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John 16: 14. 15: 26. Rom. 8: 9. Gal. 4: 6. comp.
V. Acts 10: 38, God anointed him (Jesus) with the Holy Spirit. God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him. This says the credible witness (5: 32.) John the baptist concerning Christ. Luke 4: 1, 14, Jesus returned from his baptism full of the Holy Spirit, nanons avevpatos dylov, and went in the spirit, EV TvEvpati, into the desert, and returned thence in the power of the Spirit.
VI. John 5: 30. 8: 28. 12:49. 14: 10, compare $ 6.
VII. The excellence and credibility of christianity a necessary result of the divinity of its Author.--The doctrines of the man Jesus are expressly attributed to him who had been in heaven with the Father, who came from heaven-and united himself with the man Jesus. John 3:11-13. 6: 46. 1: 18. And the credibility of the doctrines of Jesus, on which the faith of christians in the authority of the other divine messengers depends, is the more evident and indubitable, because the man Jesus did not enjoy the influence and aid of God merely at particular times, nor merely in a limited degree. John 3: 34. On the contrary, he was distinguished from all other divine messengers, by this great preference, that the divine power which spake to mankind through him, belonged to his own person and was peculiar to it (5:26). Hence, in the case of Jesus, the doubt can never be urged, whether the omniscient power of God aided him in every instruction given by him, without exception; or whether we cannot imagine to ourselves a revelation immediately from God, which should be more perfect than that given by God through Jesus. And accordingly we are told, that the doctrines of Jesus, constitute the most perfect rev
1 John 3: 31. 10:36. compare on this passage & 13. 111. 17. and $ 42.
elation. Matth. 11:27. John 1:18. Col. 2:8-10.1 But for this very reason, the doctrines of Jesus demand from us the most profound veneration ;a veneration proportionate to the dignity of that divine Messenger by whom these doctrines were taught, through the person of Jesus, who is in a peculiar and close union with God, and is himself the Son of God.4
VIII. The Father and Holy Ghost are one with the Son.John 14:7-11. 16: 13-15. compare $ 44, 45.
IX. Jesus taught the things which he had received from the Father and Holy Spirit - John 12: 49. 5:30. 8:26, 28, 40. 15: 15. 17: 8. Matth. 11:27. 3: 34. comp. $6.
X. All the miracles of Jesus were wrought by his divine nature.--Hence Jesus himself is described as the author of his miracles. John 11: 25. [I am the resurrection &c.] compared with 23. 5: 17. [My Father worketh hitherto and I work].5 19--21, 26. Hence it is said of Jesus, that he manifested his own greatness by his miracles 2:11. [This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee and manifested forth his glory].
eomp. 1: 14.6
XI. John 14: 10. 10: 32, 37. Matth. 12: 28. compare 8.
XII. Through his divine nature, Jesus knew every thing which was requisite for him.--John 2:24, 25. [But Jesus did not commit himself unto them because he knew them all. And needed not that any one should testify of man, for he knew what was in man]. 6: 64. 16:19, 30. [Thou knowest all things, and needest not that any man should ask thee]. 1: 48. Matth. 9:3. [And Jesus knowing their thoughts, said &c.] comp. with Mark 2: 6-8.
1 See Dissert, 1. in Epist. Coloss. note 74.
4 Matth. 21: 37. John 3: 35. Heb. 1: 1. Compare the work on the Object of the death of Christ, p. 685, “In proportion as a revelation is clear and perfect, is the greatness of our guilt in rejecting it.”
5 Object of John's Gospel and Epistles, p. 196. 6 Köppan,
" the Bible a work of divine wisdom," Pt. I, p. 153.
XIII. But Jesus did and wished to do nothing, but what his divine nature suggested or approved—John 5: 30, I can of myself do nothing. 8: 29, and he that sent me is with me; the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please bim.
After Jesus had submitted to that death which had been appointed for him by the decree of God; the divine nature (1) that was united to him, and the omnipotence of which is the omnipotence of the Father (2), restored to life his body, which had been dead and buried. (1 Cor. 15: 3 &c. comp. $ 8. Ill
. 3). After the resuscitation of his body, Jesus showed himself alive (3) at many different times during forty days; partly in order to cheer and strengthen his followers (4), and partly in the most perfect manner to convince those of his return to life, who were to be the future witnesses and publishers(5) of this all-important (6) event. At length, whilst he was engaged in conversation (7), he was visibly raised on high, and thus withdrawn from the sight of men (8), and is now (9) in heaven, that is, in a place remote from this earth, inaccessible to the wicked (10), where he will eternally(11) enjoy a distinguished happiness
(12), and exercise the exalted privilege of governing all things with
divine power (878).
