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( protection, shall have any disputes with each other, the iiJ''bT'u*-'.'a^uToi- Consul shall decide between the parties, and whenever the Consul shall require any aid or assistance from the Government of Tripoli to enforce his decisions, it shall immediately be granted to him, and if any disputes shall arise between any citizen of the United States and the citizens or subjects of any other nation having a Consul or Agent, in Tripoli; such disputes shall be settled by the Consuls or Agents of the respective nations.
If a citizen of the United States should kill or wound a Tripoline, or, n- on *ne contraiy, if a Tripoline shall kill or wound a citizen ^Ur/To of the Uuited States, the law of the country shall take place, and equal justice shall be rendered, the Consul assisting at the trial; and if any delinquent shall make his escape, the Consul shall not be answerable for him iu any manner whatever.
Should any of the citizens of the Uuited States of America die within the limits of the Regency of Tripoli, the Bashaw and his sutS^im i'.rfhe subjects shall not interfere with the property of the deceased, °rTr,p""- but it shall be under the immediate direction of the Consul, unless otherwise disposed of by will. Should there be no Consul, the effects shall be deposited in the hands of some person worthy of trust, until the party shall appear who has a right to demand them, when they shall render an account of the property. Xeither shall the Bashaw or his subjects give hindrance in the execution of any will that may appear.
Whereas the undersigned, Tobias Lear, Consul General of the United States of America, for the Regency of Algiers, being duly appointed Commissioner, by letters-patent under the signature of the President and seal of the United States of America, bearing date at the city of Washington, the 18th day of November, one thousand eight hundred and three, for negociating aud concluding a treaty of peace between the United States of America, and the Bashaw, Bey, and subjects of the Regency of Tripoli in Barbary.
Now know ye, that I, Tobias Lear, Commissioner as aforesaid, do conclude the foregoing treaty, and every article and clause therein contained, reserving the same, nevertheless, for the final ratification of the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the said United States.
Done at Tripoli, in Barbary, the fourth day of June, in the year one thousand eight hundred aud five, corresponding with the sixth day of the first month of Rabbia, 1220.
Having appeared in our presence, Colonel Tobias Lear, Consul-General of the United States of America, in the Regency of Algiers, and Commissioner for negociating and concluding a treaty of peace and friendship between us and the United States of America, bringing with him the present treaty of peace, with the within articles, they were by us minutely examined, and we do hereby accept, confirm, and ratify them, ordering all our subjects to fulfil entirely their contents without any violation, and under no pretext.
In witness whereof we, with the heads of our Regency, subscribe it. Given at Tripoli, in Barbary, the sixth day of the first month of Rabbia, 1220, corresponding with the fourth dav of June, 1805.
JUSUF CARAMANLY, Bashaw. [l. S.
MAHAMET CARAMANLY, Bey. L. s.
MOHAMET, Kahia. L. s.
HAMET, Rais de Marine. L. s.
MAHAMET DEGUEIS, First Minuter. L. s.
SALAH, Aga of Divan. L. s.
SELIM, Hamadar. L. s.
MURAT, Dulartile. L. S.
MURAT RAIS, Admiral. L. s.
SOLIMAN, Kehia. L. S.
ABDALLA, Basa Aga. L. S.
MAHAMET, ScJieig al Belad. L. s.
ALLI BEN DIALE, First Secretary. [L. s.
TREATY OF PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE KINGDOM OF TUNIS. CONCLUDED AUGUST, 1797, MARCH 26, 1799.
God is infinite.
Under the auspices of the greatest, the most powerful of all the Princes of the. Ottoman nation who reign upon the earth, our most glorious and most august Emperor, who commands the two lauds and the two seas, Selim Kan, the victorious son of the Sultan Moustafa, whose realm may God prosper until the end of ages, the support of Kings, the Seal of Justice, the Emperor of Emperors.
The Most Illustrious and Most Magnificent Prince, Hamouda Pacha, Bey, who commands the Odgiak of Tunis, the abode of happiness, and the Most Honored Ibrahim Dey, and Soliman, Aga of the Janissaries, and Chief of the Divan, and all the Elders of the Odgiak; and the Most Distinguished and Honored President of the Congress of the United States of America, the most distinguished among those who profess the religion of the Messiah, of whom may the end be happy.
We have concluded between us the present treaty of peace and friend ship, all the articles of which have been framed by the intervention of Joseph Stephen Fainin, French merchant residing at Tunis, Charge d'Affaires of the United States of America, which stipulations and conditions are comprised in twenty three articles, written and expressed in such manner as to leave no doubt of their contents, and in such way as not to be contravened.
There shall be a perpetual and constant peace between the Uuited States of America and the Magnificent Pacha, Hey of p<»ceu r,en .h.P. rpuni8. au(j a]so a permanent friendship, which shall more
and more increase.
If a vessel of war of the two nations shall make prize of an enemy's R«tor.tion of.«b vef»sel, iu which may be found effects, property, and subtabudfoofe. jects of the two contracting parties, the whole shall be restored: the Bey shall restore the property and subjects of the United States, and the latter shall make a reciprocal restoration, it being understood on both sides that the just right to what is claimed shall be proved.
