Page images

THE UNION MEDICAL Society.— At a recent meeting of the Union Med. ical Society the following officers were elected: President, Dr. Z. Rousseau; Vice-Presidents, Drs. D. W. Houston, Rensselaer county, M. M. Brown, Berkshire county, Tenny, Washington county, W. B. Sanford, Saratoga county, W. B. Sabin, Albany county; Secretary, H. O. Fairweather; Treasurer, H. S. Goodall; Censors, Drs. William Finder, Rensselaer county, W. S. Phillips, Bennington county, J. H. Hobbie, North Adams, Mass., F. A. Palmer, Saratoga county, J. H. Mitchell, Albany county, J. H. Maguire, Salem, Mass.

ANNUAL APPEAL FOR THE New HOSPITAL.- The Board of Governors of the Albany Hospital have addressed the following appeal to the citizens of Albany:

Since the appeal of last year the new hospital has been completed; its operating room has been equipped with the best appliances and the public wards and private rooms have been well furnished with all that is needed. The hospital now stands in its well laid out grounds upon the high lands south of the city, a monument of the generosity and humanity of Albany. The pure air which surrounds it and the bright sunshine which streams into its rooms are nature's restorers for the sick and disabled, and aid the devoted care of its physicians, surgeons and nurses.

This is not the place to mention in detail the very liberal gifts, large and small, which have enabled the Governors to erect this admirable structure. But they must express, in general words, their thanks to the donors, near and distant.

It was mentioned in the last appeal that, in acknowledgment of liberal gifts and by request of the donors, three of the pavilions had been named in loving memory of deceased friends. In like manner the remaining pavilion is now the Myers pavilion. At the time of the last appeal, and even afterward, when the hospital was opened for patients, the surrounding grounds were rough and irregular, and had no proper approach to the buildings. Through the generosity of one of our citizens, roads and paths have been laid out, trees and shrubs have been planted, the land has been brought into good shape and has been carefully seeded down. The cold weather and a delay in getting material prevented the completion of this work, and a little remains to be done in the coming spring. But even now can be seen how pleasant and attractive the place will be for patients and for visitors. The grading and paving of the New Scotland avenue, with its convenient sidewalk, have made access to the hospital easy and agreeable.

The recent meeting here of the Medical Society afforded an opportunity for physicians and surgeons of other places to visit the new hospital. Many did so, and they strongly expressed their admiration of the arrangements, of the convenience for the care of patients, of the favorable conditions for recovery and of the thorough neatness and care seen throughout the buildings. There is a growing appreciation of the usefulness of a trained nurse in all cases of serious illness, even where the patient is in his own house. One of the most useful things accomplished by the hospital will be that, through the earnest efforts and generosity of the patronesses and managers


of the Training School for Nurses, and through the excellent opportunity now afforded for their work, the hospital will, year after year, graduate a class of skillful and experienced nurses.

The Governors are sure that those who have contributed to the erection of this hospital and those also who have not yet felt able to aid, as they desired, will all acknowledge that an institution so well fitted to do good must be bounteously sustained. These buildings must be kept in active use, ready at all times to receive and care for all those who need the aid which is here given. For nearly ten months these buildings have been opened for patients, and the number of these patients shows how greatly the hospital is needed.

Every one who has seen the new buildings will, in some degree, appreciate that the expense of carrying on the work must be very much greater than it was in the old building. These buildings are large and extended so as to receive the sunlight in abundance, and they stand on a site exposed to the winds; they are lighted by electricity, and the elevator is run by that power, they are heated throughout by steam. All this increases the expense for coal. The kitchen and laundry are large and require much labor and fuel. Many nurses and attendants are necessary. And in these and in other ways, which need not be specified, the expenses must be great. The Governors, therefore, confidently ask their fellow-citizens to come generously to the annual support of this institution.

FEBRUARY BULLETIN OF THE STATE BOARD OF HEALTH.-During the month of February there were 10,796 deaths reported an increase of over 700 above the average for the past five years. The most noticeable increase was in the number of deaths from measles and scarlet fever. Influenza has been severe throughout the entire state but particularly in the Maritime District. Typhoid fever was less prevalent than last year particularly in the city of Albany, where only one death occurred from that disease; while in the neighboring cities of Cohoes and Troy there were thirteen deaths. According to the population the greatest number of deaths from typhoid occurred in the Southern Tier District.

In Albany there were 146 deaths as follows: Cerebro-spinal meningitis, 2, typhoid 1, measles i, croup and diphtheria 4, diarrhoeal diseases 2, acute respiratory 28, consumption 17, digestive system 10, urinary system 4, circulatory system 13, nervous system 29, cancer 9, accidents and violence 7, old age 5, unclassified 14.

