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Paris. 1512. (Compare Melancthon's L y at particular holy-
t's Supper. being an innovation.-It can by 1.
h our Lord instituted. celebrated passage of Tertullianu
commanded that this mo, c. 18), that the custom took
be celebrated (1). It mark of Teller (sup. cit. p. 250 participation of bread so near the age of the apostledguration (4) of his death against the practice, if it had i conclusive. Otherwise, we s
SIONS. the same passage, that the ba also been deferred previously to monick nature of the Holy Supnot been hastened until his tit -il), that the design of the first administering baptism, not on.ef, was to confirm the prediction re de causa) to all persons
S. Matth. 26: 26–28. But customary in the christian co the narrative of Matthew, that laments that the age of inc jeet in view, and certainly inpardon of sins,” (Quid fess as a command of God (1 Cor. peccatorum ?) And he wdinance should in future be rewas a recent custom, bl Mor, in Matth. 26 : 28, Christ re
est of the New Covenant, or as a 1 « Itaque et ecclesia ał dare baptismum. Criclope
Henkü Lineamenta &c, p. 199–216. rum commenda cati, quae
aleugen und Gebräuchen, s. 142 &c.
to the chief blessing of the New και καινης διαθηκης το περι πολλων εκ
aschal supper, with which Jesus conin commemoration of the cardinal bles
. , ? je a memorial unto you. Comp. $ 112. cally the paschal supper, and not an ordiJesus was engaged, is proved in Gabler's 1,' in opposition to the contrary opinion of
וְהָיָה הַיוֹם הַזֶּה לָכֶם ,12
: 14 .int
intly of these circumstances, the command of spake on the authority of the Lord Jesus, is
christian ; and the apostle commands that the or the Supper of the Lord, shall be repeated unhe world. In 1 Cor. 10:21, Paul calls this or
Lord's Table,” TOATEŠA xvolov, and in 11: 20, Supper,” xvplazov delavov; and Tertullian dei, " convivium dominicum." That it is to be celen, is enjoined in 1 Cor. 11: 26, ooaxis " as often” md drink &c. *10:16--21. Acts 2: 42, they continjastly in the breaking of bread &c. Comp. $ 109. Ill. r. 11:26, shew forth the Lord's death till he come. v. ze § 10. Ill. 6.
Ordinarily it ought to be celebrated publicly.--The naof the Holy Supper is such as to dictate its celebration in ongregation of christians, as being most consistent with its in. 1 Cor. 11:20–34.3 This celebration under these cirinstances, accords best with the fact of its being a public
1 Vol. 13. p. 472–484. and Paulus' Comment, on the New Testament, Pt. III. p. 535.
2 L. II. ad uxorem, comp. Ernesti Theses Dogm. P. II. Thes. XXII. 3 Boehmer's Dissert. quart. Jur. Eccles. Antiq. ad Plinium secundum.
wetenteneration of the death of Christ as the principal blessing otine Vew Covenant; and is, at the same time, best adapted v cement our union with that church, which professes to worship Jesus as her Redeemer, $108. But it by no means follows, that the private celebration of this ordinance is, under all circumstances, to be discountenanced; if the design of the person de siring it be a correct one. 1 Cor. 11:22. Reinhard's Dogm. p. 603. For, even in this case also, there is a public profession made before the minister of the Gospel who administers the ordinance, and the friends who are usually present ; and it may be regarded as a public profession, inasmuch as the fact that the ordinance has been celebrated by a particular individual, becomes publicly known. Herder remarks, “ Did mut Christ say, Where two or three of you are gathered together, I will be with you !--Friends and family constitute a comnunion. Remember that Christ himself was the father of a dunly, when he instituted the ordinance—that family consisted his triends." Sup. cit. p. 164 &c.
ul. The participation of both wine and bread are necessaVenha urdinance.—1 Cor. 11: 26, for as often as ye eat this Head and drink this cup. v. 27, whosoever shall eat this bread drink this cup. v. 28, so let him eat of this bread and drink
cups v. 29. 10: 16, the cup—the bread. v. 21, the cup i Lundhathe Lord's table. See on this subject Spittler's
in the Eucharist. V. y the subjects of this ordinance.—The public admin
L! ti ti xarayYENETE. Compare Ex. 13: 8, where it is com
Data de circumstances of the deliverance from Egypt, should be who de children at the feast of the Passover. Buxtorf remarks
it. p. 1295), that the prayerbook of the Jews contains a alle leest of the passover or Haggada, which they are in a commanding out the first night of the seast. See Engelken Comment. was s verbis Pauli, 1 Cor. 11: 26 deprompto.
istration of the Holy Supper, may cherish the recollection of the death of Christ, even in the minds of those who do not partake of the ordinance themselves. And even those who are not sincere in the reception of this ordinance, and who do not partake of it with the design of perpetuațing the memory of Jesus, still cooperate, though unintentionally, in accomplishing this object. But the omniscient Lord, whose memory is celebrated, cannot regard with approbation those communicants, who approach his table in a thoughtless manner, without reflection on the importance of the ordinance, or the proper manner of receiving it, and who do not really appreciate the blessing of the Saviour's death, though they publicly profess to do so. On the other hand, the Lord knoweth them that are his; he can well discriminate between him who approaches the sacred board with a thankful and reverent heart, and those whose admission to the table is, just like their reception into the church, an evil which cannot be remedied. 2 Tim. 2: 19. Luke 22: 19–21. The Saviour suffered Judas to be present, at the institution of the Holy supper. According to the custom of the Jews, no one was permitted to withdraw, until the Paschal supper was finished: and therefore it cannot be inferred from John 13: 30,4 that Judas had previously retired.
It is evident from the nature of the Holy Supper, that, like the Paschal supper of old, it was not intended for children. And as this ordinance, unlike that of baptism, is not intended indiscriminately for all without regard to age ;
that the Holy supper should be withheld even from those children who are entering on the years of reflection, until they are able
11 Cor. 11: 26. Exod. 12: 26. 13: 8. comp. Ill. 2.
2 Melanchthonis Loci theol. p. 454. Chemnitzii Loci theol. Pt. III. p. 149. ed. Francof. et. Witteberg, 1690.
31 Cor. 11:28, 31.
commemoration of the death of Christ as the prin
27, 29), are III. The participation of both ry to this ordinance.-1 Cor. 11:24
:rance of the bread and drink this cup. v. 27, w
re of this or and drink this cup. v. 28, so let hi
jeasing (3) and of this cup. v. 29. 10: 16, the cu
le glorified Re
is life for them. of the Lord--the Lord's table.
; the laws of exehistory of the cup in the Euchari
.. 26: 26, 28. Mark IV. Of the subjects of this
-this is my blood”
115 wine (5) are the 1 1 Cor. 11: 26, καταγγελετε.
vody and my blood.” manded that the circumstances of
accordant either with explained to the children at the fi
7), which Paul de(in his Lex. Chald. p. 1295), tha
Lord (1 Cor. 11: 23); narrative of the feast of the pa Paul himself, habit of reading super argun
of Christ's words, record
nce (1) and