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($ 119–121). Hence, it is not an objectionable phraseology, to say, that our salvation depends on our change of heart and reformation of life (1), or (2) that salvation is bestowed on man in consequence of his change of mind and reformation of life (3), or, that it is the reward of his reformation (4). $ 73. But faith, and the reformation of life necessarily connected with it, which is certainly the condition on which an undeserved salvation is graciously bestowed on man, must by no means be regarded as the meritorious cause of this salvation. Such a view of the subject would be no less unfounded (5) than injurious. § 73. Ill. 3.

ILLUSTRATIONS.

I. The phraseology above referred to, is found in the following passages: Luke 24: 47. Acts 3: 19. 26: 18. Is. 55: 7. Ezek. 18: 20 &c. Matth. 7:21. John 5: 29. Gal. 6:7—9. Heb. 12:14. See the work on the Design of the death of Christ, p. 378 &c, 677 &c.

II. So certainly may our salvation be said to depend on our repentance and reformation, that no sooner does any individual deviate from the condition which he had begun to fulfil, or begin again to pollute his heart by sin, than he forfeits that hope of salvation which he had previously enjoyed? (1 Tim. 1: 19. Gal. 3: 3, 4. 4: 11. 5: 4, 7. 1 Cor. 10: 12. 15: 2. Luke 22: 32. Heb. 10: 26. 2 Pet. 2: 20 &c. 1: 92), unless he repents of his relapse, which is indeed difficult, but not impossible. In Heb. 6:4, 6, Paul says, aduvatov, tous droš qotioθεντες-παραπεσοντας παλιν ανακαινιζειν, i. e. “It is extremely

1 Ezek. 3: 20. 18: 24. Heb. 10: 26--31. 2 See $ 119. 111. 7; and Michaelis' Dogmatik, / 168.

difficult, if one who has been instructed in christianity falls away, to bring him again to a change of mind."}

III. By the phrase, “that salvation depends on a change of heart,” is meant that a man is saved because he fulfils the condition on which salvation is graciously bestowed on him without any consideration of his own merit. St. James says (ch. 2: 24), “ A man is justified by works, and not by faith only.” In the Dissert. de Epistol. cathol. occasione &c. (Note 38), we have made the observation, that this passage refers to a righteousness which proceeds from faith, to works, &gyors, which are connected with faith, and that a justifying or saving power is denied only to that faith which has no influence on the heart and life [fidei solitariae ritus eoya ovx Eyel v. 14, 17, 20, 26], to a cold, inefficient assent, which Paul also pronounces not to be a genuine justifying faith (Rom. 3: 22–5:1, 6. See $ 119, 129). It follows, therefore, that the declarations of James are in perfect accordance with the doctrines of Paul.

IV. In the phrase "salvation is the reward of the christian," an unmerited, a gracious reward is intended. For, it is an act of the free grace of God (Rom. 6: 23), that an unmerited salvation is promised to guilty and imperfect man, as the reward of his endeavours to yield obedience to the divine laws. $ 73. Ill. 7.

V. The proof, that justification by works, is a doctrine unfounded in Scripture, may be seen in § 118, and particularly in Ill. 7; and $ 73, especially III. 3.

1 See the Comment. on Hebrews, Note q, r.

CONCLUSION.

§ 123.

Connexion between Doctrinal and Practical Theology.

Such is the intimate connexion which subsists between a change of mind and reformation of life, and the attainment of salvation. The discussion of the means by which this necessary and salutary change is to be effected, as well as of the specific prescriptions of the christian law, with which our thoughts and actions ought daily to be brought into greater harmony, properly falls within the limits of Practical Theology. Hence, these subjects, as well as some others which were formerly discussed in Doctrinal Theology, are not comprehended within the limits of this Elementary Work.

INDEX OF TEXTS

MORE OR LESS FULLY EXPLAINED IN THIS WORK.

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6 158, 159 XIX. 4

Chap. Verse

page
28 &c.