State BOARD OF REGENTS.— Dr. Edward Chapin of Brooklyn, has been appointed by the State Board of Regents a member of the New York State Board of Medical Examiners to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Dr. A. R. Wright of Buffalo.

DEATH OF DR. St. George MIVART.– Dr. Mivart died suddenly in London, April 1st. He was born in London in 1827. Although a doctor of medicine, Dr. Mivart did not practice. He was formerly lecturer on zoology at St. Mary's Hospital Medical School, and professor of biology at the University of Louvain. He was recently excommunicated by the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Westminster for asserting that to ask a reasonable man to believe such “puerile tales” as those of the Tower of Babel, of Jonah, and of the creation of the world in six actual days, was an insult to his intelligence. He was a fellow of the Royal, of the Linnæan and the Zoological societies. His attainments as a man of science have been generally recognized, particularly in his works on and in opposition to the Darwinian theory of the origin of species.

Prize FOR AN IDEAL ARMY RATION.—The prize of $100 (or its equivalent in the shape of a gold medal) offered by Dr. Louis L. Seaman of New York, through the Military Service Institution, for the best essay on “ The Ideal Ration for an Army in the Tropics,” has been unanimously awarded to Capt. E. L. Munson, assistant surgeon, U. S. A. The board of award consisted of three army officers, Col. John F. Weston, acting commissarygeneral, Lieut.-Col. Charles Swart, deputy surgeon-general, and Lieut.-Col. Wm. H. Dougherty, Seventh United States Infantry. Dr. Munson holds that the present army ration contains too much nitrogenous food and hydrocarbons and not enough carbohydrates, and the ration in general is too large.

AMERICAN MEDICO-PsychOLOGICAL AssociaTION.— The annual meeting of this association will be held at Richmond, Va., May 22-25, under the presidency of Dr. Joseph D. Rogers, Logansport, Ind. The Jefferson-an extremely desirable convention hotel — has been secured and the committee of arrangements is making every effort to provide for the comfort and entertainment of the members. The annual address will be delivered by Dr. J. Allison Hodges of Richmond. Other addresses will be made by Governor J. Hodge Tyler, Major R. M. Taylor and Dr. John N. Upshur of Richmond. Among the papers promised are those by Dr. J. M. Mosher, Albany, N. Y., on “The Insane in General Hospitals;" Dr. W. P. Spratling, Sonyea, N. Y., “The Colonization of Certain Classes of the Cronic Insane with Suggestions and Illustrations from the Craig Colony of Epileptics;" Dr. Wm. Mabon, Ogdensburg, N. Y., “Surgical Operations in Hospitals for the Insane;" Dr. P. M. Wise, New York, “ The State of New York vs. The Pathology of Insanity;” Dr. R. Dewey, Wauwatosa, Wis.,

" What Condition if any would Warrant the State in taking Life because of Incurable Mental Disease or Defect;" and many others.

WATER FILTRATION.— The Scientific American in commenting upon the results of the recent instalment of the filtration beds in connection with the water supply of Albany, says: “The disease directly traceable to the sewer polluted water of the Hudson was typhoid fever, the death rate from which the city of Albany for nine years ending 1898 had averaged 85 per annum. During the first four months in which the filters have been in operation, 7 deaths from this cause have been reported. During the corresponding interval of nine years ending 1898, the average number of deaths was 24; so that the filtration of the water has reduced the deaths from this cause in the ratio of 24 to 7. The filtration plant at Lawrence has reduced the typhoid fever death rate in that city from 11.31 to 2.54. The filtration plant in the city of Hamburg, Germany, was put in opera

tion in 1895; during the five years previous to that date the average typhoid death rate was 4.72, since that date it has fallen to .72. Since the opening of the filtration plant at Mount Vernon, N. Y., in 1894, the number of deaths from typhoid has decreased over 76 per cent. The average cost of operating the filters at Mount Vernon, including the laboratory work, is 31.67 per 1,000,000 gallons.”

THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF MEDICAL DEONTOLOGY OR MEDICAL ETHICS.— By virtue of the Ministerial Decree of June 11, 1898, an International Congress, dealing exclusively with economical and ethical questions, is convoked. It will hold its first sitting at the Palace of Congresses and of Social Economy, situated within the Exhibition Grounds, on Monday, July 23, 1900. After the inaugural ceremony the Congress will meet at the Faculty of Medicine, 12 Rue de l'Ecole de Médecine, Boulevard St. Germain, and continue its sittings till July 28th. Dr. L. Leveboullet, Member of the Academy of Medicine, is president. Dr. G. H. Simmons, of Chicago, is the president of the committee representing the United States. The Congress will be divided into four sections for the discussion of the following general subjects: ist. The Relations of Medical Men and Collectivities; 2d. The Relations of Medical Men and Individuals; 3d. The Relations of Medical Men with Fellow Medical Men (Medical Deontology); 4th. Professional Organization of Insurance, Mutual Assistance and Defence. All Medical Associations or societies who deal with economical and ethical questions are earnestly invited to appoint delegates to represent them at the Congress.

