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sins to be forgiven for the sake of Christ!' This blue smock, there was a heart often beating high was all I knew. I had only one thought, and with the consciousness of a power it scarcely only one way of expressing it, either to God or dared to credit. Whatever he read, however,

Mr. Smith asked me if I believed God John still kept his first book in the first place. gave his Son for me. I said, 'Yes.' He then As in all his after life, so now, the Bible was the asked, 'Do you believe that Christ has died for center of his system of study. Some might supyou?' I said, 'Yes.' He then brought me to pose that his habits of reading would interfere the point and asked, 'Do you believe that God is with his other duties; but an interference occur. satisfied with the atonement of his Son, and that red but once. That was one morning when his now for his sake he forgives you?' I could not master gave him orders to take a load of corn answer this, but cried to God for help, and was to Newark. He rose betimes, fed his horses, and enabled to trust in the sufficient atonement of made due preparation for the journey; but while Christ on my personal account. At that moment thus employed he must have got hold of some I felt the pardoning love of God and cried out, specially-interesting subject for thought, for he 'I do save! I do savel' intending to say, 'He harnessed the horses and set off to market with does save.' Mr. Smith said, 'No, it is Christ that an empty wagon. This, however, was only an saves you.' That was what I meant, and what I exceptional case. No person more thoroughly then proclaimed with a heart full of 'joy un- served his employer. He was always earnest, speakable.' I exhorted all to join me in prais- always regular, always promptly at work. Nor ing the Lord, and had a most delightful sense of was the labor of his hands hindered by the achis love while we sang,

tivity of his mind. Some passage of Scripture • Praise God from whom all blessings flow.'

usually formed the topic of young Hunt's medi

tations; and he set himself to find the main We then returned home rejoicing in God; but points contained in it, and to trace out the truths on the

way

I

was tempted to believe it was all a which they indicated. delusion, till the apostle's words were applied to Finding that he was much the better for this my mind, 'Above all, taking the shield of faith, habit of daily meditation on a fixed passage, he whereby ye shall be able to quench all the fiery spoke of it to some other members of the society, darts of the wicked,' and the temptation was and recommended them to adopt the same plan. utterly dispelled."

This seems to have deepened the impression felt Such was the place and manner of John Hunt's by some good people, who had marked the earnbirth into the new life. Little did the preacher, est piety of the young man, that he was being John Smith, and little did the rough plowboy prepared for a life of special usefulness. One think whereunto his conversion would grow, or day his employer asked him to give a short adwhat a course was opening before bim.

dress on the following Sunday evening, when To this time John's reading had not extended there was to be no service at the chapel close by. beyond that of his Bible. Between the ages of John was frightened at the thought, but as seveighteen and nineteen he came into possessioneral others, for whom he had great respect, backed of a copy of the Pilgrim's Progress, a part of the request, he gave a timid consent. The house the Methodist Magazine for 1812, and a few was full when he entered, but his heart being full tracts. “These,” said he, “were my sole library of young, warm love, his thoughts somehow for two years after my conversion.” But better found ready expression in fit words. timcs suddenly dawned on him in his twentieth He had a call shortly afterward to speak in a year. In the parlor of the man to whom he had chapel in another village. It was some time behired himself he found the works of Wesley, fore he could say yes to the bearer of the message. Paley, and Dwight, and a copy of Horne's Intro- This effort was a break-down. Attempting to duction, each of which seemed to open a new speak, his thoughts became confused, and then took world to him. He gave himself up eagerly to their flight altogether. Sad and discouraged he the reading of Wesley's Notes on the New Test- returned home, and, after the style of many young ament; “but the first book," to quote his own preachers, said to himself, “I think I had better words, "that thoroughly got hold of me, was Ma- make no more efforts in public.” Some friends, son on Self-Knowledge;" and it is impossible to however, encouraged him, while others thought say how far this work went to lay the foundation that so rough a plowboy ought to hold to plowof the young reader's character.

handles and harness and nothing else. With his Strengthened by the wholesome and nutritious trials he went oftener to the closet and found his diet afforded by the books within his reach, his spiritual strength increasing and developing. mind began to exercise itself, and lookers-on Some Sabbaths he had to walk fifteen to twenty would never have suspected how, beneath that I miles to fill his appointments, not returning to his employer's house before midnight; yet he was I begin in the morning to praise him the moment always up Monday morning by four o'clock and I rise, and thus endeavor to begin, continue, and at his toil.

