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CENTENARIANs.

Amnesley, hon, mrs. 502. Ball, nr. W. 502. Hill, mr. J. 502. Jones, mr. J. 502. Mackintosh, mr. C. 502. Cumming, mr. J. 502. Smith, mr. E. 502. A Woman, aged 105. DEATHs, BIRths, and MARRIAges, in England and Wales, during the year; and during 10 years; and in Scotland during the year, 357. Exhibition of the Royal Academy, 65. FINAsce Accounts for the year 1861 :— Classi. Public Income, 338; ii. Publie Expenditure, 338; iii. Consolidated Fund, 350; iv. Public Funded Debt, 342; v. Unfunded Debt, 344; vi. Disposition of Grants, 345; vii. Trade and Navigation, 352. Prices of Stock in each Month of 1861, 355; Bank rate of Discount, 355. FIREs :—Fire at Blenheim Palace–Titian’s “Loves of the Gods” destroyed, 17; Savernake House and Capesthorne House burnt, 19; destruction of Cooke's Circus at Portsmouth, 8 horses burnt, 34; at Woolwich, 12 horses burnt, 203; 15 horses burnt at a fire in Westminster, 34 ; disastrous fire at Dublin, 11 persons burnt to death, 57; fires in the provinces, at Manchester, Oldham, Newalley, Preston, Bristol, and other places, 59 ; conflagration of Glaris, Switzerland, 71 ; destruction of the Surrey Music Hall, 77; tremendous conflagration in Southwark, near 2,000,000l. of property destroyed, 82; great wharf fire in Tooley Street, 136; fire in a coal-pit at Summerlee, 12 lives lost, 144; wharf fire at Rotherhithe, 150 ; fatal fires, in Southwark, in Shoreditch, near Liverpool, 167; at a sugar-refinery near the London Docks, 168; fires in Fetter Lane and Hoxton, 170; great fire in Paternoster Row, 171; fire at Edinburgh, 201 ; fires in Ireland, 224; fire at the Chester Railway Hotel, 228 ; great fire at Holland and Sons, Pimlico, 230; fires from the explosion of “paraffin,” 234; great fire at Antwerp, 235; destruction of the Château de la Marche, 253; partial destruction of Wynyard Hall, 250 FRANCE –Opening of the French Chambers: Speech of the Emperor, 1166]; Address of the Senate, the paragraph

France—continued.
on Italy, [169]; remarkable speech of
Prince Napoleon on the policy of the
Empire, 1170] ; unsatisfactory state of
the French finances; M. #. ap-
pointed Minister of Finance; his wide
and uncompromising report, [170]; ad-
vises the Emperor to abolish the system
of “transfers,” and to relinquish the
prerogative of proposing “supplemen-
tary credits,” appropriation of “the
resources of special establishment,”
[179]; advises the Emperor to restore
to the Senate its control over the
finances, [180]; letter of the Emperor
for accepting M. Fould's views, and
announcing his relinquishment of the
supplementary and extraordinary cre-
dit, [181]; M. Fould's statement to
the Senate of the public debt of
France and of French finances, [181]
France: Remains of Napoleon removed
from the chapel to the tomb under the
dome of the Invalides, 45.
GREAT BRITAIN —Generally prosperous
and contented state of the country at
the commencement of the year; food
supply; Parliamentary reform, the
affairs of Italy; the civil war in Ame-
rica, [2]. See PARLIAMENT.
HAy, Straw, and Cloven, Prices of,
during the Year, 356.
Honours:–The Peerage, 504; Orders of
Knighthood, 504; Knights Bachelors,
506; Privy Councillor, Knights Bache-
lors, 506; the Wictoria Cross, 506,
India. See PARLIAMEst.
India:—Great famine in the North-
Western Provinces; large subscrip-
tions in England for the relief of the
sufferers, 45; execution of Natives
convicted of murders during the mu-
tiny, 100; Indian loan of 3,000,000l.,
20; of 4,000,000l., 127.
Institution of the Most Exalted
Order of the Star of India, 286 ; in-
vestiture of the first Knights by the
Queen, 219.
IRELAND :-Triple murder in Sligo, mur-
der of Mr. and Mrs. Callaghan and
servant, 8; extraordinary omnibus ac-
cident at Dublin, six passengers
drowned, 49; state of Ireland, murder
of two brothers, James and Robert
Shaw, and other murders, 101;
The Queen's visit to Ireland, 153.
Italy:--Naples:--Continued resistance
of the King at Gaeta; consequences of
the presence of the French fleet, [185];
the French fleet is withdrawn, the for.
tress blockaded, and capitulation, Feb.

