Page images
PDF
EPUB

We

roes.

nu tive troops bis assurance, that the same respect which has The Scriptures, translated into the Tamulic language, been invariably shown by the British government for their which is vernacular in the southern parts of the pen. religion and for their customs, will be always continued ; I insula, have, for more than half a century, been print. and that no interruption will be given to any native, wheth-ed at 'the Tranquebar press, for the use of Danish er Hindoo or Mussulman, in the practice of his religious missionaries and their converts. A printing press, ceremonies.

His Lordship in Council desires that the native troops indeed, was established at that place by the two first
will not give belief to the idle rumours which are circulated Danish missionaries; and, in 1714, the Gospel of St.
by enemies of their happiness, who endeavour, with the ba- Matthew, translated into the dialect of Malabar, was
sest designs, to weaken the confidence of the troops in the printed ihere. Not a line of the Scriptures, in any of
British government. His Lordship in Council desires that the languages current on the coast, had issued from
the native troops will remember the constant attention and the Bengal press on September 13, 1806.
humanity which have been shown by the British govern-
ment, in providing for their comfort, by augmenting the It does appear, however, about the period of the
pay of the native officers and Sepoys; by allowing liberal mutiny at Vellore, and a few years previous to it, that
pensions to those who have done their duty faithiully; by the number of the missionaries on the coast had been
making ample provision for the families of those who may increased. In 1804, the Missionary Society, a recent
have died in battle; and by receiving their children into the institution, sent a new mission to the coast of Coro.
service of the donourable Company, to be treated with the mandel ; from whose papers, we think it right to lay

« The Right Hon. the Governor in Council trusts, that the before our readers the following extracts.
native troops, remembering these circumstances, will be
sensible of the happiness of their situation, which is greater

March 31st, 1805.-Waited on A. B. He says, Gorernthan what the troops of any other part of the world enjoy ;/ernment seems to be very willing to forward our vievs. and that they will continue to observe the same good con- may stay at Madras as long as we please; and when we induct for which they were distinguished in the days of Gen. tend to go into the country, on our application to the govLawrence, of Sir Éyre Coote, and of other renowned he- ernor by letter, he would issue orders for granting us pass

ports, which would supersede the necessity of a public petiThe native troops must at the same time be sensible, tion.---Lord's Day.'-Trans. of Miss. Society, II. p. 366. that if they should fail in the duties of their allegiance, and should show themselves disobedient to their officers, their In a letter from Brother Ringletaube to Brother conduct will not fail to receive merited punishment, as the Cran, he thus expresses himself :British government is not less prepared to punish the guilty, than to protect and distinguish those who are deserving of

* The passports Government has promised you are so val. its favour.

uable, that I should not think a journey too troublesome to • It is directed that this paper be translated with care into obtain one for myself, if I cculd not get it through your in. the Tamul, Telinga, and Hindoostany languages; and that terference. In hopes that your apilication will suffice to copies of it be circulated to each native battalion, of which obtain one for me, I enclose you my Gravesend passport, the European officers are enjoined and ordered to be care- that will give you the particulars concerning my person.'ful in making it known to every native officer and Sepoy Trans. oj Miss. Society, II. p. 369. under his command. • It is also directed, that copies of the paper be circulated

They obtain their passports from Government; and to all the magistrates and collectors under this government, the plan and objects of their mission are printed, free for the purpose of being fully understood in all parts of the of expense, at ihe Government press. country. • Published by order of the Right Hon. the Governor in

• 1805, June 27, Dr. -- sent for one of us to consult Council.

with him on particular business. He accordingly went. G. BUCHan, Chief Secretary to Government.

The Doctor told him, that he had read the publications Dated in Fort St. George, 3d Dec. 1806.'

which the brethren lately brought from England, and was Scott Waring's Preface, iii.-Y. so much delighted with the report of the Directors, that he So late as March 1807, three months after the date an introduction, giving an account of the rise and progress

wislied 200 or more copies of it were printed, together with of this proclamation, so universal was the dread of a of the Missionary Society, in order to be distributed in the general revolt among the native troops, that the different settlements in India. He offered to print them at British officers attached to the native troops con- the Government press free of expense. On his return, we stantly slept with loaded pistols under their pillows.

