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Death of three Prophets-Monohoe-M'Queen Indians' presumption-Barbarous treatment of
-Colbert, alias Piomingo-His exploits-Aoec- three Mickasaukios,..

dolo-Murder of John Morris-Mushalatubee- CHAP. XVIII. Carrying the events of the war to
Pushamata-Speech of Mushalatubee and of the close of the year 1836–Roview of early diffi-
Pushamata to Lafayette at Washington-Pu. culties—The Hogtown murder_The insult to
shamnata dies there-Hillishago visits England Osceola–Micanopy-King Payne-General
-Exciter the Seminoles to war-A modern Clinch's expedition-Gen. Scott attacked-
Pocahontas-Hornotlimed-Massacres a boat's Massacre at Charlotte Harbor-Fort Micanopy
crew in Apalachicola River-Is captured with besieged-Death of officers-Lighthouse affair
Hillishago, and banged-Neamathla-Removal -Battle of Welika-Creeks and Cherokee
of the Florida Indians-Their wretched condi- affairs--Indians surpriseg-Murders—Battle of
tion-M'Queen-Rich in lands and slaver- San Felasco-Col. Lane's expedition-His

Plies to Florida, and loses his effects,......394 melancholy death-Gov. Call in command-
CHAP. VIII. Grounds of the Seminole war- Battles of the Wahoo Swamp-Gen. Jesup
Circumstances of those Indians misunderstood resumes command-His expedition to the Wa-
-Unjustness of the war-Neamathla deposed hoo,...


-Treaties-of Moultrie Creek-Payne's Land- CHAP. XIX. Events of the ear during the year

ing-Council at Camp King—Is broken up by 1837-Expedition to Ahapopka-Osuchee killed

Osceola-It is renewed, and a party agrees to -Jesup parleys with the chiefs—Col. Hender-

emigrate-Osceola's opposition-Is seized and son's expedition-Battle of Lake Monroe-

put in irons-Feigns a submission, and is re- Treaty of Fort Dade-Unobserved-Osceola at

leased-Executes an agreement to comply with Fort Mellon-Numbers of the Seminoles,

the demands of the whites—The physical con- Sudden abduction of emigrants-Jesup requests

dition of the Indians,.....


to be relieved from command-Western Indians

Chap. IX. The Indians prepare for war-Affair applied to-Gen. Hernandez's expedition-Cape

of Hogtown-A mail carrier killed-Sales of ture of King Philip-Surprise of the Uchees-

the Indians' cattle and horses advertised by the Surrender of chiess-Mediation of Ross—Cap-

lodian agent, but none takes place–Burnings ture of Osceola and others View of the affair

and murders are committed -Settlement at -Wild Cat's escape-Battle of Okechobee, 477

New River destroyed-Remarkable preserva- Chap. XX. Embracing the events of_1838 and

tion of a Mr. Godfrey's family-Colonel War- 1839—Battle of Wacasa Swamp-Defeat of

ren's defeat-Swamp fight-Destruction of New Lieut. Powell-Battle of Lucha Hatcha-Gen.

Smyrna-Defeat and death of Major Dade, with Jesup wounded-Death of Osceola–His char-

the destruction of nearly his whole party- acter-Gen. Jesup desires to give up the war,

Visit to his battle-ground,..

...414 and allow the Indians to live in Florida-Not

CHAP. X. Of the principal chiefs and war lead- allowed by the government-His talk with Tog-

ers of the Seminoles-Osceola-Micanopy- kegee-Indians seized at Fort Jupiter--Gen.
Jumper-Massacre of General Thompson and Jesup leaves Florida-Death of Philip and
others at Fort King-Battle of the Quithle- Jumper-Capt. Ellis's exploit-Indians surprise
coochee-Fight near Wetumka-Great distress Capt. Beall-Families murdered-Crews of
of the country-Action of Congress upon it- vessels murdered-Death of Mushalatubee-
Battle at Musquito-Many Creeks join the Camp Forbes attacked-Numerous murders-

