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JOYOUS ANTICIPATIONS. does not regard the future as the great store

house of happiness. We all look forward to a

time not far distant when every thing shall float THE secrets of our destinies are hid within the smoothly along, and happiness pure and lasting

folds of coming years. We are thus per- / shall be ours. The youth looks forward to the mitted to indulge our propensity to believe that full stature and high privileges of manhood as every thing of which we are ignorant is pleasant the acme of all his hopes. If you ask the proand beautiful. The sorrows and woes of life | fessional man why he applies himself with such being concealed, we are wont to people the future unwearied energy to the arduous duties of his with existences as bright and fair as the hopes calling, his reply will be, “I expect to attain a within our bosoms. This looking forward to noble distinction in my profession, and am depleasant things we call joyous anticipations. termined to strive nobly till my anticipations are

When we consider the wondrous power of the realized." Go ask the honest farmer why he mind, the wise adaptation of all things in nature labors through storm and endures the scorching to our wants and our necessities, we are con- heat of summer, and he will tell you that he vinced that our Creator designed us for happi- anticipates a time when, in the bosom of his

For us there lurks a spirit of peaceful family, he shall enjoy the fruits of his labor, and pleasure in the shady woodland, the sunny dell, be happy. See the student bending over the in the flush of morn, and in the dusky, starlit sky volumes of classic lore long after the wee small of evening, and a spirit of harmony floats hours have passed. Hope is breathing around around all the wonders of the universe, and an him ber enchanted atmosphere, and urging him inheritance of rich memories from all the ages on by the anticipation of all that man holds of the past is also ours.

dear-visions of wealth, honor, fame, love, and But when the spirit of pleasure has lost its happiness. But of what avail will all our anticipower to charm, when the mind is sated with the pations be if they reach not beyond the tomb? enjoyment of pleasant memories, wearied by the Naught. Like beautiful delusions they will melt multiplied cares of the present, we turn to the away at our approach; for they all speak of perfuture, and in the wild beauty of our own antici- fect happiness, which may not be found pure and pations we find a pleasing pastime, a never-fail-lasting this side the golden hills of immortality. ing source of enjoyment. Hope paints upon the The 'bitter dregs rise so easily that we seldom dark clouds of the future a picture tinged with quaff pure bliss from the cup of life. the light of our brightest imaginings. And as a Yet some tell us that the grave shall swallow child gazing at the stars holds sweet converse us up forever, that the moldering shroud shall with them, deeming them angels, so we, gazing never be exchanged for the garb of heaven. at the fair picture of fancy, live in the atmos- Surely such men covet the mantle of oblivion to phere of another world, and so complete is the hide their crimes, and have learned to forget the charmed existence, that we forget for a time lessons of immortality taught by every thing life's sorrows and are happy. Yet we are often around us. The flowers bloom for a few days, prone to think it would be well for us could we shedding around our pathway the spirit of beauty, ! know what awaits us in life, and are apt to ques- and then droop and die, to be revived when tion the benevolence of an arrangement by which spring cometh. The pale moon fades away—is we are excluded from a knowledge of coming lost in the realms of darkness and returns. events. But in this arrangement, as in all else When the king of day sinks to rest beyond the in nature, the wisdom of our great Benefactor is western horizon, the clouds and darkness gather remarkably displayed. Could we lift the mys- around us for a season; they all flee away before ! tic vail and view the future, the happy and pro- the brightness of his coming. If the flowers pitious would be obscured by the gloomy and perish but revive, if the pale moon retires away sorrowful. Thus a knowledge of coming events, into the heavens and comes back again, if the far from increasing our joys, would only crowd sun leaves us in darkness but comes again in into one moment all the woes of a lifetime, and, glory, if a man die shall he not live again? Ay, overwhelmed by so many troubles, we would sit and in a brighter world than this; live where down in despair. Happily for us our all-wise tears and woe never come. Though our anticiFather has decreed that the future shall be as a pations of perfect happiness are never realized sealed book to the eyes of man. But to none of here, though like beautiful visions they continuus is denied the guide to happiness—the bright ally advance just beyond our reach, yet up there angel of hope. Indeed, it is hardly probable in heaven's fair clime bliss shall be ours, purer that there could be found one individual among than our loftiest hopes, and more glorious than the millions of readers of the Repository who our fondest imaginings.

