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greater ratio.

and damage. Not so of soul-wants. They often progress; since a benign Creator would never demand an unlimited gratification, which gen- have given desires which he intended should erally adds to their relish and desire for more. never taste the sweets of complete satisfaction? Work is both a soul-want and a bodily one. For As, therefore, the gratification of desire or the the body, it must be moderate and not too long- satisfaction of want engenders a higher desire or continued; for the soul, it may be prolonged in wants, does not this fact mark man off and sepadefinitely

rate him by an almost infinite distance from the In close connection with this may be men- brutes that perish? Give the bird daily food and tioned the want of society. This is seen par- a suitable nest, and it wants nothing else, nay, tially developed in animals, but only in a small will take nothing else. Give the fox a hole and degree. In man it rises to a noble principle, and a sufficiency of blood, and he will have no more. has a reflex influence on all his other wants. It Provide for the ox, the horse, or the sheep a modifies the want of food, and compels man to proper amount of hay, grass, or provender, and seek for food better in kind, more abundant in he will use nothing more. But give a man exquantity,'more tasteful in appearance, and more actly what he wants to-day, and while that seems elaborate in ornament. Exactly so of his cloth- to satisfy the want that called for it, a new stiming. It must have better colors, more variety, ulus will be added to that want. It is like feedharmony, and appropriateness, because of the ing a fire with combustible fuel. When small society which he seeks. It must be of finer text- the fire consumes slowly, but additional fuel inure, more graceful in form, and of more elegant creases its power to assimilate or consume in a manufacture. And his house is not only larger,

So the gratification of desire or as before said, on account of society, but far the supply of want does but enlarge man's camore splendid and permanent. The beauty, too, pacity and inflame his desires. Hence, may it which the soul craves is hence sought more ea- not be argued that want renders our immortality gerly, and must combine more of pleasing variety probable? and more of enduring novelty. This want also But while thus much may be said, and said compels man to go above himself and ask for truly, in regard to human want, there must be the society and communion of his Maker. Thus some qualification attached to the general idea it becomes, in connection with the religious ele- that want prompts to improvement and argues ment of his nature, his most elevating and enno- an eternity of progression on the part of the liv. bling principle. Wanting the society of his fel. ing subject from whose nature these wants spring. lows, and the approbation of his Maker, he can Real want is the condition of improvement, and but feel the necessity of a truthful soul to render to satisfy it thoroughly entourages invention, him worthy of such society; and, therefore, he is promotes honesty, and enlarges both the sphere prompted by this want to labor to become better and the capacity of desire. Unreal and unreand truer, more righteous and holy. This im- stricted want, or the want of a feverish or a pamproves his moral and spiritual nature, and is the pered sensuality, is the exact reverse, and while climax of all his wants, and shows how broad it may stimulate cunning and ingenuity in cerand deep is the philosophy of want.

tain directions, it does at the same time beget What now are some of the lessons of human hypocrisy and introduce the whole brood of fraud, want? This has been partially illustrated al- deceit, and meanness.

Let it not be forgotten ready, and will, therefore, need but a word further. that bodily wants are most frequently the unreal; As man's wants are so much more numerous and soul-wants the real, however common it may be exacting than those of the lower animals; and among those who do not think to reverse these as the gratification of these wants always tends epithets. Soul-wants and a few simple bodily to produce new ones, we may, in this fact, find wants may, as they are sometimes termed, be one of the strong links of that chain of proba- called natural wants; while a very large class bilities which go far to indicate and establish the of bodily wants are appropriately, and often with immortality of the human soul. For if man strictest justice, depominated artificial wants, as could be as easily satisfied as the brute, might having no true and real foundation in the constihe not be supposed to die as easily and as com- tution of our being. They are not uncommonly pletely? But as he, unlike all other creatures, can wholly imaginary at first, but by habit they benever be satisfied, or, rather, can never remain come so ingrafted upon the original nature as to satisfied, and-paradoxical as it may seem—as form a second nature very different from that the nearer he shall on the morrow approach his which our Creator gave us. This constitutes ideal of to-day, the farther will he on to-morrow them both artificial and unreal. fall short of his to-morrow's ideal; so may we It is this sort of want-unrestrained and denot conclude that he is destined to unlimited | termined on gratification—that leads to fraud,

