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Do me s tis E c o n o my DIET OF CHILDREN.—The other day, says the cditor | ple, and in some cases of disease. Sleep becomes of a religious paper, we observed an infant seven wholesome only to the healthy when taken at those months old, sitting on its mother's lap, munching hours pointed out by nature; an excess of it produces away at a rich currant cake.
lassitude and corpulency, and utterly debases and “Is it right for your child to eat such things?” we stupefics the mind. Corpulent people should sleep litinquired. “Will it not hurt him?"
tle and upon hard beds, while they should take abund“Hurt him!” replied the mother; “why, he eats ance of exercise and livo abstemiously, that their unalmost every thing. And he has never yet choked on healthy bulk may be reduced.” any thing."
To CLEAN PLATE GLASS.-Pulverize indigo very fineIt was true the child was not yet choked, though it ly, moisten it with water till it assumes a plastic seemed to us very doubtful how long even that catas form, of the consistency of common paste. Dip a tropho might be averted. But it was equally true, linen rag into this, and smear the surface of the glass; as its dull, heavy eyes, and pale cheeks too plainly and wipe off briskly, when dry, with a dry cloth. showed, that this “eating every thing” was sowing Finely-sifted wood ashes, moistened with spirits, anthe seeds of constant ill health, if not of early death.
swers well as a substitute for window panes; but inIn too many families the diet of the children appears digo not only removes the dirt, but confers a brillto be regulated on this principle, “it does not choke, iancy and clear surface, equal almost to that of new therefore it does not hurt them.” And the little
glass. creatures are allowed to eat, indiscriminately, what
Toast WATER.–Very few know how to make toast ever they please, unrestrained by their injudicious parents. We would like to direct the attention of
water right. Toast the bread carefully to a full mothers who act on this system, to the following re
brown, but not in the least burnt. If not enough marks, which we find in an English paper. They are
toosted, it will taste raw; if too much, it must be bit.
ter. Put it while hot into cold water, and it will be worthy of consideration. “ The finest children I have
almost immediately ready for use. Boiling water renseen in the United States were fed mostly upon bread, ders it insipid. milk, eggs, and poultry. If parents would feed their children in this way, giving them little or no animal
SORE THROAT.-If the throat be not very sore, a food, they would not be so liable to disease, nor would
decoction of red pepper will cure it.
To make it contagious disorders be so fatal as they are now, more palatable, sugаr may be added, which will be owing to the excessive use of animal food, and par
no injury. If that should not produce
put a ticularly pork.” Want of due reflection on the sub flannel around the neck, and keep it wet in front with ject, and, in many cases, mistaken indulgence, induces volatile liniment. Let not a little smarting, which mothers to refrain from regulating the diet of their will be produced after a few applications, prevent a children. They may rest assured that a little proper
freo use of it. A gargle of borax or tannin dissolved attention to this point will greatly promote the health, in warm water, to which honey is to be added, is an and, as a necessary consequence, the comfort and bap- excellent remedy. piness of the little ones intrusted to their guidance To PURIFY A SINK.-Sinks will in hot weather beand care.
come foul. It is almost impossible for any one to TO MAKE SANDWICHES.-Rub one tablespoonful of prevent it, unless some chemical preparation is used. mustard flour into half a pound of sweet butter;
Dissolvo copperas, one pound in four gallons of water. spread this mixture upon thin slices of bread; from a
Pour it over the sink three or four times. It will boiled ham cut very thin slices, and place a slice of completely destroy the offensive effluvia. ham between two slices of the bread prepared as FOR REMOVING GREASE-SPOTS.-Take the yolk of an above; cut the sandwiches in a convenient form, and
egg and put a little of it on the spot, then place over serve. Some people chop the trimmings of the boiled
it a piece of wbite linen, and wet it with boiling wabam very fine, and lay them between the slices of pre-ter; rub the linen with the band, and repeat the procpared bread. This is a good dish for lunch or even
ess three or four times, at each time applying fresh ing entertainment.