end the day with God. I think it is possible to In 1835, through the intervention of friends, receive fresh blessings every moment, and to he entered the Wesleyan Theological Institute honor God every moment. Why not? Glory to at Hoxton, then under the superintendence of God! it must be his will; and if it be my desire Rev. Joseph Entwisle. He soon became a favor- and I have faith, I see nothing to withstand it." ite with the students there. He was earnest, fer- As the session wore on John Hunt grew in vent, and regular in prayer, and carried a moral knowledge and the love of God, and “was ready to power with him that was next to resistless. At go anywhere, to the ends even of the green earth, the end of the year he had adopted for himself to preach the Gospel." His mind had been fixed the following rules:

on Africa for a long time as the place where he 1. Commence the day with praising God for ought in the future to labor; but just at this the mercies of the past night, and repeat the time a great cry reached England from the far Lord's

's prayer. 2. As far as possible lay out the Pacific. In Tonga and the Friendly Islands the business of the day. 3. Bring every part of this Wesleyan missionaries had been at work for business before God in prayer, and ask his help some time and with great success.

Within two against the probable dangers of the day. 4. hundred and fifty miles of these islands lay the Read a portion of the New Testament on my larger and more important group of Fiji, which knees. 5. Read a portion of the Old Testament was frequently visited in the way of trade by the and pray for my friends, relatives, the Church, Tongans, who brought back horrible tales of and the world. Altogether this will occupy an what they saw and heard. After a time two hour.

missionaries were sent from the Friendly Islands Night-1. Commit to memory a passage of to try to open a mission in Fiji. They soon Scripture. 2. Self-examination, confession, thanks found that but a little had been told of the giving, prayer.

dreadful condition of this group, where the most In those days the Institution was favored with revolting cruelties and systematic cannibalism a glorious outpouring of the Holy Spirit. At a were all but universal. class meeting one day a young brother told how Then was sent to England that appeal, "Pity he felt that “the blood of Jesus Christ his Son poor Fiji,” which was issued from the Wesleyan cleansed from all sin.” That thanksgiving cheer- Mission-House, and stirred the Methodist socieed on several who had been secretly weeping be- ties throughout the kingdom. In the beginning fore God and longing to be made holy. John of 1838 Hunt received a summons to the MissionHunt, who had long been waiting for a richer House, where he was asked whether he would go baptism than he yet enjoyed, now opened his to Fiji. Startled at such an unexpected request, heart to receive it. "I knew," said he, "that he returned to Hoxton much troubled, and making the same grace which, through faith in Jesus, his way to the room of a fellow-student said, with had already changed my heart, while it brought quick, excited tones, "They have proposed that I remission of past sins, could also end the per- go to Fiji.” His friend felt almost shocked at this petual conflict by which only I have since kept my sudden announcement, and deeply sympathized ground.” The time now came when he yielded with Hunt, whose whole frame seemed writhing himself wholly to the working of that grace. with an emotion he had never shown before. He Let him tell the story of it himself:

expressed his sympathy and spoke of the perils "I was praying in my closet, and saw very and hardships of a mission to those cannibals. clearly that God's plan of saving was through “O that's not it!” exclaimed Hunt almost pasfaith in Jesus. I, therefore, came to the atone- sionately, “that's not it!" "What is it, then ?'' ment, just as I was, polluted indeed, but not so Hunt's strong form was almost convulsed by much so that the blood of Christ could not some intense feeling. At last he said, “I'll tell cleanse me.

As soon as I ventured I found the you what it is. That poor girl in Lincolnshire Lord faithful to his promise, and the blood of will never go with me to Fiji; her mother will Christ, at that moment, cleansed me from all never consent." It was with no craven fear that sin. Since then I have had constant peace and the young man trembled, but with the yearning sometimes ecstatic joy. I have felt no sin, and, of his great heart toward her he had faithfully consequently, have been preserved from those loved for the last six years, and who had nobly troubles which inbred corruption used to cause. consented to share the missionary's life any I now find daily what for years I have thought where. But the dreadful things just heard about to be impossible to live without condemnation. Fiji made him fear on account of that gentler Thank God, all is peace, and calmness, and love! I one, who so long had leaned on his strong love.