and introduces so many adulterated and coun or the solidest of stone; or who, at a less expense terfeit articles into all branches of trade and still, can patch up boards, and with simple paint business. If a youth of sixteen, having only and putty transmute the shanty into a freestone three cents to spend daily, wants and can not do palace! without six cigars——the best Havanas-a day, it Want is not only an imperative lord, but also is one of the most easy and natural things in the a wonderful magician and alchemist. It is more world that some ingenious person shall supply potent in this direction than even the fabled Gorthe article-in name—for the money and still gon Medusa, who turned every thing she looked make a profit by it. A few cast-off cabbage upon into stone. Want sets its eyes upon cotton leaves, soaked in a decoction of the main stalks and it becomes linen, or wool, or silk; upon of Connecticut-grown tobacco, will answer the pinchbeck and glass, and forthwith they become purpose admirably and supply the want. If balf gold and diamonds; upon perched peas and corn a million of kitchen maids, earning on an aver meal, and they are roasted coffee and ginger; age one dollar and a half a week, want splendid upon lath and plaster, and lo, they are gravite, jewelry made of gold and set with costly gems, and bronze, and iron! And yet even these shams in abundance greater than the rich, some Attle may have their uses, and certainly they do bave boro tinker will supply the demand with a com a startling significance. All things have their position of tin, copper, and zinc, colored with affinities, and these affinities will often reveal common salt and aquafortis, and will adorn it original and innate likenesses, while we had not with all sorts of precious stones, made of glass / suspected even an analogy, much less a similaror paste. If these same girls and others want ity. So the people who seek after these sbams and must have fine linens and gorgeous silks, are mostly shams themselves; we know them by for which they can pay not more than a fifth of their attractions. their actual cost, some body will invent the arti Nothing but a thing capable of being made a cles and lay up money by it-making the former, magnet will turn lovingly toward the magnet, or showing a beautiful pliancy and an extra white- obey the exhilarating forces of electricity; and ness, out of cotton and starch, and the latter ont nothing but a buzzard, a vulture, or a fly will of a mixture of worsted, linen, cotton, silk, and pass by wholesome meat to gloat and feed on glue, so that they shall appear to be of the stiff-carrion. est texture and richest luster. If five millions There is, then, an important lesson even in of men in our country want each twenty-five gal these very annoying, perplexing shams and imilons of whisky a year, costing, to make it hon- tations. They may teach us what persons are estly-if such an article ever be honestly made true and willing to appear only as they are; for at least fifty cents a gallon, and are able to pay while a man is desirous, for the sake of the mere for it only twenty cents the gallon; or want ten show, of dwelling in a lath-and-plaster stone-house, gallons of wine at a dollar a gallon, while the or of wearing a copper-tin gold watch or guard genuine article costs at least two dollars, when chain; while a woman is desirous, both for show and there is only corn enough to produce two gallons economy, of wearing cotton-silk dresses and gum of the former, and when only grapes enough diamonds; and while both are willing, for cheapgrow to make a quart of the latter for each con ness and fashion's sake, to drink aquafortis brandy sumer, some trader or wine merchant will find and cockroach wine, you may be certain that the skill and material, by the aid of fire and chem- human part of the personage, if looking a little ica! affinities, to produce good whisky—as to more genuine and real, is not a whit truer or color and burning taste---out of water, cider, oil more like what it purports to be, than is the maof vitriol, and juniper berries, and wine out of terial in which it is clothed or which it drinks. logwood, whisky, and cockroaches, and will sell | It does not necessarily degrade a man to hare at a profit the articles—bad enongh to suit such such wants as these; but it does degrade him to depraved tastesat a rate cheap enough to suit yield to them; and it always degrades the man the purses of persons nursing such aristocratic who supplies them, and much more him who wants and carrying such plebeian purses. So if pampers them. Sinful thoughts and unholy men want to live in palaces of marble and free- mental suggestions do not of necessity prove a stone, and are not able to pay for real substan man a great sinner, provided that be strives to tial frame mansions, architects, masons, and car banish them at once from him. They may only penters can always be found who can veneer show to him his weak side, and be a warning to house fronts with the thinnest scale of the real him to get a double guard in that particular place. stone; or cheaper still

