« PreviousContinue »
The suppression of the order of Jesuits soon fered prolonged vigils for our liberty. Behold ye followed — 1773—their expulsion from Spain. that noble and capacious brow, even yet burned And though restored in 1814, and recalled to the with the sun of the camp of Mars! It has been Argentine Confederation by General Rosas, they absorbed in profound meditations for our liberty. never attained to much influence. They were in Witness ye that elevated and well-constructed the country but a short time when Rosas, repent breast, the temple of a magnanimous heart! It ing of his recall, with or without cause, expelled has exposed itself to the bullets and the lance of them from the province of Buenos Ayres in 1843. the tyrant for our liberties. Do ye behold that The other provinces followed the example, and nervous arm and powerful hand, so well known the expulsion from the entire country was com on fields of battle! There he has wielded bis pleted in 1848, when they left Cordova. Upon dreadful sword with so much valor for our libthe fall of Rosas, February 3, 1852, the Jesuits erties.” appeared again in the train of Urquiza the con The above quotations are sufficient to indicate queror. A Jesuit priest by the name of Pena, a the sycophancy of a Jesuit priest flattering a short time after Urquiza's entrance into Buenos bloody and barbarous man. Ayres, delivered a sermon before him in the Priest Pena continued in the city of Buenos cathedral, celebrating his victory. We will make Ayres for some months, when, being detected or a few extracts from it, to give an idea of the ful strongly suspected of complicity with some insome flattery of a Jesuit.
surrectionary movements—how Jesuit-like-he At the commencement of the discourse he calls was banished. At the present time, though there upon his hearers, “Assist me to implore the help are Jesuits in the South American provinces, of grace, by the intercession of the mother of their influence is comparatively small. The field Christ, Holy Virgin! Your own glory is inter- of their glory is forever wrested from them. ested in my prayer, for neither were your altars In connection with this particular notice of venerated by that scourge of society and religion. Jesuitism in South America, it may not be amiss [General Rosas.] Enable me to fill my ministry to give a brief, general view of the relation beduly. Hail Mary!”
tween Church and state. We are all aware that He addressed Urquiza thus: “But likewise thy Romanism was introduced here coeval with Span name, O great Urquiza! Thy name will be im- ish authority. The Church, however, in this mortal in the annals of our history! Toward you country has never been directly and entirely de our gratitude will be eternal, and the echo of our pendent upon the Pope, as is usually the case. acknowledgments will make itself heard across The Pope granted the tithes of the Church, and the distances of space which separates us from the disposal of all the ecclesiastical benefits in the confines of the earth! The heart of each the new world, to the kings of Spain. Thus the Argentine will be a temple consecrated to thee, monarch became the head of the American Ro where thou wilt receive continually the sweet in man Church. This power soon became absolute cense of our affection! ... The press, the organ in spiritual matters as well as temporal. Inof the sentiments of man, will carry your hero- deed, the two can not long remain separated ism, your valor on the wings of fame to make | Even Papal bulls were not permitted to be pubyou respected throughout all the world; it will lished in America till they had received the sancmake the nations know that if North America tion of the Council of the Indies. glories in her Washington, that in the South When these countries declared their independthere arises another emulous of his virtues, po-ence of Spain'in 1810, the Church patronage of litical, military, and social, who now forms the the crown descended, as a matter of course, to hope of our own and neighboring republics! ... the various local governments. And so it has We acclaim you our Washington! The Wasli- continued till the present time. ington of the Argentine republie! What glory In all legislation since the people assumed the for you, sir! Argentines, I call your attention. government, there has been a strong desire manFix your gaze on that bold champion! In the ifested to diminish the influence of the clergy. transport of my gratitude, sir, your modesty will Under the viceroyalty the country was filled with suffer me to consecrate to you the sentiments of monasteries and nunneries, and overrun with frimy heart; sentiments sincere and foreign from ars and monks, and brotherhoods and sisterhoods all flattery; virgin sentiments which have never of all descriptions, whose irregular and immoral been offered before; noble sentiments purely ex- lives were an offense to the people. pressive of my opinion and of my patriotism. The first General Assembly that ever met in
"Yes! fix, I again say, Argentines, your looks Buenos Ayres, in 1813, issued a decree abolishon that brave warrior! See ye those scintillating ing the Inquisition in all the provinces. This eyes, but beaming with humanity! they have suf- horrid institution of Popery was established in
A CHRISTMAS STORY FOR THE YOUNG.