His friend advised him at once to write to Miss party sailed for Sydney, followed by many an Summers, who was then at Leeds on a visit, and earnest prayer for their safety and happiness, to all who were concerned, and trust in that God where they anchored August 24th, receiving from who, if he gave the call, would also make the the Wesleyan brethren there, Messrs. M'Kinney way plain. And feeling the matter to be too and Watkin, a hearty welcome. Mr. Hunt and great to admit of any thing but simple plainness, his companions remained in the colony about two he sat down and wrote to "that poor girl in Lin. months, during which time they visited the princolnshire" as follows:

cipal towns, and attended missionary meetings, My Dear Hannah,-I have some strange news to

and preached in different chapels. The good tell you, and I am not able to use many words in people in Australia were delighted with their making it known: you must, therefore, excuse my visitors, and Mr. Hunt soon became there, as in abruptness. I have been fixed upon by the Mission - England, a great favorite. Inducements of the ary Committee to go to the South Seas. You must, most tempting kind were held out to him to therefore, immediately return home and make propa- forego his purpose of spending his life among rations for becoming a missionary's wife to a most

the cannibals of Fiji; and special use was made remote station for twenty years. No one knows my feelings, dear, for our dear friends. I hope the Lord,

of his wife's poor health to induce him to remain who has led us hitherto, will still guide and help us.

at Sydney, but all to no purpose. I never had such difficulty in seeing my way. I be

October 25, 1838, the missionaries left Sydney. lieve it is of God: it is entirely unsought for by me.

The Rev. John Williams, of the London MissionI need say no more. May our God help us and bless ary Society, who soon afterward lost his life us in this most important and distressing affair! I among the cannibals of Erromanga, sailed, with shall be at Newton, if possible, on Thursday. I a party of fellow-laborers, the same day. The hope to see my dear-my more than ever dear-Hannah at the same time. We have only a month or

company bound for Fiji were on board the Letifive weeks for every thing. God bless my dear!

tia, a small and shaky schooner of seventy-three

tups' burden. Their accommodations are not to J. Hunt.

be described. Anchor was cast off Lakemba, Whatever doubts the writer of this letter had, one of the Fijian group, Saturday, December it is clear that he had none concerning her to 22d. The next day the whole party went ashore whom he wrote. Their mutual love had been and spent thankfully their first Sunday in Fiji. consecrated, as their costliest offering, to God, Within the next few days the missionaries held without any conditions, and both hearts were too their first Fiji district meeting, under the directrue to draw back.

tion of Rev. David Cargill, A. M., who had been Hannah replied by letter, "It is all right. I on the station about three years. Mr. Cross, the will

go with you any where.' There are some-companion of Mr. Cargill in the opening of the yes, many—"who profess and call themselves mission, was now ill at Rewa, and had received Christians," who would not have hesitated to tell permission to remove to Australia. His place Miss Summers that she would be justified in re had to be supplied. Rewa was a long way off, fusing to go. She had been brought up in com on Viti Léon, at the other side of the

group.

It fort; she was not of robust health; and the pri was no light matter for a young man to go there vations and dangers of such a mission as that to with his young wife, to live alone among a savFiji were very great; and there are many Chris- age people, of whose manners and language they tian parents who would have refused a daughter were altogether ignorant.

Mr. Hunt was refor such a work.

quested to undertake this service, and forthwith Hunt's parting with his fellow-students was

gave his consent. affecting. “They seemed,” he says, “as if they January 7, 1839, the “Letitia" touched at could not let me go, such was their affection." Rewa. The natives were much surprised to see February 14th he left Hoxton for Balderton, the the missionaries disembark—and with Mrs. Hunt, scene of his earlier life and labors. On March as an object of wonder, they could not tire. They 6th he married Miss Summers, of Newton-on- had never before, except in one instance, looked Trent, and in a few days after brought her to upon a white woman. At once Mr. Hunt went London to make final arrangements for their de- to work to learn the Fijian language, and in one parture. March 27th the young missionaries were month's time was able to address the people in solemnly ordained in the Wesleyan chapel at their own tongue. The sights of cruelty, butchHackney, and three weeks thereafter, accompa- ery, and cannibalism which pressed upon them nied by the four General Secretaries of the Wes- at every turn, caused them sometimes to tremble leyan Missionary Society, Messrs. Hunt, Jaggard, and sink at heart. and Calvert, left for Gravesend.

