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barber bere will not do it. He is run away lest he should one, after I had made a beginning, through the violent opbe compelled. He says he will not shave'Yesoo Kreest's position of the people. Coming to this
, opposition ceased;
and therefore I called it REHOBOTH; for Jehovah hath made • people ! - Ibid. p. 493.
room for us. Here I have raised a spacious bungalo.' Success greater by importunity in prayer. Ibid. p. 59. With respect to their success, there are several particu
It would perhaps be more prudent to leave the lars attending it worthy of notice. One is, that it was preceded by a spirit of importunate prayer. The brethren had tion of sending missionaries to India to the effect of all along committed their cause to God: but in the autumn these extracts, which appear to us to be quite decisive, blessing on the work of the mission. At these assemblies, cution of the scheme, the utter unfitness of the persons of 1800, they had a special weekly prayer meeting for a both as to the
danger of insurrection from the prose: Mr. Thomas, who was then present on a visit, seems to employed in it, and the complete hopelessness of the blessing; and writing to a friend in America, he speaks of attempt
while pursued under such circumstances as "the holy unction appearing on all the missionaries, espea got possession of our Eastem empire have brought
now exist. But, as the Evangelical party who have of the Lord,
being solemn, frequent, and lasting.” In con- forward a great deal of argument upon the question, Decting these things, we cannot but remember, that previ- it may be necessary to make it some sort of reply. ous to the outpouring of the Spirit in the days of Pentecost, We admit it to be the general duty of Christian the disciples - continued with one accord in prayer and people to disseminate their religion among the Pagan supplication." '--Bapt. Miss. Pref. Vol. III. p. vii. nations who are subjected to their empire. It is true What this success is, we shall see by the following they have not the aid of miracles; but it is their duty
to attempt such conversion by the earnest and abun. extract:
dant employment of the best huinan inerns in their • The whole number baptised in Bengal since the year power. We believe that we are in the possession of a 1795, is forty-eight. Over many of these we rejoice with revealed religion; that we are exclusively in possesgreat joy; for others we trenible; and over others we are sion of a revealed religion ; and that the possession compelled to weep.'-Bapt, Miss. Vol. III. p. 21, 22.
of that religion can alone confer immortality, and best Hatred to the Gospel.
confer present happiness. This religion too, teaches
us the duties of general benevolence; and, how, under April 2. This morning, several of our chief printing ser such a system, the conversion of Heathens, can be a relief, as they were compelled, in our bengalee worship, to matter of indifference, we profess not to be able to hear so many blasphemies against their gods! Brother Ca- understand. rey and I had a strong contention with them in the print
So much for the general rule :-now for the excep. ing-office, and invited them to argue the point with Petum- tions. ber, as his sermon had given them offence; but they de No man (not an Anabaptist) will, we presume, con. clined it; though we told them that they were ten, and he tend that it is our duty to preach the natives into an only one; that they were Brahmins, and he was only a insurrection, or to lay before them, so fully and em. sooder!'-Ibid. p. 36.
* The enmity against the gospel and its professors is uni- phatically, the scheme of the gospel, as to make them Tersal. One of our baptised Hindoos wanted to rent a
rise up in the dead of the night and shoot their instruc. house: after going out two or three days, and wandering tors through the head. If conversion be the greatest all the town over, he at last persuaded a woman to let him of all objects, the possession of the country to be con. have a house: but though she was herself a Feringa, yet verted is the only mean, in this instance, by which when she heard that he was a Brahmin who had become a that conversion can be accomplished; for we have no Christian, she insulted him, and drove him away: so that right to look for a miraculous conversion of the Hin. we are indeed made the offscouring of all things.'-Thid. doos; and it would be little short of a miracle, if
"I was sitting among our native brethren, at the Benga- General Oudinot was to display the same spirit as the lee school, hearing them read and explain a portion of the serious part of the Directors of the East India Com. word in turn, when an aged,
grey-headed Brahmin, well pany. Even for missionary purposes, therefore, the dressed, came in ; and standing before me, said, with joined utmost discretion is necessary; and if we wish to hands, and a supplicating tone of voice, “Sahib! I am teach the natives a better religion, we must take care come to ask an alms.". Beginning to weep, he repeated to do it in a manner which will not inspire them with these words hastily ; “I am come to ask He continued standing, with his hands in a su plicating lose our disciples altogether. : . an alms."a passion for political change, or we shall inevitably
To us it appears quite told him, that by his looks, it did not seem as if he wanted clear, from the extracts before us, that neither Hindoo any relief. At length, being pressed, he asked me to give nor Mahomedan is at all indifferent to the attacks him his son, pointing with his hand into the midst of our made upon his religion ; the arrogance and the irrita. native brethren. I asked which was his son? He pointed bility of the Mahomedan are universally acknowto a young Brahmin, named Soroop; and setting up a plain- ledged; and we put it to our readers, whether the tive cry, said, that was his son. We tried to comfort him, Brahmins seem in these extracts to show the smallest and at last prevailed upon him to come and sit de wand bon disposition to behold the encroachments upon their the young man's mother was dying with grief.' - Ibid. p. 43. religion with passiveness and unconcern. A nission.