It appears that an attempt had been made by the ed to accept the Doctor's favour. We have begun to premilitary men at Madras, to change the shape of the Se pare it for the press.'--Trens. of Miss. Society. II. p. 394. poy turban into something resembling the helmet of the light infantry of Europe, and to prevent the native Missionaries write thus to the Society in London,

In page 89th of the 18th Number, Vol. III., the troops from wearing, on their foreheads, the marks cha- about a fortnight before the massacre at Vellore. racteristic of their various castes. The sons of the late Tippoo, with many noble Mussulmen deprived of • Every encouragement is offered us by the established office at that time, resided in the fortress of Vellore, government of the country. Hitherto they have granted and in all probability contributed very materially to us every request, whether solicited by ourselves or others. excite, or to infiame those suspicions of designs

Their permission to come to this place; their allowing us

an acknowledgment for preaching in the fort, which sancagainst their religion, which are mentioned in the tions us in our work; together with the grant which they proclamation of the Madrus government, and gener. have lately given us to hold a large spot of ground every ally known to have been a principal cause of the in. way suited for missionary labours, are objects of the last surrection at Vellore. It was this insurrection which importance, and remove every impediment which might be

We trust not to an arm of first gave birth to the question upon missions to India ; apprehended from this source. and before we deliver any opinion upon the subject desh; but when we reflect on these things, we cannot but itself, it will be necessary to state what had been behold the loving kindness of the Lord." done in former periods towards disseminating the In a letter of the same date, we learn from Brother truths of the gospel in India, and what new exertions Ringletaube, the following fact :had been made about the period at which this event took place.

"The Dewan of Travancore sent me word, that if I deMore than a century has elapsed since the first spatched one of our Christians to him, he would give me Protestant missionaries appeared in India. Two

leave to build a church at Magilandy. Accordingly, I shall

send in a short time. For this important service, our society young divines, selected by the University of Halle, is indebted alone to Colonel without whose deterwere sent out in this capacity by the King of Den- mined and fearless inter position, none of their missionaries mark, and arrived at the Danish settlement of Tran- would have been able to set a foot in that country.' quebar in 1706. The mission thus begun, has been ever since continued, and has been assisted by the * There are six societies in England for converting Society for the promotion of Christian Knowledge Heathens to the Christian religion. 1. Society for Missions establíshed in this country. The same Society has, to Africa and the East; of which Messrs. Wilberforce, for many years, employed German missionaries, of Grant, Parzy, and Thorntons, are the principal encourag:

abaptist So. the Lutheran persuasion, for propagating the doctrines ciety for Missions. 4. Missionary Society. 6. Society for of Christianity among the natives of India. In 1799, Promoting Christian Knowledge. 6. Moravian Missions their number was six ; it is now reduced to five. They all publish their proceedings.

hear this news,

In page 381, Vol. II., Dr. Kerr, one of the chaplains they may succeed in depriving the Brahmins of their power, on the Madras establishment, baptizes a Mussulman and let you have it." who had applied to him for that purpose ; upon the

· November 16th.-Received a letter from the Rev. Dr. first application, it appears that Dr. Kerr hesitated; Taylor; we are happy to find he is safely arrived at Cal. but upon the Mussulman threatening to rise against creasing success. The natives around us are astonished to

cutta, and that our Baptist brethren are labouring with in. him on the day of judgment, Dr. Kerr complies.

It is bad news to the Brahmins, who seem It appears that in T'inevelly district, about a year unable to account for it; they say the world is going to before the massacre of Vellore, not only riots, but ruin.:-- Trans. of Miss. Society, II. 442 and 446. very serious persecutions of the converted natives had • While living in the town, our house was watched by taken place, from the jealousy evinced by the Hindoos the natives from morning to night, to see if any person and Mussulmen at the progress of the gospel.

came to converse about religion. This jrevented many from coming, who have been very dezirous of hearing of

the good way.' **Rev. Sir, -I thought you sufficiently acquainted with

'--Trans. of Miss. Society, No. 18, 1. 87. the late Ferations of the Christians in those parts, arising mins, were inclined to join the Christian church, it would

• If Heathen, of great induence and connections, or Brahfrom the blind zeal of the Heathen and Mahometans; the probably cause commotions and even rebellione, either to latter viewing with a jealous eye the progress of the gospel, prevent them from it, or to endanger thcir life. In former and trying to destroy, or at least to clog it, by all the crafty years, we had some instances of this kind at Tranquebar ; means in their power. I therefore did not choose to trouble where they were protected by the assistance of gorernment. you; but as no stop has been put to these grievances, things If such instances should happen now in our present tinies, go on from bad to worse, as you will see from what has we don't know what the consequences would be.'--Trans. happened at Hickadoe. The Catechist has providentially of Miss. Society, II. 185. escaped from that outrageous attempt, by the assistance of ten or twelve of our Christians, and has made good his fizht to Palamcotta ; whilst the exasperated mob, coming nish Missionaries at Tracquebar to the Directors of

