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FEBRUARY 19, 1820.

(30 have I ever had an action brought dozens, on a charge of conspiracy to y against me for debt, in all my life raise their wages. These are the men

time, until since this my last return to that have calumoiated me; and repreEngland; when an Attorney at Bish- sented me as a harsh and tyrannical op's Waltham in Hampshire, had a man. veit served upon me, without any no. I have seven children. The grcater tice; without even writing to me for the part of whom are fast approaching the money; and, what is more horrible state of young men and young women. still, the Sheriff's Officer was sent to I never struck one of them in anger, in a public Meeting, at the Crown and my life; and I recollect only one sin. Anchor, and desired to arrest me there, gle instance in which I have ever spoke at the very time that I should be ad- to one' of them in a really angry tone dressing the Meeting. The Officer and manner. And, when I had so had more decency and more honour done, it appeared as if my heart was than to lend himself to such a base gone out of my body. It was but porpose. He followed me to my lodg: once; and I hope it will never be ing; called out a gentleman who was again. Are there many men who can with me, requested that I would call say as much as this? To my serat his house the next day, which I did. vants, I have been the most kind and This malicious act was perpetrated by indulgent of masters; and I have been the Attorney of one Starés, a Maltster repaid, in general, by their fidelity at Droxford. The debt was for about and attachment. Two consummate thirty pounds; a thing which I had villains I have met with. But their totally forgotten, the malt having been treachery, though of the blackest die, served during the year before I went will by no means te:d to make me to America. This is the only action distrustful or ill-tempered. The at. that has, in the whole course of my tachment and devotion, which I have life, ever been brought against me for experienced from others, exceeds even debt. Can any man say as much, who the perfidy of these two black-hearted has been in a great way of business, men, who, besides, have yet to be renof various kinds, during more than dered as notorious as they are infa twenty years? I have employed, for mous. These two diabolical fellows a great many years, numerous ser have been the instruments in the hands vants and labourers at Botley. I sel of the proprietors of what Lord Cas. dom had less than seventeen, alto-TLEREAGH calls the respectable part gether; and I never had to complain “ of the press.” Each of them is in of any of them to a magistrate but possession of a considerablc number of three times io my life ; and, of all my private letters of mine. These the servants and labourers, no one ever wretches pull out and exhibit to the went to a magistrate to complain of newspaper proprietors, as occasion me. When the printers turned out for may serve; though to these men I have wages, in London, my then printer, .been a most generous benefactor; and Hansard, in order, as he said, to break my only faults, with regard to them, the conspiracy, as he called it, of the are, that I did not transport the one, men, asked me to suspend the publi- and that I employed the other. cation of the Register for a week. Such men will always be found in My answer was,

no : the men have the world; and we must take the a right to as much wages as they world as we find it. But, were there can get : give the men their wages ; ever before found in the world, men, and, if you must raise your price, the proprietors of Literary Journals; “I must pay accordingly.” At this men baring pretensions to the characvery time, WALTER, of the Times, one ter of gentlemen; men pretending to of my principal calumniators, was moral decency; men admitted into ho. cramming printers into jail by half. I nourable society : were there ever be

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fore found in the world men in this with good of some sort. Thus has it walk of life, and having these preten- happened here. The outrageous slaosions, ready and willing to make their ders uttered against me, the falshood pages the vehicle of slanders drawn of which nobody so well knew as my from a source so polluted! Never! own family, have had a tendency to and, to all the other disgraces, which make me, if possible, still dearer to now stain our country, we have to that family. . To feelings of filial afadd this: a press almost wholly di. fection uncommonly strong have been vested of every one of those character added, in the breasts of my children, istics, which have heretofore rendered an ardent desire to see me triumph the press a thing to be held in estima over my enemies, and to inflict rention and honour.

geance on them. My sons, three of If I were disposed to retaliate upon whom are from sixteen to twenty-one two or three of the setters-on of these years, and who, of course, must detest two perfidious monsters ; if I were the very idea of belonging, even in disposed to retaliate upon one, who appearance, to the same profession, has, in some measure, given counter which contains the cowardly, savage, nance to their perfidy, by following and perfidious men, by whom their their example, how miserable during father has been assailed, have, neverlife, could I render that man! But, theless, made up their mind to sacri. no! the example is too horrible for fice the gratification of every natural me to think of following it. Besides, desire of their own, in order to stand if the public can view this breach of by him, and to obtain justice on the private confidence without feelings of insulters of their mother and their sisdetestation towards the wretches who ters. My daughters, equally devoted have been guilty of it, no exposure to their father and their mother, that any man can make, will excite wrote to, me upon my landing : such feelings against them: and, there “ Think nothing about us and our fore, for my part, I never retaliate. “ feelings. We are now able to la. I keep the means of doing of it in my

We can earn

our bread. hands, and forbear to do it, that my “ We shall think it no disgrace to children may learn sentiments of ge “ do it. Nothing that we cao do will nerosity, and may contract a fixed opi. ever half repay you and dear maina nion that nothing is to produce a 6 for your matchless tenderness to breach of private confidence.