This evening Buvoo, a brother, who is servant with us, ary who converted only a few of the refuse of society, and Soroop, went to a market in the neighbourhood, where might live for ever in peace in India, and receive his they were discovered to be Yesoo Khreestare Loke (Jesus salary from his fanatical masters for pompous predic. Christ's people). The whole market was all in a hubbub: tions of universal conversion, transmitted by the ships they clapped their hands, and threw dust at them.
of the season ; but, if he had any mark was changing a rupee for cowries, when the disturbance bezan; and in the scume, the man ran away with the rupee among the natives, it could not fail to excite much without giving the cowries.'- Ibid. p. 55.
more dangerous specimens of jealousy and discontent • Nor. 24. This day Hawnye and Ram Khunt returned than those which we have extracted from the Ana. from their village. They relate that our brother Fotick, baptist Journal. How is it in human nature that a wbo lives in the same village, was lately seized by the chief Brahmin should be indifferent to encroachinents upon Bengalee man there ; dragged from his house ; his face, his religion ? His reputation, his dignity, and, in a eyes, and ears clogged with cow-dung-his hands tied-and in this state contined several hours. They also tore to tion of the present superstitions ; and why is it to be
great measure, his wealth, depend upon the preserva. pieces all tbe papers, and the copy of the Testament, which they found in Fotick's house. A relation of these persecu- supposed that motives which are so powerful with all lors being dead, they did not molest Hawnye and Ram other human beings, are inoperative with him alone ? Khunt; but the towns-folk would not hear about the gos- If the Brahmins, however, are disposed to excite a pel : they only insulted them for becoming Christians.'— rebellion in support of their own influence, no man Ibid. p. 57. "Cetwa on the Ganges, Sept. 3, 1804:- This place is about have it in their power to effect it.
who knows anything of India, can doubt that they seventy miles from Serampore, by the Hoogley river. Here I have procured a spot of ground, perhaps about two
It is vain to say that these attempts to diffuse Chris. acres, pleasantly situated by two tanks, and a fine grove tianity do not originate from the government in India. of mango trees, at a small distance from the town. it was The omnipotence of government in the East is well with difficulty i procured a spot. I was forced to leave known to the natives. If Government does not pro
hibit, it tolerates ; if it tolerates the conversion of the empire is govemed by men who, we are very much natives, the suspicion may be easily formed that it afraid, would feel proud to lose it in such a cause. encourages that conversion. If the Brahmins do not believe this themselves, they may easily persuade the who still retain the fear of God, and who admit that reli
"But I think it my duty to make a solemn appeal to all common people that such is the fact ; nor are there gion and the course of conduct which it prescribes are not wanting, besides the activity of these new missiona- to be banished from the affairs of nations--now when the ries, many other circumstances to corroborate such a political sky, so long overcast, bas become more lowering Tumour. Under the auspices of the College at Fort and black than ever--whether this is a period for augmentWilliam, the Scriptures are in a course of translation ing the weight of our national sins and provocations, by into the languages of almost the whole continent of an exclusive TOLERATION of idolatry; a crime which, unless Oriental India, and we perceive, that in aid of this est denunciations of vengeance, and the most fearful in
the Bible be a forgery, has actually drawn forth the heaviobject the Bible Society has voted a very magnificent Aictions of Divine displeasure. -Considerations, &c. p. 98. subscription. The three principal chaplains of our Indian settlement are (as might be expected) of princi.