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mathematical precision among his advisers when rendering their schedules of minor expenses.

The philosophical kite-flyer, who first demonconclude a chapter of postulates, a recent strated man's dominion over as subtile an agent



ileged to enjoy more fully the provisions of na- ple to have an eye upon those trifling expenses ture than those mental organizations which are which will gradually consume the largest fortune. content with mere recognitions of facts and cir- There is no individual in society, no matter how cumstances. The proposition is certainly not far exalted by virtue of naterial or intellectual cirfrom being self-evident-approaching quite as cumstances, who may not engage in the common near that ultimatum as does the assumption that concerns of existence, without compromising his the general tendency of fire is to burn. He who position. Even nature is not wholly composed is r.ccustomed to separate the elements compos- of the vast and stupendous. If a Niagara here ing those objects which engage his attention, and a Mont Blanc there, apologize for the insigmust naturally arrive at a better understanding nificance of mortality and fill the heart with awe, and appreciation of their purposes as a whole, the vast expanse is incomplete withont the flowand without this exercise many of our ordinary ers, the shrubs and herbs, the vines and grasses surroundings are utterly incomprehensible. The which glisten in the dew of morn, the trees, the complex relations which spring from a high state water-plants and sea-weeds, the shells upturned of civilization, can have no other effect than to by the waves, the graceful and delicate coralline confound those persons who have been described | formations which mock man's puny efforts, the as leading a negative existence—who are indis- fishes of the sea, the birds of the air, reptiles and posed to examine the textures of the innumera- animals. These multifarious objects, when taken ble fabrics which constitute the web of life--who in the aggregate, inspire astonishment and excite derive no satisfaction in contemplating the va- the imagination; but it is in the investigation of ried operations beneath the surface of society, their respective constituents that opportunities which impart to it its pleasant or repulsive as- are afforded for the display of intellectual vigor. pects for the time being. Hence, he who regards The analyst engages in this exercise, and in prothe present as a something just sprung from the portion as he is enabled to determine the value past, as directly as did Minerva from the brain of separate organisms can he form a correct esof Jupiter, uses it for his purpose ere it shall timate of the grand whole. Hence, the study of take flight; and as he has not considered the details is essential to the acquisition of practical components of those privileges in hand, the little knowledge. All individual achievements which things of every-day occurrence--the events of to- are truly worthy of the name, are the offspring day which must influence life tomorrow—are of this process, and owe their existence to causes permitted to perform their functions unobserved. which at one time appeared comparatively unim- • Indeed, this class is by no means small in every portant. The sum of human knowledge can be community, and there are but few persons who resolved into small facts, the contributions of attach to little things that importance which be patient workers in successive generations. The longs to them. It is nothing less than an evi- world's great men are those who "despise not dence of true greatness to be able to comprehend the day of small things," as has been exemplified grave matters in their minor details, and to exe- in their actions a thousand times. Michael Ancute apparently-trivial duties in a creditable gelo was one day explaining to a visitor to his manner, while superintending interests of greater studio the labor which he had bestowed upon a magnitude. The mind which can not contract, statue since his previous visit. "I have reas well as dilate itself, observes Bacon, is not touched this part-polished that-softened this great in the most important sense and to its full feature—brought out that muscle-given some extent. If Mozart, Beethoven, and Bach have expression to this lip, and more energy to that vindicated their claims to human sympathy in limb." “But these are trifles," remarked the the production of the most magnificent oratorios visitor. "It may be so," replied the master of which have yet fallen upon the ear of man, it is the chisel, “but recollect that trifles make pernot less a historical fact that each possessed the fection, and perfection is no trifle." power of entrancing the multitude by performing History is pregnant with facts to prove that a touching ballad with the left band. Washing- little things may operate to produce great results. ton would not abandon the regulation of his How many revolutions, how many wars, how financial affairs to his most confidential friend; many changes of government have been effected and in the stately sentences of Carlyle, we are by trifling causes! The loves of Paris and Helen informed that the great Frederick exacted a rigid | caused the fair maiden to be carried away from



