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IV, The Antiquities of the Saxon Church. By the Reverend

John Lingard -

V. History of the Reformation in Scotland; with an Intro-

: ductory Book and an Appendix. By George Cooke,

D. D. Minister of Laurence Kirk - - - 107

VI. Voyages dans la Peninsule Occidentale de l'Inde, et dans

ľ Ile de Ceylan. "Par M. I. Haafner, traduits du

Hollandois, par M. I. . .

- 120

VII. Traité Elémentaire d’Astronomie Physique, par J. B.

Biot, Membre de l'Institut de France, &c. Avec

des Additions relatives à l'Astronomie Nautique, par

M. de Rossel, ancien Capitaine de Vaisseau, Rédac-

teur et Co-opérateur du Voyage de d'Entrecasteaux.

Seconde Edition, destinée à l’Enseignement dans les

Lycées impériaux et les Ecoles secondaires. ..... An

Elementary Treatise on Physical Astronomy, &c. - 136

VIII. Portugal. A Poem; in Two Parts.' By Lord George

Nugent Grenville - ... .

IX. Observations on the Criminal Law of England, as it re-

lates to Capital Punishments, and on the Mode in

which it is administered. By Sir Samuel Romilly - 159

X. Childe Harold. A Romaunt. By Lord Byron . 178

XI., The Judgment delivered Dec. 11, 1809, by the Right

Hon. Sir John Nicholl, Knt. LL. D. Official Principal

of the Arches of Canterbury; upon the Admission of

Articles exhibited in a Cause of Office promoted by

Kemp against Wickes, Clerk, for refusing to bury an

Infant Child of two of his Parishioners, who had been

baptized by a Dissenting Minister.

A Respectful Examination of the Judgment, &c. in a

Letter to Sir John Nicholl. By the Rev. Charles

Daubeney, LL. B. Archdeacon of Sarum.

Remarks upon a late Decision in the Court of Arches,

&c. By the Rev. George Hutton, D.D. Vicar of

Sutterton, &c. • •

; - - 201

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Art. I. Present State of the Spanish Colonies; including a parti- :

cular Report of Hispaniola, or the Spanish Part of

Santo Domingo; with a general Survey of the Settle-

ments on the South Continent of America, as relates

to the History, Trade, Population, Customs, Manners,

&c. with a concise Statement of the Sentiments of

the People on their relative Situation to the Mother

Country. By William Walton, Jun. Secretary to the

Expedition which captured the City of Santo Domingo

froin the French; and Resident British Agent there. 235

II. A Letter to Henry Brougham, Esq. M. P. on the Subject

of Reform in the Representation of the People in Par-

liament. By William Roscoe, Esq. Liverpool.

An Answer to a Letter from Mr. John Merritt on the

Subject of Parliamentary Reform. By William Roscoe. 265

III. Biographia Dramatica; or, a Companion to the Play-

• House, containing Historical and Critical Memoirs,

and original Anecdotes of British and Irish Dramatic

Writers, from the Commencement of our Theatrical

Exhibitions; among whom are some of the most cele-

brated Actors : also an Alphabetical Account, and -

Chronological Lists, of their Works, the Date when

printed, and Observations on their Merits: together

with an introductory View of the Rise and Progress of

the British Stage. Originally compiled, to the year

1764, by David Erskine Baker; continued thence to

1782 by Isaac Reed, F. S. A.; and brought down to

the end of November, 1811, with very considerable

Additions and Improvements throughout, by Stephen

-

-

-

- 282

IV. Sermons on various Subjects, Doctrinal and Practical,

preached before the University of Oxford. By John

Eveleigh, D. D. Provost of Oriel College and Preben-

dary of Rochester.

. 293

' V. Voyages

V. Voyages and Travels in the Years 1809, 1810, and 1811;

containing Statistical, Commercial, and Miscellaneous

Observations on Gibraltar, Sardinia, Sicily, Malta,

Serigo and Turkey. By John Galt.

297

VI. Eighteen Hundred and Eleven. A Poem. By Anna

Letitia Barbauld. - - - 309

VII. Memoirs of the Public Life of John Horne Tooke, Esq.

Containing a particular Account of his Connections

with the most eminent Characters of the Reign of

George III. His Trials for Sedition, High Treason,

&c. With his most celebrated Speeches in the House

of Commons, on the Hustings, Letters, &c. By W.

Hamilton Reid.

-

-

- 313

VIII. Tales of Fashionable Life. By Miss Edgeworth. . . 329

IX. Travels in the Interior of Brazil; particularly in the

Gold and Diamond Districts of that Country, inclu-

ding a Voyage to the Rio de la Plata. By John

Mawe. .

-

• 342

X. Histoire des Républiques Italiennes du Moyen Age.

Par J. C. L. Simonde Sismondi, Des Académies Ita-

lienne, de Wilna, de Cagliari, des Georgofili, de

Genève, &c. -

- 357

XI. Irish Melodies, with Words, by Thomas Moore, Esq. 374.

X11. The Works of the Right Rev. William Warburton, D, D.