24
GENESIS.

IX. 6

a 167, 168
1. $ 31.111.9–11 a 357—361 X. 19, 20 a 189, 195
a 361-363
23

6 267
26-28.

638
29

a 389, 390
II. 1-4

a 361
XI. 2-5

a 165, 166
III. 1-14 $ 54 b 42—45

20

a 167
7, 11 $ 55. III. 7

6 47
27

a 408
IV. y
6 55 XII. 26

b 18
V. 1 &c. § 53. 111. 7. 638, 39

27

a 176
EXODUS.

28

6 25
III. 14 &c.

42

a 168, 169
XX. 11

6 353
a 361
XIII. 8, 23

38, 41, 43 b 88, 89
DEUTERONOMY.

XVI. 1-4

a 168, 169
VI. 4

a 346
PSALMS.

28

6 181

638, 39
II. 7
LI. 7

6 49
XX. 28

6 209
CIV. 4

6122
CX. 1

XXIV. 30
· 6163, 266 note

b 104, 105
XXVI. 26, 286 230 &c, 312, 315
ISAIAH.

-323
XLIV. 8

a 346
41

6 53
XLV. 5, 6, 18

a 346
64

6 106
EZEKIEL
XXVIII.18

6 164
XII. 10

6 316

19 $ 43. Ill. 3 a 447 6 302
20

6 254
MATTHEW.
I. 1 &c.
6 144 &c.

MARK.
6 151 I. 15

6377
III. 15
6196 III. 23

618
17
6 299 IV. 28

6 261, 262
V. 17-19

a 240, 6 282
VIII. 11, 12

a 168, 169
22

6 68 note IX. 38, 39 a 170, 171, 176
VII.

a 170, 171
X. 14, 15

6 115
VIII. 17

a 181, 182
XIII. 11

a 189, 195
VOL. II.

50

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a 142

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a 167
a 166

41, 42
51, 52

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32
6 167 VIII. 14 § 7. III. I.

a 156
XIV. 22, 24

b 312, 315-323
,

28

a 157, 444
66

31, 32 a 287 pote, b 348
LUKE.

44

6 20
I. 1,2

50

6 243
32

6 251
58

a 401, 402
II. 30

6 142, 143
IX. 34

b 19
40, 47, 52 6 167, 170

X.

6 175

18 § 83
49

6 172

28-30
III. 23 &c.

a 406, 407
6145

31-36
IV. 1, 14
6173

a 240, 428
38

a 161
XI. 29, 30

a 168, 169

XI. 15
XVI. 22

614
XVIII. 7
6 267

6 237
14

.6 379
XII. 26

6 188
XX. 38

6 85
32

691
XXI. 14, 15'.

a 195
XXII. 19, 20 6 230 &c, 315—323

XIII.
JOHN.

20
1. 1-3

a 404, 431 &c. XIV. 11
3, 10
a 356, 421,
422

12

26
14

6154
23

6 327
6 212

28

a 428 6 182
52

6 170 XV. 24
II. 11

b 174

26, 27

a 186, 191, 194
III. 5
6 296, 297 XVI. 8, 10

b 223, 358
7, 8

b 345
11

621
16

6 167
13-15

a 192, 193
19-21
a 276, 278 XVII. 3

a 345, 346, 429
34
b 173, 174
4

6 186
IV. 23, 24

5, 24

a 404, 405
48

11

6 250
V. 19-21

20

6348
21-29
6 84, 85
26

6 194
23
a 411 XVIII. 37

6 186
26
6153 XIX. 11

6 172
27

6103
36

a 234, 235
36
a 161 XX.

6276
39

a 234
28

a 435, 436
VI. 46

a 408
51 &c.
6 322–327

ACTS.
63
6 158 1. 24

a 408-418
64
6 270 II. 36

6 159
VII. 17
a 172 IV. 11, 12

6 100
18

a 157
V. 31

6101

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