But I must reserve to another article the parOn the 29th day of April, 1838, the mission ticulars of the scenes through which they passed.

BY LUCY ALDRICH.

wn

MODERN SKEPTICISM.

ers, but generous and broad-minded—unparalleled examples of charity.

Let us for a few moments examine this claim THE HE present age, in the opinion of its ow to originality, by comparing modern skepticism

generation at least, is to be characterized with pagan philosophy; then by a comparison through all coming time as the era of universal of the same system with vital Christianity we reform. The great balance bas at length been ad- will measure its boasted liberality. justed; science, government, religion-all things Glancing first at the fantastic, shadowy nothare cast into the scale, and if any thing be found ing of idealism, so earnestly defended by Hume wanting its day of reckoning must speedily come. and Berkley, and admitted to some extent by the The systems and institutions of the past are great German transcendentalist, we have but to boldly challenged; and no faith, however sacred, return to the east, whence nearly all the varieties no creed, however venerable, no system, however of religion have originated, and we shall find hoary with age, may cross the boundary line of Buddhism teaching the same absurd doctrine. It the present till its time-stiffened lips have learned was a strangely-inconsistent belief, even for a to pronounce the modern shibboleth.

pagan creed, and its modern advocates made litThis system of rigid analysis is in keeping tle improvement upon the speculations of their perhaps with the progress of the age, and by it heathen predecessors. alone is many a moss-grown error to be over- Too vague and unreal to meet the opposition thrown; yet it becomes us to take heed, lest in of a world which, despite all theories to the conour eager search after a new faith we imbibe

trary, still seemed to have some real existence, more of error than we have cast aside with the idealism faded before the advance of truth like creeds of our fathers. Truth is seldom revealed mist before the morning sun. to us by happy chances; we must search care- If we take the opposite and more popular ex. fully for it, and be sure of our footing at every treme, materialism, we have but to go back along step. Every new-found truth must be subjected the line of centuries, and we shall find all the to rigorous tests; and every step in advance ancient systems of philosophy, amid a multitude must be on the firm rock.

of jarring dogmas, agreed upon the eternity of Especially do we need to distinguish carefully matter. The Gentile world knew not the simple between the true and the false, and to know at story of revelation, “He spake and it was done; every step that our footing is secure in examin- he commanded and it stood fast," and could not, ing the self-styled religious philosophy of the therefore, decide the first question in every sysday.

tem of philosophy; namely, the origin of matter. This philosophy, claiming to be the herald of The ancient philosophers could not conceive of a new and more perfect faith, makes its advent its creation from utter nothingness; hence they under the most favoring auspices. The times admit its eternity and consequent intelligence. are portentous; mind is all awake, and earnest The pantheism of the present day, boldly asmen are every-where seeking after truth. The serting man's divinity, is but a repetition of these true, the beautiful, the good—these are sought ancient theories. Purified, refined, sublimated, with untiring zeal, and to those who patiently it may be, but still in essence it is the same. and carefully prosecute their search the truth Brahmanism taught that “the first Being, alone shall surely be revealed.

and without likeness, was the All in the beginBut there is a class of men whose eager haste ning; he could multiply himself in various and self-confidence have blinded their eyes to forms." Plato and Aristotle, themselves discithe simplicity of truth, and by them a fearful ples of the Gymnosophists, taught that matter amount of evil is mingled with the good. Thus was intelligent as a whole, unintelligent only in from Germany pours in upon us a tide of ration- its parts; and the modern skeptic tells us that alism; atheistic France contributes to swell the “all things are in essence one, and in form only tide, while the pantheism of Carlyle, adorned by are many." Æschylus declares that "Jupiter is every grace of rhetoric and strengthened by all air, earth, heaven-all is Jupiter.” Pope repeats the powers of a gigantic and penetrating intel the same thought: lect, meets with a ready response from once or

"All are but parts of one stupendous whole, thodox New England.

