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the initials T, or R, are annexed; though the former letter is generally supposed to imply that the number was merely transcribed. Independent of this appropriation, however, and although curiosity and enquiry have not beeu deficient in their researches, there are fifty-three papers in the Spectator, of which the authors are totally unknown. It is probable that several of them are the compositions of Budgell and Tickell.

GUARDIAN --No.176.

Contributors.

Entire Papers.

Letters and Parts

of Papers.

82 53 14 8 7 2 2 2 1

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Steele.
Addison
Berkeley.
Pope
Tickell
Budgell
Hughes
Parnell
Gay
Young
Philips.
Wotton
Birch ..
Bartelett....
Eusden
Pearce
Rowe.

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PART V.

ESSAY III.

OBSERVATIONS

ON THE EFFECTS

OF THE TATLER,

SPECTATOR, AND GUARDIAN, ON THE TASTE, LITERATURE, AND MORALS OF THE AGE.

To the periodical writings of Steele and Addison, we are indebted for a most faithful and masterly delineation of the taste, the manners, and morals, which prevailed during the eventful reign of Queen Anne; a portrait, indeed, by many degrees more highly finished than any which can be produced of preceding or subsequent periods. Of this picture a reduced, tut, we hope, an accurate copy, will be found in our introductory essay, where we have endeavoured to present a clear, though compressed, view of literature and manners as they existed in 1709.

That it was the constant endeavour of Stecle and Addison to correct the vices, ridicule the follies, and dissipate the ignorance which too generally prevailed at the commencement of the

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