BY VIRGINIA F. TOWNSEND,
South America in 1570 by the pious zeal of The recent Constitution of the state of Buenos Philip II. In June of the same year-1813— Ayres guarantees to all liberty of conscience and the complete independence ecclesiastical was de- of worship in matters of religion; and provides clared throughout the provinces, and the author in reference to the Roman Church that the Govity of the Pope's nuncio in Spain denied. They ernor shall "exercise the patronage, with respect then proceeded to elect their own vicar-general to the Churches, benefices, and clergy, which are and other officers, and direct religious affairs in dependent upon him, according to law. He shall the general.
appoint the bishop from three names presented In 1822, under the government of Don Martin to him by the state senate.” This provision very Rodriguez, his Minister of State, Don Bernar- effectually excludes the interposition of the Pope. dino Rivadavia, attempted extensive reforms in This sketch will give a sufficiently accurate idea the Church establishments. All orders of friars of the political relations of the Church of Rome were suppressed; they were driven forth from the to the Argentine Confederation. convents and monasteries, and their property confiscated for government purposes.
These measures produced great excitement, which re CHARITY GREEN'S GIFTS. sulted in a conspiracy by the Church and its supporters against the government. The several attempts at insurrection were suppressed. Taglé, one of the principal leaders, was banished, and OUBLE foldonly fifty cents a yard. the authority of the government fully established. It was the piece o' plaid worsted I Only one order of friars, that of the Franciscans,
ever laid my eyes on!" exclaimed to herself Miss was permitted to maintain its organization. It Charity Green, the old maid tailoress of Allanstill exists.
town, and she unfolded the three-dollar bankIt was thus that General Rosas became head note which she had received the day before for a of the Church in the Argentine Confederation, week and a half s sewing at the squire's, and and being a man of will he exercised his author- smoothed the ragged corners, and looked at it ity with complete independence of the Pope. affectionately. He, however, restored many of the suppressed “Six yards 'll make me a full dress, and I orders to their ecclesiastical standing, and or must have it to wear at cousin Nathan's, as they dered some of their property returned to them. I've sent me their usual invitation to Christmas This, with him, was a stroke of policy by which dinner. I shall have to pull tight, as I've only he secured the influence of the priesthood, and a day and a half to cut and make it in. I've they eulogized him in language even more ex set my heart on a plaid dress all the fall, but I travagant than that of Pena toward Urquiza. could n't raise the money till this week, and it's They even went so far as to place his portrait on lucky enough I came across jest the piece I the high altar in the cathedral. He, however, wanted hangin' in the window, and the price in made the Church entirely dependent upon the great figures on top. state, and up to the present time the expenses of “To tell the plain truth, too, I was n't a bit the religious establishments have been defrayed proud o' my old silk, 'specially among cousin by the state treasury.
Nathan's dressy wife and daughters. I've had Since Rosas's fall the Pope has been making the silk seven years and turned it twice, and efforts to secure better terms for his Holiness in washed it in coffee and ale and cut it over, but these countries. He has written a flattering let for all that it looks gray and scant, and I'd beter to his " beloved son Urquiza,” and sent him a gun to get real 'shamed on 't. little Jesus, the very image of one worshiped in
I 'll step over and get the stuff at the Vatican, and granted him also the distin once and run up the breadths this evenin', as guished privilege of having a private chapel con I've got all them button-holes on Joseph Blake's nected with his household. We do not now know new coat to make to-morrow, and I've no time what effect these tokens of Papal kindness have to let grass grow under my feet.” had, or will have on General Urquiza. But in With this audible conclusion of her intentions the Argentine Constitution there are no unusual Miss Charity Green rose up and snuffed the solimarks of deference to Romanism. Article 2d tary tallow candle, which was burning on the litsimply states that “the Federal Government sus tle round cherry table, which had been her grandtains the Roman Catholic apostolic worship," | mother's. She was a very poor woman who lived while liberty to profess, and exercise any other by her needle, and rented the “middle room” in forms of religion is granted to all, both natives widow Blake's small one-story house. She had a and foreigners.
