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All disputes and differences arising within the dominions of Her Majesty between citizens of the U. S. and subjects of Madap gascar shall be decided before the U S. Consul and an officer
duly authorized by Her Majesty's Government, who shall afford mutual assistance and every facility to each other in recovering debts.
No American vessel shall have communication with the shore before receiving pratique from the local authorities of Madagasv car, nor shall any subject of Her Majesty the Queen be
permitted to embark on board an American vessel without a passport from Her Majesty's Government. In cases of mutiny or desertion, the local authorities shall, on application, render all necessary assistance to the American ConBDe*,rt""" sul to bring back the deserters and to re establish discipline, if possible, among the crew of a merchant-vessel.
In case of a shipwreck of an Americau vessel on the coast of Madagascar, or if any such vessel should be attaked or plundered in the waters of Madagascar adjacent to any military station, Her Majesty engages to order the Governor to grant every assistance in his power to secure the property and to restore it to the owner or to the U. S. Consul, if this be not impossible.
The above articles of treaty, made in good faith, shall be submitted to both the Government of the U. S. of America and Her 1 Majesty the Queen of Madagascar for ratification, and
such ratifications be exchanged within six months from date of ratification, at Antananarivo.
Should it, at any future time, seem desirable, in the interest of either of the contracting parties, to alter or add to the present treaty, such alterations or additions shall be effected with the consent of both parties.
Duplicate originals of this treaty, with corresponding text in the English and Malagasy languages, which shall be both of equal authority, have been signed and sealed at Antananarivo this day.
SUPLEMENTARY ARTICLE TO § II.
P. S.—Should there be any business of the Queen requiring the servsuppiemmuw u- ices of such labourers, they shall be permitted to leave withticle- out giving previous notice. The sentence in Article II, stat
ing that previous notice must be given, refers only to labourers leaving on their own account.
J. P. FINKELMEIER, U. S. C. A. [SEAL.
Chief Secretary of State, 16 vtra.
a^JTANANAEivo, lith February, 1867.
DECLARATION OF ACCESSION OF THE GRAND DUCHY OF MECKLENBURGSCHWERIN TO THE TREATY WITH HANOVER OF 10th JUNE, 184G. SIGNED AND EXCHANGED DECEMBER 9, 1847; PROCLAIMED AUGUST 2, 1848.
[note.—Mecklenburg-Schwerin was incorporated a State in the North German Union by the constitution of the latter, July 1, 1667.]
Whereas a treaty of commerce and navigation between the United States of America and His Majesty the Kiug of Hanover was concluded at Hanover on the tenth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-six, by the Plenipotentiaries of the contracting parties, and was subsequently duly ratified on the part of both Governments;
And whereas, by the terms of the twelfth article of the same, the United States agree to extend all the advantages and privileges contained in the stipulations of the said treaty to one or more of the other States of the Germanic Confederation which may wish to accede to them by means of an official exchange of declarations, provided that such State or States shall confer similar favors upon the United States to those conferred by the Kingdom of Hanover, and observe and be subject to the same conditions, stipulations, and obligations;
And whereas the Government of His Royal Highness the Grand Duke, of Mecklenburg-Schwerin has signified its desire to accede to the said treaty, and to all the stipulations and provisions therein contained, as far as the same are or may be applicable to the two countries, and to become a party thereto, and has expressed its readiness to confer similar favours upon the United States as an equivalent in all respects to those conferred by the Kingdom of Hanover;
And whereas the Government of the Grand Duchy of MecklenburgSchwerin, in its anxiety to avoid the possibility of a misconception hereafter of the nature and extent of the favours differing essentially from those of Hanover, which it consents to bestow upon the United States, as well as for its own faithful observance of all the provisions of the said treaty, wishes the stipulations, conditions, and obligations imposed upon it, as also those which rest upon the United States, as explicitly stated, word for word, in the English and German languages, as contained in the following articles:
The high contracting parties agree that whatever kind of produce, manufacture, or merchandise of any foreign country can be, v from time to time, lawfully imported into the United States in their own vessels, may also be imported in the vessels of uo1"* the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and no higher or other duties upon the tonnage or cargo of the vessel shall be levied or collected, whether the importation be made in a vessel of the United ^. T.tes or in a vessel of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. 1 tierces
And, in like manner, -whatever kind of produce, manufacture, or merchandise of any foreigi country can be, from time to time, lawfully imported into the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Sckwerin in its own vessels, may also be imported in vessels of the United States; and no higher or other duties upon the tonnage or cargo of the vessel shall be levied or collected, whether the importation be made in vessels of the one party or the other.
"Whatever may be lawfully exported or re-exported by one party in its own vessels to any foreign country may in like manner be exported or re-exported in the vessels of the other; and the same duties, bounties, and drawbacks shall be collected and allowed, whether such exportation or re-exportation be made in vessels of the one party or the other. Nor shall higher or other charges of any kind be imposed in the ports of one party on vessels of the other than are or shall be payable in the same ports by national vessels.
The preceding article is not applicable to the coasting trade and navigation of the high contracting parties, which are respectCo""°*,n"' ively reserved by each exclusively to its own subjects or citizens.
No priority or preference shall be given by either of the contracting priority or prefer- parties, nor by any company, corporation, or agent acting on their behalf or under their authority, iu the purchase of any article of commerce lawfully imported on account of or iu reference to the national character of the vessel, whether it be of the one party or of tlie other in which such article was imported.