, who can put up the thinnest, President Edwards resolved to watch his dreams, shammiest brick wall, and daub it with mortar, and if he found any evil suggestions mingling grooved and stuccoed into the showiest of marble l among them, to be more watchful in praying





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against them. So if a man finds within him any ITINERANCY AND SCENES IN CALIFORNIA.
of these wants, which, unrestrained, would lead
him to put on, or to surround himself with, or to
love any sort of sham or counterfeit whatever,
he may be sure that he has still within bis soul a HASTA, December, 1856.—On the morning
foe, or at least a place for a foe to hide. Let of the 9th of October, refreshed and invigor-
him betake himself to prayer and supplication, ated with sleep, but more by the repose of faith,
that he may be thoroughly delivered and made I rose early, paid next to my last dollar for my
80 to love truth in the inward parts that no conn mule keeping, and started on my lonely way, re-
terfeit can be tolerated near him. By such con- gardless of many warnings, from French Gulch
siderations, by such watchfulness, and by such over Trinity Mountain. The air was sharp and
prayers, will he be enabled to rise to that genuine bracing, with an occasional roughness of the
abhorrence of all shams, so characteristic of wind; overhead the white-plumed clouds hurried
every noble soul, and which gleams out in letters in platoons to the north by east. They seemed
of fire from almost every line of God's holy word. to have a battle of storm on hand to which they
So will he learn to love purity and truthfulness, hasted with invisible feet, and joined and swelled
such as the Scriptures enjoin and command, and the gathering blackness that hung its heavy folds
be will thus know how to sympathize with the about Mount Shasta, the king of California
beautiful lines of one of our own poets:

mountains. I saw these clouds form from noth"In the elder days of art,

ing, apparently springing quicker than I could Builders wrought with greatest care

see, from particular points, and gathering addiEach unseen and hidden part;

tions rapidly, then flying in a ragged bulk away, For the gods see every-where.

which grew and swelled as it rolled or perchance Let us do our work as well,

broke in twain, but kept on the general direction. Both the unseen and the seen;

Then others formed and sped after them. It was Make the house, where gods may dwell,

new sight to me--an enrapturing, natural Beautiful, entire, and clean."

beauty, on which I gazed delighted as I rode up And this view of human want teaches us that Clear creek, up and down the spurs of the mountone of the most real and imperative of all our ain, for six miles or more, till I came to the shoot wants is the want or need of restraint. Unless or spur up which I was directed to take to cross we can learn "to circumecribe our desires," and the main ridge. keep all our wants within the “proper circle" "Is it possible!" I mentally exclaimed, looking marked out by the compass and prescribed by up two or three times before I really measured our Creator, we may be sure they will lead us the long, steep ascent, and half hoping that was greatly astray. But while the due restraint is not the trail—"is it possible that this is the put upon all our passions and appetites, while trail?” There was in fact no other, and for what our wants are regulated by what we really need, place except Yreka would a trail be found over and are confined to such things as will truly en

such a mountain! I looked down in consternanoble and adorn our natures, we shall always tion at my little mule. Poor thing! I could not find want prompting to labor, and labor always think of riding her up. So down I got and comworking improvement. Let us not, then, throw menced my walk up the mountain. Talk about contempt upon human wants, but rather study the charity of Uncle Toby, who put the fly out them, carefully discriminating between the real of the window, saying, “The world is wide enough and the imaginary; between those we can law- for me and thee!'' He would have shown a betfully gratify and those we can not; between those ter charity in letting the poor fly be inside, and that encourage in us a healthful activity and it would then be nothing to the charity of a man those that induce us to become deceitful; and let who pays his money for a mule to ride, feeds her us then use want as a spur for our souls, to drive well, and then leads her


the steep mountains. them more rapidly along the career of legitimate Auy man who is charitable feels well; and so I progress.

was feeling very comfortable in my lonely ascent. The mule looked particularly kind and shy, and

watchful, and twirled her long ears in various Of such mighty importance every man is to directions to catch any approaching sound. Once himself, and ready to think he is so to others; or twice she made me think she certainly saw an without once making this easy and obvious re- Indian or smelled a grizzly bear. But after a Hection, that his affairs can have no more weight hasty jerk or two she seemed quieted and folwith other men than theirs have with him; and lowed very demurely. how little that is, he is sensible enough.