This last extract is contained in a letter from Da. from Padeckcpallve, hovered round the village, plundering the houses of the Christians, and ill-treating ibeir families, the Missionary Society at London. by kicking, flogging, and other bad usage; these monsters It is hardly fair to contend, after these extracts, not even forbearing to attack, strip, rob, and miserably that no symptoms of jealousy upon the subject of re. beat the Catechist Jesuadian, who, partly from illness and ligion had been evinced on the coast, except in the partly through fear, had shut himself up in his house. I case of the insurrection at Vellore ; or that no greater day the Catechist himself called on me, and told me the activity than common had prevailed among the mis. truth of it. From what he says, it is plain that the Manikar sionaries. We are very far, however, from attributing of Wayrom (a Black peace-officer of that place) has con- that insurrection exclusively, or even principally, 10 trived the whole affair, with a view to vex the Christians. any apprehensions from the zeal of the missionaries. i doubt not that these facts have been reported to the Rev. The rumour of that zeal might probably have more Mr. K. by the country priest; and if I mention them to you, readily disposed the minds of the troops for the cor. it is with a view to show in what a forlorn state the poor rupt influence exercised upon them ; but we have no Christians hereabouts are, and how desirable a thing, it doubt that the massacre was principally owing to an as soon as possible ; then tranquillity would be restored, adroit use made by the sons

of Tippoo, and the high and future molestations prevented. I request you to com- Mussulmen living in the fortress, of the abominablu Iunicate this letter to him with my compliments. I am, military foppery of our own people. sir, &c. Manapaar, June 8, 1805."

After this short sketch of what has been lately pass. This letter left a deep impression on my mind, especi- ing on the coast, we shall attempt to give a similar ale when I received a fuller account of the troubles of the account of missionary proceedings in Bengal; and it are frequently driven from their homes, put in the stocks, appears to us, it will be more satisfactory to do so as and exposed for a fortnight together to the heat of the much as possible in the words of the missionaries Taging sun, and the chilling dews of the night, all because themselves. In our extracts from their publications, there is no European missionary to bring their complaints we shall endeavour to show the character and style of to the ear of Government, who, I am happy to add, have the men employed in these missions, the extent of never been deficient in their duty of procuring redress, their success, or rather of their failure, and the gene. where the Christians have had to complain of real injuries. ral impression made upon the people by their efforts One of the most trying cases, mentioned in a postscript of for the dissemination of the gospel. the above letter, is that of Christians being flogged till they consent to hold the torches to the Heathen idols. The

It will be necessary to piemise, that the missions letier says, "the Catechist of Collesigrapatuam has in- in Bengal, of which the public have heard so much of formed me, that the above Manikar has forced a Christian, late years, are the missions of Anabaptist dissenters, of the Villally caste, who attends at our church, to sweep whose peculiar and distinguishing tenet it is, io tap. the temple of the idol. A severe fogging was given on this tize the members of their church by plunging then occasion.”-From such facts, the postscript continues, into the water when they are grown up, instead of believers, as long as every Manikar thinks he has a right to sprinkling them with water when they are young. do them what violence he pleases."

• It must be observed, to the glory of that Saviour who is respectable name of the Deputy Chairman of the East strong in weakness, that many of the Neophytes in that India Company, who, in the common routine of office, district have withstood all these fiery trials with firmness. will succeed to the Chair of that Company at the ensu. Many also, it is to be lamented, have fallen off in the evil ing election. The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of day, and at least so far yielded to the importunity of their the East India Company, are also both of them trus. Eshes, after the manner of the Heathen. How great this tees to another religious society for missions to Africa

and the East. falling off has been I am not yet able to judge. But I am happy to add, that the Board of Revenue has issued the The first Number of the Anabaptist Missions informs strictest orders against all unprovoked persecution.'- us that the origin of the Society will be found in the Trans. of Miss. Society, II. 431-433.

workings of Brother Carey's mind, whose heart appears

to have been set upon the conversion of the Heathen in The following quotations evince how far from indif. 1786, before he came to reside at Moulion. (No. I. p. 1.) ferent the natives are to the progress of the Christian These workings produced a sermon at Northampton, religion in the East.

and the sermon a subscription to convert 420 millions • 1805. Oct. 10.-A respectable Brahmin in the Com. account : “ Information is come from Brother Carey,

of Pagans. Of the subscription, we have the following to him the important object of our coming to India, and that a gentleman from Northumberland

had promised mentioned some of the great and glorious truths of the gos- to send him 201. for the Society, and to subscribe four vel, which we wished to impart in the native language.- guineas annually. He seemed much hurt, and told us the Gentoo religion was of a divine origin as well as the Christian ;-that heaven • At this meeting at Northampton two other friends sub

like a palace which had many doors, at which scribed, and paid two guineas a-piece, two more one guinea people may enter ;-that variety is pleasing to God, &c.- each, and another half a guinea, making six guineas and & and a number of other arguments which we hear every half in all. And such members as were present of the first day. On taking leave, he said, " the Company bas got the subscribers, paid their subscriptions

into the hands of the country, (for the English are very clever,) and, perhaps, I treasurer; who proposed to put the sum now received into

was

the hands of a banker, who will pay interest for the same.'

Brother Carey's Piety at Sea. --Bapt. Diss. Soc. No 1. p. 5.

