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lend out paper again for only five And, when a man reflects, that he hundred of the notes. In this has left the tax-gatherer behind case the paper-money in circula- him, and can now set him at detion is diminished one half; and, fiance, what are dangers of the of course, prices fall, and, as we sea, or any other dangers ? One have seen, taxes rise in real would escape out of England and amount.

even out of the world to avoid the This is what has been now done ; sight of men harnessed and drawand what is more, it has been ing carts, loaded with gravel for done with a professed desire to the repair of the highways. remove the evils that aflict the No man, you will observe, pro . country! The pay of the place poses to do any thing that has a men, pensioners, fundholders, sol- tendency to relieve our distress. diers, and of all those who live The very measure for diminishing on the taxes has thus been aug. the quantity of paper-money is mented; and by the saine means, only beginning to operate.

It those who pay the taxes have has not yet produced a tenth part been ruined. The labouring of the evils that it is calculated classes, in all such cases, suffer to produce, and that it will promost severely'; but, when they duce, if persevered in. The Laare quite down, they can fall no bouring classes, I mean, those lower. They fall into the ranks who have no property in any thing of the paupers, and there they but their labour, cannot fall remain. There is another class, much lower. Hundreds die for however, who will endeavour to want of a sufficiency of food; but save themselves : I mean" those hundreds of thousands will not. who have, as yet, some property And, as they have not the means left.' They will flee from the dis- of going to America, they will mal and desolating plague. They remain, and will live somehow or will carry their creative industry other; før, as to being transported and their capital with them. And to Canada or the Cape of Goodwill thus leave the burden greater Hope, they neith r will nor can. for those whose timidity makes The means of restoration are, howthem remain behind. Thousands ever, easy. The affairs of the nation are preparing to go to America. might be retrieved, and that, too, in

a short

of lime; and, if I am And, unless something be speedily,

asked, why I do not suggest those easy done to relieve us, they act wisely. means, my answer is, that I have It is, on an average, only a month done all that a private individual at sea.

The danger is nothing. I could do to prevent the evils ; for all

my efforts, I have, except by the peo- | shall take its course. I, at present, ple, been repaid in abuse and perse. owe nothing to the country, except cution ; and that, therefore, in the to the Labouring classes. If I am capacity of a writer, I will suggest placed in parliament, it will be my nothing in the way of remedy. My duty to do much, and much I shall former efforts have been treated with do: if I am not placed there, the scorn, and now let the scorners ex- country will have no demand upon tricate themselves. If I were in par- me. Even in the utter ruin and abaseliament, I would point out the means. ment of the country I shall be neither Not being there I will point out none. ruined nor abassed. Not to possess Those who have property at stake, wealth is nothing to him who does not have, even now, the means of putting, desire it; and, as to reputation, the me there. If they do, my opinion is, world would have the justice to say, that measures of salvation will be that Fhave lost none by events which adopted; if they do not, I am of I had foreseen and foretold, and which opinion that no such measures will I had endeavoured to prevent, and evon be proposed. In either case I for which endeavours'I had been mos! shall have the satisfaction to reflect, furiously persecuted. that I have done my duty; and whe

My beloved Countrymen and ther the country, be doomed to anar- Country women, think of these things; chy or despotism I am as able to bear and, be assured that, under all cirthe scourge as another.

cumstances, I shall bear about me Amongst our duties are the duties and carry with me to the grave the which

ourselves : and, kindest feelings towards you, and the amongst those duties is that of not most anxious wishes for your happisuffering ourselves to be degraded. And, for my part, I should deem it degradation to the last degree to be an

Your friend, underworker of such mén as those,

And obedient servant, who have brought this once free and

WM, COBBETT. happy nation into its present state. An endeavour to serve the country in this way would, too, be wholly

TO THE REFORMERS. unavailing. It would only tend to amuse and deceive. And, therefore, On the subject of raising a sum of I will never attempt it. I will hear

money for the purpose of defraying

the expences attending the securing the schemes of others. If they adopt of a seat in Parliament at the next any thing that I have already laid Election.