Seminoles—Fight on the Suanee River,. ...420 Capt. Russell and Maj. Noel killed-Capt.
CHAP. XI. Congress makes an appropriation for Rowell defeated-Gen. Macomb takes command

carryiog on the war-Remarks in the Senate of in Florida-Endeavors to make a treaty-Lieut.
the United States on the war with the Semi- Hulbert killed-Reward for Indians-Massacro
noles-Debate in the House of Representatives at Colooshatchie-Indians surprised at Fort
on the bill for the relief of the inhabitants of Mellon-Murders on

the Waculla-Blood-
Florida -Attack on some Creeks at Bryant's hounds to be employed against the Seminoles
Ferry-General Gaines's campaign in Florida- Depredations continue,..


Fights the Indians on the Ouithleconcbee-His CHAP. XXI. Events of the year 1840—A train of

conference with Osceola-Resigns his com- wagons taken-Lieut. Whedan killed-Dog

mand, and leaves the country-Captain Alli- exploits-Families destroyed-Defeat of Capt.

son's skirmish-The chief Ouchee Billy killed Rains--Lieut. Sanderson's defeat-Col. Riley's

-Siege of Camp McLemore-Great sufferings exploit-Col. Green's—Col. Harney's—A com-

of its garrison-Delivered by Captain Read pany of players attacked-Cow Creek skirmish

The chief Mad Wolf slain,....

426 -Indian Key destroyed-Lieut. Arthur's ex-

CHAP. XII. Creek War-Murders and devasta- ploit-Eleven families destroyed-Capt. Beall's

tions begin-Eleven persons killed near Colum- fight-Lieut. Hanson's battle-Indian hanged

bus--Mail routes in possession of the Indians- Pacification attempted through a deputation of

A steamboat attacked and men killed-Chiefs Seminoles from Arkansas-It fails-Whites

of the war parties–Mail stages destroyed— The taken in aiding Indians-Wild Cat's exploit

town of Roanoke burnt-Colonel Lindsay's Sad accident-Lieut. Jadd ambushed-Fort

Florida affair-Excessive dismay of the people Hanson burut-Col. Harney's voyage to the

of Georgia-Murder of families-Fight on the Evergladeg-Hangs nine Indians—The chief

Chattahoochie-Capture of Jim Henry and Ne- Chiakika killed-Fort Walker attacked-Capt.

amathla-Account of the chiefs-Surrender of Davidson diesLieut. Sherwood's ambush, and

the lodians,

..433 death of Mrs. Montgomery,..


CHAP. XIII. History of the expatriation of the



CBAP. XIV. Expatriation of the Cherokees, con-




CHAP. XV. History of the Cherokees, contin-




CHAP. XVI. History of the Cherokees, conclud-



454 CHAP. I. Particulars in the history of the Iro-

CHAP. XVII. The Seminole war resumed- quois or Five Nations–Extent of their domin-

Further account of the causes of the war-Nu- ions—Antiquities and traditions-Destroy the
merous cases of gross imposition-Bad conduct Eries—War with the Adirondaks-Specimen
of government officers-A new treaty of remo- of their language-Account of the chiefs,
val urged--A deputation visits the west-Their Grangula-Black-kettle-His bloody wars with
report-Another treaty-Speeches of the chiefs the French-Adario-His singular stratagem to
-Examination of the policy of tne government unite his countrymen against the French-De-
relative to a removal of the Indians-Character stroys Montreal and near a thousand inhabitants
of borderera-Roview of the manner treaties of -Dies in peace with the French-Dekanisora
sale were procured—The president angry at the a renowned orator—Peiskarot-The miraculous

[blocks in formation]

stories concerning him-History of the journey mous speech to & missionary–His interview

of five Iroquois chiefs to England, .. 499 with Colonel Snelling-British invade his coun

Char II. Tamany, a famous ancient Delaware try-Resolves to repel them-His speech upon