thin, faded face, with nothing pretty or attractive
about it, except when she smiled, and then little "Well, Johnnie, you all goin' to have a merry children would be sure to forget all about the Christmas at your house ?" wrinkles and the homeliness, and tangle her "I do n't know," said the boy in a disconsolate spools of thread and play with the scissors, which tone of voice, twisting bis brown fingers in and always hung around her neck, fastened with black out of each other. ribbon, and never dream of stopping or being in “What! you and sisters not going to hang up the least alarmed by her frequent, “There, there, your stockings?” children! Dear me! I do believe little hands are “No, ma'am; mother said she could n't afford the busiest in the world! Who ever did see!" to give us any presents this year. Ellen and
Poor Miss Charity Green! She was that very Jane cried all the afternoon about it." sad spectacle, a lonely, almost friendless woman, “Wall, now, I declare! That is too bad," anwithout father or mother, brother or sister, hus- swered the sympathizing voice of Miss Green, band or children in the world. Her life was and she silently tied the paper and snapped the turning its face toward half a century of years; thread with her scissors, and as she placed it in her health, never vigorous, was gradually failing the boy's hands she said to him, “Never mind, her; and a cold, lonely old age rose up some- Johnnie, dear. Pluck up good heart. May be times and appalled her with its chill and gloom. somethin' 'll turn up about them Christmas presShe had to work early and late, for the roof that ents after all." sheltered and the bread that nourished her. "If I was only a little better off now," murPoor Miss Charity Green!
mured Miss Charity Green as she rocked herself But as she tied on her straw bonnet that even back and forth in her great arm-chair, “them are ing, there was a quick knock at the door, and children should n't go without hangin' up their the next moment a little brown curly head, with stockings. I'd willingly sell my dinner to buy a pair of eager, bright, dancing eyes was thrust 'em some presents, for I know jest how much inside.
store children set by'em. I remember the Christ“Come in, Johnnie; what do you want?" said mas when aunt Marsy sent me my first cheeny Miss Charity Green. And if you had heard her cradle, with a little baby inside of it; and brother voice just then you would have understood some Tim his new skates. I can see 'em both jest as thing of the secret of her being so general a plain as I see that stove now, though it's nigh upon favorite with children.
forty years ago. How Tim and I did reckon on "Mother wants to know, Miss Green, if you 'll them are presents! I don't believe a crowned king lend her a drawin' o' tea. She 'll pay you to- and queen were happier that Christmas than we. morrow.
Poor, dear Tim! if he had n't gone to sea and "O she need n't be in the least bit o' hurry been overtaken in that terrible storm his sister about that are," answered Miss Green, as she would n't a been a poor, lonely toilin' woman totook the little blue cup from the boy's hand. night,” and here the tears gathered into Miss “Do sit down, Johnnie, and warm yourself by Charity Green's eyes, and she wiped them away the fire."
with the corner of her gingham apron, and conAnd the boy sat down in the great arm-chair, tinued her rocking and her low monologue. while the woman measured the tea in the cover “Well, the Lord knows what is best, and I must of her tin canister.
leave it all with him. “Mother and sisters pretty well to-day, John “But about them presents! I sha' n't take a nie?''
minute's comfort thinkin' o' the children's disap“Yes, ma'am, only mother said she felt a little pointment, and yet I do n't see how in the world touch o' rheumatiz , in her right shoulder this I can prevent it. If I did n't need that plaid mornin'."
dress now"-here the woman unclasped her bead "Dear me, suz! It won't do for her to let the purse and drew out the bank-note and looked at rheumatiz get hold on her this time o' year. I'll it wistfully. “But I do need it! my old silk an't jest step out into the shed and get her a little fit to be seen, and cousin Nathan's folks are so boneset. I al’ays lay up some every fall, for perticerler like. I can't get along without a new there's nothin' like it for rheumatiz, as my grand- gown any how; but then how dreadful down in father used to say."