[ocr errors]

RECENT CHANGES IN THE FACulties of Medical COLLEGES.—University of Pennsylvania : Dr. J. William White, Clinical Professor of Surgery is to be made Professor of Surgery in place of Dr. John Ashhurst, Jr., who lately resigned.

Jefferson Medical College: Two additions have been made to the major faculty. Dr. F. X. Dercum, formerly Clinical Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System; has been elected Professor of Neurology, and Dr. Chalmers Da Costa, Clinical Professor of Surgery has been elected Professor of the Principles of Surgery and of Clinical Surgery.

Rush Medical College: The office of vice-president is established, and Dr. Henry M. Lyman, Dean of the Faculty, in view of his long connection with the college and the valuable services rendered is appointed to this office. Dr. Frank Billings, Dean of the Senior class, is promoted to the deanship of the faculty. Dr. John M. Dodson and Dr. Frederic S. Collidge are reappointed Deans in charge of the Freshman class. The resignation of Dr. Norman Bridge as Professor of Medicine is accepted and he is appointed Emeritus Professor of Medicine. Dr. John M. Dodson has been appointed to the Professorship of Pediatrics; Dr. D. R. Brower to the Professorship of Mental and Nervous Diseases.

Columbia University: Dr. R. F. Weir and Dr. W. T. Bull, Professors of Surgery and visiting surgeons to the New York Hospital, have been appointed visiting surgeons to the Roosevelt Hospital.

FOREIGN UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE.— Cracow : Dr. S. Ciechanoneski has been appointed Extraordinary Professor of Pathological Anatomy. Bologna: Dr. Cervesats of Padua has been appointed Professor of children's diseases. Genoa: Dr. Rudolf Weber has been appointed to the Chair of Mental Diseases in succession to Dr. J. Martini, resigned. Jassy: Dr. C. Juvara has been appointed Professor of Surgical Anatomy. Leipzig: Dr. Felix Marchand of Marburg, has been appointed to the Chair of Pathological Anatomy in succession to the late Dr. Birch-Hirschfeld. Marburg: Dr. Hugo Ribbett of Zürich has been appointed to the Chair of Pathological Anatomy in succession to Professor Marchand who goes to Leipzig. He is the author of a manual on pathological histology and a work on the historical development of the theory of disease. St. Petersburg: Dr. Skorichenko has been promoted to the ordinary Professorship of the History of Medicine and Dr. Kholodouski to the ordinary Professorship of Comparative Anatomy. Dr. Magawly, Director of the University Ophthalmic Clinic, who was a pupil of Albrecht von Græfe and assisted in introducing modern ophthalmic surgery in Russia, is about to retire. Turin: Dr. A. Carle has been promoted to the ordinary Professorship of Surgical Pathology.

STATE HOSPITAL FOR CONSUMPTIVES.- After Governor Roosevelt had signed the bill providing for the establishment and maintenance of a State Hospital for Consumptives, it became his duty to appoint a board of five trustees, two of whom shall be physicians. The full board is as follows: Howard Townsend, of the borough of Manhattan, for five years; John H. Pryor, M. D., of Buffalo, four years; Willis G. Macdonald, M. D., of Albany, three years; Walter Jennings, of the borough of Manhattan, two years, and Frank E. Kendall, of Saranac Lake, one year.

PERSONAL.— Dr. Howard E. LOMAX (A. M. C., 1892), has removed from New Baltimore to 114 Jay street, Albany, taking the practice of Dr. Rensselaer J. Smith, who leaves for California,

Book Reviews Bacteriology in Medicine and Surgery. A Practical Manual for Physi

cians, Health Officers and Students. By WM. HallocK PARK, M.D., Assisted by A. R. GUERARD, M.D. Published by Lea Bros. and Co.,

New York and Philadelphia, 1899. The object of this work, which comprises nearly 700 pages of reading matter, is, according to the author, to bring together those facts in bacteriology which will constitute a sufficient text book for the student, and which are of direct practical value to the physician and health officer. A sufficient amount of detail as to the technical procedures of bacteriology is given to enable the physician to understand those methods which can be carried out by an ordinary practitioner. After an introduction which deals with the historical development of

eriology, the author proceeds in the first seventeen chapters to deal

« PreviousContinue »