London, Feb. 5, 1820. down, I will claim it as my own. If

FRIENDS AND FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, they broach any thing new, I will

AND COUNTRYWOMBN, offer my opinions on it; but, unless

The sum of money which I wished in parliament, the thing, for me, you to put me in possession of, wder


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t he name of a FUND FOR REFORM, ing through Richmond, in my blue will, I can clearly see, be raised by smock-frock and my red garters tied the time that I should think it neces. under my knees, when, staring about sary to employ it. But the death of me, my eye fell upon a little book, in the King has made me anxious to ap- a bookseller's window, on the outside peal to you for a purpose, which I of which was written : “ TALE OF think proper openly to avow; and A TUB ; PRICE 3d.” The title was that is, the obtaining of the means of so odd, that my curiosity was excited. securing a seat in the House of Com- I had the 3d. but, then, I could have mons; which seat great numbers of no supper. In I went, and got the lityou are certainly very anxious that I tle book, which I was so impatient to should obtaio. Before I proceed fur- read, that I got over ióto a field, at the ther, in speaking of the utility of my upper corner of Kew gardens, where being in Parliament, suffer me to say there stood a hay-stack. On the shady some little matter with regard to the side of this, I sat down to read. The calomnies which have been heaped book was so different from any thing upon me by the atrocious Daily Press that I had ever read before : it was of the metropolis ; by the still more something so new to my mind, that, atrocious Quarterly Review, and by though I could not at all understand almost the whole of the country newga some of it, it delighted me beyond depapers. I shall go back further than scription; and it produced what I may be thought necessary, in order have always considered a sort of birth, that you may see me from the begin- of intellect. I read on till it was ning. For, upon this particular occa- dark, without any thought about supsion, I am desirous that you should per or bed. When I could see no have all the means of judging fairly, longer, I put my little book in my between me and those by whom I pocket, and tumbled down by the side have so long been assailed.

of the stack, where I slept till the At eleven years of age my employ- birds in Kew Gardens awaked me in ment was clipping of box-edgings and the morning; when off I started to weeding beds of flowers in the garden Kew, reading my little book. The of the Bishop of Winchester, at the singularity of my dress, the simplicity Castle of Farnham, my native town. of my manner, my confident and liveI had always been fond of beautiful ly air, and, doubtless, his own compasgardens; and, a gardoer, who had sion besides, induced the gardener, just come from the King's gardens at who was a Scotsman, I remember, to Kew, gave such a description of them give me victuals, find me lodging, and as made me instantly resolve to work set me to work. And, it was during in these gardens. The next morning, the period that I was at Kow, that the without saying a word to any one, off present king and two of his brothers I set, with no clothes, except those laughed at the oddness of my dress, upon my back, and with thirteen half.. while I was sweeping the grass plat pence in my pocket. I found that round the foot of the Pagoda. The I must go to Richmond, and I, ac. gardener, seeing me fond of books, cordingly, went on, froin place to lent me some gardening books to read; place, inquiring my way thither. A but, these I could not relish after my long day (it was in June) brought me Tale of a Tub, which I carried about to Richmond in the afternoon. Two- with me wherever I went, and when I, penny worth of bread and cheese and at about twenty years old, lost it io a a penny worth of small beer, which I box that fell overboard in the Bay of had on the road, and one half-peony Fonday in North America, the loss that I had lost somehow or other, left gave me greater pain than I have ever three pence in my pocket. With this felt at losing thousands of pounds. for my whole fortune, I was trudg This circumstance, trilling as it was,

and childish as it may seem to relate gistrate, either as defenclant or comit, has always eodeared the recollec- plainant. And, even up to this hour, tion of Kew to me. About five weeks about five oaths are all that I have ago, I had occasion to go from Chel- ever taken; notwithstanding the multisea to Twickenham with my two eld- tude and endless variety of affairs, in est sons. I brought them back through which I have been engaged. I en. Kew, in order to show them the place tered the army at sixteen, and quitted where the hay-stack stood; having fre- it at twenty five. I never was once queatly related to them what I have even accused of a fault of any 'sort. now related to you.

At nineteen I was promoted to Ser. Far be it from me to suppose, that jeant-Mujor from a Corporal, over the you want any thing to convince yoo, heads of nearly fifty serjeants. While that the numerous foul accusalions, my regiment was abroad, I received the made against me by the public press, public and official thanks of the Goare wholly false. But, upon this oc vernor of the Province for my zeal in casion, permit me to say, that it is not the King's service; while no officer unnecessary, and that it is but bare of the regiment received any thanks justice to you, justice to your discern- at all. Many years after this, this ment and your virtue, for me to show, same Governor (General Carleton) that you have not conferred such came to see me and to claim the pleamarks of respect on one who is un• sure of my acquaintance. When I worthy of them.

quitted the army at Portsmouth, I had You hare how, and at what an age, a discharge, bearing on it, that I had I started in the world. Those of you, been discharged at my own request, who are mothers will want nothing and in consequence of the great serbut the involuntary impulse of your vices I had rendered the king's service own hearts to carry your minds back in that regiment. During this part to the alarm, the fears and anxieties of my life I lived amongst, and was of my most tender mother. But, if I compelled to associate with, the most am « an extraordinary man," as I beastly of drunkards, where liquor have been called by some persons, was so cheap, that even a soldier might who ought to have fouod out a dif. be drunk every day; yet I never, duro, ferent epithet, I was a still more ex. ing the whole time, even tasted of any traordinary boy. For, though I dever of that liquor. My father's, and more returned home for any length of time, especially my mother's precepts were and never put my parents to a far- always at hand to protect me. thing in expence, after the time above. Ju 1792, I went to the United mentioned, I was always a most duti. States of America.