Brother Carey, while very sea-sick, and leaning over In their first proceedings they are a good deall the ship to relieve his stomach from that very oppressive guided by Brother Thomas, who has been in Bengal complaint, salu his mind was even then filled with consobefore, and who lays before the Society an history of lation in contemplating the wonderful goodness of God. his life and adventures, from which we make the fol. Ibid. p. 76. lowing extract:

Extract from Brother Carey's and Brother Thomas's On my arrival in Calcutta, I sought for religious people,

Journals, at sea and by land. but found none. At last, how was I rejoiced to hear that a very religious man was coming to dine with me at a house

$ 1793. June 16. Lord's Day. A little recovered from my in Calcutta ; a man who would not omit his closet hours, of sickness; met for prayer and exhortation in my cabin; had & morning or evening, at sea or on land, for all the world a dispute with a French deist.'-Ibid. p. 158. I concealed my impatience as well as I could, till the joyful

30. Lord' Day. A pleasant and profitable day: moment caine: and a moment it was, for I soon heard him our congregation composed of ten persons.'-Ibid. p. 159. take the Lord's name in vain, and it was like a cold dagger,

July 7. Another pleasant and profitable Lord's Day; with which I received repeated stabs in the course of half our congregation increased with one. Had much sweet enan hour's conversation : and he was ready to kick me when joyment with God.'-Ibid. I spoke of some things commonly believed by other hypo

*1794. Jan. 26. Lord's Day. Found much pleasure in readcrites, concerning our Lord Jesus Christ; and with fury put ing Edwards' Sermon on the Justice of God in the

damnation an end to our conversation, by saying I was a mad enthusi- of Sinners.'-Ibid. Ju. 166. ast, to suppose that Jesus Christ had anything to do in the · April 6. Had some sweetness to-day, especially in readcreation of the world, who was born only seventeen hun-ing Edwards' Sermon.?- Ibid. p. 171. dred years ago. When I returned, he went home in the June 8. This evening reached Bowlea, where we lay to same ship, and I found him a strict observer of devotional for the Sabbath. Feit thankful that God had y reserved us,

I was hours, but an enemy to all religion, and horribly loose, vain, and wondered at his regard for so mean a creature and intemperate in his life and conversation

unable to wrestle with God in prayer for many of my dear After this I advertiseil for a Christian ; and that I may not friends in England.'- Ibid. p. 179. be misunderstood, I shall subjoin a copy of the advertise

--- 16. This day I preached twice at Malda, where ment, frodi the Indian Gazette of November 1, 1783, which Mr. Thomas met me. Had much enjoyinent; and thou, now lies before ine.'-Bapt. Miss. Soc. No I. p. 14, 15.

our congregation did not exceed sixteen, yet the pleasure I

felt in having my tongue once more set at liberty, I can Brother Thomas relates the Conversion of an Hindoo on hardly describe. Was enabled to be faithful, and felt a the Malabar Coast to the Society.

sweet affection for immortal souls.-Ibid. p. 180.

• 1796. Feb. 6. I am now in my study; and oh, it is a A certain man, on the Malabar coast, had inquired of va- sweet place, because of the presence of God with the vilest rious devotees and priests, how he might make atonement of men. It is at the top of the house; I have but one winfor his sins ; and at last he was directed to drive iron spikes, dow in it.'

- Ibid. p. 295. sufficiently blunter, through his sandals, and on these spikes

• The work to which God has set his hand will infallibiy he was to place his naked feet, and walk (if I mista ise not) prosper. Christ has begun to bombard this strong and an250 cosa, that is about 480 miles. If, through loss of blood, cient fortress, and will assuredly carry it.'-Bapt. Miss. Vol. or weakness of body, he was obliged to halt, he might wait

I. p. 328. for healing and strength. He undertook the journey; and

More missionaries I think absolutely necessary to the sup: while be halted under a large shady tree where the gospel port of the interest. Should any natives join us, they would was sometimes preached, one of the missionaries came, and become outcast immediately, and must be consequently suppreached in his hearing from these words, The blood of Je-ported by us. The missionaries on the coast are to this day sus Christ cleanseth from all sin. While he was preaching, obliged to provide for those who join them, as I learn from the man rose up, threw off his torturing sandals, and cried a letter sent to Brother Thomas by a son of one of the mis out aloud, " This is what I want!"-Bapt. Miss. Soc. No. I.

sionaries.' - Ibid. p. 29.