The ancient and barbarous right to wrecks of the sea shall remain entirely abolished with respect to the property belonging to the subjects or citizens of the high contracting parties. When any vessel of either party shall be wrecked, stranded, or otherwise damaged on the coasts or within the dominions of the other, their respective citizens or subjects shall receive, as well for themselves as for their vessels and effects, the same assistance which would be due to the inhabitants of the country where the accident happens. They shall be liable to pay the same charges and dues of salvage as the said inhabitants would be liable to pay iu a like case.
If the operations of repair shall require that the whole or any part of the cargo be unloaded, they shall pay no duties of custom, Rep°'r* ° "'"rK charges, or fees on the part which they shall reload and carry away, except such as are payable in the like case by national vessels.
It is nevertheless understood that if, whilst the vessel is under repair, the cargo shall be unladen, and kept in a place of deposit destined to receive goods, the duties on which have not been paid, the cargo shall be liable to the charges and fees lawfully due to the keepers of such war'-* ouse.
The privileges secured by the present treaty to the respective vessels of the high contracting parties shall only extend to such as are built within their respective territories, or lawfully cou- pfMkM^'ku denined as prizes of war, or adjudged to be forfeited for a tTM"r"te breach of the municipal laws of either of the high contracting parties, and belonging wholly to their subjects or citizens.
It is further stipulated that vessels of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin may select their crews from any of the States of the Germanic Confederation, provided that the master of each be a subject of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
No higher or other duties shall be imposed on the importation into the United States of any articles the growth, produce, or manufacture of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin or of its fisheries, and no higher or other duties shall be imposed on the importation into the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin of any articles the growth, produce, and manufacture of the United States and of their fisheries, than are or shall be payable on the like articles being the growth, produce, or manufacture of any other foreign country or of its fisheries.
No higher or other duties and charges shall be imposed in the United States on the exportation of any articles to the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, or in Mecklenburg-Schwerin on the exportation of any articles to the United States, than such as are or shall be payable on the exportation of the like articles to any other foreign country.
No prohibition shall be imposed on the importation or exportation of any articles the growth, produce, or manufacture of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin or of its fisheries, or of the United States or their fisheries, from or to the ports of said Grand Duchy, or of the said United States, which shall not equally extend to all other Powers and States.
The high contracting parties engage mutually not to grant any particular favour to other nations in respect of navigation and f-,vo„ to duties of customs, which shall not immediately becomecom- "TM mon to the other party, who shall enjoy the same freely, if the concession was freely made, or on allowing a compensation as near as possible, if the concession was conditional.
In order to augment by all the means at its bestowal the commercial relations between the United States and Germany, the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin agrees, subject to tatiTM.".?. the reservation in article eleventh, to abolish the import duty on raw cotton and paddy, or rice in the husk, the produce of the United States; to levy no higher import duty upon leaves, stems, or strips of tobacco, imported in hogsheads or casks, than one tmton iM, on thaler and two schillings for one hundred pounds, Hamburg '~»c».*cweight, (equal to seventy cents United States currency and weight;) to lay no higher import duty upon rice imported in tierces or half tierces than twenty-five schillings for one hundred pounds, Hamburg weight, (equal to thirty-seven and a half cents United States currency and weight;) to lay no higher duty upon whale-oil, imported in casks or barrels, than twelve and a half schillings per hundred pounds, Hamburg weight, (equal to eighteen and three-quarters cents United States currency and weight.)
The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin further agrees to levy no higher transit duty on the aforementioned articles in their movement on the Berlin-Hamburg railroad than two schillings per hundred pounds, Hamburg weight, (equal to three cents United States currency and weight.) and to levy no transit duty on the above-mentioned articles when conveyed through the ports of the country.
It is understood, however, that nothing herein contained shall prohibit the levying of a duty sufficient for control, which in no instance shall exceed on the two articles imported duty-free or those on transit one schilling per hundred pounds, Hamburg weight, (equal to one cent and a half United States currency and weight.)
The high contracting parties grant to each other the liberty of having. coMoi^Yke.c.n. each in the ports of the other, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, Comnii.tc mercial Agents, and Vice-Commercial Agents of their own
appointment, who shall enjoy the same privileges and powers as those of the most favoured nations; but if any of the said Consuls shall carry on trade, they shall be subjected to the same laws and usages to which private individuals of their nation are subjected in the same place. The Consuls, Vice-Consuls, Commercial and Vice-Commercial Agents shall have the right, as such, to sit as judges and arbitrators
Snid Consul.., &c, . , "7 7 , J
to har. tb> ri«ht to in such differences as may arise between the masters and tASd'snSb*?* crews of the vessel belonging to the nation whose interests are committed to their charge without the interference of
crewto ««■. ^e jocaj authorities, unless the conduct of the crews or of the captain should disturb the order or tranquillity of the country or the said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, Commercial Agents, or Vice-Commercial agents should require their assistance to cause their decisions to be carried into effect or supported.
It is, however, understood that this species of judgment or arbitration shall not deprive the contending parties of tire right they have to resort, on their return, to the judicial authority of their own country.
The said Consuls,Vice-Consuls, Commercial Agents, and Vice-Coin inercial Agents are authorized to require the assistance of the local authorities for the search, arrest, and emprisonment of the deserters from the ships of war and merchant-vessels of their country. For this purpose they shall apply to the competent tribunals, judges, and officers, and shall, in writing, demand said deserters, proving, by the exhibition of the registers of the vessels, the masterrolls of the crews, or by any other official documents, that such individuals formed part of the crews; and on this claim being thus substantiated, the surrender shall not be refused.
Such deserters, when arrested, shall be placed at the disposal of the said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, Commercial Agents, or Vice-Commercial Agents, and may be confined in the public prisons at the request and cost of those who shall claim them, in order to be sent, to the vessels to which they belong or to others of the same country. But if not sent back