the house of Menelaus; all Greece espoused the phenomena, while bis less meditative neighbor husband's cause, a ten years' war ensued, and the observes nothing in them worthy of interest. In besieged city of Troy was finally reduced to the words of the Russian proverb, the latter charashes. The last appeal of Columbus touched the acter goes through the forest and sees no fireheart of Isabella, and the simple observation of wood," and Solomon speaks of him as one that some floating sea-weeds enabled the same man "walketh in darkness.” On every band is assertto quell a mutiny which had arisen among his ed the necessity of an acquaintance with little crew when almost in sight of the New World. things, though the mere sciolist may affect to disOliver Cromwell had sent his trunks on board a regard them. Success in any pursuit is entirely vessel lying in the Thames, in which he proposed dependent upon the degree of attention which one to embark for America; but the order was revok bestows upon its minor details. In order to beed, he remained on his native soil, and England come a Newton in natural philosophy or a Butler gained constitutional liberty. An English man- in metaphysics, one must resort to the searching of-war was anchored in the Potomac, waiting to analysis which was the prelude to their broad carry the boy, Washington, from his home to generalizations. The price of perfection in art serve in the British navy; but his mother shed has been defined by Angelo himself, and another holy tears at the idea of losing her darling; the eminent authority remarks that "he who aspires youth was affected, his baggage was returned, to attain the stars must build a foundation upon and his country was delivered in “the days that the mind's gold dust." The trifies of life, health, tried men's souls.” The first Napoleon came and conduct, also, demand care and thought, humiliated from a Jew with a pawnbroker's ticket for upon them is founded every thing which can in his pocket; he contemplated suicide in the render manhood and old age peaceful and seSeine, but Austerlitz, Waterloo, and St. Helena were yet to come; some trifle interposed, and he As the mirror reflects the image of the object did not die. Glancing from the consideration of which is placed before it, so do the daily acts of causes which have subserved the interests of na. a person's life serve to indicate his character. tionalities to circumstances which have, in a dif- The manner in which we conduct ourselves in our ferent manner, exerted a marked influence upon relations to superiors or inferiors, is an infallible human destiny, we find the agency of trifles not test of true nobility. Says a modern author, i less distinctly asserted. Newton's beautiful the “The sweetest, the most clinging affection is ory of gravitation was developed by the falling often shaken by the slightest breath of unkindof an apple, after he had devoted many years of ness, as the delicate tendrils of the vide are agipatient labor to the investigation of the subject. tated by the faintest air that blows in summer. Galileo conceived the idea of applying the pen. An unkind word from one beloved often draws dulum to the measurement of time from witness the blood from many a heart which would defy ing the regular swinging of a large lamp sus- the battle-ax of hatred or the keenest edge of pended in the cathedral at Pisa, and was also led vindictive satire. Nay, the shade, the gloom of to the invention of the telescope from observing the face familiar and dear, awakens grief and the magnifying effect produced by two pieces of pain. These are the little thorns which, though glass which had accidentally been placed to- men of rougher form may make their way through gether. The germ of the electric telegraph lay them without feeling much, extremely incomin Galvani's discovery that the leg of a frog quiv- mode person; of a more refined turn in their ered when placed in contact with different metals. journey through life.” Since so much of the If Euclid bad not persevered as he did over the happiness of others depends upon the conduct of abstract relations of lines and surfaces, of obtuse a single individual, how essential it is that the and rectilineal angles, rhombuses and rhomboids, finer feelings of human pature should be regardwe should, in all probability, have been without ed with sacred reverence in the intercourse of most of the mechanical inventions which are at each day, and that each should use toward his this time blessings to man. The world would fellow that civility which, to quote Lady Vonhave remained in a state of ignorance far re- tague, costs nothing and buys every thing!" moved from bliss, if the originators of the mighty The little acts of charity and kindness which one results which have been instanced had not re- may constantly perform for his brother's benefit garded the trifles which helped to make up their in the humble walks of life, besides causing light existence. The circumstances which elicited to shine in darkness, will also, in that day for their observation were the same which had exist which all other days were made, serve as the ed for ages, but had hitherto remained unnoticed. | actor's little deeds to the consideration of Him It is the intelligent vision of the careful man who said, “Inasmuch as ye did it to one of the which detects the value of these apparently-trivial least of these, ye did it also to me."