“ wards us; and, as to the indulge. As to forgiveness towards the lite ance of pride, we shall always have rary assassins, that is never to be ex enough of that in being able to say, pected from me. For myself, I have “ that we are your children, and that the power of chastisement in my we have, we hope, always been, and hands; but, for their base and bar. always shall be, your dutisụł and barous conduct, during my absence," affectionate daughters." towards my wife and daughters, whose Upon reading this letter, I should lives they rendered one continued se have wished fire and brimstone to ries of mortification and of grief; if, fall upon and consume the country, for this, I do not bring them to some which contained the savage ruffians, signal degree of suffering, it will only whose base calumpies had awakened be for the want of the power of doing these apprehensions. But I was, at it. Two or three BARRISTERS, too, that moment surrounded by a part of have joined in the scandalous cow- YOU, my beloved countrymen and ardice and barbarity, not to mention country women! I was in the midst of some persons in another place, from the brave; just, and enlightened Re., whom nothing that was just or fair formers of Lancashire, whose generous no man expected.

congratulations wiped the tears from Evil seldom is wholly vaattended l my eyes. And, though the public effect

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of those congratulations, of your ad- der its present name, or under this new dresses, and of the many marks of appellation. The parliament may be respect and of confidence which you dissolved in less than a week; so that; have been pleased to bestow on me, now there is no time to be lost. I would from all parts of the country ; though not call upon you for a farthing; but, the public effect of these have been tuated as I am, I should not, if I were great, the effect in my own family has to go, on this account, to any expence been still greater. You have given a out of my own means, act prudently degree of pleasure to that family, with regard to myself oor justly which you will much more easily con- towards others. What will be the ceive than I can describe. My sons are sum required I cannot exactly say. ready to stand or fall with you, and my Two thousand pounds perhaps ; a little wife and daughters would scorn the more or less. But, whatever there enjoyment of any happiness which was may be over a sufficiency, shall be not participated in by your wives and applied to the purpose of the Cause children.

of Reform. Something approaching To YOU, however, I do, and I nearly 200 pounds has been already must, look for support in my public actually received towards the Fund efforts. As far as the press can go, Igor Reform. This fund will now be want no assistance. Aided by my sons, applied to the present avowed purpose. I have already made the ferocious cow As to myself, all the world must ards of the London Press sneak into know, that I have no value for money, silence. But, there is a large range, otherwise than as it conduces to oba more advantageons ground to stand jects like this. I am aware, that it on, and that is the House of Commons. will be said, that if I had been careIf I were there the ferocious 'cowards ful of my own money, this appeal to of the press would be compelled, YOU would not have been necessary. through their three hundred mouths, Very true; but, then, I should not to tell the nation all that I should say; have been the mun al quin: observe that. or, if they would not, they must give To be careful of money; to sue and place to men who would. And, it is be sued; to squabble about shillings easy to imagine what I should say, how and pennies: these are wholly incommuch I should do. A great effect on patible with the pursuit of great the public mind I have already pro- public objects. No extravagance, daced; bot, what should I produce io of any sort, have I ever in. only the next session, if I were in the dulged in.

life House of Commons ! Yet, there I I never spent one cvening away cannot be without YOUR ASSIST- from my own home and without some ANCE. Therefore, to you, the Re- part, at least, of my family, if I was formers in every part of the kingdom, not at a distance from that home. ExI appeal for that assistance.

cept at about ten public dinners, I That it is perfectly lawful to sub. have never, during the 28 years that: scribe for sach a purpose we know by I have been married, eat a meal or the proceedings of others; and, recol. drunk a drop, in a public house of lect, that PERCEVAL's opinion was any description, except upon a jour, taken upon the subject, in the case of ney, or at a temporary lodging. I that creature MainWARING, and he have never indulged in extravagance gave an opinion, being then Solicitor of any kind; and, as to my wife, General, that to subscribe was lawful, though she is, doubtless, equalled by and he added, that he himself had sub- many, in point of prudence and ecoscribed.

nomy, no one ever excelled her. She The “ Fund for Reform," I shall, has always been kind and generous for the present, divert to this more pres to poor neighbours in distress; and sing object; so that that may go on, un 'has always been as sparing as possi

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ble with regard to all other expences. | TO THE PEOPLE'OF ENG'In 'her example she will give her

LAND, SCOTLAND AND daughters a far more valuable inhe.

IRELAND ritance than I could have raked to(gether by sharp - dealing and by On the Laies, recently passed, reclose-fistedness. The two atrocious

lative to the Press. "wretches, who are now showing my private letters about London, and are

London, 29th January, 1820. serving as informers to the ruflians.