--His history-Shikellimus-Favors the Mora- & the event-Governor Clinton's account of him
vian Brethren-His reception of Count Ziuzin- -Witchcraft affair-Complains of encroach-
dorf-His death-Canassatego-Visits Phila- ments-One of his people put to death for being
delphia-His spoech to the Delawares-Anec- & witch-He defends the executioner-His in-
dotes of him-Glikhikan-His speech to Half- terview with Lafayette-Council at Canandai-
king-His attachment to the Christian Indians gua-Furmers-brother-Red-jacket visits Phil-
-Meets with much trouble from Captain Pipe- adelphia--His speech to the governor of Penn-
Conduct of Half-king-Of Pipe-Glikhikan per- sylvania-Speech of Agwelondongwas, or Good-
ishes in the massacre at Gnadenhuetten-Pa- peter-Narrative of his capture during the rev.
kanke-His history-Netawatweus--Becomes a olutionary war-Farmers-brother, or Honaya-
Christian-His speech to Pakanke-His death, wus — Visits Philadelphia - Peter-jaquette -
Paxnous—Tadeuskund His history and death Visits France-Account of his death-Memo-
-White-eyes-His transactions with the mis- rable speech of Farmers-brother-His letter to
sionaries-Skenando-His celebrated speech- the secretary of war-Notice of several other

Curious anecdote of him-His death,......512 Seneca chiels-Koyingquatah, or Young-king---

CHAP. III. Washington's embassy to the French Juskakaka, or Litile-billy-Achiout, or Half-

on the Ohio-Battle near Great Meadows, and town-Kiandogewa, or Big-tree-Gyantwaia,

death of Jumonville-Chiefs met with by or Corn-plant- Address of the three latter to

Washington --Shingis - Monacatoocha-Half- President Washington-Grant of land to Big-

king-Juskakaka – White-thunder - Alliquipa tree-His visit to Philadelphia, and death-

-Capt. Jacobs—Hendrick--His history-Cu- Further account of Corn-plant-His own ac-

rious anecdote · Logan-Cresap's war-Bat- count of mself-Interesting events in his life

tle of Point Pleasant-Logan's famous speech

-His sons,


--Cornstulk-His history--Red-huwk-Ellinip- Chap. VII. Tecumseh-His great exertions to
sico- The barbarons murder of these three- prevent the whites from overrunning his coun-
Melancholy death of Logan-Pontiac-A re- try–His expedition on Hacker's Creek-Com
nowned warrior-Colonel Roger's account of operation of his brother, the Prophet-Rise of
him-His policy-Fall of Michilimakinuk-Me- the difficulties between Tecumseh and Gover-
neh wehna--Siege of Detroit-Pontiac's strata- nor Harrison--Speech of the former in a coun.
gem to surprise it-Is discovered Official ac- cil at Vincennes-Fearful occurrence in that
count of the affair at Bloody Bridge-Pontiac council-Wivnemak-Tecumseh visited by
abandons the siege-Becomes the friend of the Governor Harrison at his camp-Determination
English–Is assussinated,........

....530 of war the result of the interview on both sides

CHAP. IV. Capt. Pipe-Situation of affairs op -Characteristic anecdote of the chief-Deter.

the frontiers at the period of the revolution- mines, in the event of war, to prevent barbar-

Sad condition of the Moravian Indians at this ities-- Battle of Tippecanoe-Battle of the

period-Half-king engages to take them to Cap- Thames, and death of Tecumseb-Description

ada---His speech to them- They remonstrate- of his person-Important events in his life-

Half-king Inclines not to molest them, but Capt. Pukeesheno, father of Tecumseh-His death

Pipe's counsel prevails, and they are seized- Battle of Magaugo-Specimen of the Shawanee

Pipe's conduct thereupon-Missionaries taken language- Particular account of Ellskwatawa,

to Detroit and examined--Pipe goes to accuse or the Prophet--Account of Round-head-Cap-

them-Changes his conduct towards them, and ture and massacre of General Wincbester's

they are acquitted-Remarkable deliverance- army at the River Raisin—Myeerah, or the

Captain White-eyes opposes the conduct of Crane, commonly called Walk-in-the-Water-

Pipe-His speech to his people-Colonel Broad- Black-bird - Wawnahton - Black-thunder -

head's expedition—Brutal massacre of a chief- Ongpatonga,..