In the last extract our readers will perceive a new On June 13, 1793, the missionaries set sail, carrying difficulty attendant upon the progress of Chistianity in with them letters to three supposed converts of Bro- the East. The convert must not only be subjected to ther Thomas, Parbotee, Ram Ram Boshoo and Mohun degradation, but his degradation is so complete, and Chund. Upon their arrival in India, they found, to his means of providing for himself so entirely destroyed, their inexpressible mortification, that Ram Ram had that he must be fed by his instructor. The slightest relapsed into Paganism: and we shall present our success in Hindostan would eat up the revenues of readers with a picture of the present and worldly the East India Company: misery to which an Hindoo is subjected, who becomes a convert to the Christian religion. Every body knows most active missionaries give the following account of

Three years after their arrival, these zealous and that the population of Hindostan is divided into success. castes, or classes of persons; and that when a man loses his caste, he is shunned by his wife, children, "I bless God, our prospect is considerably brightened up, friends and relations; that it is considered an abomi- and our hopes are more enlarged than at any period since nation to lodge or eat with him ; and that he is a wan. the commencement of the mission, owing to very pleasing derer and an outcast upon the earth. Caste can be appearances of the gospel having been made eifectual to lost by a variety of means, and the Protestant mis. Four poor labouring Mussulmen, who have been setting sionaries have always made the loss of it a previous last. I hope their baptism will not be much longer deferred;

their faces towards Zion ever since the month of August requisite to admission into the Christian church.

and that might encourage Mohun Chund, Parbotte, and

Casei Naut (who last year appeared to set out in the ways of On our arrival at Calcutta, we found poor Ram Boshoo God), to declare for the Lord Jesus Christ, by an oren pro

for us: but to our great grief, he had been bowing fession of their faith in him. Seven of the natives, we hope, down to idols again. When Mr. T. left India, he went from are indeed converted.'-Bapt. Miss. Vol. I. p. 345, 346. place to place; but, forsaken by the Hindoos, and neglected by the Europeans, he was seized with a flux and t'ever. In this state, he says, “I had nothing to support me or my

Effects of preaching to an Hindoo Congregation. family ; a relation offered to save me from perishing for I then told them, that if they could not tell me, I would want of necessaries, on condition of my bowing down to the tell them; and that God, who had permitted the Hindoos to idol ; I knew that the Roman Catholic Christians worship- sink into a sea of darkness, had at length commiserated ped idols; I thought they might be commanded to honour them; and sent me and my colleagues to preach life to images in some part of the Bible which I had not seen; I them. I then told them of Christ, his death, luis jersen, his hesitated, and complied; but I love Christianity still.” - love, his being the surety of sinners, his power to save, &c. Bapt. Miss. Soc. Vol. I. p. 64, 65.

and exhorted them earnestly and affectionately to come to Jan. 3, 1794. We thought to write you long before this, him. Effects were various; one man came before I had but our hearts have been burthencd with cares and sorrows, well done, and wanted to sell stockings to me.'-Bapt. Miss. It was very afflicting to hear of Ram Boshoo's great perse, Vol. I. p. 357. cution and fall. Deserted by Englishmen, and persecuted by his own countrymen, he was nigh unto death. The na

Extracts from Journals. tives gathered in bodies, and threw dust in the air as passed along the streets in Calcutta. At last one of his rel • After worship, I received notice that the printing-press atives offered hiin an asylumn on condition of his bowing was just arrived at the Ghat from Calcutta. Retired and down to their idols.'-Ibid. p. 78.

thanked God for furnishing us with a press. '- Ibid. p. 469,

P. 334,

p. 66,

Success in the Sixth Year.

• June 29. Lord's Day. This evening a Brahmin went "We lament that several who did run well are now hin- Brother Carey, to persuade them not to accept of our

round amongst the people who were collected to hear dered. We have faint hopes of a few, and pretty strong

papers. Thus' « darkness struggles with light." Ibid hopes of one or two; but if I say more, it must be either a dull recital of our journeying to one place or another to preach the gospel, or something else relating to ourselves, Testament, and also 600 additional copies of Matthew, for

• It was deemned advisable to print 2000 copies of the New of which I ought to be the last to speak.!--[id. p. 488.

immediate distribution; to which are annexed some of the EXTRACTS FROM MR. Ward's JOURNAL, A NEW ANA- most remarkable prophecies in the Old Testament respect

These are now distributing, together with BAPTIST MISSIONARY SENT OUT IN 1799.

copies of several evangelical hymns, and a very earnest Mr. Ward admires the Captain.

and pertinent address to the natives, respecting the gospel.

It was written by Rain Boshoo, and contains a hundred Several of our friends who have been sick begin to look lines in Bengalee verse. We hear that these papers are up. This evening we had a most precious hour at prayer. read with much attention, and that apprehensions are Captain Wickes read from the 12th verse of the 334 of Ex- rising in the ininds of some of the Brahmins whereunto odus, and then joined in prayer. Our hearts were all these things may grow.'-Ibid. p. 69. warmel. We shook hand with our dear Captain, and, in • We have printed several small pieces in Bengalee, desi n, clasped him to our bosoms.'— Idid. Vol. II. p. 2. which have had a large circulation.'-Ibid. p. 77. Mr. Ward is frightened by a Privateer.

