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Ireland, received her diplomas last week. The lady is a Parsee named Miss Aunnie M. Treasurywala and she appeared at the capping ceremonial in the full costume of her caste. It is said that she made a most brilliant examination for her final, having been the only candidate who passed with honors.

A Million-DOLLAR HOSPITAL FOR St. Louis.—A bill authorizing the construction of a million-dollar hospital in St. Louis, to replace the struc ture destroyed by the recent cyclone, has been approved by the City Council and has passed its first reading in the House of Delegates. Plans have been formulated for a very extensive modern hospital.

THE COHOES (N. Y.) HOSPITAL LEASED.— The Common Council, of Cohoes, N. Y., have leased the city hospital of that town to the local hospital association for a term of fifty years, at a yearly rental of five dollars. The lessees are forbidden to assign the lease or to sub-let any of the buildings or land without consent of the Council. They are required to receive all patients sent by the city at a rate not to exceed the amount charged by the city hospitals of Troy and Albany for similar cases. They are not compelled to receive patients afflicted with contagious diseases. The city has power to abrogate the lease on the violation of any of its provisions by the lessees.

“REVISTA DE MEDICINA TROPICAL.” – This new monthly journal of Havana, published under the editorial management of Dr. John Guitéras, formerly of the University of Pennsylvania, and Dr. Emilio Martinez, assisted by Drs. Charles Finlay, Raimundo Menocal, Vicente de la Guardia, and Enrique Saladrigas, made its appearance in July, 1900. The first number contains an introduction by Dr. Guiteras and some abstracts from foreign journals, but no original articles.

" JOURNAL OF SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY."-A new monthly journal has made its appearance under the above title. Typographically it is a perfect example of the printer's art, consisting of sixty-four large octavo pages, fully illustrated. This periodical will be devoted to the pure technique of surgical procedures. In a compact form will be given an epitome of the new and progressive inventions of instruments and appliances made throughout the world during the preceding month. The subscription price will be $1.00 a year. Address the Technique Publishing Co., 404 East 14th street, New York city.

AN ISLAND FOR SEGREGATION OF LEPERS IN THE PHILIPPINES. - General MacArthur has convened a board of officers of which Major L. M. Mans, surgeon, U. S. army, is president, to select an island in the Philippine archipelago for the segregation of lepers, to prepare plans and estimates for suitable buildings thereon, and estimates of salaries for the necessary officials and employees. The board is also charged with fixing the ration and other allowances for the support of this leper colony. This action was taken in view of the large number of lepers in the Philippines, now under no restraint and a constant menace to the public health. It will be remembered that the army authorities are in Puerto Rico on a small key to the north of that island, while in Cuba the lepers have been carefully collected at the San Lazaro Hospital, near Havana.

THE “MEDICAL STANDARD'S" COLLEGE NUMBER. — The August, 1900, number of the Medical Standard appeared in a very attractive new cover and is styled the “College Number.” Educational problems of to-day, the condition of medical matters in times past, and the problems for the future were discussed editorially. A paper on “Medical Colleges and Universities," was presented by Dr. I. N. Danforth, of Chicago. Dr. Alfred S. Burdick, also of Chicago, discussed “ Perspectives of Medical Men and Medical Progress during the XIXth Century." Other papers of special interest were as follows: “The Development of Medical Education in America,” by Dr. W. F. Church, of Chicago; "Woman in Medicine;” “Sectarian Schools;” “The Cost of a Medical Education;" “Chicago as a Medical Centre,” and many others. The paper on Medical Centres of the United States” was profusely illustrated, portraits of representative men from all the principal medical colleges of the United States appearing.

PRIZE Awarded DR. KNOPF.—The international prize of 4,000 marks offered by the Berlin Tuberculosis Congress for the best popular essay on “ Tuberculosis as a Disease of the Masses and How to Combat it" was awarded to Dr. S. A. Knopf, of New York City. The committee of award was composed of some of the best known clinicians and sanitarians of Germany, among them being v. Leyden, B. Fränkel, Gerhardt and Lenthold. There were eighty-one competitors. According to the terms of the competition, the German committee for the erection of sanatoria for the tuberculous will publish the essay in a cheap form for popular distribution. Dr. Knopf already enjoys a wide reputation as a worker in this field, and to him was awarded in 1898 the Alvarenga prize of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia for an essay on“ Pulmonary Tuberculosis, its Modern Prophylaxis and Treatment in Special Institutions and at Home."