Gelelemend - Buokongahelas - Reproves the Chap. VIII. Black-hawk's war-Historical ac-

murder of Major Trueman and others-In the count of the tribes engaged in it-Treaty be-

battle of Presq'Isle-His death-His intre- tween them-Murders among the Sioux and

pidity–Further particulars of Captain Pipe- Chippewas — Red-bird-Black-hawk - Indians

His famous speech-Expedition and defeat of insulted-Their country sold without their con-

Colonel Crawford, who is burnt at the stake- sent-This occasions the war,.............637

Chiktommo- King-erane - Little-turtle - De-CHAP. IX. March of Major Stillman-Kills
feats General St. Clair's army-locidents in that some of Black-hawk's men-Stillman's defeat
affair-Little-turtle's opinion of General Wayne -Menomonies join the whites-Settlement de-
-Visits Philadelphia-His interview with c. stroyed-Captivity of two young women-Coo-
F. Volney-Anecdotes–Blue-jacket-Defeated gress orders out troops--Indians cut off by Gen-
by Gen. Wayne in the battle of Presq’Isle,..554 eral Dodge-Snider's defeat-Stevenson's de-

Cháp. V. Lifo of Thayandaneca, called by the feat-Defeat of Major Dement- Battle of the

whites Brant-His education-Visits England Ouisconsin-Battle of the 2d of August, and end

-Commissioned there, His sister a companion

of the war,......


to Sir Wm. Johnson-His letter to the Oneidas Chap. X. History of the chiefs under Black-
- Affair with Herkimer at Unudilla-Cuts off hawk-Neapope--Surrender of Black-hawk

Herkimer and 200 men at Oriskana-Anecdote Wabokieskie- Indians at Washington,.....654

of Herkimer-Burns Springfield-Horrid affair CHAP. XI. Observations on the causes of the

of Wyoming-Incidents-Destroys Cherry Val- war-Indiang visit the Atlantic States,.....661

ley-Barbarities of the tories-Sullivan's dep-Chap. XII. From the time Black-hawk was set

T6 lations among the Five Nations-Brant de- at liberty in his own country, in 1833, to his

feated by the Americans at Newtown-De- death, on October 3d, 1838, with other impor.

struction of Minisink, and slaughter of 100 peo- tant matters connected with the Indians in the

ple-Destruction of Harpersfield-Brant's letter West,


to M'Causland, Marriage of his daughter-Her Chap. XIII. Some further particulars of early

husband killed-Brunt becomes the friend of events on the borders of Pennsylvania,.....678

peace— Visits Philadelphia-His marriage-CHAP. XIV. Early western history– Incidents

Lands granted him by the king--His death-His of battles-Skirmishes and defeats,... ..689

son John-Traits of character-One of his sons CHAP. XV. Events of the Indian xar of 1763

killed by him, in an attempt to kill his father- and 1764, on the Ohio,


Account of Brant's arrival in England-Somo
account of his children,...


Cnap. VI. Facts in the history of the Seneca APPENDII,


nation-Sagoyewatha, or Red-jacket-His fa- INDEX,..