Mr. Fountain's gratitude to Herrey. June 11. Held our conference this evening. A vessel tVhen I was about eighteen or nineteen years of age, is still pursuing us, which the Captain believes to be a Hervey's Meditations fell into my hands. Till then I had Frenchman. I feel some alarm: considerable alarm. On read nothing but ny Bible and the prayer-book. This Lord, be thou our detender! the vessel seems to gain upon ushered me as it were into a new world! It expanded us. (Quarter past eleven at night.) There is no doubt of my mind, and excitei a thirst after knowledge, and this the vessel being a French privateer: when we changed our was not all ; I derived spiritual as well as intellectual adtack, she changed her. We have, since dark, changed into vantages from it. I shall bless God for this book while I our old course, so that possibly we shall lose her. Brethren Live 'ipon earth, and when I get to heaven, I will thank dear G. and B. have enzage in prayer: we have read Luther's Hervey himself.'--Bapt. Miss. Vol. II. p. 90. psalm, and our minds are pretty well coinļused. Our guns are all loaded, and tue captain seems very low. All hands

Hatred of the Natives to the Gospel. are at the guns, and the matches are lighted. I go to the end of the hip. I can just see the vessel, though it is very

Jan. 27. The inveterate hatred that the Brahmins foggy. A ball whizzes over my head, and makes me trem- every where show to the gospel, and the very name of ble. I go down, and go to prayer with our friends.' -- Ibid. Jesus, in which they are joinel by many lewd fellows of P. 3, 4,

the baser sort, requires no common degree of self-posses

sion, caution, and prudence. The seeming failure of some Mr. Ward feels a regard for the Sailors.

we hoped well of is a source of considerable anxiety and

grief.'-Ibid. p. 110. * July 12. I never felt so much for any men as for our sailors; a tenderness which could weep over then. Oh, the first book that was ever ;rinted in Bengalee; and this

Aug. 31. Lorl's Day. We have the honour of printing Jesus ! let thy blood cover some of them! A sweet prayer is the first piece in which Brahmins have been opposed, meeting. Verily God is here.'— Ibid. p. 7.

perhaps for thousands of years. All their books are filled

with accounts to establish Brahmini-in, and raise Brahmins Mr. Ward sees an American vessel, and longs to preach to the seat of God. Hence they are believed to be interior to the Sailors.

gods. All the waters of salvation in the country are supSept. 27. An American vessel is along-side, and the posed to meet in the foot of a Brahmin. It is reckoned captain is speaking to their captain through his trumpet. they have the keys of heaven and hell, and have power How pleasant to talk to a friend! I have been looking at over sickness and health, life and death. O pray that Brahthem throuzh the glass ; the sailors sit in a group, and are minism may come down !-Ibid. p. 111. making their observations upon us. I long to go and

Oct. 3. Brother Marshman having directed the children preach to them.'-Ibid. p. 11.

in the Bengalee school to write out a piece written by Bro.

ther Fountain (a kind of catechism), the schoolmaster reFeelings of the Natives upon hearing their Religion

ported yesterday that all the boys would leave the school attacked.

rather than write it; that it was designed to make them lose

caste, and make them Feringas ; that is, persons who have 1800. Feb. 25. Brother C. had some conversation with descended from those who were formerly converted by the one of the Mussulmen, who asked, upon his denying the papists, and who are to this day held in the greatest condivine mission of Mahommed, what was to become of Mus-tempt by the Hindoos. From this you may gather how sulmen and Hindoos! Brother C. expressed his fears that much contempt a converted native would meet with.'- Ibid. they would all be lost. The man seemed as if he would p. 113, 114, have torn him to pieces.'--Ibid. p. 51.

Oct. 26. Lord's Day. Bharratt told Brother Carey toMar, 30. The people seem quite anxious to get the day what the people talked among themselves" Formerhymns which we gave away. The Brahmins are rather un- ly," say they, here were no white people amongst us. easy. The Governor advised his Brahmins to send their Now the English have taken the country, and it is getting children to learn English. They replied, that we seemed full of whites. Now also the white man's shaster is publisha to take pains to make the natives Christians; and they were ing. Is it not going to be fulfilled which is written in our afraid that their children, being of tender age, would make shasters, that all shall be of one caste ; and will not this caste them a more easy conquest.'— Ibid. p. 158.

be the gospel ?'-Ibid. p. 115. April 27. Lord's Day. One Brahmin said, he had no Nov. 7. He also attempted repeatedly to introduce Christ occasion for a hymn, for they were all over the country. and him crucified; but they would immediately manifest He could go into any house and read one.'-- Ibid. p. 61. the utmost dislike of the very name of him. Nay, in their

* May 9. Brother Fountain was this evening at Budda- turn they commended Creeshnoo, and invited Brother C. to barry. At the close, the Brahmins having collected a num- believe in him.'-- Ibid. p. 118. ber of boys, they set up a great shout, and followed the * Dec. 23. This forenoon Gokool came to tell us that brethren out to the village with noise and shoutings.'— Kristno and his whole family were in confinement !