MANHATTAN State HOSPITAL AT CENTRAL Islip.— This new colony for the insane of New York City located at Central Islip, Long Island, will soon be ready for occupancy. The Lunacy Commission expect to open this institution for 1,200 inmates early in the fall and by the first of April, 1901, the remainder of the pavilions will be ready for 1,100 additional inmates. Fully completed, this immense pavilion colony will cost over a half million dollars.

A HOSPITAL FOR TROPICAL DISEASES IN LIVERPOOL.–From the Journal of Tropical Medicine we learn that a hospital devoted to the treatment of tropical diseases is about to be founded in Liverpool. The hospital is to be erected in memory of the late Miss Mary Kingsley. Many handsome contributions towards the fund have been promised; amongst others Mr. A. L. Jones has given £1,000, and Mr. Blaize, £svo. The creation of a hospital for tropical diseases in Liverpool marks a new era in medical education in this country. The Seamen's Hospital Society's branch at the Albert Docks is largely devoted to this purpose, but it shows that the subject of tropical medicine is attaining a still greater hold on the country when a hospital is to be especially built and devoted to this important department of medicine.

CANCER AND CONSUMPTIVE HOSPITALS AT BUFFALO.—The hospital for consumptives on the almshouse farm of Erie County, N. Y., was recently destroyed by fire. The County Board of Supervisors have approved plans providing for two one-story stone buildings to be erected on the site of the burned structure. One of these buildings is to be devoted to the care of consumptives, while in the other, cancer cases will be treated. The plans will now be passed upon by the State Board of Charities, and if approved by that body bids for the erection of the buildings will be advertised. The idea of including in the plans some provisions for dipsomaniacs was discussed, but was finally dropped on the ground that it was an open question whether the courts have a right to send a dipsomaniac elsewhere than to a jail or penitentiary; and for this reason any hospital intended for dipsomaniacs should be connected with, or at least near, the jail. It is hoped that the new hospital structures may be got under roof before winter.

THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY MEDICAL ASSOCIATIỌN.-At the next annual meeting to be held in Asheville, North Carolina, on October 9, 10 and 11, under the presidency of Dr. Harold N. Moyer, of Chicago, the address in medicine will be delivered by Dr. I. N. Love, of St. Louis, and the address in surgery by Dr. Charles A. Weaton, of St. Paul. The association will not be divided into sections. The sessions will be held in the Battery Park Hotel.

THE AMERICAN AssociaTION OF OBSTETRICIANS AND GYNECOLOGISTS.Under the presidency of Dr. Rufus Bartlett Hall, of Cincinnati, O., the thirteenth annual meeting of this Association will be held in the Assembly room of the Gate House, Louisville, Ky., September 18, 19 and 20, 1900. Besides the president's address, numerous papers will be presented. On the provisional program are found the names of Drs. Joseph Price, of Philadelphia; John B. Murphy, of Chicago; Robert T. Morris, of New York City; A. Vander Veer and W. G. Macdonald, of Albany; Charles A. L. Reid, of Cincinnati; L. S. McMurtry, of Louisville, and many others.

THE AMERICAN ELECTRO-THERAPEUTIC ASSOCIATION.—The tenth annual meeting of this association will be held at the Academy of Medicine, Room 44, 17 West 43d street, New York City, September 25, 26 and 27, under the presidency of Dr. Walter H. White, of Boston. The reports of the standing committees on scientific questions will be read on the morning of the first day. Monday afternoon the delegates will visit Telephone Central and also the Automobile Headquarters. At four o'clock there will be a discussion on “ Electricity in Tuberculosis and Present Modes of Treatment.” The scientific session on Wednesday morning will be opened with general discussions on “Electricity in Gynecology and the Present Reluctance of Gynecologists to Use Electricity.” Many papers of value will be read on the several subjects of interest. Headquarters are at Hotel Bristol, corner of Fifth avenue and 42nd street.