An attempt is made, in the following Table, to locate the various bands of

Aborigines, ancient and modern, and to convey the best information respecting their numbers our multifarious sources will warrant. Modern writers have been, for several years, endeavoring to divide North America into certain districts, each of which should include all the Indians speaking the same, or dialects of the same, language ; but whoever has paid any attention to the subject, must undoubtedly have been convinced that it can never be done with any degree of accuracy. This has been undertaken in reference to an approximation of the great question of the origin of this people, from a comparison of the various languages used among them. An unwritten language is easily varied, and there can be no barrier to innovation. A continual intermixing of tribes has gone on from the period of their origin to the present time, judging from what we have daily seen; and when any two tribes unite, speaking different languages, or dialects of the same, a new dialect is produced by such amalgamation. Hence the accumulation of vocabularies would be like the pursuit of an infinite series in mathematics; with this difference, however — in the one we recede from the object in pursuit, while in the other we approach it. But I would not be understood to speak disparagingly of this attempt at classification ; for, if it be unimportant in the main design, it will be of considerable service to the student in Indian history on other accounts. Thus, the Uchees are said to speak a primitive language, and they were districted in a small territory south of the Cherokees; but, some 200 years ago, - if they then existed as a tribe, and their tradition be true, they were bounded on the north by one of the great lakes. And they are said to be descended from the Shawanees by some of themselves. We know an important community of them is still in existence in Florida. Have they created a new language in the course of their wanderings? or have those from whom they separated done so ? Such are the difficulties we meet with at every step of a classification. But a dissertation upon these

matters cannot now be attempted. In the following analysis, the names of the tribes have been generally given

in the singular number, for the sake of brevity ; and the word Indians, after such names, is omitted from the same cause. Few abbreviations have been used:-W. R., west of the Rocky Mountains ; m., miles ; r., river ; l., lake ; and perhaps a few others. In some instances, reference is made to the body of the work, where a more extended account of a tribe is to be found. Such • references are to the Book and Page, the same as in the Index.

ABEKAS, probably Muskogees, under the French at Tombeckbee in 1750.
ABENAKIES, over Maine till 1754, then went to Canada; 200 in 1689, 150 in 1780.
ABSOROKA, (Minetare,) S. branch Yellowstone; lat. 46o, lon. 1050 ; 45,000 in 1834.
ACCOKESAW, W. side Colorado, about 200 m. S. W. Nacogdoches, in 1805.
ACOmar, one of the six tribes in Virginia when settled by the English in 1607.
ADAIZE, 4 m. from Nachitoches, on Lake Macdon ; 40 men in 1895.
ADIEONDAKS, (Algonkin,) along the N. shore St. Lawrence; 100 in 1786.