boiling water; the linen is then to be removed, and the TO KEEP Bacon Haus in SUMMER.—Pack them in part thus treated to be washed with clean cold water. a flour barrel, in clean, dry ashes or charcoal; head
TO KEEP A STOVE BRIGHT.-Make & weak alumup the barrel and put it up stairs, where it is dry and
water, and mix your “ British Luster” with it; put as cool as possible.
two spoonfuls to a gill of alum-water; let the stove SLEEPING AFTER DINNER.–Dr. Combe, high author be cold; brush with the mixture, then take a dry ity on all matters of hygiene, says: “Sleeping after brush and luster, and rub the stove till it is perfectly dinner is a bad practice. On awakening from such dry. Should any part, before polishing, become so indulgence, there is generally some degree of febrile dry as to look gray, moisten it with a wet brush, and excitement, in consequence of the latter stages of di- proceed as before. By two applications a year, it may gestion being hurried on; it is only useful in old peo- | be kept as bright as a coach-body.
Items, Literary, Scientific, and Religious.
SLAVES IN VIRGINIA.-The entire number of slaves ful page of history will have been written before they in Virginia, as ascertained by the assessment lists are four hundred feet high! We are glad to hear last year, is 511,154. Of these, nearly one-half are that the United States authorities have taken measunder twelve years of age, and not subject to taxa- ures to prevent any further destruction of the mag. tion. The actual value of slaves, as estimated by nificent clump still left standing in California. the Auditor, is $313,148,275. The value, as estima
SALMON IN AUSTRALIA.—Our brethren at the antipted for taxation, is $81,954,000. The value not taxed,
odes will now, in all probability, have their desire therefore, is $231,194,275. The value of all other
gratified as regards salmon, for a ship is on her way property in the state, taxed at the rate of forty cents
to Australia carrying thirty thousand salmon ora on the hundred dollars of value, is $123,560,907. On
from a river in Wales. Care has been taken to prethis amount, and at this rate, the revenue is $493,239; while slave property subject to taxation pro- ing the voyage; the eggs are placed in a cistern on a
serve the natural condition as much as possible durduces only $327,804. If slave property which is pow exempt were taxed as other property, it would bed of gravel, and a stream of ice-cold water, to realone produce $1,252,592. The amount of slave tard maturity, will flow continually across them till
they arrive at their destination. This is a poteworthy property on which no tax is paid is nearly three times as much as that on which tax is paid, and nearly colonial author, writing on the origin of species, will
example of involuntary migration, which some future twice as much as all the other personal property. doubtless take into consideration. The injustice of this exemption is severely felt by non-slaveholders, who are thus required to pay nearly RELIGIOUS REVIVAL IN ENGLAND.—There is no two-thirds of the cost of the government.
abatement in the religious revival throughout the MENDING CRACKED Bells.-At a recent meeting at
British empire. The very frequency of awakenings the Institution of Civil Engineers, Mr. S. A. Varley the novelty that once drew to them so large a share
leads to their being less noticed, as ceasing to possess exhibited a cracked bell, the metallic continuity of which had been restored by simply soldering the
of public attention. On the whole, we believe that crack with tin, so that the bell rang as perfectly as
the characteristics of the revival in England differ
from those in Scotland and Ireland in this, that there before it was injured. It was explained that tin had
is less of excitement, and no physical prostration, the property, when heated above its melting point to nearly a red heat, of rapidly dissolving copper. If,
but the new life chiefly manifests itself in a deeper therefore, the cracked bell, after being soldered, was
interest in prayer meetings, and in more earnest at
tendance on the means of grace. The change in this kept at a dull red heat, or nearly so, for a little time, the crack would become filled up with an alloy of tin
respect is most remarkable. Not in London only, and copper, of nearly the same kind of composition public places are opened for the preaching of the
but every-where throughout the country, wherever as the bell itself, and in absolute metallic union with it, and quite as brittle and as sonorous as the other Gospel, the mass of the population, who had utterly
lost the habit of church-going, are now found to at. portions of the bell.
