An Introduction to Pharmaceutical Chemistry

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London, 1867 - Chemistry - 447 pages

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Page 328 - ... is the weight of a bulk of water equal to the bulk of the light body. For instance, a piece of wood weighing 12 grammes (or grains) is tied to a piece of metal weighing 22 grammes, the loss of weight of the metal in water having been previously found to be 3 grammes.
Page 326 - To express the same thing by rule, divide the weight in air by the loss of weight in water, the resulting number is the specific gravity in relation to 1 part of water, the conventional standard of comparison.
Page 364 - ten grains dissolved in water, and nitrate of silver added in excess, give a precipitate which, when washed with water and afterwards with half an ounce of solution of ammonia, and dried, weighs 12-5 grains.
Page 320 - Millilitre = 1 cub. centim. or the mea. of 1 gram, of water 1 Centilitre= 10 „ 10 „ „ 1 Decilitre = 100 ,. 100 „ „ 1 Litre =1000 „ 1000 ,, (1 kilo.) MEASURES OF LENGTH. 1 Millimetre = the thousandth part of one metre, or...
Page 281 - ... measures agitated with an equal volume of water are reduced to 45 by an absorption of 10 per cent...
Page 378 - ... minims of hydrochloric acid, and allow it to macerate for twenty-four hours. Transfer the whole to a small percolator, and after the fluid has ceased to drop, add at intervals about an ounce and a-half of similarly acidulated water, or until the fluid which passes through is free from colour.
Page 308 - ... and, stirring the whole together assiduously, continue the evaporation at a temperature not exceeding 140 F. until the extract is of a suitable consistence for forming pills.
Page 379 - Take of Opium 100 grains; Slaked Lime, 100 grains; Distilled Water, 4 ounces. Break down the Opium, and steep it in an ounce of the water for twenty-four hours, stirring the mixture frequently. Transfer it to a displacement apparatus and pour on the remainder of the water in successive portions, so as to exhaust the Opium by percolation. To the infusion thus obtained, placed in a flask, add the Lime ; boil for ten minutes, place the undissolved matter on a filter, and wash it with an ounce of boiling...
Page 307 - For educational practice either of the above-named five raw materials may be employed ; but in order that attention may be concentrated on the process by which the extracts are prepared, rather than on any one of the extracts themselves, it suffices to make an extract of some ordinary green vegetable, such as cabbage or turnip-tops. Bruise the green leaves of a good-sized cabbage in a mortar, and press out the juice; heat it gradually to 130 F., and remove the green flocks of chlorophyll which...

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