FIRST STEPS IN MEDICAL RECIPROCITY.–At a regular meeting of the State Board of Medical Examiners held at Newark, New Jersey, July 5, a resolution was adopted that the board will hereafter endorse the licenses of any state board of medical examiners in the United States, in lieu of an examination, provided that the candidate for endorsement shall present satisfactory evidence of having the academic and medical education required by the New Jersey State Board, and that the license presented for endorsement shall have been issued after a state examination of the same grade and kind as that required in New Jersey.

DIPHTHERIA BACILLI IN WELL PERSONS.—The Massachusetts Association of Boards of Health has addressed the following circular to the State Boards of Health for each State: “At the regular meeting of the Massachusetts Association of Boards of Health on July 19, 1900, a committee was appointed consisting of ten members, including five executive officials and five bacteriologists, to consider and report on the matter of well persons carrying diphtheria bacilli in their throats or noses, with the view to the formulation of recommendations for official procedures in such cases. It is evident that the whole subject of diphtheria, both from the executive and bacteriological standpoint, is of great importance and that uniformity of procedure throughout the country is desirable. In order to determine the best and most satisfactory procedures at present in practice throughout the country, it has been thought well to address the enclosed series of questions to the various Boards with the request that answers, as full and complete as possible, may be rendered and the completed schedule returned to the secretary at their earliest convenience. Appreciating the fact that State Boards have often advisory powers only, we ask that the questions be nevertheless answered in such a way as to indicate what they advise in the executive control of this disease and that they will also indicate the practice in the municipalities of their own states, pointing out those which they endorse most highly." The questions anticipate all conditions which might arise in both private and hospital practice and if carefully answered no doubt much good will result in a more systematic study of the care of persons suffering with this disease as well as more thorough preventative treatment.

An OBSTETRICAL FRAUD.-A French contemporary relates an instructive story of a young physician who was visited by a woman presenting the external signs of pregnancy. She engaged him for the approaching confinement and left. A few months later the physician was summoned to his patient, only to find the infant not only born but washed and dressed. He was gently chided for his slowness in responding to the summons, and was requested as a particular favor to call at the registration office for the purpose of registering the birth. Anxious to re-establish himself in the good graces of his patients, the physician did as requested, leaving the house without examining either mother or child. We may judge of his surprise and dismay, when some time after, he was prosecuted by the State for aiding and abetting in a fraud by having made a false declaration as to the birth of the child. It turned out that his patient had not been pregnant and consequently had not borne a child, but had presented her physician with a supposititious one and made him an ally in her attempt to fraudulently acquire some property. Fortunately for the young man, M. Brouardel interested himself in his case and the prosecution was dropped; but the fraud is one against which, in its protean form, the young and inexperienced practitioner requires to be put on his guard.

Current Medical Literature

SURGERY

Edited by A. Vander Veer, M. D. The Polyadenomata of the Large Intestine.—By Quenn and LANDEL, (Revue de Chirurgie, April, 1899.) This is a condition in which multiple adenomata develop not only in thej rectum but extend along the entire surface of the large intestine sometimes as far as the ileo-cecal valve. This condition is to be differentiated from that in which one has a very few solitary polyps developing in the rectum. The writers report 2 cases observed by themselves and have collected 40 cases from the literature. In 13 of the 40 cases the polypous condition was confined to the rectum. In 13 cases it extended throughout the entire large intestine as far as the ileo-cæcal valve. In 9 cases the rectum and colon were involved. In 3 cases the entire intestine as well as stomach and in 2 cases the colon only were involved. The seat of predilection is thus the lower part of the large intestine. The polyadenomata may vary in size from a pin head to a pigeon's egg. Their usual size is from a pea to a cherry. Their form is variable. The outline is irregular and they may be sessile or pedunculated. They are generally of a grayish reddish color and the consistency is soft. Histologically they are composed of glands of the mucosa and connective tissue. In some cases the glands may be transformed into retention cysts. There is often more or less atrophy of the uninvolved mucous membrane. The polyadenomata develope from the normal mucous membrane and all stages of their development can be traced.

A fact worthy of a special notice is the frequent transformation of the polyadenomata into definite carcinomata.

This occurred in 20 of the 42 cases reported. The carcinomata appear to develope some time after the polyadenomata first make their appearance. The carcinomatous change is found to occur at the periphery of the polyadenoma which is the oldest portion of the tumor. At the base the growth will often be found to be a pure benign adenoma. Unlike the

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