tend the services that have been opened specialty for AMERICAN BIBLE SOCIETY.-The receipts of this them. And it is gratifying to observe that there is Society for the past year amounted to $134,956.62. no attempt on the part of professing Christians to The extent of the distribution of the Scriptures was confound these services with the regularly-appointed 755,773 copies. Eighty-one new auxiliary societies means of grace. As a rule, the churches in the have been formed in various parts of the country; neighborhood of the theaters continue to be attended 88 new life directors and 1,525 life members were as before. The reason is, that the theater services added to the list.
are looked at in their true light, as a special means
for reclaiming the outcast and the wandering, and SEQUOIA GIGANTEA.-Seeds of this monster tree of
not as intended for the edification of those who are California were wanted by British arboriculturists, already in the habit of attending the sanctuary. and as the trees are too tall to be climbed, a young
There is always a sprinkling of such persons, no Irishman, expert with the rifle, was set to shoot down
doubt drawn by the interest of the unwonted spectathe cones. This kind of sport proving too slow, he, cle; but perhaps it would be found, on inquiry, that not having the fear of Judge Lynch before his eyes,
even of the well-dressed and apparently well-to-do cut down four of the smallest trees, and got 50,000 people in these theaters a large proportion consists seeds, which were sent to England. Hence we may
of persons who, equally with their poorer neighbors, look forward to seeing the giant growing in the Brit
have ceased to attend the house of God. Of such a ish parks and woodlands, and that at no distant date,
class London contains, probably, a larger proportion for the tree is of rapid growth, though this takes
than any other town in England. place chiefly at night. There is a specimen Dear Cork already fourteen feet in hight; and another in CONDITION OF NAPLES.-It was supposed that the Norfolk has ripened its seed. How many an event- subjects of that kingdom had reached the lowest for the large brewery, has reached the depth of 1,700 zation which has wrought so much misery and proved
depths of misery and oppression under the late King. Mr. Jarvis, purchased fourteen hundred head, and It is now asserted that under his successor their sent them to this country. A portion of the pure, wretchedness has become still more aggravated. The unmixed Merino blood of these flocks is to be found lower orders are flattered and petted, and through in Vermont at this time. Such was the origin of the them and the army, the middle classes, all men of immense flocks of fine-wooled sheep in the United intelligence and thought, are at the mercy of spies States. and the police; and families live in daily terror of
British WESLEYAN LITERATURE.—British Methodtheir principal members being carried off, to be immured in the Neapolitan dungeons. The English
ism has scarcely any periodical literature, and but Government seem to be in expectation of an out
one weekly paper-the Watchman—with an average
circulation of about 4,000 each issue, for a memberbreak; for a British squadron has been ordered to
ship of about 400,000, and about three times as many the Bay of Naples to protect the lives and property
stated hearers; 4,000 papers for 1,600,000 persons. of British subjects. In such a plight are the kings
The price of the Watchman, being about $6 a year, who ally themselves with the man of sin.
prevents its circulation among the poorer classes. TURKISH EVANGELIZATION.-Late intelligence from
For the great mass of the people, a cheap, spirited Turkey is of a checkered description. There is an
weekly serial is the urgent want; and it is, it must unwonted awakening among the Mussulman popula
be confessed, a marvel that the Wesleyan conference tion-more Mohammedans have apparently been con
has not before now met this want. Other denominaverted to Christ within the past few months than at
tions are in the same unenviable position, but this is any former time since the first appearance of the
no excuse for the disciples of John Wesley. false prophet. May these be the first droppings of the shower! But combined with that-it may be in
GEORGIAN AND SOCIETY Islands.-Sixty-three years
ago the London Missionary Society freighted the consequence of it—the spirit of persecution is abroad
“ Duff" with a band of thirty missionaries, who in that country, and the promises of toleration are, in too many instances, forgotten. Still, there is
made a quick and safe passage to Tahiti. Some of
this band died, others were discouraged-for they abundant cause for devout thankfulness, that the Gospel is winning its widening way even in the do
had plunged into midnight darkness—and in a year
only six were left. Now in these groups, including main of the Moslem.