Can it be credited that this is an extract from a ples exactly corresponding with the enthusiasm of pamphlet generally supposed to be written by a noble iheir employers at home ; and their zeal upon the Lord at the Board of Control, from whose official in subject of religion has shone and burnt with the most terference the public might bave expected a correc. exemplary fury. These circumstances, if they do tive to the pious temerity of others ? not really impose upon the minds of the leading na The other leaders of the party, indeed, make at tives, may give them a very powerful handle for mis- present great professions of toleration, and express representing the intentions of government to the lower the strongest abhorrence of using violence to the orders.
Datives. This does very well for a beginning, but we We see from the massacre of Vellore, what a pow. have little confidence in such declarations. We be. erful engine attachment to religion may be rendered lieve their fingers itch to be at the stone and clay in Hindostan. The rumours might all have been false ; gods of the Hindoos; and that, in common with the but that event shows they were tremendously power- noble Controller, they attribute a great part of our ful when excited. The object, therefore, is not only national calamities to these ugly images of deilies ca not to do anything violent and unjust upon subjects of the other side of the world. We again repeat, that religion, but not to give any stronger colour to jealous upon such subjects, the best and ablest men, if once and disaffected natives for inisrepresenting your inten. tinged by fanaticism, are not to be trusted for a single tions.
moment. All these observations have tenfold force when ap
2dly, Another reason for giving up the task of con. plied to an empire which rests so entirely upon opi- version, is the want of success. in India, religion nion. If physical force could be called in to stop the extends its empire over the minutest actions of life. progress of error, we could afford to be misrepresent. It is not merely a law for moral conduct, and for ed for a season ; but 30,000 white men, living in the occasional worship, but it dictates to a man his trade, midst of 70 million sable subjects, must be always in his dress, his food, and his whole behaviour. His the right, or at least never represented as grossly in religion also punishes a violation of its exactions, not the wrong. Attention to the prejudices of the subject by eternal and future punishments, but by present is wise in all govemments, but quite indispensable in infamy: If an Hindoo is irreligious, or, in other a government constituted as our empire in India is words, if he loses his caste, he is deserted' by father, constituted ; where an uninterrupted series of dexter mother, wife, child, and kindred, and becomes in. ous conduct is not only necessary to our prosperity, him, jo receive him, to eat with him, is a pollution
stantly a solitary wanderer upon the earth: lo touch but to our existenco.
These reasonings are entitled to a little more consi- producing a similar loss of caste ; and the state of deration, at a period when the French threaten our such a degraded man is worse than death itself. To existence in India by open force, and by every species these evils an Hindoo must expose himself before he of intrigue with the native powers. "In all govem. becomes a Christian ; and this difficulty must a mis. ments everything takes its tone from the head"; fana- sionary overcome before he can expect the smallest ticism has got into the government at home; fanati- successa difficulty, which, it is quite clear, they cism will lead to promotion abroad. The civil servant themselves, after a short residence in India, consider in India will not only dare to exercise his own judg.
to be insuperable. ment in checking the indiscretions of ignorant mission
As a proof of the tenacious manner in which the aries, but he will strive to recommend himself to his Hindoos cling to their religious prejudices, we shall holy masters in Leadenhall-street, by imitating Bro- state two or three very short anecdotes, to which any ther Cran and Brother Ringletaube, and by every person who has resided in India might produce many species of fanatical excess. Methodism at home is no parallels. unprofitable game to play. In the East it will soon be •In the year 1766, the late Lord Clive and Mr. Verelst the intallible road to promotion. This is the great employed the whole influence of Government to restore a evil: if the management was in the hands of men who Hindoo to his caste, who had forieited it, not by any newere as discreet and wise in their devotion as they are glect of his own, but by having been compelled, by a most in matters of temporal welfare, the desire of putting an unjardonable act of violence, to swallow a drop of cow end to missions might be premature and indecorous. I the case, were very anxious to comply with the visties of
broth. The Brahmins, from the peculiar circumstances of But the misfortune is, the men who wield the instru. I government; the principal men among them met once at ment, ought not, in common sense and propriety, to Kishnagur, and once at Calcutta ; but after consultations, be trusted with it for a single instant. U pon this sub. and an examination of their most ancient records, ihes de ject they are quite insane and ungovernable; they clared to Lord. live, that as there was no precedent to would deliberately, piously, and conscientiously ex. justify the act, they found it impossible to restore the unit pose our whole Eastem empire to destruction, for the tunate man to his caste, and he died soon after of a brcler sale of converting half a dozen Brahmins, who, after heart.'- Scott Waring's Preface, p. lvi. stuffing themselves with rum and rice, and borrowing It is the custom of the Hindoos to expose dying money from the missionaries, would run away, and people upon the banks of the Ganges. There is somi. cover the gospel and its professors with every species thing peculiarly holy in that river; and it soothes the of ridicule and abuse.