Italy—continued.
13, [186); the British Government
refuses to recognize the Ambassador of
the Ex-King of Naples, [186]; meeting
of the first Parliament of Italy; speech
of King Victor Emmanuel, [186]; he
is declared “King of Italy,” and is
recognized by the British Government,
protest of Cardinal Antonelli on behalf
of the Pope, [188]; death of Count
Cavour, [188]; Baron Ricasoli, the
new Prime Minister, states the policy
of the King's Government to the
Chambers, [189]; questions of Venice
and Rome, [1901; unsettled state of
the Neapolitan territory, [191].

Great Eruption of Wesuvius ; de-

struction of the town of Torre del
Greco, 240.

Law AND Police;—Burglary and frightful
violence at Islington ; trial and convic-
tion of Strugnell, 57; extraordinary
assault and attempt to inurder; case
of the Baron de Vidal, 94; frightful
encounter in Northumberland Street,
Strand, 119 ; capital conviction of
Henry Sterry for arson, 131 ; atrocious
attempt to murder ; trial and execution
of Michael Doyle, 149; matricide and
suicide at Fen Ditton, 151; painful
case of forgery, conviction of the Rev.
James Roe, 158; “the Rugby ro-
mance," case of Richard Guinness Hill,
175 ; infamous outrage on a lady at
Dublin, 186; singular case of swind-
ling—trial of Wincent Collucci for a
fraud on Miss Johnstone, 207 ; serious
case of arson and fraud, trial of the
Clifts, 211; burglary and atrocious
violence at Fulham-place, Paddington,
212 ; fatal poaching affray, 235;
forgery on the Bank of England by H.
W. Young, a solicitor, 254.

See TRIALs AND LAw CAses.

MARRIAges, 1861, 379.

MARRIAges, BIRTHs, and DEATHs in the
year, 357; in ten years, 1852–1861,
357.

METEoRoLogical TABLE, 357.

Mexico:—Continued misgovernment of
this country, disregard of the private
rights of British subjects and of public
obligations ; withdrawal of the British
legation, [214); seizure of treasure at
the British Consulate, robbery of a
convoy; Sir C. Wyke sent on a special
mission, [214]; despatch of Sir C.
Wyke, giving a lively picture of the
disorganized state of the country,
[215]; the French and Spanish Go-
vernment have the same causes of

Mexico—continued.

complaint; convention of the three
Powers for a joint expedition to Mexico,
[216]; the Spanish expeditionary force
sails from the Havanna, prematurely
arrives at Wera Cruz and seizes the
town, [218]; rumour of a design in
favour of an Austrian Archduke;
opinion of the British Government on
the internal affairs of Mexico, [219].
MINISTRY, The 3–As it stood at the meet-
ing of Parliament, 364.
MIscELLANEous:—The weather, at the
commencement of the year; intense
cold, great sufferings of the poor, 1 ;
the hot weather in June, 106; the
spring quarter, 109; the summer
quarter, 194; the autumn quarter,
268; storms, in January, 2; in Feb.,
21, 31 ; destructive gale on the 21st,
25; great gale and loss of life in Nov.,
220, 233; wreck returns for 1860,
267; bank-rate of discount, in Jan.,
7; in February, 23; a man killed by
a lion at Astley's, 9; fatal occurrence
in a City sewer, 20; extensive frauds
on the Commercial Bank, 23; destruc-
tion of north wing of Crystal Palace in
storm of Feb. 21, 27; fall of spire of
Chichester Cathedral during samestorm,
28 ; English officer killed by a bear at
Berne, 34; serious irruption of the
Bridgewater canal, 35; fearful earth-
quake in South America, destruction
of Mendoza and .15,000 people, 38;
earthquake in Italy, 40; Oxford and
Cambridge boat-race, 42; transfer of
the corpse of Napoleon to the tomb in
the Invalides, 45; great famine in
India, the Relief Fund, 45; Volun-
teer Reviews, field-days on Brighton
Downs and at Wimbledon, 47; the
Census, 50 ; the French Census, 55;
Census of the United States, 55 ; sale
of Mr. Uzielli's collections of gems, &c.,
58; inundations in Canada, 59; sale
of the Scarisbrick collection of pictures
and articles of vertil, 60 ; Epsom
races, 64; Ascot, 77; Goodwood, 136;
Doncaster, 174 ; missionary disaster in
Central Africa, 67; a romance stranger
than fiction, strange discovery of a
female corpse on the Rheineck, 70;
sale of pictures by the Old Masters,
71 ; Blondin in England, his extraor-
dinary performances, 72; the building
strike, 75; fraud by an insurance
agent, 79 ; curious burial fraud, 79;
sale of the East India House, 80 ;
triple publication of The Times news-
paper, 81; sums amounting to 300,000l.

