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nevolence and human improvement, his manner was ralities within certain distances have been allowed ; cold to individuals. There was an apparent want of acting under the faith of these laws, livings have been heartiness and cordiality. It seemed as if he had bought and bequeathed to clergymen, tenable with more affection for the species than for the ingredients other preferments in their possession—upon faith in of which it was composed. He was in reality very these laws, men and women have married-educated hospitable, and so fond of company, that he was hard- their children-laid down a certain plan of life, and ly happy out of it; but he did not receive his friends adopted a certain rate of expense, and ruin comes with that honest joy which warms more than dinner upon them in a moment, from this thoughtless inatten. or wine.
tion to existing interests. I know a man whose father This is the good and evil of your father which comes dedicated all he had saved in a long life of retail trade, uppermost. If he had been arrogant and grasping ; if to purchase the next presentation to a living of 8001. he had been faithless and false ; if he had been always per annum, tenable under the old law, with another of eager to strangle infant genius in its cradle ; always 500l. given to the son by his college. The whole of ready to betray and to blacken those with whom he this clergyman's life and prospects (and he has an im. sat at meat ; he would have passed many men, who, mense family of children) are cut to pieces by your in the course of his long life, have passed him ;-but, bill. It is a wrong thing, you will say, to hold two without selling his soul for pottage, if he only had had livings; I think it is, but why did not you, the legis. a little more prudence for the promotion of his inter. lature, find this out fifty years ago? Why did you ests, and more of angry passions for the punishment entice this man into the purchase of pluralities, by a of those detractors who envied his fame and presumvenerable laxity of two hundred years, and then clap ed upon his sweetness; if he had been more aware of him into gaol from the new virtue of yesterday? Such his powers, and of that space which nature intended reforms as these make wisdom and carefulness use. him to occupy;-he would have acted a great part in less, and turn human life into a mere scramble. life, and remained a character in history. As it is, he Page 32, Sec. 69.-There are the strongest possible has left, in many of the best men in England, and of objections to this clause. The living is 4101. per an. the continent, the deepest admiration of his talents, num, the population above 2000—perhaps, as is often his wisdom, his knowledge, and his benevolence. the case, one-third of them dissenters. “A clergyman I remain, my dear Sir,
does his duty in the most exemplary manner-dedi. Very truly yours,
cates his life to his parish, from whence he derives SIDNEY SMITH. his whole support—there is not the shadow of a com
plaint against him. The bishop has, by this clause, acquired a right of thrusting a curate upon the rector
at the expense of a fifth part of his whole fortune. A LETTER TO LORD JOHN RUSSELL.
This, I think, an abominable picce of tyranny; and it
will turn out to be an inexhaustible source of favourit. MY LORD,
ism and malice. In the bishop's bill I have in vain THOUGH, upon the whole, your residence and plu- looked for a similar clause that if the population rality bill is a good bill, and although I think it (thanks is above 800,000, and the income amounts to 10,0001., to your kind attention to the suggestions of various an assistant to the bishop, may be appointed by the clergymen) a much better bill than that of last year, commissioners, and a salary of 20001. per andum there are still some important defects in it, which de allotted to him. This would have been honest and serve amendment and correction.