agonies of death to look upon its waters in the last Upon the whole, it appears to us hardly possible to moments. A party of English were coming dowo in s push the business of proselytism in India to any length boat, and perceived upon the bank a pious Hindoc, in without incurring the utmost risk of losing our em. a state of the last imbeciliti-about to be drowned by pirc. The danger is more tremendous, because it may the rising tide, after the most approved and orthodox be so sudden ; religious fears are very probable cau- manner of their religion. They had the curiosity to ses of disaffection in the troops ; it the troops are land ; and as they perceived some more signs of life generally disaffected, our Indian empire may be lost than were at first apparent, a young Englishman pourto us as suddenly as a frigate or a fort; and that ed down his throat ihe greatest part of a bottle of la
vender water, which he happened to have in his pocket. / any other : and even if the religion of Brama is the The effects of such a stimulus, applied to a stomach most ancient of the two, it is still to be proved, that accustomed to nothing stronger than water, were in the Ceylonese professed that religion before they stanianeous and powerful. The Hindoo revived suffi- changed it for their present faith. In point of fact, ciently to admit of his being conveyed to the boat, was however, the boasted Christianity of the Ceylonese is carried to Calcutta, and perfectly recovered. He had proved by the testimony of the missionaries them. drunk, however, in the company of Europeans-no selves, to be little better than nominal. The follow. matter whether voluntary or involuntary--the offence ing extract from one of their own communications, was committed: he lost caste, was turned away from dated Columbo, 1805, will set this matter in its true his home, and avoided, of course, by every relation light :and friend. The poor man came before the police, making the bitterest complaints upon being restored Dutch congregation, came to see us, and we paid them a
• The elders, deacons, and some of the members of the to lite; and for three years the burden of supporting visit in return, and made a li'tle inquiry concerning the him fell upon the mistaken Samaritan who had rescued state of the church on this island, which is, in one word, him from death. During that period, scarcely a day miserable! One hundred thousand of those who are called elapsed in which the degraded 'resurgent did not ap- Christians, (because they are baptized) need not go back pear before the European, and curse him with the bit. to heathenism, for they never have been any thing else but terest curses—as the cause of all his misery and deso. heathens, worshippers of Budda: they have been induced, lation. At the end of that period he fell ill, and of for worldly reasons, to be baptized. O Lord, have mercy course was not again thwarted in his passion for dy. Miss. soc. II. 265.
on the poor inhabitants of this populous island!'--Truns. ing. The writer of this article vouches for the truth of this anecdote ; and many persons who were at Cal. What success the Syrian Christians had in making cutta at the time must have à distinct recollection of converts ; in what degree they have gained their num. the fact, which excited a great deal of conversation bers by victories over the naiive superstition, or lost and amusement, mingled with compassion.
