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most severely criticised and often justly so. The feeling was general that the necessary suffering and hardship incident to war should not be increased by unnecessary neglect and want of care.

The soldier should not be asked to be a martyr as well as a hero, nor should the slaughter of battle be duplicated by a high mortality in the hospital. The State, when it asks or requires its citizens to fight its battles, should both from the standpoint of economy and philanthropy find no expense too great to minimize the mortality or the suffering entailed.

State Medicine

Edited by Harry Seymour Pearse, M. D. Important Bills in the New York Legislature.*_Assembly bill No.

993 An Act “To Regulate the Practice of Midwifery, and to Provide for the Licensing of Midwives in the

City of New York." This act provides for a board of examiners in midwifery, to consist of five members, regularly licensed physicians. These examiners shall license after examination persons of good moral character who desire to practice midwifery in the city of New York.

Senate bill No. 681, for the same purpose as Assembly bill

No. 993, regulates the practice of midwifery by examination before a board consisting of the sanitary superintendents of the boards of health of each of the boroughs

of New York City. Assembly bill No. 914. An Act “To Provide a Hospital for

the Treatment of Contagious Eye Diseases in the City

of New York.” This act provides for the purchase of suitable land and erection of buildings as a hospital for the treatment of contagious eye diseases. The Board of Managers is named• in the bill, and the Comptroller is directed to issue bonds to defray the cost of constructing said building. * By courtesy of the Committee on Legislation of the Medical Society of the State Senate bill No. 740. An Act“ To Exempt from Taxation

of New York.

the Property of Certain Medical Societies Situated in

Cities of the First Class.” This act provides for the exemption from taxation of the property of medical societies, provided it is used only for the purposes of the society, and that the amount of the property does not exceed over one hundred thousand dollars.

Senate bill No. 1025. An Act “ To Charter the New York

State Medical Association." This act incorporates the New York State Medical Association and enables it to hold personal or real property, and bequests not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars, and to constitute a death benefit fund for its members, and to assist in the enforcement of the general medical laws of the State of New York,

Assembly bill No. 1581. An Act “ To Secure the more

Prompt and Accurate Determination of the Causes of

Suspicious Death, and to Abolish the Office of Coroner." This act provides that the Board of Health shall be notified of any sudden or violent death, and they shall assume the examination and determination of the cause of death. Boards of Health of cities of the first and second class may organize a bureau for the performance of these duties, and appoint the necessary medical officers. From and after the passage of this act the office of coroner will be abolished, at expiration of term.

Assembly bill No. 1338. An Act “To Amend Section 318

of the Penal Code.This act provides that anyone who sells, lends or gives away any instruments or medicines for the prevention of conception, or for causing unlawful abortion, or advertises the same, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. When the prosecution is made on the complaint of a medical association or society, the fines so collected shall be paid to such society or association.

Assembly bill No. 585. An Act “ To Amend the Charter

of the City of New York.” This act provides that the driver of an ambulance shall have the right of way over all vehicles except those carrying United States Mail.

Assembly bill No. 1229. An Act “In Relation to Chiropo

dists and the Practice of Chiropody.” This act provides for the association of ten or more chiropodists who after organization shall pass upon the licensing of all persons to practice chiropody. Any person, unless he be a member of this association, who practices chiropody, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

Senate bill No. 818. An Act “ To Amend the Public Health

Law, and to Incorporate therein other Statutes Relating

to the Public Health.” This act contains provisions relating to the organization and powers of the state and county medical societies. The period of medical study required for a degree is changed from four years of nine months to four years of eight months, and an allowance of the first year is made to gradu ates of a registered college course.

PRESENT POSITION OF MEDICAL BILLS Assembly bill No. 846 (Senate bill No. 509). Third read

ing, March 14. Assembly bill No. 847 (Senate bill No. 511). Second read

ing, March 7. Assembly bill No. 904 (Senate bill No. 559). Third reading,

March 6, and sent to Senate March 12. Assembly bill No. 1129. Sent to Senate, February 23. Assembly bill No. 1128. Amended and delivered to city

clerk, March 15. Assembly bill. No. 1229. Third reading, March 6; recom

mitted March 7. Assembly bill No. 585. In committee. Assembly bill No. 1262 (Senate bill 740). Third reading,

March 16.