AFFAGOULA, small clan in 1783, on Mississippi r., 8 m. above Point Coupé.
AGAWOM, (Wampanoags,) at Sandwich, Mass.; others at Ipswich, in 1620, &c.
AuwaHAWAY, (Minetare,) S. W. Missouri 1820, 3 m. above Mandans; 200'in 1805.
AJOUES, S. of the Missouri, and N. of the Padoucas; 1,100 in 1760.
ALANSAR, (Fall,) head branches S. fork Saskashawan ; 2,500 in 1804.
ALGONKIN, over Canada ; from low down the St. Lawrence to Lake of the Woods.
ALIATAN, three tribes in 1805 among the Rocky Mountains, on heads Platte.
ALICHE, near Nacogdoches in 1805, then nearly extinct; spoke Caddo.
ALLAKAWEAH, (Paunch,) both sides Yellowstone, heads Big Horn r.; 2,300 in 1805.
ALLIBAMA, (Creeks,) formerly on that r., but removed to Red River in 1764.
AMALISTES, (Algonkins,) once on St. Lawrence; 500 in 1760.
ANASAGUNTAKOOK, (Abenaki,) on sources Androscoggin, in Maine, till 1750.
ANDAstes, once on S. shore Lake Erie, S. W. Senecas, who destroyed them in 1672.
APACHES, (Lapane,) between Rio del Norte and sources of Nuaces r. ; 3,500 in 1817.
APALACHICOLA, once on that r. in W. Florida; removed to Red River in 1764.
APPALOUSA, aboriginal in the country of their name; but 40 men in 1805.
AQUANUSCHIONI, the name by which the Iroquois knew themselves.
ARAPAHAS, S. side main Canada River; 4,000 in 1836, on Kanzas River.
ARMOUCHIQUOIS, or MARACHITE, (Abenaki,) on River St. John, New Brunswick.
ARREN AMUSE, on St. Antonio River, near its mouth, in Texas ; 120 in 1818.
ASSINNABOIN, (Sioux,) between Assinn. and Missouri r.; 1,000 on Ottawa r. in 1836.
ATENAS, in a village with the Faculli in 1836, west of the Rocky Mountains.
ATHAPASCOW, about the shores of the great lake of their name.
Arnas, (Ojibewas) next S. of the Athapascow, about lat. 57° N., in 1790.
ATTACAPAS, in a district of their name in Louisiana ; but 50 men in 1805.
ATTAPULGAS, (Seminoles,) on Little r., a branch of Oloklikana, 1820, and 220 souls.
ATTIKAMIGUES, in N. of Canada, destroyed by pestilence in 1670.
Aucosisco, (Abenaki,) between the Saco and Androscoggin River in 1630, &c.
AUGHQUAGA, on E. branch Susquehannah River; 150 in 1768; since extinct.
AYAUAIS, 40 leagues up the Des Moines, S. E. side; 800 in 1805.
AYUTANS, 8,000 in 1820, S. W. the Missouri, near the Rocky Mountains.
BAYAGOULA, W. bank Mississippi, opposite the Colipasa ; important in 1699.
Bedies, on Trinity River, La., about 60 m. S. of Nacogdoches; 100 in 1805.
Big-Devils, (Yonktons,) 2,500 in 1836; about the heads of Red River.
Biloxi, at Biloxi, Gulf Mex., 1699; a few on Red r., 1804, where they had removed.
BLACKFEET, sources Missouri; 30,000 in 1834; nearly destroyed by small-pox, 1838.