Up, up, two and a half miles. Scrambling up

on an angle of forty to sixty degrees* will make observed he had a name for any mule that stop one, unaccustomed to the exercise, weak in the ped or seemed disposed to get out of the trail; knees, and no amount of clerical dignity can and as it was not possible for me to pass for the prevent his puffing. I stopped frequently to re- present, owing to the steepness and roughness of cover breath and strength, and feasted my eyes the mountain on both sides the trail, I began to on the grandeur that faced me about-here a make inquiries: solemn gorge, there magnificent castellated crags “Have all your mules got names?'' and peaks; yonder, in the rounded heaving of “Yes, and know them, too,

- well. Get up the mountain breast, the silent swell and mag- there!” he immediately hallooed out to a clump nificent unfolding of beauty; here, the whisper- of four or five mules which had stopped near the "worshiping pine-the still voice out of which head of the train, and he vociferated, God comes; there, the twisting, gnarled oak, with “Blaze! - Blaze! Luke! Bill! its condensed dignity, seeming almost afire with Bill!” swearing more than the blanks intiits life-force-reminding me of the solemn paint mate. ing in Wordsworth's Yew-Trees:

“What makes mule-drivers swear so much?

Can't they drive mules without cursing them?'' “Each particular trunk a growth

The man turned a curious and scrutinizing of intertwisted fibers serpentine, Up-coiling and inveterately convolved,

glance on me, and soon perceiving my seriousNor uninformed with phantasy, and looks

ness let his eye and countenance fall. Candor, That threaten the profane;"

the frequent characteristic of the wildest Califor

nians, is now apparent in him. and all around the bristling chaparral and chemi "It is a bad habit, sir—inexcusably bad, and sette—the flesh-hairs and manes of the ridges. I am sorry for it; but the truth is, the d-1 is in I know not how it is, but to me there is some the mules, and I can not drive them without thing wonderfully sustaining in mountain glory. swearing.” This he said with the most serious Physically weak ordinarily and trembling, I never and decided tone and manner. I told him I had felt like yielding to exhaustion on the mountains. heard the same before in this country, but could I am capable of three times the exertion and en not believe hardly that the men who said it were durance of any other place.

in sober earnest. After the first bench is passed the trail sweeps “I declare solemnly,” he replied, "I was never round to the left of a high knob, ascending by a more in earnest in my life.” narrow dug-way, on the lower side of which logs “Very well," I said, “it may be some think so or stones are laid to hold the earth from sliding I am inclined to believe on the whole that when down. I overtook just here a pack-train of some men fall into sin they do become superstitious fitty mules, heavily loaded, carrying, the driver and may believe the d– is in mules; that there told me, three hundred and four hundred pounds are witches, ghosts, hobgoblins, etc., all about each. I wondered how they had come up the the world. A pure life and a sense of the presfirst bench, and pitied the poor creatures indeed. ence of God casts out all such chimeras, and They seemed to labor very hard and went grunt- fills men with love and peace; that is, it deprives ing along at every step, making an irregular their experience of all such facts, which they chorus of groans. I ventured to suggest to the therefore call chimeras; but in truth I do not driver the hardship it was for the mules to carry know what may be in a man that is without God. such loads over these vast mountains. "Faugh! | We read of some who were to be tormented of the d—I!” he exclaimed, and then surveyed me the devil." from head to feet, and with staring eyes and a "I expect that's the mule-drivers," growled huge oath demanded, “Do you walk to favor your my new acquaintance. “Who swear," I added. mule?" He then looked at the mule and again I attempted now to pass, the mountain above at me, as I was all steaming with perspiration, the trail being sufficiently clear to admit of it, and exclaimed with another oath, "She is better but the muleteer desired me not to pass able to carry you, than you, sir, are to walk.” side, as his mules might be frightened and leave He then turned to his train and began shouting the trail, to the left of which the ground was and swearing at them all in general, and then at rough and precipitous. I readily complied and this one and that one by name in particular. I reined back my animal. I could see he bad

more work to keep from swearing than it was to * A much better trail was soon after constructed, driye the mules. Every few rods he choked down and now—1859—a wagon road leads over the mount

a big oath and let slip the softer forms of proOne can scarcely imagine the difference, por

fanity only balf emphasized. I told him how the growth of this country.