manly, to have begun with the great people. Page 13, Sec. 31.-It would seem, from this section, But mere tyranny and episcopal malice are not the that the repairs are to depend upon the will of the only evils of this clause, nor the greatest evils. Every bishop, and not upon the present law of the land. A body knows the extreme activity of that part of the bishop enters into the house of a non-resident clergy. English church which is denominated evangelical, man, and finds it neither papered, nor painted-he and their industry in bringing over every body io their orders these decorative repairs. In the mean time the habits of thinking and acting ; now see what will hapCourt of Queen's Bench have decided that substantial pen from the following clause :- And whenever the repairs only, and not decorative repairs, can be re-population of any benefice shall amount to 2000, and covered by an incumbent from his predecessor; the it shall be made appear to the satisfaction of the following words should be added : Provided, always, bishop, that a stipend can be provided for the pay. that no other repairs should be required by the bishop, ment of a curate, by voluntary contribution or other. than such as any incumbent could recover as dilapi. wise, without charge to the incumbent, it shall be dations from the person preceding him in the said lawful for the bishop to require the spiritual person, benefice,'
holding the same, to nominate a fit person to bé Page 19, Sec. 42. Incumbents are to answer ques. licensed as such curate, whatever may be the annual tions transmitted by the bishop, and these are to be value of such benefice ; and if, in either of the said countersigned by the rural dean. This is another cases, a fit person shall not be nominated to the bishop vexation to the numerous catalogue of vexations en- within two months after his requisition for that pur. tailed upon the rural clergy. Is every man to go be- pose shall have been delivered to the incumbeni, it fore the rural dean, twenty or thirty miles off, per. shall be lawful for the bishop to appoint and license a haps? Is he to go through a cross-examination by curate. A clause worthy of the Vicar of Wrexhill the rural dean, as to the minute circumstances of himself. Now what will happen? The bishop is a twenty or thirty questions, to enter into reasonings Calvinistic bishop; wife, children, chaplains, Calvin. upon them, and to produce witnesses? This is a most ized up to the lecth. The serious people of the parish degrading and vexatious enactment, if all this is in. meet together, and agree to give an hundred pounds tended ; but if the rural dean is to believe the asser- per annum, if Mr. Wilkinson is appointed. “It retion of every clergyman upon his word only, why may quires very little knowledge of human nature to prenot the bishop do so: and what is gained by the enaci. dict, that at the expiration of two months Mr. Wilkin. ment? But the commissioners seem to have been a son will be the man; and then the whole parish is set of noblemen and gentlemen, who met once a week, tom to pieces with jealousies, quarrels and compari. to see how they could harass the working clergy, and sons between the rector and the delightful Wilkinson. how they could make every thing smooth and pleasing The same scene is acted (mutatis mutandis), where to the bishops.
the bishop sets his face against Calvinistic principles. The clause for holding two livings, at the interval The absurdity consists in suffering the appointment of of ten miles, is perfectly ridiculous. If you are to a curate by private subscription; in other words, one abolish pluralities, do it at once, or leave a man only clergyman in a parish by nomination, the other by in possession of such benefices as he can serve him. election ; and, in this way, religion is brought into con self; and then the distance should be two miles, and tempt by their jealousies and quarrels. Little do you not a yard more.
know, my dear lord, of the state of that country you But common justice requires that there should be govern, if you suppose this will not happen. I have exceptions to your rules. For two hundred years plu. now a diocese in my eye, where, I am positively cer.
tain, that in less than six months after the passing of tiful zeal carries them into the church without a mothe bill, there will not be a single parish of 2000 per. ment's thought of its emoluments. Such a man, com. sons, in which you will not find a subscription curate, bining the manners of a gentleman with the acquire. of evangelical habits, canting and crowing over the ments of a scholar, and the zeal of an apostle, would regular and established clergyman of the parish. overawe mercantile grossness, and extort respect îrom
În the draft of the fifth report, upon which I presume insolent opulence; but I am talking of average ricars, your dean and chapter bill is to be founded, I see the mixed natures, and eleven thousand parish priests. 1 rights of patronage are to be conceded to present in. you divide the great emoluments of the church into cumbents. This is very high and honourable conduct little portions, such as butlers and head.game-keepers in the commissioners, and such as deserves the warm- receive, you will very soon degrade materially the est thanks of the clergy; it is always difficult to re- style and character of the English clergy. If I were tract, much more difficult to retract to interiors; but dictator of the church, as Lord Durham is to be of it is very virtuous to do so when there can be no Canada, I would preserve the resident, and abolish, motive for it but a love of justice.
for the purposes of a fund, the non-resident prebends. Your whole bill is to be one of retrenchment, and This is the principal and most important alteration in amputation ; why add fresh canons to St. Paul's and your dean and chapter bill, which it is not too late to Lincoln ? Nobody wants them; the cathedrals go on make, and for which every temperate and rational perfectly well without them; they take away each of man ought to strive. ihem 15001. or 16001. per annum, from the fund for the You will, of course, consider me as a defender of improvement of small livings; they give, to be sure, abuses. I have all my life been just the contrary, and a considerable piece of patronage to the Bishops of I remember, with pleasure, thirty years ago, old Lord London and Lincoln, who are commissioners, and they Stowell saying to me, "Mr. Smith, you would have preserve a childish and pattern-like uniformity in ca- been a much richer man if you had joined us. I like, ihedrals. But the first of these motives is corrupt, my dear lord, the road you are travelling, but I don't and the last silly; and therefore they cannot be your like the pace you are driving ; too similar to that of motives.