the mouth Johnnie did look; and to think o' them And as the woman tied up the dried herbs in a children's cryin' all the afternoon 'cause they piece of brown paper, it struck her that her little could n't hang up their stockings! Poor things! neighbor was unusually grave and silent; so half It might seem sort o' nonsense to some people, with the purpose of drawing out any concealed but it do n’t to me; for I can look right down trouble which might possess him, Miss Green into my own childhood and remember jest how continued the conve versation,
Tim and I used to feel, and I never look at John
nie Russell but it takes me right back to my Mrs. Russell's faded eyes gleamed with new brother that I loved so, and was so proud on light as she gazed at the gifts. She tried to the laughin', fun-lovin', bright-eyed boy that he was! speak, but the words choked themselves back in
*Them children must hang up their stockings; her throat, and she broke down into a sob of but if they do I must go without my dress, for tears. it's jest come to that. One thing 's sartin, I “Wall, I do say now, Miss Russell," said her could n't take a minute's comfort there in a new neighbor, attempting in awkward but sincere one thinking on Miss Russell's children; no, not if fashion to comfort her. "Do n't give up so.
It it was the finest satin that ever stood alone,” and an't much, I know, but then we all had to be here Miss Charity Green brought down her foot children once." with solemn emphasis. “I must wear my shabby “Yes, Miss Green, and it's jest the thought o' old silk, and those that do n't like the looks must that and the good times we used to have when I turn their heads t'other way; for as long as I was a wild, careless gal at father's that's e'en ahold three dollars in my hands 'them children most broke my heart ever since I told the chilsha'n't go without a merry Christmas."
dren they must n't expect to hang up their stock
ings this Christmas. You never did see children "O! is that you? Do come in, Miss Green,” so put down in your life; they an't hardly smiled and little pale, sorrowful-faced, care-worn Mrs. since, and it's seemed as though we'd had a fuRussell lifted her head from the child's stocking neral in the house when I put 'em to bed toshe was darning as her neighbor entered the night.
“Somehow I've been in a murmurin' state all “Little folks all abed ?" whispered Miss Green day, for, wicked as it was, I could n't make it seem in a low, mysterious tone of voice, as she came right that their father should be taken away so into the room with something carefully concealed sudden, when the children needed him the most, under her shawl.
and I left here all alone to strain every nerve and “Yes, I sent’em off an hour ago—poor things!" | muscle to kecp their souls and bodies together.” and a deep sigh heaved the heart of widow Rus "Wall, it is awful tryin', as you say, Miss Russeil--a sigh that was born of wearying cares, and sell; I've been through the mire myself, but baffled hopes, and fainting spirits.
somehow another God does bring us out." “Wall, you see, Miss Russell,” still preserving “I know it," answered the widow penitently. her low, mysterious tones, and slowly uncovering "I'd fairly given up to-night when I put the chilher red merino shawl, revealing several packets dren to bed, for I did n't care for myself; but to in brown paper.
"I thought as it was about see them so down-hearted was more 'n I could Christmas time them little folks would want some bear."
folks any how; so I kinder thought I'd slip somethin' and we'll slip these in, and you can pin 'em up into their stockings, for I s'pose you'd ways to the bed-post, you know.” enough for every penny."
Mrs. Russell went to her chest of cherry “0, Miss Green, you are too good now!" drawers and brought forth three small blue and
What a light it was that broke over the pale, white woolen stockings, and the hearts of the worn face of the mother as her eyes fell on the two women were full of a tune of gladness, as bundles!
they crowded the playthings inside.” "S'pose you jest take a squint at 'em,” said "The house won't hold 'em to-morrow-mornin',"' the old maid, breaking the small cords and tear- exclaimed Mrs. Russell. “They 'll be as proud ing away the wrappers.