Lord Bishop of Gloucester. A New Edition. To

which is prefixed, a Discourse by way of General

Preface; containing some Account of the Life, Wri-

tings, and Character of the Author. By Richard

Hurd, D. D. Lord Bishop of Worcester. • - 383

XIII. Descriptive Travels in the Southern and Eastern Parts

of Spain and the Balearic Isles, in the Year 1809. By

Sir John Carr, K. C.

.

- 408

XIV. Biographie Moderne: Lives of remarkable Characters

; who have distinguished themselves from the Com-

mencement of the French Revolution to the present

time. From the French. • •

- 412

XV. Poems, by William Robert Spencer. - - 438

XVI. Euripidis Supplices Mulieres, Iphigenia in Aulide, et in

Tauris, cum Notis Jer. Marklandi integris, et aliorum

selectis. Accedunt de Græcorum quinta Declinatione

imparisyllabica, et inde formata Latinorum tertia,

Quæstio Grammatica, Explicationes veterum aliquot

Auctorum, Epistolæ quædam ad D'Orvillium datæ,

cum Indicibus necessariis.

441

Quarterly List of New Publications .. • 465

Index -

-

- 479

THE QUARTERLY REVIEW.

MARCH, 1812.

Art. I. The Orders in Council, and the American Embargo,

beneficial to the Political and Commercial Interests of Great

Britain. By Lord Sheffield. 1809. Message of the President of the United States, communicated to

Congress 5th Nov. 1811. Report in part of the Committee, to whom was referred that part

of the President's Message which relates to Foreign Affairs. A View of the State of Parties in the United States of America; being an Attempt to account for the present Ascendancy of the French or Democratic Party in that Country, in two Letters to a Friend. Edinburgh, Ballantyne. 1812. IN the message of the President of the United States, communi

cated to Congress on the 5th November last, Mr. Madison cona cludes a long string of complaints against Great Britain, with a recommendation that they should assume an armour and an attitude demanded by the crisis.' Whether any or all of these complaints are well or ill grounded, one thing at least must be quite obvious to those who have paid any attention to the proceedings of the American government, namely, that, ever since the accession of that, stout republican and stern philosopher of the new school, Thomas Jefferson, there has existed a strong disposition on the part of the American executive to quarrel with Great Britain; to seize every occasion of exciting a hostile feeling between two nations, whom their relation to each other in point of origin, of language, and of habits, to say nothing of ommon interest, ought to predispose to amicable intercourse, and mutual good will; and whom it is equally obvious that it is the interest of France to disunite and to array against each other.

Of the origin of this spirit in the American government, we shall say a few words hereafter. At present it will be our business to examine into the truth of the allegations of the President's message, and the object of those menaces held forth in the report of the committee, to whom that part of it relating to foreign affairs was referred. Setting aside some points of minor importance,

VOL. VII. NO. XIII.

the

the wrongs complained of by Mr. Madison may, we conceive, be comprehended under the three following heads :

1. The assumption of new principles of blockade, and, on the part of Great Britain, the rigorous execution of certain orders in council, in violation of neutral commerce and neutral rights.

2. The right of search claimed by Great Britain, and the wrongs sustained by America in the execution of it.

3. The impressinent of American seamen.

The first point, however, it would seem, embraces the heaviest of their grievances. The member of the senate who brings up the Report of the committee, is stated to say that, in the opinion of the committee, the orders in council were of themselves a sufficient cause of war;' that • British encroachments were such as to demand war, as the only alternative to obtain justice;' and that it was the determination of the committee to recommend open war to the utmost energies of the nation. The report, to be sure, is sufficiently warlike. It states that · France, availing herself of the proffers made equally to her and her enemy by the non-importation law of May, 1810, announced the repeal, on the 1st of the following November, of the decrees of Berlin and Milan;' and that in consequence thereof, it was confidently expected that this act, on the part of France, would have been immediately followed by a revocation on the part of Great Britain of her orders in council; but that, “in this reasonable expectation, however, the committee had been disappointed;' and it goes on to say, 'it affords a subject of sincere congratulation to be informed, through the official organs of the government, that those decrees are, so far at least as our rights are concerned, really and practically at an end.' The President, however, in his message, vot venturing to go the whole length of this assertion, expresses only a' hope that the successive confirmations of the extinction of the French decrees, so far as they violated the neutral commerce of the United States, would have induced the government of Great Britain to repeal her orders in council.'

The “hope and the expectation' held out by the President and his committee, would have been reasonable enough provided the grounds of them had been true. But Mr. Madison kuew perfectly well, and his committee also knew, if they knew any thing of the subject, that during the whole of last summer, French privateers, in the Baltic and Mediterranean, took every American vessel they fell in with, and carried them for condemnation into the ports of Italy, Dantzig, and Copenhagen. He knew that every weck American ships and cargoes had suffered sequestration in the ports, of France, which woeful experience had taught him to consider as pretty nearly the same thing with confiscution. Nay, at the very

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