There I became ful son, never having, iu my whole a writer. I understood little at that life, wilfully and deliberately disobey- time; but the utmost of my ability ed either my father or my mother. I was exerted on the side of my country, carried in my mind their precepts though I had been greatly disgusted against drinking and gaming; and I at the trick that had been played me have never been drunk and have never in England, with regard to a court. played at any game in my life. When martial, which I had demanded upon in the army I was often tempted to some officers. I forgot every thing take up the cards. But, the words when the honour of England was of my father came into my mind, and concerned. The king's minister in rescued me from the peril. Exposed, America made me offers of reward. as you must well know, to all sorts of I refused to accept of any, in any temptations; young, strong, adven- shape whatever. Reward was offered turous, uncommonly gay and greatly me, when I came home.

I always given to talk; still, I never in my refused to take one single penny from whole life, was brought before a ma the government. If I had been to be

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bought, judge you, my countrywomen, these things, together with all the ex. how rich, and even how high, I might pensės attending a flight to, and a rehave been at this day! But, I value iurn from, America, leave mé comthe present received from the females paratively destitute of immediate peof Lancashire a million times higher cupjáry means. But, was it ever bethan all the money and all the titles fore 'heard of in the world, that, in which ministers and kings have to be answer to a man's political writings, stow.

his books of account are to be proDriven again across the Atlantic to duced; a list of his pecuniary engage. aroid a dungeon, deprived of pen, ink, ments published; and, what is more, or paper, I still adhered faithfully to his private letters, written in confimy beloved, though oppressed and deace many, many years before, obmiserable, country. I overcame every tained from a base and treacherous difficulty; and, to the surprise of agent, and published to the world, and friends and the confusion of enemies, that, too, in a partial and garbled caused a Register to be published once state ? Was a thing like this ever a week in London, though I was on heard of in this world before ; and is the other side of the sea. And, while there, on this side the grave, a punishthere, though I did much to benefit ment adequate to so foul and so dethat country in the way of agricul. tested a deed? Consider, too, that ture, I never did any act or uttered my wife and daughters were here to ảny' word, that should seem to say, support, to bear up in silence against that I had abandoned England. If I all the reproaches, all the scoffs, all Brad preferred tranquillity and ease the taunts, all the 'savage insults of and comfort to duty, I should not this numerous and united band of lite. have returned; but have called my rary ruffians! family to me. But, I have never had These cowardly and brutal' men an idea of happiness distinct from the have represented me as being a harsh, happiness and honour of my country. tyrannical, passionate, merciless, and The greater her distress, the more ne- even greedy man. I have said before cessary the presence of those of her that, in the whole course of my life, I sons, who possess abilities to assist in never was once before a Magistrate in saving her.

any criminal case, either'as accuser or The calumnics of the London daily accused ; and that is a great deali to press, and of a great part of the week- say, at the end of fifty-three years, ly press and the couotry press, to- and having no one to protect or' adgether with the Quarterly Review, vise me since I was eleven years old. have been so uumerous, that I can Very few men can say as much. only notice them in the gross. These There is hardly a'quaker that can say

cowardly libellers have exhibited me as much, though he be much younger as a fraudulent debtor, and yet as be than I am. I never, in the whole ing without a shilling. These calum- course of my life, brought an action nies answer themselves. But, if either against any man for debt, though I were true, should I voluntarily have have lost thousands of pounds by not come home ; and that, too, at a great doing it. Where is there'a man. so expense? It is very true, that the long engaged in business of various sudden breaking up of my affairs, in sorts, as I have been, who can say 1817, following a total loss of six thou- as much? I know of no such man. sand pounds and upwards arising from I never could find in my heart to op. the imprisonment and fine I had to en

press any man merely because he had dure for expressing my horror at seeing not the ability to pay. I lose money local-militia men flogged, in the heart by acting thus; but I did not loose my of England, under a guard of Ger- good opinion of myself, and that was man Bayonets : it is very true, that I far more valuable than' money. Nor

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