eleven islands, there are 7,678 native Christians, HOPE FOR HUNGARY.–After a long and obstinate every vestige of idolatry has disappeared, the Sabresistance of twelve years-during which he encoun- bath and its ordinances are respected, the Bible has tered one terrible rebellion, and all but drove the been translated into all the dialects of these islands, people, crushed and broken as they were, into a sec- popular education is well and thoroughly cared for, ond-the Emperor of Austria has at last given way, three collegiate institutions are in operation, all naand promises his Hungarian subjects a restoration tive teachers and preachers are supported by the Islof their ancient Constitution, as it existed previous anders, and during the last year they contributed to 1848. As an earnest of his pacific intentions, he about $5,000 to the cause of foreign missions. has recalled his relative, Prince Albrecht, and has
ARTESIAN WELLS.—The Artesian well at Reading, sent General Benedek, a Protestant, to be their Gov
Pennsylvania, wbich has been some time in progress, ernor, with power to undo all the work of oentrali
feet, being the third in depth in the United States. 80 useless, and to restore the old constitution of
One at Columbus, Ohio, is 2,340 feet, and one at St. things in Church and state. Whether this concession
Louis, 2,282 feet. This one at Reading is all the be not even now made too late, is a question which a
depth through solid rock. few months will determino.
A LARGE PUBLISHING House.—About six hundred MAINE.—The state of Maine has increased in value
persons are constantly employed in the great pubseventy-five, per cen in ten years, now valued at
lishing establishment of the Harpers, in New York. $175,000,000. Maine is reputed a slow state, also
Many of them have been with the firm for a long geographically in the rear of the westward-facing
time. There are now employed on these premises Union, like the helm of a ship. Its motto acknowl
eleven men, whose aggregate term of service is 308 edges this fact, but states it proudly, “ Dirigo "_"I do the steering."
years; eloven more, 226 years; eleven more, 220; and
still another eleven, 174 years. These facts tell a GROWTH OF Wool.-The history of the growth of pleasing story. wool is very curious. Fifty years ago not a pound
APPLES.-At a lecture in New Haven it was stated of fine wool was raised in the United States, in Great
that the apple crop of this country was worth, in Britain, or in any other country except Spain. In
1859, $26,000,000. Ten counties in western New the latter country the flocks were owned exclusively
York averaged $200,000 each, Niagara yielding $250,by the nobility or by the crown. In 1694 a small
000 worth. The entire crop of the Empire state was flock was sent to the Electors of Saxony as a present from the King of Spain, whence the entire product $6,000,000; of New England, $4,000,000. of Saxony wool, now of such immense value. In THE MORMONS.—The Mormons now number 120,1809, during the second invasion of Spain by the 000, including the different parties in the Church. Freneh, some of the valuable crown flocks were sold The number in Utah is put down at 38,000. Of these to raise money. The American Consul at Lisbon, 4,617 men are said to have 16,500 wives.
Literar y Notices.
(1.) EARLY METHODISM WITHIN THE BOUNDS OF THE inspired. He was the poet-philosopher of ancient OLD GENESEE CONFERENCE, FROM 1788 TO 1828. By | Greece; and it is his genius which has embalmed the George Peck, D. D. New York: Carlton & Porter. memory of Socrates, his great master. We know of Cincinnati : Swormstedt & Poe. 12mo. 512 pp.-Atten- no portion of Plato's writings superior, for the eletion has latterly been called to the early history of gance of its style and the dignity of its thoughts, to Methodism, and particularly with regard to its intro- the Apology or the Crito. We should be pleased to duction and diffusion. The question of its Centenary
see this book introduced into our colleges. in this country has been fully discussed in our Church papers, and much interest has been felt in its settle
(5.) LighT IN THE VALLEY; or, the Life and Letters ment. This, with the almost simultaneous publica of Mrs. Hannah Bocking. By Miss M. Annesley. Nero tion of several works in biography of the early pio
York: Carlton & Porter. Cincinnati : Swormstedt & Poe.