For titles see ALBANY MEDICAL ANNALS, of February, March and April, 1900.

Assen:bly bill No. 1338. In committee.
Assembly bill No. 1439 (Senate bill 818). In committee.
Assembly bill No. 1581. In committee.

. Assembly bill No. 1840 (Senate bill No. 681). Third read

ing, March 13. Senate bill No. 509.

General orders, March 15.
Senate bill No. 511. General orders, March 15.
Senate bill No. 681. Sent to Assembly March 15.
Senate bill No. 740. In committee.
Senate bill No. 559.

In committee.
Senate bill No. 818. In committee.
Senate bill No. 892. Amended March 12.
Senate bill No. 1025.

Amended March 15.

In Demoriam


Dr. Henry C. Van Zandt ('65), one of the best known members of the medical profession in Schenectady, died at his home in that city in February, 1900.

Dr. Van Zandt received his early education in the schools of Schenectady, and entered Union College in the class of '65. After leaving college he entered the Albany Medical College, graduating in 1865, and began his professional career on Long Island, later returning to Schenectady, where he established a substantial practice. He was also identified with the drug busi

He was a member of the staff of the Ellis Hospital, the Holland Society, the Schenectady County Medical Society and the New York State Medical Association.


Dedical news

THE MEDICAL SOCIETY OF THE COUNTY OF ALBANY.—Meeting held March 14th, 1900, in Alumni Hall.

The following members were present: Drs. Bartlett, Blumer, Davis, George, W. H., Happel, Hun, Jenkins, Lipes, McCulloch, Mosher, Munson, Neuman, Richardson, Sabin, Thompson, Wansboro, Wiltse.

The meeting was called to order at 9 P. M., the Vice-President, Dr. Wiltse, in the chair.


1. Reading of the minutes of the last meeting. It was moved by Dr. Mosher that, as the minutes had already been printed, they should be adopted as printed. Motion seconded and carried.

No minutes of special meetings. 3. No reports of committees. 4. No applications for membership. 5. No motions or resolutions were made.

6. Miscellaneous business. Under this head the following letter from the Hon. Martin H. Glynn was read:


WASHINGTON, D. C., March 13, 1900. Dr. Geo. BLUMER, Albany, N. Y.

MY DEAR SIR :-I am in receipt of the resolution of the Medical Society of the County of Albany requesting me to support House Bill No 6879, which seeks to provide women nurses in the military hospitals of the army.

In acknowledgment of that petition allow me to say that I am heartily in favor of this bill and will do all I can towards having it enacted.

Very respectfully,

MARTIN H. GLYNN. 7. Reading of papers. Dr. Davis read his paper on “Leprosy in the Hawaiian Islands." Dr. Wiltse declared the paper open to discussion.

Dr. BARTLETT remarked that he did not rise to discuss the paper as he did not feel himself familiar enough with the subject. He wished, however, to make a motion that a vote of thanks be extended to Dr. Davis. One suggestion in the paper he thought would bear repetition and that was the suggestion that the medical men in this country should study leprosy more carefully, inasmuch as it occurred in our new possessions. Regarding the statement that the lengthy incubation of the disease made it dangerous, as an individual could be infected and then move to another country before the disease showed itself, he emphasized the importance of learning to recognize the disease in its early stages. He noted the similarity between syphilis and certain forms of leprosy and inquired if the Hawaiians were more subject to syphilis than other savage peoples.

Dr. THOMPSON seconded Dr. Bartlett's motion, which was carried. When he was a student in New York he said that Buck and the elder Bulkley had pointed out certain special forms of syphilis which occurred in sailors who had been in the tropics and contracted the disease from colored

This form was particularly difficult to cure. Could some of these cases possibly have been leprosy ?

Dr. JENKINS stated that he thought he had recently seen a case of leprosy in Albany. The patient was a woman. One foot was much enlarged and she had lost some toes. There was anæsthesia of the skin and an ulcer on the dorsum of the foot.

Dr. Davis, in closing the discussion, stated that syphilis was very severe amongst the Hawaiian natives, especially the tertiary forms. He suggested that in future years we are likely to have some cases of leprosy in Albany amongst the 400 men who were with the First N. Y. Volunteers in Hawaii.


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