirit, it is necessary for you to get rid of them as

fast as possible. You must shut your heart against the we tell you how you may accomplish this end? Read

Muses, and be content to feed your understanding with plain, the following passage from Mrs. Barbauld. If you

household truths. In short, you must not attempt to enlarge will pay such a price you can get rich:

your ideas, or polish your taste, or refine your sentiments,

but must keep on in one beaten track, without turning aside Such is the force of well-regulated industry that a steady

either to the right hand or to the left. “But I can not suband vigorous exertion of our faculties, directed to one end, will generally insure success, Would yon, for instance, be

mit to a drudgery like this-I feel a spirit above it." "T is rich? Do you think that single point worth wacrificing every

well; be above it, only do not repine that you are not rich. thing else to? You may then be rich. Thousands have be- Dumb MELODIES.-It has been well said that the come so from the lowest beginnings by toil, and patient dili

negatively poetical exists every-where. The life of gence, and attention to the minutest articles of expense and profit. But you must give up the pleasure of leisure, of a

almost every man, however prosaic to himself, is full vacant mind, of a free, unsuspicious temper. If you pre

of these dumb melodies to his neighbor: serve your integrity it must be a coarse-spun and vulgar The farmer looks from the hill-side and sees the tall ship honesty. Those high and lofty notions of moraly which you lean forward with its desire for the ocean, every full-hearted brought with you from the schools must be considerably low. sail yearning scaward, and takes passage with her from his ered, and mixed with a baser alloy of a jealous and worldly- drudgery to the beautiful conjectured land. Meanwhile he minded prudence. You must learn to do hard if not unjust | himself has Pegasus yoked to his plow without knowing it,

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