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dismounted, and floundering in the bog, used these words of insult: "Sutor Watt, ye cannot sew your boots; the heels risp, and the seams rite." *—" If I cannot sew,"—retorted Tinlinn, discharging a shaft, which nailed the captain's thigh to his saddle,-*-" If I cannot sew, I can yerk."f
Note V. Bilhope Slag.—P. 104. There is an old rhyme, which thus celebrates the places in Liddesdale, remarkable for game:
Bilhope braes for bucks and raes,
And Carit haugh for swine,
If he be ta'en in time.
The bucks and roes, as well as the old swine, are now extinct; but the good bull-trout is still famous.
Of silver broach and bracelet proud.—P. 104. As the Borderers were indifferent about the furniture of their habitations, so much exposed to be burnt and plundered, they were proportionally anxious to display splendour in deco
• Ritp, creak.—Rive, tear.
+ 1'erk, to twitch, as shoemakers do, in securing the stitches of their work.
rating and ornamenting their females.—See Lesly, de Moribus Limitaneorum.
Note VII. Belled Will Howard.— P. 105. Lord William Howard, third son of Thomas, duke of Norfolk, succeeded to Naworth Castle, and a large domain annexed to it, in right of his wife Elizabeth, sister of George Lord Dacre, who died without heirs male, in the 11th of Queen Elizabeth. By a poetical anachronism, he is introduced into the romance a few years earlier than he actually flourished. He was warden of the Western Marches; and, from the rigour with which he repressed the Border excesses, the name of Belted Will Howard is still famous in our traditions. In the castle of Naworth, his apartments, containing a bed-room; oratory, and library, are still shewn. They impress us with an unpleasing idea of the life of a lord warden of the marches. Three or four strong doors, separating these rooms from the rest of the castle, indicate apprehensions of treachery from his garrison; and the secret winding passages, through which he could privately descend into the guard-room, or even into the dungeons, imply the necessity of no small degree of secret superintendence on the part of the governor. As the ancient books and furniture have remained undisturbed, the venerable appearance of these apartments, and the armour scattered around the chamber, almost lead us to expect the arrival of the warden in person. Naworth Castle is situated near Brampton, in Cumberland. Lord William Howard is ancestor of the Earls of Carlisle.
Note VIII. Lord Dacre.^-P. 105. The well-known name of Dacre is derived from the exploits of one of their ancestors at the siege of Acre, or Ftolemais, under Richard Coeur de Lion. There were two powerful branches of that name. The first family, called Lord Dacres of the South, held the castle of the same name, and are ancestors to the present Lord Dacre. The other family, descended from the same stock, were called Lord Dacres of the North, and were barons of Gilsland and Graystock. A chieftain of the latter branch was warden of the West Marches during the reign of Edward VI. He was a man of a hot and obstinate character, as appears from some particulars of Lord Surrey's letter to Henry VIII., giving an account of his behaviour at the siege and storm of Jedburgh. It is printed in the Minstrelsy qf the Scottish Border, Appendix to the Introduction.
Note IX. The German hackbut-men.—P. 105. In the wars with Scotland, Henry VIII. and his successors, employed numerous bands of mercenary troops. At the battle of Pinky, there were in the English army six hundred hackbutters on foot, and two hundred on horseback, composed chiefly of foreigners. On the 27th September, 1549, the Duke of Somerset, Lord Protector, writes to the Lord Dacre, warden of the West Marches: " The Almains, in number two thousand, very valiant soldiers, shall be sent to you shortly from Newcastle, together with Sir Thomas Holcroft, and with the force of your wardenry, (which we would were advanced to the most strength of horsemen that might be,) shall make the attempt to Loughmaben, being of no such strength but that it may be skailed with ladders, whereof, beforehand, we would you caused secretly some number to be provided; or else undermined with the pyke-axe, and so taken: either to be kept for the king's majesty, or otherwise to be defaced, and taken from the profits of the enemy. And in like manner the house of Carlaverock to be used." Repeated mention occurs of the Almains, in the subsequent correspondence; and the enterprise seems finally to have been abandoned, from the difficulty of providing these strangers with the necessary " victuals and carriages in so poor a country as Dumfries-shire." History of Cumberland, vol. I. Introd. p. lxi. From the battle-pieces of the ancient Flemish painters, we learn, that the Low-Country and German soldiers marched to an assault with their right knees bared. And we may also observe, in such pictures, the extravagance to which they carried the fashion of ornamenting their dress with knots of ribband. This custom of the Germans is alluded to in the Mirrour for Magistrates, p 121.
His ready lances Thirlestane brave
Arrayed beneath a banner bright.—P. 107. Sir John Scott of Thirlstaine flourished in the reign of James V., and possessed the estates of Thirlestaine, Gamescleuch, &C lying upon the river of Ettricke, and extending to St Mary's Loch, at the head of Yarrow. It appears, that when James had assembled his nobility, and their feudal followers, at Fala, with the purpose of invading England, and was, as is well known, disappointed by the obstinate refusal of his peers, this baron alone declared himself ready to follow the king whenever he should lead. In memory of his fidelity, James granted to his family a charter of arms, entitling them to bear a border of fleurs-de-luce, similar to the tressure in the royal arms, with a bundle of spears for the crest; motto, Ready, aye ready. The charter itself is printed by Nisbet; but his work being scarce, I insert the following accurate transcript from the original, in the possession of the Right Honourable Lord Napier, the representative of John of Thirlestaine.
"We James, be the grace of God, king of Scottis, considerfmd the flaith and guid servis of of of * right traist friend John