Merchandise belonging to any nation w hich may be at war with one E»eraie,',ood. on °^ the contracting parties, and loaded on board of the vesu,.^".."."""^ sels of the other, shall pass without molestation, and with
parti*, lo be frkt. . , . , . . ".
out any attempt being made to capture or detain it.
On both sides sufficient passports shall be given to vessels, that they may be known and treated as friendly; and, considering tbe distance between the two countries, a term of eighteen 1 months is given, within which term respect shall be paid to the said passports, without requiring the conge or document, (which, at Tunis, is called testa,) but after the said term the conge" shall be presented.
If the corsairs of Tunis shall meet at sea with ships of war of the United States, having under their escort merchant-vessels of their CoTM„w ,.r « nation, they shall not be searched or molested; and in such "^"woS'ir^ case the commanders shall be believed upon their word, to jS. .e«""T.^S exempt their ships from being visited, and to avoid quaran- «°"«tiiietine. The American ships of war shall act in like manner towards merchant-vessels escorted by the corsairs of Tunis.
If a Tunisian corsair shall meet with an American merchant-vessel, and shall visit it with her boat, she shall not exact any- x„tl,iM „ „. thing, under pain of being severely punished. And in like manner if a vessel of war of the United States shall meet with a Tunisian merchant vessel, she shall observe the same rule. In r„,M^.^L..i case a slave shall take refuge on board of an American ves- I,ri,o°e"' sel of war, the Consul shall be required to cause him to be restored; and if any of their prisouers shall escape on board of the Tunisian vessels they shall be restored. But if any slave shall take refuge in any American merchant vessel, and it shall be proved that the vessel has departed with the stud slave, then he shall be returned, or his ransom shall be paid.
An American citizen having purchased a prize vessel from our Odgiak, may sail with our passport, which we will deliver for the term of one year, by force of which our corsairs which may meet with her shall respect her; the Consul, on his part, shall furnish ber with a bill of sale, and, considering the distance of the two countries, this term shall suffice to obtain a passport in form. But, after the expiration of this term, if our corsairs shall meet with her without the passport of the United States, she shall be stopped and declared good prize, as well the vessel as the cargo and crew.
if a vessel of one of the contracting parties shall be obliged to enter iuto a port of the other, and may have need of provisions Ho.Pi«iiiT u> t» and other articles, they shall be granted to her without any difficulty, at, the price current at the place; and if such a vessel shall have suffered at sea, and shall have need of repairs, she shall be at liberty to unload and reload her cargo, without being obliged to pay any duty; and the captain shall only be obliged to pay the wages of those whom he shall have employed in loading and unloading the merchandise.
If, by accident and by the permission of God, a vessel of one of the w dm. contracting parties shall be cast by tempest upon the coasts TM" of the other, and shall be wrecked or otherwise damaged,
the commandant of the place shall render all possible assistance for its preservation, without allowing any person to make any opposition; and the proprietor of the effects shall pay the costs of salvage to those who may have been employed.
In case a vessel of one of the contracting parl ies shall be attacked by N.„t,miit, „b,an enemy under tlie cannon of the forts of the other party, •■■forced she shall be defended and protected as much as possible;
and when"she shall set sail, no enemy shall be permitted to pursue her from the same port, or any other neighboring port, for forty-eight hours after her departure.
When a vessel of n'ar of the United States of America shall enter the port of Tunis, and the Consul shall request that the castle may salute her, the number of guns shall be fired which he may request; and if the said Consul does not want a salute, there shall be no question about it.
But in case he shall desire the salute, and the number of guns shall be fired which he may have requested, they shall be counted and returned by the vessel in as many barrels of canuou powder.
The same shall be done with respect to the Tunisian corsairs when they shall enter any port of the United States.
When citizens of the United States shall come within the dependencies of Tunis, to cai-ry on commerce there, the same resi»ect M shall be paid to them which the merchants of other nations
enjoy; and if they wish to establish themselves within our ports, no opposition shall be made thereto; and they shall be free to avail themselves of such interpreters as they may judge necessary, without any obstruction, in conformity with the usages of other nations; and if a Tunisian subject shall go to establish himself within the dependencies of the United States, he shall be treated in like manner. If any Tunisian subject shall freight an American vessel and load her with merchandise, and shall afterwards want to unlade or fKiSuw ."atm?- ship them on board of another vessel, we will not permit him, until the matter is determined by a reference of mer chants, who shall decide upon the case; and after the decision the determination shall be conformed to.
No captain shall be detained in port against his consent, except when our ports are shut for the vessels of all other nations, which may take place with respect to merchant-vessels, but not to those of war.
The subjects of the two contracting powers shall be under the pro. f ^ tection of the Prince, and under the jurisdiction of the Chief mb£2?rf"tbi n* of the place where they may be, and no other person shall have authority over them. If the commandant of the place does not conduct himself agreeably to justice, a representation of it shall be made to us.