their original nunbers by the idolatrous examples to It is this institution of castes which has preserved which for so many centuries they have been exposed, India in the same state in which it existed in the days are points wrapt up in so much obscurity, that no kind of Alexander; and which would leave it without the of interence as to the facility of converting the naslightest change in habits and manners, if we were to tives, can be drawn from them. Their present num. abandon the country to-morrow. We are astonished ber is supposed to be about 150,000. to observe the late resident in Bengal speaking of the It would be of no use to quote the example of Ja. fifteen millions of Mahomedans in India as converts pan and China, even if the progress of the faith in from the Hindoos; an opinion, in support of which he these empires had been much greater than it is. We does not offer the shadow of an arguinent, except by do not say it is difficult to convert the Japanese, or the asking, whether the Mahomedans have the Tartar Chinese ; but the Hindoos. We are noi saying it is face and if not, how they can be the descendants of difficult to convert human creatures; but difficult to the first conquerors of India ? Probably not altoge couvert human creatures with such institutions. To ther. But does this writer imagine, that the Maho- mention the example of other nations who have them medan empire could exist in Hindostan for 700 years not, is to pass over the material objection, and to an. without the intrusion of Persians, Arabians, and every swer others which are merely imaginary, and have species of Mussulman adventurers from every part of never been made. the East, which had embraced the religion of Maho. 3dly, The duty of conversion is less plain, and less med? And let them come from what quarter they imperious, when conversion exposes ihe convert to Fould, could they ally themselves to Hindoo women great present misery. An African or an Otaheite without producing in their descendants an approxima- proselyte might not perhaps be less honoured by his tion to the Hindoo features ? Dr. Robertson, who has countrymen it he became a Christian ; an Hindoo is investigated this subject with the greatest care, and instantly subjected to the most perfect degradation. looked into all the authorities, is expressly of an op- A change oi faith might increase the inmediate hap. posite opinion; and considers the Mussulman inhabi. piness of any other individual; it annihilales for ever iants ot' Hindostan to be merely the descendants of all the human comforts which an Hindoo enjoys. The Mahomedan adventurers, and not converts from the eternal happiness which you proffer him, is therefore Hindoo faith.
less attractive to him than to any other heathen, from • The armies,' (says Orme) which made the first the life of misery by which he purchases it. conquests for the heads of the respective dynasties, Nothing is more precarious than our empire in In. or for other in vaders, left behind them numbers ot' dia. Suppose we were to be driven out of it to-morrow, Mahomedans, who, seduced by a finer climate, and a and to leave behind us twenty thousand converted richer country, forgot their own.
Hindoos, it is most probable they would relapse into • The Mahomedan princes of India naturally gave a heathenism ; but their original station in society could proference to the service of men of their own religion, not be regained. The duty of making converts, there. . who, from whatever country they came, were of a fore, among such a people, as it arises from the genemore vigorous constitution ihan the stoutest of the ral duty of benevolence, is less strong than it would subjected nation. This preference has continually be in many other cases; because, situated as we are, encouraged adventurers from Tartary, Persia, and it is quite certain we shall expose them to a great deal Arabía, to seek their fortunes under a government of misery, and not quite certain we shall do them any from which they were sure of receiving greater en future good. couragement than they could expect at home. From 4thly, Conversion is no duty at all, if it merely de. these origins, time has formed in India a mighty na- stroys the old religion, without really and efiectiially tion of bear ten millions of Mahomedans. -Orme's teaching the new one. Brother Ringletaube may Indos!an, I. p. 24.
write home that he makes a Christian, when in reality Precisely similar to this is the opinion of Dr. Ro- he ought only to state that he has destroyed an hin. bertson, Note xl.-Indian Disquisition.
doo. Foolish and imperfect as the religion of an Hin. As to the religion of the Ceylonese, from which the doo is, it is at least some restraint upon the intempe. Bengal resident would infer the facility of making con- rance of human passions. It is better a Bralımin verts of the Hindoos, it is to be observed that the re. should be respected than that nobody should be re. ligion of Boudhou, in ancient times, extended from the spected. An Hindoo had better believe that a deity north of Tartary to Ceylon, from the Indus to Siam, with an hundred legs and arms, will reward and pu. and (if Foe and Boudhou are the same persons) over nish him hereafter, than that he is not to be punished China. That of the two religions of Boudhou and at all. Now, when you have destroyed the faith of an Brama, the one was the parent of the other, there Hindoo, are you quite sure that you will graft upon can be very little doubt ; but the comparative anti- his mind fresh principles of tion, and make him any quity of the two is so very disputed a point, that it is thing more than a nominal Christian ? quite unfair to state the case of the Ceylonese as an You have 30,000 Europeans in India, and sixty miil. nstance of conversion from the Hindoo religion to lions of other subjects. It proselytism were to go on as