Whose body nature is, and God the soul," These disciples of the new faith claim to have thrown off the shackles of superstition, and to while Goethe gives us still another version of it: have wrought out, by their own unassisted reason,

“No essence into naught resolveth, a system of philosophy embodying all essential The Eternal through all forms revolveth." truth. They claim to be not only original think- The poetry of the latter author is thoroughly

imbued with the doctrines of Spinosa, the most considered the single boast of liberality. The refined and spiritual of pantheists; and this in- philosophers of our American Athens, and their fluence, revealing itself in so many of his most disciples in the metropolis, complain loudly of beautiful poems, is openly acknowledged in his the narrowness of creeds, the bigotry of sects, prose writings. He who has the heart to strip and the austerity of the Christian doctrines. off the dra pery of life and beauty, and transform | They acknowledge God, and denounce his Church; the poet into the philosopher, will find in place admire Christ, and sneer at his holy disciples; of the apparently beautiful theory only a strange extol the teachings of the New Testament, and bundle of inconsistencies.

break its commandments; build a heaven for the Carlyle, deeply imbued with German life and whole race, and carefully shun defilement from thought, has thrown still another garb over the "the vulgar herd” on earth. same skeptical theory. His entire system of The carpings of such inconsistency are an "hero-worship" is based upon the essential divin answer unto themselves, and need not a formal ity of man; and his view of the relation of the refutation. It would be an easy task to trace individual to his fellows, modified to some ex the course of unbelief, ever wandering away from tent by the hopelessly-democratic atmosphere of the crowd in proud and selfish isolation, and to Bunker Hill, pervades the present "liberal” lit- show that it brings no "glad tidings” to the erature of New England.

race; that for the masses it has only scorn and The cause of this ready reception of his wor- contempt; that for man, as man, it has no symship of genius, and his spirit of self-assertion, is pathy, no balm of healing. But we need no easily ascertained. A universal necessity in- such elaborate evidence. The contrast between volves pantheism. The polished, insinuating, skepticism and true religion is strong and clearly plausible heresy, which is so rapidly spreading defined, so that we have but to place them side among the descendants of the Pilgrims, is but by side and see for ourselves which has the narthe reaction of that unmitigated Calvinism to rower, which the broader creed. which they so long and so tenaciously clung, and Philosophy and Christianity each proposes to from which the Puritan mind drank in, although accomplish for man a great and necessary good: unconsciously, the very essence of pantheism. the former, by self-renunciation, to raise him

Spiritualism also, however contemptible in its above the weaknesses of his nature; the latter, origin, is exerting its influence upon the religion by faith in the atonement, to restore him to purity and philosophy of the day. Commencing with a and divine favor. The one addresses itself to simple ghost-story, fabr ted, as was believed at the favored few; the other to all mankind. Thus the time, for an April hoax, it was continued for Goethe plainly declares that there are no works purposes of notoriety and gain, till an outraged of art or of soul for the crowd, "and that only and indignant community drove the nuisance here and there one may rise to the enjoyment of from their midst. Then, Proteus like, it began those blessings conferred by philosophy.” Paul a series of transformations, adapting itself more as boldly asserts that “there is no respect of perand more to the purposes of those who were al

sons with God." ready arrayed against Christianity, till it has be

Carlyle's system of "hero-worship" is an absocome but another form of the same wide-spread lute despotism; Christianity, though flourishing heresy, whose foundation-stone is man's essential under all forms of government, is democratic in divinity. Borrowing the spheres of Aristotle, all its tendencies. Philosophy addresses its lifeand collecting a motley crowd of ancient and less abstractions to the head; Christianity lays modern absurdities, it is get so shrewdly adapted its hand upon the beart. Philosophy breathes to the fancied wants of our nature as almost to its chilling influence upon the few and transforms defy the influence of reason and the empire of them into statues; Christianity comes with life will. Hence the thousands of unwary souls that and power and speaks the dead multitude to life. have been led astray by its influence, and lured Philosophy accompanies man to the farthest along by its siren power, till their feet have at earth-shore, but leaves him alone to take the last "stumbled upon the dark mountains” of un- “leap in the dark;" Christianity guides him safely belief.

over the swelling waters, opens to him the pearly These are a few of the phases of modern skep- gates, and crowns him with immortality. ticism. The professed aim of all is absolute truth; yet it is a significant fact, that the infidel philosophy of the present age is as far from the IF thou wouldst be informed what God has goal as was its heathen prototype.

written concerning thee in heaven, look into The claim of originality and rare intellectual thine own bosom, and see what graces he hath discovery being set aside, there remains to be there wrought in thee.

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