16mo. 170 pp. neers in the Church, has kept attention awake; and the
With portrait.-Works of religious present volume will add to the general interest in his experience are useful. They show how nature is subtorical studies. It contains sketches of interesting
dued by grace, and how the spiritual mind gains aslocalities, exciting scenes, and prominent actors, in- cendency over the carnal, triumphing over temptaterspersed with brief anecdotes, and descriptions of
tions, doubts, and fears, and standing at last firm the most entertaining character. In the prosecution against every opposing influence. Every young conof the work, the author gathered up whatever facts or
vert meets with trials of his faith, and to know how fragments he could collect, and arranged them so
others met them and conquered, is a weapon of de
fense to him in the hour of his need. The present skillfully as to produce a harmonious whole. The diligence with which this labor was performed may be
book will be a help and an encouragement to those
who are.striving after the divine life. Mrs. Bocking seen upon opening the volume. Such books are useful; and the Church of to-day can better appreciate and the narrative embraces an outline of her religious
was a woman of strong faith and consistent picty; its privileges and position by knowing how the Church
life and labors. of yesterday labored and suffered in planting the seeds of Divine truth in a wild and untilled soil. (6.) THE AMERICAN Life ASSURANCE MAGAZINE AND This is an attractive volume, and deserves a wide cir
JOURNAL OF ACTUARIES. Volume I. New York: Gil. culation.
bert E. Currie, 79 Pine-street.-Persons interested in
the subject of Life Assurance will find in this work a (2.) RUTLEDGE. New York: Derby & Jackson. Cin
full detail of its economy and benefits, with abstracts cinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 12mo. 504 pp.--This is
of the reports of various Assurance Societies. The a neatly-printed volume, containing a story of love
tables which are published in its pages are carefully and its confession after long months of weariness and prepared, and the bills of mortality, especially, are of concealment. It may be interesting to its readers; great value to the political economist and statistician. but whether its perusal would be of any real advant
The influence of various occupations as affecting the age is another question.
general health, the probability of life in any employ. (3.) RAINBOW AND LUCKY STORIES–Selling Lucky. | ment, and the effect of habits, mocas of living, and By Jacob Abbott. New York: Harper & Brothers. Cin
condition in society are carefully noted, so that even cinnati : Rickey, Mallory & Co. 16mo.--A very neat
the moralist may derive instruction from its pages. story, designed for children. The author is well This magazine is the first and only periodical devoted known as one of the most attractive writers for the
to Life Assurance in this country. The design of the young; and in this volume he is fully equal to him-work is to promote a more general appreciation of this self.
subject, and to diffuse a better knowledge of its prin(4.) Plato's APOLOGY AND CRITO, WITH NOTEs. By
ciples and advantages. In this the magazine will W. S. Tyler, Professor of Greek in Amherst College. Nero probably be successful. York: D. Appleton & Co. Cincinnati : Rickey, 'Mal- (7.) CHRISTIAN PERFECTION, AS TAUGAT IN THE BIlory & Co. 12mo. 180 pp.-The style of Plato is so An Essay, containing the substance of Mr. Fletchrich as to be difficult for a student to read; and hence er's last Check to Antinomianism, with additions and apthe value of such a help as this book affords him. pendixes. By Rev. Samuel D. Akin, A. M. Nashville, The selection from Plato is a most judicious one.
Tennessee : J. B. M'Ferrin, Agent. 12mo. 304 pp.The Apology is the defense which was written for Fletcher's Essay on Christian Perfection has always Socrates to pronounce before his judges; and the Crito been well received, and is considered a standard work contains a record of the last conversations which the on the doctrine of personal holiness. It has revived old philosopher held with his friends in the prison, the spirits and comforted the hearts of hundreds of just prior to his execution. The text of the volume readers, and we are glad to see the issue of this new is clear and beautiful, and the preface and notes per- edition. Mr. Akin's additions are serviceable in elutinent and well written. The writings of Plato are full cidating the text, and will help to a better underof beauty, and his sentiments sometimes seem almost | standing of the writer's views.