rapidly as the most visionary Anabaptist could dream repents of his resolution of running hooks into his or' desire, in what manner are these people to be tlesh. taught the genuine truths and practices of Christiani. The duties of conversion appear to be of less impor. ty? Where are the clergy to come from? Who is to tance, when it is impossible to procure proper persons defray the expense of the establishment ? and who to undertake them, and when such religious embassies, can foresee the immense and perilous difficulties of in consequence, devolve upon the lowest of the people. bending the laws, manners, and institutions of a coun. Who wishes to see scrotula and atheism cured by a try to the dictates of a new religion? If it were easy single sermon in Bengal ? who wishes to see the reli. to persuade the Hindoos that their own religion was gious hoy riding at anchor in the Hoogley river? or folly, it would be infiniteiy difficult eflectually to teach shoals of jumpers exhibiting their nimble piety before thein any other. They would tumble their own idols the leamed Brahmins of Benares? This n:adness is into the river, and you would build them no churches; disgusting and dangerous enough at home. Why are you would destroy all their present motives for doing we to send out little detachments of maniacs to spread right, and avoiding wrong, without being able to fix over the fine regions of the world the most unjust and upon their minds the more sublime motives by which contemptible opinion of the gospel? The wise and you profess to be actuated. What a missionary will rational part of the Christian ministry find they have do hereafter with the heart of a convert, is a matter enough to do at home to combat with passions unta. of doubt and speculation. He is quite certain, how. vourable to human happiness, and to make inen aci ever, that he must accustom the man to see hiinselt up to their professions. But is a tinker is a derout as infamous; and good principles can hardly be ex. man, he intállibly sets off for the East. Let any man posed to a ruder shock. Whoever has seen much of read'the Anabapiist missions—an he do so without Hindoo Christians must have perceived, that the man veeming such men pernicious and extravagant in their who bears that name is very commonly nothing more own country—and without feeling that they are bebe. than a drunken reprobate, who conceives himself at fiting us much more by their absence, than the Hin. liberty to eat and irink any thing he pleases, and an. doos by their advice? nexes hardly any other meaning to the name of Chris. It is somewhat strange, in a duty which is stated lianity. Such sort of converts may swell the list of by one party to be so clear and se indispensable, that names, and gratify the puerile pride of a missionary; no man of moderation and good sense can be found to but what real, discreet Christian can wish to see such perform it. And if no other instruments remain but Christianity prevail?. But it will be urged, it' the previsionary enthusiasts, some doubi may be honestly sent converts should become worse Hindoos, and very raised whether it is uot better to drop the scheme indifferent Christians, still the next generation will do entirely: better; and by degrees, and at the expiration of half Shortly stated, then, our argument is this :—We see a century, or a century, true Christiamiy may prevail. not the slightest prospect of success ;—we see much We may apply to such sort of Jacobin converters what danger in making the attempt ;—and we doubl if the Mr. Burke said of the Jacobin politicians in his time : conversion of the Hindoos would ever be more than • To such men a whole generation of human beings are nominal. If it is a du of general benevolence to of no more consequence than a frog in an air pump convert the Heathen, it is less a duty to convert the For the distant prospect of doing what, most probably Hindoos than any other people, because they are al. after all, they will never be able to effect, there is no ready highly civilizeil, and because you must infallidegree of present misery and horror to which they bly subject them to intamy and present degradatiou. will not expose the subjects of their experiment. The instruments employed for these purposes are
As the duty of making proselytes springs from the calculated to bring ridicule and disgrace upon the duly of benerolence, there is a priority of choice in gospel; and in the discretion of those at home, whom conversion. The greatest zeal should plainly be di- we consider as their patrons, we have not the smallest rected to the most desperate misery and ignorance. reliance ; but, on the contrary, we are convinced they Now, in comparison to many other nations who are would behold the loss of our Indian empire, not with pqually ignorant of the truths of Christianity, the Hin. the humility of men convinced of erroneous views and dous are a civilized and a moral people. "That they projects, but with the pride, the exultation, and the have remained in the same state for so many centu. alacrity of martyrs. ries, is at once a proof that the institutions which esta. Of the books which have handled this subject on blished that state could not be highly unfavourable to either side, we have little to say: Major Scout War. human happiness. After all that ħas been said of ing's book is the best against the Missions ; but he the vices of the Hindoos, we believe that an Hindoo wants arrangement and prudence. The lule resident is more mild and sober than most Europeans, and as writes well; but is miserably fanatical towards the honest and chaste. In astronomy the Hindoos have conclusion. Mr. Cunningham has been diligent in certainly made very high advances--some, and not an looking into books upon the subject : and though an unimportant progress in many sciences. Ás manufac. erangelical gentleman, is not uncharitable to those lurers, they are extremely ingenious and as agricul. who differ from him in opinion. There is a passage turists, industrious. Christianity would improve them, in the publication of his reverend brother, Mr. Owen, (whom would it not improve?) but if Christianity which had we been less accustomed than we have cannot be extended to all, there are many other nas been of late to this kind of writing, would appear to tions who want it more.*
be quite incredible. "The Hindoos have some very savage customs, which it would be desirable to abolishi. Some swing on hooks, upon Mr. Twininy's principles, between one religion and
• I have not pointed out the comparative indifference, some run knives through their hands, and widlows another, to the welfare of a perple; nor the impossibility, þurn themselves to death: but these follies (even the on those principles, of India being Christianized by any bulast) are quite volimtary on the part of the sufferers. man means, so long as it shall remain under the dominion We dislike all misery, voluntary or involuntary ; but of the Company; nor the alternative to which Providence the difference between the torments which a man is by consequence reduced, of either giving up that country chooses, and those which he endures from the choice to everlasting superstition, or of working some miracle in of others, is very great. It is a considerable wretch.