Miscellaneous—continued.

awarded as compensations in railway
accidents, 81 ; disaster to the Great
Eastern in a passenger voyage, 92;
extraordinary assault or attempt to
murder—case of the Baron de Widil,
94; appearance of a fine comet, 99;
the Indian murderers, 100 ; descent of
the steamer Maid of the Mist down the
Niagara Rapids, 103; sale of pictures
by English Masters, 104; modern
French pictures, 104; sales of works
of art and vertil, 105; opening of the
Royal Horticultural Society's Gardens
at Kensington, 107; opening of the
new library of Harrow School, 113 ;
the National Rifle Association prize
meeting at Wimbledon, 114; the
Wolunteer Review at Wimbledon, 117;
frightful encounter in Northumberland
street, Strand, 119 ; Indian Loan of
3,000,000l., 20; Indian Loan of
4,000,000l., 127; attempted assassi-
nation of the King of Prussia, 127;
mysterious tragedy at Clapham, 128;
two children convicted of wilful murder,
145; the Queen's Wisit to Ireland,
153 ; autumnal residence of the Court
in Scotland, 170; extensive embezzle-
ments by a mercantile clerk, 164;
Birmingham Musical Festival, 167;
Hereford Musical Festival, 172; ro-
mance in real life—case of Richard
Guinness Hill, 175; frightful accident
at the Philadelphia. Theatre, six ballet-
girls burnt to death, 184; infamous
outrage on a lady at Dublin, 186;
four persons suffocated by a lime-kiln,
200; suicide in a lighthouse, 200 ;
suicide of Wiscount Forth, 201 ; H.M.S.
Warrior, successful trial of speed,
203 ; massacre of English colonists in
Queensland, 204; purchase of Shak-
speare's Gardens for the nation, 205;
explosion of a powder-mill at Ballin-
colig, 212; opening of the new library
of the Middle Temple by the Prince of
Wales, His Royal Highness made a
bencher, 214; volunteer reviews and
field-days in the autumn, 217 ; in-
vestiture of the Order of the Star of
India, 219; failure of the Bank of
Deposit, 222; the gorilla, specimens
brought to England by M. du Chaillu,
224; fall of houses in the High-street
of Edinburgh, 226; eruption of
Wesuvius, destruction of Torre del
Greco, 240; Death of H.R.H. the
Prince Consort, 247, his funeral, 261 ;
pedestrianism extraordinary ; per-
formances of the Seneca Indian, Deer-
Miscellaneous—continued.
foot, 265; return of railway accidents
during the year 1861, 270.