THE BATTLE OF THE DICTIONARIES. edition is the only one now published under the

title of Webster's Dictionary, it would certainly BY REV. JOHN F. MARLAY, A. M.

occur to any really-honorable competitor that IT [T is to be presumed that every citizen of this citations should be made from it.

great and enlightened républic is or might be The immediate cause of this lexicographical an orator or an essayist; hence all must be inter- war was the almost simultaneous publication at ested in the literary war now raging between the close of the year 1859, and at the beginning Springfield and Boston. The rival publishers of of this year, of Dr. Worcester's new and attractWebster and Worcester seem determined to pros- ive quarto Dictionary and a new and greatlyecute the campaign vigorously, and to decide if enlarged and improved edition of Webster's Unpossible which of the two great competing dic- abridged. Of the latter work, which is undoubttionaries shall be the standard of the English edly the standard of the English language in language. The contest is carried on by means this country, it seems almost impossible to speak of circulars, pamphlets, etc., which fly thick and too highly. As it came from the editorial hand fast from side to side. “Webster's Dictionaries," of Prof. Goodrich in 1847, it was hailed with " The Critic Criticised: A Reply to a Review of enthusiastic approval by the public, and was Webster's System,” “Worcester Vindicated," "A thought to be a great advance upon even the last Review of Worcester's Dictionary,” “Recom- labors of Dr. Webster. The edition of 1859, mendations of Webster's Dictionary from Presi- however, shows a still greater advance, and dents of Colleges,” etc., "Webster's Dictionary really leaves very little to be desired in the way in Boston," etc., are some of the titles of these of a complete dictionary. We may briefly refer pamphlets. It is to be regretted that this strug- to the new matter contained in this noble quarto gle is not conducted in very good temper, on the of nearly two thousand pages; and, 1. Fifteen part of the Boston firm at least. A pamphlet hundred very finely-executed pictorial illustraissued in March last by this house contains tions of objects in architecture, heraldry, memany unjust and ungenerous allegations against chanics, natural history, mythology, archæology, Dr. Webster, such as a high-minded rival should costume, etc. In justification of the use of picdisdain to make. When, for instance, it is said, torial illustrations, the editor quotes the following "Noah Webster possessed no extraordinary nat- capital remarks from Locke: “It is not unreaural ability, and not sufficiently profound philo- sonable to propose that words standing for things logical learning to qualify him,” etc., that "his which are known and distinguished by their labors, though long and patiently protracted, outward shapes should be expressed by little were, to a great extent, barren of any satisfac- draughts and prints made of them. Naturalists tory results,” fair-minded and intelligent readers that treat of plants and animals have found the must be forced to the conclusion that it is a des- benefit of this way, and he that has had occasion perate cause which demands such aid.

There to consult them, will have reason to confess that will necessarily be a lively competition between he has a clearer idea of opium or ibex from a these two rival works, the effect of which will little print of that herb or beast than he could undoubtedly be to increase the circulation of have from a long definition of the names of both. But there need not be a war of extermin- either of them.” The wood cuts in Webster are ation. There is room enough in the United presented all by themselves among the introducStates for both. Scholars who are able will tory matter of the volume. Some would prefer become possessors of both; those who are not so Worcester's plan of scattering them through the happy in their financial circumstances will, of body of the work, but one great advantage of course, "get the best."

placing them together is, that the reader is enIt is a fact somewhat discreditable to Worces- abled to refresh the memory with meanings, ter that he intentionally ignores—for purposes addressed at once to the eye and the understandof citation-all editions of Webster later than ing, of a series of cognate terms instead of havthat of 1841—the last published during Web- ing to hunt for them through thousands of ster's lifetime. And thus it happens that some pages. things are attributed to Webster's Dictionary In the body of the work a star is attached to which the work known to the public by that each word illustrated, showing the reader where name does not contain. If, for instance, the the illustration may be found. In neatness of reader compares

the pronunciation of aidde- finish, scientific accuracy, and beauty of design, camp, aerie, and many other words in the two these illustrations are unsurpassed. There are dictionaries, he will see pronunciation attributed some fifteen hundred of these in all, being to Webster which no edition of his work since several hundred more than Worcester's Diction1811 authorizes. Inasmuch as Prof. Goodrich's ary contains, to say nothing of their superior