I have elsewhere endeavoured of the Daily Press, my wife always to describe the nature and tendisliked and suspected. Tlie one she called a " a simpering knave," the dency of these laws; but, upon other“ a doren-looking rogue." Over this signal occasion,' I think it and over again, a thousand times, she proper to repeat this description, worried me to take care of these in substance at least; and to ac. men! Women are quicker-sighted company it with such remarks as than we are. They penetrate into appear to me likely to be of gecharacter more quickly. And of this, neral utility. The law allows no her prejudices against these two ac- man to plead ignorance of it; becomplished monsters of ingratitude and cause, says BLACKSTONE,

every perfidy, is a striking proof.

Englishman is supposed to be This is “egotism," disgusting present in Parliament, and to egotism," the ruffians of the press will give his essent to the law, either exclaim ! They first assail me with

in his own person, or in that of atrocious falshoods, and then, when his representative." I defend myself, they call it egotism. sentalive, like the bolder of a These brutal men have been taunting: power of attorney, is, to be sure, scoffing at, galling, mortifying and in

a man chosen by the person reall ways annoying my defenceless wife and family, during my absence : and, presented, and not chosen by is it not right that the world shoulů others ; and, therefore, how can koow, what sort of persons those are,

we say, that every man at Manwhom the savages have thus treated? chester is, at the making of a law, Is there a father, is there a mother, is present in the person of a man there a kind and dutiful child, in this chosen hy the two or three eleccountry of kind-hearted people, who tors of Gatton or of Old Sarum? will'not, upon this occasion, feel, as I, However, 'be this as it may, the 'my wife, and our ehildren feel? law allows no one to plead igno

And what have I done to merit the rance of it; and, therefore, it is reproach of any man? I have done, the duty of a man, placed in my during my whole life, every thing in situation, to make the nature and my power to serve my country. I tendency of our laws known, as contracted, at an early age, high no. well for the information of the ' tions of love and duty towards my public as for the purpose of show. country. It has been my pride to be ing ibat public the magnitude of an Englishman. I have been blessed the perils, by which every writer with a sound body and a sound miod.

is now surrounded. I possess them still, and in their vi

During the month's legislation gour too: and my only desire now is, to be able to exert their

three Acis have been passed, rela.

powers for the salvation of my distressed and tot: tive to the press. The first of tering country.

these imposes stamps in such a I am my, beloved Countrymen and Country- way as'to put a stopio cheap pubwomen, your faithful ?riend,

lications, touching on matters of WY. COBBETT.

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Church or State. It compels the move continually loaded with the proprietor to enter (before he be recollection of the bonds, into gins publishing) into bonds, with which his friends have entered for two or more surelies, for the pay- him? It is not himself that is

put ment of any fine, that may, in case in jeopardy; but his friends. Can of conviction for libel, be inflicted a man so situated, be said to be on him. And then, it enables any left at liberty to write and publish justice of the peace, upon a charge what he pleases ? Is he not, in of libel being made against any fact, writing under constant re. printer, publisher, or proprietor, straint, not only of his own natuto cause the accused person to be ral apprehensions, but of the stars taken up, and to give bail, not and remonstrances of his friends? only to answer the charge; but, Can such a man be called free, also to be of good behaviour in the and can he be said to enjoy liberty mean time

of the press? Let us stop here, and contem There is no deed, however odia plate the character and the natural ous in its tendency and in its very consequences of these provisions. nature, that craft and perverse. The previous bonds are nothing, ness may not endeavour to gloss ' when compared to the birding over. And, upon this occasion, , over.

But, what says BLACK- it has been said, that this is no stone as to the press ? He boasts new thing ; that it is not hostile greatly of this branch of English to the spirit of the law; for that freedom. He says, that there men are, in many cases, bound can be no liberty at all, where with surelies beforehand. Public there is not liberty of the press. cans, I believe, and, I know, that And he says, that this liberty con owners of vessels of a certain ton. sists not in men being answerable nage give bond with sureties,' not for what they have published; but, to be engaged in, or, at least, to in their not being subject to any employ the vessels in smuggling. previous restraint. These previous But, in the name of common bonds, then, sweep away Black- sense, what analogy is there in stone's liberty of the press. For the two cases ? The ship-owner what is previous restraint, if knows well what smuggling is. these bonds be not? A man dares He knows that he is safe, and not even begin to publish, 'till that his bonds are a nullity, as he has given bonds with two long as he refrains from taking or more sureties! It is easy certain specific 'articles into his for a man to enter into bonds ship. But, does a writer know himself! but is it easy for him to what a libel is ? Can he know, find sureties ; and, especially, when when he sees Paine's Age of Reait is considered, that the only son prosecuted, while the writpublishers whom to restrain is the ings of Hume and Gibbon, are object of the law, must already not only not prosecuted, but be marked men ? Is it easy, un every where read, and every der such circumstances, to find where sold? Can he know, wlien sureties?

Mr. Hone, upon being proseAnd, suppose the sureties found: cuted for certain parodies brings will the founden inn be as free forward scores of parodies, upon as he would have been without the very same subjects, which such bonds? Will his pen not have never been prosecuted?

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