as kings and queens.” First, there was a blue drum with red stripes “Bless their hearts!" said Miss Green. "There for Johnnie, which his mother knew would fairly an't no nse o' tryin to get this drum inside." throw him into ecstasies; then in a round pink “No, I'll jest set it on the mantle. Dear me! box was a white china tea-set for Ellen, with the I expect I sha' n't know whether my head's off most diminutive cups and saucers, and the dain or on to-morrow mornin' about seven o'clock." tiest sugar-bowl, and cream-mug, and water-pitch And so Mrs. Russell's mother heart dwelt on er; and for little Jane there was a wax doll, with the delight of her children, and Miss Green drank black eyes, and ruby lips, and small dainty rings in all her words greedily, with frequent ejaculaof real brown hair; and a red-bird in a cage tions of wonder and sympathy. picking seeds out of a yellow trough; and added "Ugh! how the wind does blow!" said the old to all these was a purple horn-of-plenty tied with maid as she gathered her shawl closer about her golden ribbons, and filled with sugar plums for head and hastened down the road to her home, each of the children.
while a raw blast struck her in the face. The
BY MRS. F. M. ROWE.
"I do n't know how to thank you, Miss Green, The setting suu cast its last, lingering rays
night was full of the moan of winds and the an- THE ORPHAN'S TWO HOMES.
upon a new-made grave in the little village but you have remembered the widow and the fa- church-yard at B
- There were a good many therless, and be sure God will remember it of graves there, but the mild autumn sun seemed you."
to linger lovingly upon this one in the corner, of
which we are writing; perhaps it was because “Merry Christmas-merry Christmas, Miss two little children sat there, looking so utterly Green!" The voices, the bright, eager, children's forlorn and wretched that the kind sun wanted voices, were outside the door and inside the room to clasp them in his warm embrace and whisper all in a breath.
some such words of comfort as these, “Look up, There was Johnnie with his drum, and Ellen, little children, and believe, that as surely as I whose blue eyes danced with joy over her tea-set, shall rise again in the morning, bringing light, and little flaxen-haired Jane, who looked “cun- and life, and joy to all this lower world, so surely ning as a witch," Miss Green averred, as she shall the dear mother, who sleeps beneath, rise hugged up in true motherly fashion her precious also, rejoicing in the beams of the Sun of rightdoll to her heart.
eousness." Then such a confusion of voices and running But the sun went down and the children sat of feet, drowned frequently in the sound of John- alone, alone in the wide world, by the grave of nie's drum, as went on for the next hour in Miss their mother. They were two-a boy of five or Green's solitary room.
six summers, and a girl of twelve, as one would “We're goin' to play company this afternoon," judge from her childish face and figure; and yet said Ellen, "and I'm goin' to set out my tea-set already over that young face there was a shade and"
of thought and care strangely at variance with “And I'm goin' to be mother," broke in the her tender years. Upon her lap was pillowed the sweet child-voice of little Jane. "And I shall head of her little brother, and thus they sat till bring dolly and the canary and act just like a the twilight deepened into night and the twinkbig woman goin' a visitin'.".
ling stars came forth one by one. “And I'm goin' to be a soldier jest come home “Look, sister!" said the boy breaking the silence from the wars," said Johnnie; and here he struck and pointing upward, “mother 's got to heaven up “Yankee Doodle” on his drum so loud that and God's lighting up the sky 'cause she's got Miss Green put her hands to her ears, exclaim there." ing, “0, children, for all the world! What a “O, Charley!" said his sister, “do n't talk so; clash you do make!” but her face was full of we hope dear mother is in heaven, but do n't you smiles all the time.
know those are the stars? they come out every
night." Miss Charity Green wore her old black silk “Yes, but they look a great deal brighter todress to her cousin's Christmas dinner. It looked night." gray and shabby, it is true; but she would not "Perhaps that is because we see them better have felt half so happy in the richest velvet that out in the open air; but we must go home now, ever adorned the figure of an empress.
Charley, for you know Hannah is coming to take And it is written and sealed up in the story of
us away to-morrow."
watched him till he slept, and then throwing her-
tears of heart-felt, genuine sorrow as seldom fall
from children's eyes; a heavy sleep succeeded, GREATNESS lies not in being strong, but in the and we leave her so to tell you something of her right using of strength; and strength is not used previous history. rightly when it only serves to carry a man above John Norris, the faiher of our little friends, his fellows for his own solitary glory. He is great- was a market-gardener; he had leased a small est whose strength carries up the most hearts by piece of ground for that purpose with a cottage. the attraction of his own.
attached, hoping by industry and frugality soon