order to accomplish its conversion.'-Owen's Address, I'. 39. edness that men and women should be sh:ut up in reli. gious houses; but it is only an object of legislative to have read.' The hoy, the cock-fight, and the re
This is really beyond any thing we ever remember interference, when such incarceration is compulsory. ligious newspaper, are pure reason when compared to Monasteries and nunneries
with us would be harmless it. The idea of reducing Providence to an alternative! institutions, because the moment a devotee found he and, by a motion at the India House, carried by bal: had acted like a fool, he might avail himself of the lot? We would not insinuate, in the most distant discovery and run away; and so may an Hindoo, if he manner, that Mr. Owen is not a gentleman of the most • We are here, of course, arguing the question only in a fine persons accustom themselves to a familjar phra
sincere piety; but the misfortune is, all extra superBomust be placed, though certainly the lowest and least in-seology upon the most sacred subjects, which is quite portant.
shocking to the common and inferior orders of Chris
tians. Providence reduced to an alternative!!!!! Let | abandon the only instrument by which the few are it be remembered, this phrase comes from a member ever prevented from ruining the many. of a religious party, who are loud in their coinplaints It is tolly to talk of any other ultimatum in govem. of being
confounded with enthusiasts and fanatics. ment than perfect justice to the fair claims of the subWe cannot conclude without the most pointed repro-ject. The concessions to the Irish Catholics in 1792 bation of the low mischief of the Christian Observer; were to be the ne plus ultra. Every engine was set a publication which appears to have no other method on foot to induce the grand juries in Ireland to peti. of discussing a question fairly open to discussion, than tion against further concessions; and, in six months that of accusing their antagonists of infidelity. No afterwards, government were compelled to introduce, art can be more unmanly, or, if its consequences are themselves, those further relaxations of the penal code, foreseen, more wicked. If this publication had been of which they had just before assured the Catholics the work of a single individual, we might have passed they must abandon all hope. Such is the absurdity it over in silent disgust; but as it is looked upon as of supposing that a few interested and ignorant indi. the organ of a great political religious party in this viduals can postpone, at their pleasure and caprice, country, we think it right to notice the very unworthy the happiness of millions. manner in which they are attempting to extend their As to the feeling of irritation with which such con. influence. For ourselves, if there were a fair prospect tinued discussion may inspire the Irish Catholics, we of carrying the gospel into regions where it was before are convinced that no opinion could be so prejudicial unknown,-if such a project did not expose the best to the cordial union which we hope may always subpossessions of the country to extreme danger, and if sist between the two countries, as that all the efforts it was in the hands of men who were discreet, as well of the Irish were unavailing,-that argument was as devout, we should consider it to be a scheme of hopeless,—that their case was prejudged with a sullen true piety, benevolence, and wisdom: but the base. inflexibility which circumstances could not influence, Dess and malignity ot' fanaticism shall never prevent pity soften, or reason subdue. us from attacking its arrogance, its ignorance, and its We are by no means convinced, that the decorous activity. For what vice can be more tremendous than silence recommended upon the Catholic question would that which, while it wears the outward appearance of be rewarded by those future concessions, of which religion, destroys the happiness of man, and dishon. many persons appear to be so certain. We have a ours the name of God?
strange incredulity where persecution is to be abolish. ed, and any class of men restored to their indisputa. ble rights. When we see it done, we will believe it.