THE GENERAL CONFERENCE OP 1860 AND ITS DOINGS. gular circumstance that the record of its proceedings, The mind of the whole Church has, to a great de
if any was kept, has been wholly lost; so that the
Methodist historian is compelled to gather its transgree, been occupied during the past two months with the General conference and its doings. It is cer
actions from other sources. Reliable material for tain that no session of this body, since the origin
this, however, is found in the “Form of Discipline" of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United adopted by the body, in “ The Large Minutes," as States, has elicited deeper interest or attracted more
they were called, and in the notes of the men promilargely the public attention. The simple fact that
nent in the transactions of that day. troenty-one reporters for the secular press, in different
SUCCESSIVE GENERAL CONFERENCES. parts of the country, were upon the floor “taking notes" and reporting daily, speaks volumes. The
From 1784 to 1792 the modifications of the Disciassociated press of the country also received a tele
pline were made by Mr. Asbury, with the consent of graphic summary of each day's proceedings. Multi
the annual conferenoes, but, so far as we can distudes, especially in the Methodist communion, hung
cover, without any special rule of authority. with intense interest upon its deliberations and the
In 1792 the second General conference was held. results. This awakening of general interest resulted
It met in the city of Baltimore, commencing on the from two grand causes. The first is that the Meth
first day of November. Among the exciting topics odist Church has come to be recognized as wielding O'Kelly, that the appointinents made by the bishops
of this conference was one introduced by James an immense-a preponderating power among the elements that are to shape the character and determine
should be subject to an appeal to the conference. the destinies of this great land of ours. Secondly, which lasted three days. Then the resolution was
This elicited a very earnest and exciting debate, it was well known that questions of vital moment to the Church and country-questions affecting the radi
lost by a very large majority. It does not appear cal structure of Methodism, would come up for dis
that the proceedings of this conference were ever cussion and adjustment. How the General confer published, and if any record was made it has been ence met these responsibilities, what is the present
irrecoverably lost. condition of the Church, and what its future pros
The third General conference convened in Baltipects, are questions in which our readers are deeply
more, October 20, 1796. At this session an address interested. We can best answer them by a sort of
was received from the British conference, highly frarésumé of the transactions of the body.
ternal in its character. Out of three hundred and thirteen traveling preachers one hundred and twenty were present and participated in the proceedings.
The General conference of 1800 met in Baltimore The first conference of this kind was held in Balti
on the 6th day of May, and adjourned on the 20th more, commencing December 25, 1784. It was called
of the same month. in consequence of Mr. Wesley having suggested the The fourth General conference was held in the necessity of those whom God “has so strangely made same place, commencing May 7, 1804. Out of the free,” organizing in order to greater efficiency of three hundred and eighty-three preachers, only one action. He put no restrictions upon them as to the hundred and seven were present to legislate for the mode and form of organization; but left them “at whole Church, and that too without restriction of full liberty simply to follow the Scriptures and the primitive Church."
The last conference of this kind was held in 1808, At this time there were only eighty-throe traveling commencing May 6th. There were present one hunpreachers in the whole Church.
Out of these sixty dred and twenty-nine members, of whom Laban were present at “the Christmas conference,” as it Clark, Nathan Bangs, Joshua Soule, Henry Smith, was called. At this conference it was unanimously Henry Boehm, still survive. It was determined that agreed to organize themselves into an independent the next General conference should be held in the Church, assuming the Episcopal form, and making city of New York, commencing May 1, 1812; and the Episcopal office elective. They adopted a “Form also that it should be a delegated body, consisting of of Discipline" for the government of the Church. one for every five members belonging to the annual This was the germ of the “Discipline," so widely conferences respectively, to be chosen by seniority or known as the Magna Charta of Methodism.
ORIGIN OF GENERAL CONFERENCES,
by ballot. Thenceforward conferences have been Thomas Coke, LL. D., and Francis Asbury were held as follows: elected bishops. Dr. Coko had been ordained by Mr.
Length. Wesley before he sailed, and now, assisted by two 1812 New York.........23 days.......... 8...............1 to 5........90 elders, he consecrated Mr. Asbury to the same office.
.....1 to 7........89 Twelve were elected and ordained elders, and three 1824
12...............1 to 7......125 deacons,
..........1 to 7...... 170 1832 Philadelphia..
.............1 to 7......197 This was the first General conference. It is a sin- 1836 Cincinnati..........28 "
2...............1 to 14......150
9................1 to 5 ...... 103 11.