I. John 2: 19, Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple (my body v. 22) and in three days I will raise it up. 10: 18, I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it (yuxnv, life) again. Comp. 8 42.
II. The omnipotence of the Father and the Son is the same.—John 10: 28–30. (comp. $ 44, 42). 5: 19, for whatsoever things he (the Father) doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise v. 20, 21, for as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them, even so the Son quickeneth whom he will. Hence also the resuscitation of Christ, is sometimes ascribed to the Father. Rom. 6: 4. 8: 11. Eph. 17: 19 &c.
III. Agency of Christ during the forty days after his resurrection.-Acts 1: 3, to whom (the apostles) he showed himself alive, after his passion, by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days. We find at least one example in the New Testament, to prove to us that Christ was also engaged in the invisible world, during the forty days in which he occasionally appeared to his disciples, see 1 Pet. 3: 19. 4: 6. comp. $ 66. Ill. 3. Whether he visited the abodes of the damned (among whom I do not class the avevuCTA Ev quhaun “spirits in prison” or ransomed spirits, $ 66. Ill. 3), is a point which cannot be decided; for there can be no passage adduced in which it is expressly declared. The words of Eph. 4: 9, xateľn Els ta xaτωτηρα μερη της γης descended into the lower parts of the earth, , which have been applied to the descent of Christ into hell, are, in the Dissert. in Epist. Pauli minores, Note 68, explained as referring to Christ's state of humiliation on earth, to which Jesus is said, in other passages, to have descended (at his incarnation) from heaven, and which state, is in opposition to heaven
(üyos Ephes. 4:8, 10), described as being low, xatwTEPA. John 6: 38, 62. 3: 13. 16: 28.1
IV. John 14: 19. 16: 20—22, your sorrow shall be turned into joy. 20: 15--17, 20. Luke 24: 32, 52. See Herder on the Resurrection, Sect. 4. No. 1.
V. Acts 10: 40. 2: 32. 3: 15. Luke 24: 46–43. 1 Cor. 15: 11. 1 Tim. 3: 16. Compare 5 8. Ill. 3. VI.
Objects of Christ's showing himself to his disciples during the forty days.--The humiliating death which terminated the life of Jesus, may have tended to excite doubts in the minds of some, as to the divinity of his mission (Matth. 27: 39–43. Luke 24: 20), although it had been established by such a multitude of proofs. John 15: 24. Matth. 27: 42. But the resurrection of Christ, which was not possible till after his death, and which is the greatest of all his miracles, and was the more striking, as the humiliating execution of this remarkable man had arrested the attention of thousands ;3 put all these doubts to flight, and vindicated the honour of Jesus in the most perfect manner. It afforded a new, an absolutely incontrovertible, an ocular demonstration of the truth of the declarations of Je
[See Morus' Epit. theol. Christ. p. 189. Reinhard's Dog. 0 102. On the different views of the descent of Christ into hell, see Pott Epist. cath. Vol. II. Excurs. III. On the subject of this doctrine, theologians of different centuries appear to have known more than is taught by the apostles. 1 Pet. 3: 19, is the chief and almost the only passage referring at all, to this doctrine. In the opinion of that learned and consummate divine Dr. Reinhard, the following definition of the Descent of Christ, embraces all our knowledge on the subject : “ Est ea animi Christi corpore soluti actio, qua animis eorum qui diluvio perierunt, quaedam nuntiavit, in libris sacris haud patefacta.” S.]
2 Jesus frequently referred to this miracle even during his life time, before he had performed it. John 2: 18-22. Matth. 12:38–40. 16:1-4. See Flatt's Magazin, St. 4. S. 190–199.
3 Matth. 27. 62. Mark 15: 39, the exclamation of the Roman centurion "Truly this man was the Son of God.” 4 Acts 3: 13, 15. 1 Pet. 1: 21. VOL. Il.