Asloid.

tonishing news! It seems the whole neighbourhood, as May 16. Brother Carey and I went to Buddabarry this soon as it was noised abroad that these people had lost caste, evening. No sooner had we begun, than a Brahmin went was in an uproar. It is said that two thousand people were round to all the rest that were present, and endeavoured to assembled pouring their anathemas on these new converts.' pull them away.'-Bapt. Miss. Vol. II. p. 62.

-Bapt. Miss. Vol. II. p. 125. .-30. "This evening at Budda barry, a man men Jan. 1:2. The Brahmins and the young people show tioned in my journal of March 14th, insulted Brother Carey, every degree of contempt; and the name of Christ is beHe asked why we came; and sail, it we could employ the come a by-word, like the name methodist in England fornatives as carpenters, blacksmiths, &c. it would be very merly.'--- Ibid. p. 130. well; but that they did not want our holiness. In exact Sept. 25. I then took occasion to tell them that the conformity with this sentiment, our Brahmin told Brother Brahmins only wanted their money, and cared nothing Thomas when here, that he did not want the favour of about their salvation. To this they readily assented.' God.'--Ibid. p. 63.

Ibid. p. 134. June 22. Loril's Day. A Brahmin has been several . Nov. 23. Lord's Day. Went with Brother Carey to the times to disturb the children, and to curse Jesus Christ! new pagoda, at the upper end of the town. About ten Another Brahmin counpiained to Brother Carey that, by our Brahmins attended. They behaved in the most scoffing and school and printing, we were now teaching the gospel to blasphemous manner, treating the name of Christ with the their children from their infancy.'-Ibid, p. 66,

greatest scorn; nor did they discontinue their ridicule while

Brother Carey prayed with them. No name amongst men | Difficulty which the Mission experiences from not being seems so offensive to them as that of our adorable ŘEDLEM

able to get Converts shaved. ER!'- Ibid. p. 138. Dec. 24. “The Governor had the goodness to call on us

Several persons there seemed willing to be baptized in tae course of the day, and desired us to secure the girl, at but if they should, the village barber, forsooth, will not least within our walls, for a few days, as he was persuaded shave them! When a native loses his caste, or becomes the people round the country were so exasperated at unclean, his barber and his priest will not come near him; Kristno's embracing the gospel, that he could not answer and as they are accustomed to shave the head nearly ali for their safety. A number of the mob might come from over, and cannot well perform this business themselves, twenty miles distant in the night, and murder them all, with it becomes a serious inconvenience.'-Ibid. p. 372. out the prepetrators being discovered. He believed, that had tney obtained the girl, they would have murdered her

Hatred of the Natives. before the morning, and thought they had been doing God · Apr. 24. Lord's Day, Brother Chamberlain preached at service!' - Ibid. p. 143, 144.

home, and Ward at Calcutta : Brother Carey was amongst Jan. 30. After speaking about ten minutes, a rude fel- the brethren, and preached at night. Kristno Prisaud, Ram low be, an to be very abusive, and, with the help of a few Roteen, and others, were at Buddabatty, where they met boys, raised such a clamour that nothing could be heard. with violent opposition. They were set upon as Feringas, At length, seeing no hope of their becoming quiet, I retired as destroyers of the caste, as having eaten fowls, eggs, &c. to the other part of the town. They followed, hallooing, as they attempted to return, the mob began to beat them, and crying "Hurree boll!" (an exclamation in honour of putting their hands on the back of their necks, and pushing Veeshno.) They at last began to pelt me with stones and ihem forward; and one man, even a civil othcer, grazed dirt. One of the men, who knew the house to which Bro- the point of a spear against the body of Kristn" Prisaud. ther Carey was gone, advised me to accompany him thither, when they saw that they could not make our friends angry saying, that these people would not hear our words. Going by such treatment, they said, You salla ; you will not be with him, I met Brother C. We were not a little pleased angry, will you? They then insulted them again, threw that the devil had begun to bestir himself, inferring from cow-dung mixed in gonga water at them; talked of making hence that he suspected danger.'-lid. p. 148, 149.

them a necklace of old shoes; beat Neeloo with Ran Ro

teen's shoe, &c.; and declared that if they ever came again Feelings of an Hindoo Boy upon the eve of Conversion. they would make an end of them."-Bapt. Miss. vol. 11. p.