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don a

measure or an



execution—a point that may be settled easily by a comparison of the two books. In the illustra

guilty passions; a mar- their guilty passions; tion of nautical affairs Webster has fifty-five ele- iner abandons his vessel men are abandoned by gant drawings and Worcester three. In the de. and cargo in a storm their friends; they aban

when he has lost all don themselves to unpartment of heraldry Webster inserts the coats

hope of saving them; we lawful pleasures; of arms of Austria, Brazil, Chili, Denmark, Co

abandon our houses and mariner abandons his lombia, France, England, Greece, Guatemala,

property to the spoils of vessel and cargo in a Hayti, Ireland, Mexico, Monte Video, the Nether

an invading army; men storm; we abandon our lands, Prussia, Rome, Russia, St. Salvador, Sax

are abandoned by their houses and property to ony, Scotland, Spain, Switzerland, the United

friends; they abandon an invading army; we States, and each of the states of the United themselves to unlawful desert a post or station; States, with a translation of their legends into pleasures; we desert a

leave the country; forEnglish, together with one hundred and sixteen post or station; leave sake companions; readditional plates illustrating the terms of her

the country; forsake linquish claims; quit busaldry; but the reader will search Worcester in

companions; relinquish iness; resign an office;

claims; quit business; renounce a profession or vain for any thing of the description of the

the soul quite the body; the world; abdicate a former, and will find very few illustrations of the

resig an office; renounce throne; surrender latter.

a profession, the world; town; surrender what The second new feature in the last edition of abdicate a throne; sur- we have in trust; abanWebster's Unabridged is the Table of Synonyms,

render a town; surren

der what we have in prepared by Prof. Goodrich. All who use the

enterprise; forego English language, and especially all who have

trust; cede a province;

& pleasure;

concede a point; yield to banish offenders. occasion to write, will highly prize this excellent

an opponent; yield not table—the most valuable compilation on the

to temptation; resign an subject ever published, in the judgment of many office; abandon a measable critics. Good writing and good talking are ure; forego a claim or a characterized--re might almost say-chiefly by pleasure. a selection of words with reference to nice shades ABASE. The proud should ABASE. The proud should of meaning. In Roget's Thesaurus, Crabbe's

be abased; the lofty be abased; the lofty

humbled; the unworthy humbled; the unworthy Synonyms, and similar works, the general re

become degraded; the become degraded; the semblance of words is shown, but the reader

vicious disgrace and de- vicious disgrace and delooks in vain for the exact shade of differences,

base themselves by their base themselves by their as in the following from Webster:

follies and vices.

follies and vices. “AMPLE, COPIOUS, ABUNDANT, PLENTEOUS. These words agree in representing a thing as large, but It will be observed by the reader that there is under different relations according to the image not even an attempt in the above to point out which is used. Ample implies largeness, pro- the precise shades of difference in meaning—the ducing a sufficiency or fullness of supply for very thing, it would seem, for which a treatise on every want; as ample stores or resources, ample synonyms is designed. A comparison of Webprovision. Copious carries with it the idea of ster with his rival in this department will suffiflow or collection at a single point; as a copious ciently exhibit the superiority of the former. fountain, a copious supply of materials, 'copions We take the first of the above examples: matter for song'-Milton. Abundant and plen- “TO ABANDON, DESERT, FORSAKE. These words teous refer to largeness of quantity; as abund- agree in representing a person as giving up or ant stores, plenteous harvests."

leaving some object, but differ as to the mode of In the matter of synonyms Webster unques- doing it. tionably has the advantage, notwithstanding a "The distinctive sense of abandon is that of great deal was said to the public abont " getting giving up a thing absolutely and finally, as if the best" in waiting for Worcester. The follow- placed under a ban; as to abandon one's friends ing exhibit is but a specimen of numerous simi- or profession. Crabbe is wrong in saying that it lar coincidences which might be furnished, show- is always used in a bad sense, since we speak of ing that in this department Worcester is mainly abandoning a hopeless enterprise, or abandona transcription from Platt:

ing a shipwrecked vessel. Desert is from de

and sero, to cease cultivating or taking care ABANDON. Bad parents ABANDON, syn. Bad par

of one's land. As this ordinarily supposes crimabandon their children; ents abandon their chil

inal neglect, the verb, when applied to persons men abandon the unfor. dren; men abandon the in the active voice, bas usually or always a bad tunate objects of their unfortunate objects of i sense, implying some breach of fidelity, honor,



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