BLANCHE, (Bearded, or White,) upper S. branches of the Missouri in 1820.
BLUE-MUD, W., and in the vicinity of the Rocky Mountains in 1820.
BROTHERTON, near Oneida Lake; composed of various tribes; 350 in 1836.
CADDO, on Red River in 1717, powerful; on Sodo Bay in 1800 ; in 1804, 100 men.
CaDODACHE, (Nacogdochet,) on Angelina r., 100 m. above the Nechez ; 60 in 1820.
Carwas, or KAIWA, on main Canada River, and S. of it in 1830.
CALASTHOCLE, N. Columbia, on the Pacific, next N. the Chillates ; 200 in 1820.
CALLIMIX, coast of the Pacific, 40 m. N. Columbia River; 1,200 in 1820.
CAMANCHES, (Shoshone,) warlike and numerous; in interior of Texas.
CANARSEE, on Long Island, N. Y., in 1610, from the W. end to Jamaica.
CANCES, (Kansas,) 1805, from Bay of St. Bernard, over Grand r., toward Vera Cruz.
CANIBAS, (Abenaki,) numerous in 1607, and after; on both sides Kennebeck River.
CARANKOJA, on peninsula of Bay of St. Bernard, Louisiana; 1,500 in 1805.
CAREE, on the coast between the Nuaces and Rió del Norte; 2,600 in 1817.
CARRIERS, (Nateotetains,) a name given the natives of N. Caledonia by traders.
CASTAHANA, between sources Padouca fork and Yellowstone; 5,000 in 1805.
CATAKA, between N. and S. forks of Chien River ; about 3,000 in 1804.
CATAWBA, till late, on their river in S. Carolina; 1,500 in 1743, and 450 in 1764.
CATALACUMUPS, on main shore Columbia River, S. W. Wappatoo i. ; 450 in 1820.
CATHLAKAHIKIT, at the rapids of the Columbia, 160 m. up; 900 in 1820.
CATHLAKAMAPS, 80 m. up Columbia River; about 700 in 1820.
CATHLAMAT, on the Pacific, 30 m. S. mouth of Columbia River ; 600 in 1820.
CATHLANAMENAMEN, on an island in mouth of Wallaumut River ; 400 in 1820.
CATHLANAQUIAH, (Wappatoo,) S. W. side Wappatoo Island ; 400 in 1820.
CATHLAPOOTLE, on Columbia River, opposite the Cathlakamaps ; 1,100 in 1820.
CATHLAPOOYA, 500 in 1820, on the Wallaumut River, 60 m. from its mouth.
CaTuLASKO, 900 in 1820, on Columbia River, opposite the Chippanchikchiks.
CATIILATHLA, 900 in 1820, on Columbia River, opposite the Cathlakahikits.
CATHLATH, 500 in 1820, on the Wallaumut River, 60 m. from its mouth.
CATTANAHAW, between the Saskashawan and Missouri Rivers, in 1805.
CAUGHNEWAGA, places where Christians lived were so called.
CHActoo, on Red River ; in 1805, but 100; indigenous; always lived there.
CHAQUANONS, the French so called the Shawanese ; (Chowans ?)
CHEEGEE, (Cherokees,) 50 to 80 m. S. of them ; called also Mid. Settlement, 1780.
Chenaws, small tribe on Flint River, destroyed by Georgia militia in 1817.
CHEPEYAN, claim from lat. 60° to 65°, lon. 1000 to 1100 W.; 7,500 in 1812.
CHEROKEE, in Georgia, S. Carolina, &c., till 1836; then forced beyond the Mississ.