MURDERs :—triple murder in Sligo, 8:
execution of P. Lunnay, for murder of
James Cassidy at Dumbarton, 11 ;
military murders, their prevalence;
trial and execution of Hackett for
murdering his sergeant at Plymouth,
35; trial and execution of Masterton
for murder of his sergeant at Wool-
wich, 159; murder of Colonel Crofton
and Captain Hanham at the Fulwood
barracks, trial and execution of
McCaffery, 183; trial and execution for
the murder of Sergeant Dixon at Alder-
shot, 246; murder of Corporal Don-
nellan by Private Chadwick at Corfu,
265; the Dundry murder, trial and
execution of the Wedmores for mur-
der of Sarah Waterman, 40; the Tal-
garth murder, trial and execution of W.
Williams for murder of Ann Williams,
42; mysterious murder and suicide at
Carlisle, 56; double infanticide and
suicide near Gateshead, 61 ; the Holy-
well murder, trial of — Edwards for
murder of her husband, 63; murders
in Ireland; of James and Robert
Shaw and others, 101; the Epworth
tragedy, triple infanticide, 118 ; the
Wisbeach murder, trial and execution
of Augustus Hilton for murder of his
wife, plea of “guilty,” 129; the
Ilkeston parricide, trial and execution
of George Smith for the murder of his
father, 133; the Kingston murder,
trial of Martha Bradish for murder of
her sister, 137; the Kingswood mur-
der, trial of Johann Carl Franz for
murder of Martha Halliday, 138;
trial of two children for wilful murder,
145; trial of Michael Doyle for at-
tempted murder, conviction and exe-
cution, 149; matricide and suicide
at Fen Ditton, 151 ; trial and exe-
cution of William Cogan for murder of
his wife in Holborn, 185; the West-
minster murder, trial of William Ma-
lony for murder of his wife—extra-
ordinary evidence, 190; murders and
cruelties at sea; trial of William Wil-
son, master of the Erpress, 195; the
Newcastle murder, trial of Clark for
murder of a tax-collector, 199; tragedy
at Dublin, trial of Molloy for murder
of his wife and two children, 225;
murder in Drury-court, trial of Richard
Reeve for murder of his sister, 228 ;
the Deptford murder, trial of George
Kitchen for murder of his sweetheart,

Murders—continued.
curious question of law, 230; murder
and suicide at Sheffield, 237; singular
trial for murder at Chester, 238; trial
and execution of J. Waller for the
murder of W. Smith, a gamekeeper at
Bingley, 254; trial of Brandrick,
Jones, and Maddox, for the murder of
John Bagott, at Bilston; execution of
Brandrick, 257; execution of Byard
Greenland for the murder of his uncle
at Frome, 260.
See also TRIALs AND LAw CASEs and
LAw AND Police.
PARLIAMENT, THE :-0pened by the Queen
in Person, Her Majesty's Speech, [3];
in the Lords, address moved by the
Earl of Sefton, seconded by Lord
Lismore; speech of the Earl of Derby,
[4] ; of Earl Granville, [8]; ad-
dress agreed to. In the Commons,
address moved by Sir T. E. Colebrook,
seconded by Mr. Paget, [9]; Mr.
White moves to add a paragraph in
reference to Parliamentary Reform, [9];
speech of Mr. Disraeli, [10]; Lord
John Russell, [11]; Mr. Bright, [13];
amendment negatived, address agreed
to ; on report, Mr. S. Fitzgerald refers
to the foreign policy of Ministers, Lord.J.
Russell's vindication, [13]; Committees
appointed by both Houses in reference
to despatch of public business; altera-
tions adopted, [14] ; votes of thanks to
Army and Navy in China, [15].
Death of the Duchess of Kent;
to- of condolence to Her Majesty,
201.
[ Members returned and sworn at the
Table during the Session, 503.
Parliamentary Reforms;–General
indifference in the country to the sub-
ject; the Government resolves to
postpone the question, [24]; attempts
of private members to introduce partial
reforms ; Mr. Locke King's bill to
reduce the county franchise to £10;
debate on motion for leave, [25];
debate on second reading, [26]; Mr.
A. Smith moves the previous question;
speeches of Mr. Du Cane, Lord Henly,
Mr. Adderley, Sir G. Lewis, Mr. B.
Osborne, Lord J. Russell, Mr. Disraeli;
on division, second reading negatived
by majority of 19. Bill of Mr. Baines
for reducing the borough franchise to
£6, [28]; Mr. Cave moves the previous
question; speeches of Mr. Leatham,
Sir J. Ramsden; previous question
negatived, and bill dropped. Mr. H.
Berkeley's annual motion on the Ballot
Parliament—continued.
negatived, [80]. Government intro-
duce bill to assign the four vacant seats
to the West Riding of Yorkshire,
South Lancashire, Chelsea and Kensing-
ton, and Birkenhead, [30]; Lord
Jermyn's motion to defer Committee
for six months, negatived, [31]; in
Committee, Colonel Dunne proposes to
assign one member § Cork county;
Mr. Bazley one to Salford ; motions
negatived; Mr. Knightley moves to
omit the words which would constitute
Chelsea and Kensington a borough ;
amendment carried on division ; Mr.
T. Duncombe moves to substitute
Barnsley; Mr. Knightley's motion to
give another member to Middlesex,
negatived, [33]; a member to Birken-
head agreed to ; Mr. T. Duncombe
opposes the bill in toto, so Mr.
Stirling brings forward the claims of
the Scotch Universities; Sir J. Graham
names the London University. Oue
member is assigned to East Lancashire,
and the West Riding is divided, each
to return two members, [34] ; bill
passes the Lords after discussion.
Novel proposition to facilitate elections
for the Universities by permitting
voting papers ; long and interesting
discussion, [35]; the bill passes both
Commons and Lords after debate, [36].
Church Rates ;- Bill of Sir J.
Trelawny for total abolition of church
rates, his speech, [37]; opposed by
Sir W. Heathcote ; speeches of the
Chancellor of the Exchequer, [38],
Mr. Bright, Mr. Disraeli, Lord
Russell, [39]; second reading carried
by majority of 15; suggestions of Mr.
*... and Mr. Cross; struggle on
the third reading ; Mr. S. Est-
court opposes the third reading; on
division the numbers (274) are
equal ; the Speaker gives his casting
vote with the “Noes.”
Finance;—Annual financial state-
ment of the Chancellor of the Ex-
chequer; he proposes to remit lal. of
the income-tax and the paper duty,
[45]; protracted debates on motion for
going into Committee; the Conserva-
tives strongly object to the repeal of
the paper duty; speeches of Mr.
Baring, so Mr. Baxter, Mr. Dodson,
Mr. Bailie, Mr. W. Ewart, [49]; Mr.
Norris, Mr. Bentinck, [50]; Mr. S.
Fitzgerald, Mr. M. Gibson, [51]; Mr.
Moffatt, Mr. Whiteside, Mr. Osborne,
‘52], Mr. Horsfall, Mr. Horsman, [53];