378, • Nov. 18. One of the boys of the school, called Benjamin, is under considerable concern ; indeed there is a general A Plan for procuring an order from Government to stir amongst our children, which affords us great encourage

shave the Converts. inent. The following are some of the expressions used in prayer by poor Benjamin :

. After concluding with prayer, Bhorud Ghose, Sookun • ** Oh Lord, the day of judgment is coming : the sun, and and Torribot Bichess, took me into the field, and told me moon, and stars will all fall down. Oh, what shall I do in that their minds were quite decided ; there was no necessity the day of judgment! Thou wilt break me to pieces. for exhorting them. There was only one thing that kepe (literal.] The Lord Jesus Christ was so good as to die for them from being baptized in the name of Jesus Christ us pour souls: Lord, keep us all this day! Oh hell! gnash- ferent thing from losing case in their village. !f they de

Losing caste in a large town like ferampore was a very dife ing, and beating, and beating! One hour weeping, another heil: I am going to hell! O Lord, give me a new heart; heads and ther beards, they could not live. li an order gnashing! We shall stay there for ever? I am going to clared themselves Christians, the barber of their village

would no longer shave them; and, without shaving their give me a new heart; and wash away all my sins! Give could be obtained from the magistrate of the district for me a new heart, that I may praise Him, that I may obey the barber to shave Christians as well as others, they would Him, that I may speak the truth, that I may never do evil things! Oh, I have many times sinned against thee, many

be immediately baptized.'-- Ibid. p. 397. times broken thy commandments, oh many times; and what shall I do in the day of judgment!" --Bapt. Miss. two Hindoos who had set up as gods, Dulol and Ram

We meet in these proceedings with the account of Vol. Il. p. 162, 163.

Dass. The missionaries conceiving is schism from Alarm of the Natives at the preaching of the Gospel.

the religion of the Hindoos to be & rery favourable

opening for them, wait upon the two deities. With From several parts of Calcutta he hears of people's at- Dulol, who seems to be a very shrewd fellow, they tention being excited by reading the papers which we have are utterly unsuccessful; and the following is an er. scattered among them. Many begin to wonder that they tract from the account of their conference with Ram never heard these things before, since the English have been

Dass: so long in the country.'- ibid. p. 2:23.

• Many of the natives have expressed their astonishment • After much altercation, I told him he might put the at seeing the converte! Hindoos sit and eat with Europe- matter out of all doubt as to himself: he had only to crime

It is what they thought would never come to pass. as a poor, repenting, suppliant sinner, and he would be The priests are much alarmed for their tottering fabric, and saved, whatever became of others. To this he gave no other rack their inventions to prop it up. They do not like the answer than a sinile of contempt. I then asked bim in what institution of the college in Calcutta, and that their sacred way the sins of these his followers would be removed; urgshasters should be explored by the unhallowed eyes of Eu- ing it as a matter of the last importance, as he knew that ropeans.'-- Ibid. p. 233.

they were all sinners, and must stand before the righteous Indeed, by the distribution of many copies of the Scrip- bar of God? After much evasion, he replied that he had tures, and of some thousands of small tracts, a spirit of in- fire in his belly, which would destroy the sins of all his quiry has been excited to a degree unknown at any former followers !'-Bapt. Miss. Vol. II. p. 401. period.'--Ibid. p. 236. "As he and Kristno walked through the street, the natives

A Brahmin Converted. cried out, “What will this joiner do ? (meaning Kristno.) Will he destroy the caste of us all? Is this Brahmin going * Dec. 11. Lori's Day. A Brahmin came from Nuddes. to be a Feringa ?” '-Ibid. p. 245.

After talking to him about the gospel, which he said he was

very willing to embrace, we sent him to Kristno's. He ate Account of success in 1802.-Tenth year of the Mission. with them without hesitation, but discovered such a thirst

for Bengalee rum, as gave them a disgust.' Wherever we have gone we have uniformiy found, that • Dec. 13. This morning the Brahmin decamped suddenso long as people did not understand the report of our ly.'-Bapt. Miss. Vol. II. p. 424. message, they appeared to listen ; but the moment they understood something of it, they either became indifferent,

Ertent of Printing. or began to ridicule. This in general has been our reception.'--Bapt Miss. Vol. II. p.

Sept. 12. We are building an addition to our printing 213.

office, where we employ seventeen printers and tive book

binders. The Brahmin from near Bootan gives some hope Hatred of the Natives

that he has received the truth in love.'-Ibid. p. 483.

• The news of Jesus Christ, and of the church at Seram«Sept. 27. This forenoon three of the people arrived from pore, seerbs to have gone much further than I expected: Ponchetalokpool, who seemed very happy to see us. They it appears to be known to a few in most villages-'-Ibid. inform us that the Brahinins had raised a great persecution against them; and when they set out on their journey bither, the mob assembled to hiss them away. After Brother

Hatred to the Gospel. Marsh an ha left that part of the country, they hung him in etfigy and some of the printed papers which he had •The caste (says Mr. W.) is the great millstone round the distributed among them. '- Ibid. p. 314.

necks of these people. Roteen wants shaving; but the

[ocr errors]

ans.

p. 487.

« PreviousContinue »