i deeply horrified I had often felt at the amount

the upper


of profanity I had heard in the country; that attachment for the rear and would not go. I once I was passing where a six-mule team was applied heel and spur; for like the knight, Hudistalled. It was in such a place in the road that bras, who no other teams could pass, and some eight wag

"Wore on spur ons were standing along in the rear waiting for

As wisely knowing could he stir this train to get out of the way. Teams were

To active trot one side of 's horse doubled and several men at the wheels, but the

The other would not lag." load would not move. As I was passing the whipping, shouting, and swearing was so shock. I had adopted economy and had but one spur. ing that I could not but hold up my hands and But mules, though they are bound to keep both exclaim, “O! O! O!” The teamsters all stopped sides in the same relative position, will sometimes and looked up in amaze, when I said, “What go sidewise. Mine took a sudden dart ten feet shocking profanity-shocking!" Silence and down the shelvy side of the mountain and struck some little confusion seemed to be on the com her fore-feet down stiff-legged, threw her head pany, and I was passing on when a small man down and her hind-feet up, and reversed the moon the top of a big wagon, a hundred yards off, tion two or three times, then gave such a whirl cried out,

and snort as made a little lightning round. I “Halloo, mister, do n't be too hard on us. had always supposed the flames said to be in the You'd swear yourself if you drove mules.” nostrils of war-horses in battle were not there,

There was a laugh at this, as much as to say, but in the writers of poetry; but if I did not seo "Well said-truth-truth;" but I exclaimed with magnetic, electric, or veritable sparks fly from energy,

my mule's dilated nostrils like watrous sparks “No-no—I am engaged in a more difficult from steel when held hard upon a wet, rapidly. business than mule-driving, and I never swear.” turned emery wheel, why then I had an unusu

"I should like to know what it is," said the ally poetic perception—that is all. And that 's little man with a fine, questioning voice.

my little jenny serving me such a trick after I “Yes, yes; tell us what it is. Give it up. You had led her up the worst part of the mountain! tell us now," cried several after me with gruff There she stands, quivering in every limb, scowl. voices.

ing back her ears, her neck stiff with defiance, I stopped my horse, turned in my saddle and and her eye as malignant as a serpent's. I cried said, “Gentlemen, my business in California is to whoa, whoa, as gently and determined as possipersuade men to travel the road to heaven, and ble. She frisked about as if disposed to jump in no spirit of banter I tell you it is hard work, down a ledge nearly twenty feet perpendicular, harder than mule-driving, and I never think of on the brink of which she had stopped. I did swearing about it.”

not dare attempt to get off, and resolved to mainThe reply seemed to strike them as quite tain my seat as long as the mule did her legs. amusing. All laughed, and one man swore it But I soon saw she had no idea of going down, it was true. The little man seemed to take it but that her charitable intention was to leave more thoughtfully than the rest, and after I had her load among the rocks, and failing of this she passed on a little distance he said

was more than willing to get back into the trail. cidedly,

I managed to pick up my hat, which had fallen “You are right, mister; you are perfectly on the first plunge, and to readjust my saddle

bags, which, being fastened in the middle, had My friend seemed to relish the point of the changed ends in such a way as to present an story, but looked not a little confused, when, original specimen of twist, and was ready to try with deep love in my heart and a solemnity of to get by the train again. Jenny goes kindly manner I could not help under the impulse, I and spryly along now, nimble and clean as if said to him, I still continued to invite men to the nothing had happened. Queer notions mules kingdom of heaven; that I hoped he would walk take! What could have happened that this genin the way of life; that to do so be need not quit tle-looking little thing should get so very spunky his business; that God would have mercy on his and then seem to forget it so quickly! She trots soul that day if he would repent; all he needed along nicely. I thought some of getting down to do was to quit his sin, profanity among the at the next steep bench, but finally concluded to rest. Do it at once, for soon you will be in hell ride up slowly. Up she scrambled with me on at this rate. At which words I bid him farewell her back, and in the course of fifteen minutes or and started on, as the way was now clear. My so her head drooped, eyes seemed half shut, and mule had her own notion, however, about passing she panted as if about ready to fall down. Poor the train. She seemed to have formed a strong thing! Well, I ought to have walked; but we

very de


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