CHESKITALOWA, (Seminoles,) 580 in 1820, W. side Chattahoochee.
CHIEN, (Dog,) near the sources Chien River; 300 in 1805; 200 in 1820.
CHIHBELEESH, 40 m. N. of Columbia River; 1,400 in 1820.
ChickAsaw, between heads of Mobile River in 1780; once 10,000; now in Arkansas
CHIPPANCHIKCHIKS, 60 in 1820, N. side Columbia River, 220 m. from its mouth.
CHIKAHOMINI, on Matapony River, Va., in 1661; but 3 or 4 in 1790; now extinct.
CHIKAMAUGAS, on Tennessee River, 90 m. below the Cherokees, in 1790.
CHILLATES, 150 in 1820, on the Pacific, N. Columbia River, beyond the Quieetsos.
CHILLUKITTEQUAU, on the Columbia, next below the Narrows; 1,400 in 1820.
CHILTZ, N. of Columbia River, on the Pacific, next N. of the Killaxthocles.
CHIMNAHPUM, on Lewis River, N. W. side of the Columbia ; 1,800 in 1820.
CHIxnook, on N. side Columbia River ; in 1820, about 400 in 28 lodges.
CHIPPEWAS, about Lake Superior, and other vast regions of the N., very numerous,
CHITIMICHA, on W. bank Miss. River in 1722; once powerful, then slaves.
CHOKTAW, S. of the Creeks; 15,000 in 1812 ; in 1848 in Arkansas.
CHOPUNNISH, on kooskooskee River; 4,300 in 1806, in 73 lodges.
CHOWANOK, (Shawanese?) in N. Carolina, on Bennet's Creek, in 1708; 3,000 in 1630.
CHowans, E. of the Tuscaroras in N. Carolina ; 60 join the Tuscaroras in 1720.
CHRISTEXAUX, only another spelling of KNISTENAUX, which see.
CLAICLELLAH, 700 in 1820, on the Columbia River, below the rapids.
CLAKSTAR, W. R., on a river flowing into the Columbia at Wappatoo Island.
CLAMOCTOMICH, on the Pacific, next N. of the Chiltz ; 260 in 1820.
CLANIMATAS, on the S. W. side of Wappatoo Island ; 200 in 1820, W. R.
CLANSARMINIMUNS, S. W. side of Wappatoo Island í 280 in 1820, W. R.
CLATSOPS, about 2 m. N. of the mouth of Columbia River; 1,300 in 1820.
CLARKAMES, on a river of their name flowing into the Wallaumut; 1,800 in 1820.
Creis, on a river flowing into Sabine Lake, 1690; the Coexis of Hennepin, probably.
COHAKIES, nearly destroyed in Pontiak's time; in 1800, a few near Lake Winnebago.
COLAPISSAS, on É. bank Mississippi in 1720, opposite head of Lake Pontchartrain.
COXChattas came to Appalousas in 1794, from E. the Mississ. ; in 1801, on Sabine.
CONGAREES, a small tribe on Congaree River, S. Carolina, in 1701 ; long since gone.
Coxoys, perhaps Kanhawas, being once on that river ; (Canais, and variations.)
COOKK00-00se, 1,500 in 1806, coast of Pacific, S. of Columbia r., and S. of Killawats.
COOPSPELLAR, on a river falling into the Columbia, N. of Clark's; 1,600 in 1806.
COOSADAS, (Creeks,) once resided near the River Tallapoosie.
COPPER, so called from their copper ornaments, on Coppermine River, in the north.
COREES, (Tuscaroras,) on Neus River, N. Carolina, in 1700, and subsequently.
CORONKAWA, on St. Jacintho River, between Trinity and Brazos ; 350 in 1820.
CowlitsICK, on Columbia River, 62 m. from its mouth, in 3 villages; 2,400 in 1820.
CREEKS, (Muscogees,) Savannah r. to St. Augustine, thence to Flint r., 1730.
CREES, (Lynx, or Cat,) another name of the Knistenaux, or a part of them.
Crows, (Absorokas,) 6. branches of the Yellowstone River ; 45,000 in 1834.
CUTSAUNIM, on both sides Columbia River, above the Sokulks; 1,200 in 1820.
DAHCOTA, or Docota, the name by which the Sioux know themselves.
DELAWARE, (Lenna-lenape,) those once on Delaware River and Bay; 500 in 1750.
DINONDADIES, (Hurons,) same called by the French Tionontaties.
Doegs, small tribe on the Maryland side Potomac River, in 1675.
DOGRIBS, (Blackfeet,) but speak a different language.
Dogs, the Chiens of the French. See Chiex.
DOTAME, 120 in 1805; about the heads of Chien River, in the open country.
EAYUSES. See Emusas.
ECHEMINS, (Canoe-men,) on R. St. Johns; include Passamaquoddies and St. Johns.
EDISTOES, in S. Carolina in 1670 ; a place still bears their name there.
Extsas, (Seminoles,) W. side Chattahoochee, 2 m. above the Wekisas ; 20 in 1820.
EXESHURES, at the great Narrows of the Columbia; 1,200 in 1820, in 41 lodges.
Eries, along E. side of Lake Erie, destroyed by the Iroquois about 1654.
Esaws, on River Pedee, S. Carolina, in 1701; then powerful; Catawbas, probably.
Es KELOOTS, about 1,000 in 1820, in 21 lodges, or clans, on the Columbia.
EsQUIMAUX, all along the northern coasts of the frozen ocean, N. of 600 N. lat.
ETOHUSSEWAKKES, (Šemin.,) on Chattahoochee, 3 m. above Ft. Gaines ; 100 in 1820.
FACULLIES, 100 in 1820; on Stuart Lake, W. Rocky Mount. ; lat. 549, lon. 1250 W.
FALL, so called from their residence at the falls of the Kooskooskee. See ALANSARS.
Five NATIONS, Mohawks, Senecas, Cayugas, Onondagas, and Oneidas; which see.
FLAT-HEADS, (Tutseewas,) on a large river W. R.; on S. fork Columbia r.
FOLLES Avoines, the French so called the Menominies.
FOND DE Lac, roam from Snake River to the Sandy Lakes.
FOWL-TOWNS, (Seminoles,) 12 m. E. Fort Scott; about 300 in 1820.
Foxes, (Ottagamies,) called Renards by the French ; dispossessed by B. Hawk's war
GANAWESE, on the heads of Potomac River; same as Kanhaways, probably.
GAYHEAD, Martha's Vineyard ; 200 in 1800; in 1820, 340.
GRAND River, on Grand r., N. side L. Ontario ; Mohawks, Senecas, and oth.; 2,000.

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