Till it is done, we shall always consider it to be high. CATHOLICS. (EDINBURGH REVIEW, 1808.)
ly improbable—much too improbable-to justiíy the
smallest relaxation in the Catholics theinselves, or in History of the Penal Laws against the Irish Catholics, fanciful period at present assigned for the emancipa.
those who are well-wishers to their cause. When the from the Treaty of Limerick to the Union. By Henry
tion arrives, new Pamell, Esq. M. P.
cruples may arise-fresh forbear.
ance be called for and the operations of com non The various publications which have issued from sense be deferred for another generation. Toleration the press in favour of religious liberty, have now near, never had a present tense, nor taxation a future one. ly silenced the arguments of their opponents; and, The answer which Paul received from Felix, he owed teaching sense to some, and inspiring others with to the subject on which he spoke. When justice and shame, have left those only on the field who can righteousness were his theme, Felix told him to go neither leam nor blush.
away, and he would hear him some other time. All But, though the argument is given up, and the justice men who have spoken to courts upon such disagree of the Catholic cause admitted, it seems to be gener. able topics, have received the same answer. Felix, ally conceived, that their case, at present, is utterly however, trembled when he gave it; but his fear was hopeless; and that, to advocate it any longer, will ill-directed. He trembled at the subject-he ought to only irritate the oppressed, without producing any have trembled at the delay. change of opinion in those by whose influence and Little or lothing is to be expected from the shame of authority that oppression is continued. To this opinion, deferring what is so wicked and perilous to deter. Prounfortunately too prevalent, we have many reasons fligacy in taking office is so extreme, that we have no for not subscribing.
doubt public men may be found, who, for halt'a cen. We do not understand what is meant in this country tury, would postpone all remedies for a pestilence, if by the notion, that a measure, of consummate wisdom the preservation of their places depended upon the and imperious necessity, is to be deferred for any propagation of the virus. To us, such kind of conduct time, or to depend upon any contingency. Whenever conveys no other action than that of sordid, avaricious it can be made clear to the understanding of the great impudence: it puts to sale the best interests of the miss of enlightened people, that any system of poli- country for some improvement in the wines and meats tical conduct is necessary to the public welfare, every and carriages which a man uses
and encourages a new obstacle (as it ought) will be swept away before it ; | political morality which may always postpone any and as we conceive it to be by no means improbable, other great measure-and every other great measure that the country may, ere long, be placed in a situa-l as well as the emancipation of the Catholics. tion where its safety or ruin will depend upon its con. We terminate this apologetical preamble with ex. duct towards the Catholics, we sincerely believe we pressing the most eamest hope that the Catholics will are doing our duty in throwing every possible light on not, from any notion that their cause is effectually this momentous question. Neither do we understand carried, relax in any one constitutional effort necessary where this passive submission to ignorance and error to their purpose. Their cause is the cause of common is to end. 'Is it contined to religion.? or does it ex. sense and justice; the safety of England and of the lend to war and peace, as well as religion? Would it world may depend upon it. °It rests upon the soundest be tolerated, if any man were to say, · Abstain from principles; leads to the most important consequences; all arguments in favour of peace; the court have re. and therefore cannot be too frequently brought before solved upon eternal war; and, as you cannot have the notice of the public. peace, to what purpose urge the necessity of it?' The book before us is written by Mr. Henry Parnell, We answer,--that courts must be presumed to be the brother of Mr. William Parnell, author of the open to the influence of reason; or, if they were not, Historical Apology, reviewed in one of our late Num. to the influence of prudence and discretion, when they bers; and it contains a very well written history of perceive the public opinion to be loudly and clearly the penal laws enacted against the Irish Catholics, against them.“ To lie by in timid and indolent silence, from the peace of Limerick, in the reign of King Will
to suppose an inflexibility, in which no court ever liam, to the late Union. Of these we shall present a could, under pressing circumstances, persevere and very short, and, we hope even to loungers, a readable to neglect a regular and vigorous appeal to public abstract. opinion, is to give ap all chance of doing good, and tol The war carried on in Ireland against King William