Parliament—continued.

Mr. Bright, the Chancellor of the
Exchequer, [54]; Mr. Disraeli, (55);
House in Committee ; the reduced In-
come-tax agreed to ; Mr. Hubbard's
resolution to equalize income with ex-
penditure; the Chancellor of the
Exchequer's reply, #: debate on
the tea and sugar duties, o the
other propositions are included in one
Ways and Means Bill; discussion on
the paper duty, [60]; on second
reading, a discussion is raised on this
mode of proceeding, particularly in re-
ference to the paper duty; powerful
speech of Sir James Graham, [60];
after long and important debate, second
reading carried ; opposition revived
on motion for committee, [66]; Mr.
Newdegate's motion condemning pro-
ceeding by a single bill, [66); debate
on clause repealing the paper duty,
which, after an animated discussion,
is carried by a majority of 15, [U9];
in the Lords the bill raises a debate
on the financial measures of the Go-
vernment; speech of Earl Granville,
70]; amendment moved by Duke of
utland; the Earl of Derby, con-
demning severely the course of the
Government, states his intention not
to oppose the bill, [71]; speeches of
Duke of Argyll, Earl Grey, Lord
Monteagle; the bill passed, [72].
Motion of Mr. Hubbard for an equi-
table arrangement of the Income and
Property-tax, [73]; Select Committee
appointed and reports unfavourably;
motion of Mr. Williams to assimilate
the probate duties on real and personal
estates; opposed by the Chancellor of
the Exchequer, and negatived, [74];
motion of Mr. Dodson respecting the
hop duties; opposed by the Chancellor
of the Exchequer, and negatived, [75];
motions of Mr. H. B. Sheridan re-
pecting fire insurances, negatived, [76];
Mr. A. Mills for a Select Committee
on Colonial Expenditure, agreed to,

[s]

rmy and Navy;-Improvements
in military administration and the
construction of ships of war; interest
in the subject in Parliament and in
public, [79]; Lord C. Paget proposes
the Navy Estimates; statement of the
naval strength of other Powers, §. ;
iron-cased ships, the French Gloire
and the English Warrior [81]; re-
marks of Sir J. Pakington and Mr.
Baxter. Further explanation with re-

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