the son of Nimshi. I always feel myself inclined to You cannot plead the recommendation of the com cry out, Gently, John, gently down hill. Put on the mission for the creation of these new canons, for you drag. We shall be over, if you go so quick-you'll do have flung the commission overboard; and the re us a mischief. formers of the church are no longer archbishops and Remember, as a philosopher, that the Church of bishops, but Lord John Russell ;-not those persons England now is a very different institution from what to whom the crown has entrusted the task, bút Lord it was twenty years ago. It then oppressed every sect; Martin Luther, bred and born in our own island, and and the only real cause of complaint for dissenters is, nourished by the Woburn spoils and confiscations of that they can no longer find a grievance, and enjoy the the church. The church is not without friends, but distinction of being persecuted. I have always tried those friends have said there can be no danger of to reduce them to this state, and I do not pity them. measures which are sanctioned by the highest prelates You have expressed your intention of going beyond of the church ; but you have chased away the bearers, the fifth report, and limiting deans to 20001. per annum, and taken the ark into your own possession. Do not canons to* 10001. This is, I presume, in conformity forget, however, if you have deviated from the plan of with the treatment of the bishops, who are limited to your brother commissioners, that you have given to from 45001., to 50001. per annum; and it wears a fine ihem a perfect right to oppose you.
appearance of impartial justice; but for the dean and This unfair and wasteful creation of new canons, canon the sum is a maximum-in bishops it is a max. produces a great and scandalous injustice to St. Paul's imum and minimum too; a bishop cannot have less and Lincoln, in the distribution of their patronage.than 35001., a canon may have as little as the poverty The old members of all other cathedrals will enjoy the of his church dooms him to, but he cannot have more benefit of survivorship, till thcy subside into the magic than 10001.; but there are many canonries of 5001., or number of four ; up to that point, then, every fresh 6001., or 7001. per annum, and a few only of 1000l.; death will add to the patronage of the remaining old many deaneries of from 10007. to 15001. per annum; members; but in the churches of Lincoln and St. Paul's, and only a very few above 20001. If you mean to the old members will immediately have one-fifth of make the world' believe that you are legislating for their patronage taken away by the creation of a fifth men without votes, as benevolently as you did for canon to share it. This injustice and partiality are so those who have votes in Parliament, you should make monstrous, that the two prelates in question will see up the allowance of every canon to 10001., and of erery that it is necessary to their own character to apply a dean to 20001. per annum, or leave them to the pre. remedy. Nothing is more easy than to do so. Let sent lottery of blanks and prizes. Besides, 100, do I the bishop's canon have no share in the distribution not recollect some remarkable instances, in your bish. of the patronage, till after the death of all those who ops' act, of deviation from this rigid standard of episwere residentiarics at the passing of the bill.
copal wealth? Are not the archbishops to have the Your dean and chapter bill will, I am afraid, cut enormous sums of 15,0001. and 12,0001. per annum? is down the great preferments of the church too much. not the Bishop of London to have 10,0001. per annum?
Take for your fund only the non-resident prebends, Are not all these three prelates commissioners? And and leave the number of resident prebends as they is not the reason alleged for the enormous income of are, annexing some of them to poor livings with large the Bishop of London, that every thing is so expen: populations. I am sure this is all (besides the aboli. sive in the metropolis ? Do not the deans of St. Paul's tion of pluralities), which ought to be done, and all and Westminster, then, live in London also? And that would be done, if the commissioners were to can the Bishop of London sit in his place in the begin de novo from this period, when bishops have re. House of Lords, and not urge for those dignita. covered from their fright, dissenters shrunk into their ries the same reasons which were so successful in just dimensions, and ihe foolish and exaggerated
ex- securing such ample emoluments for his own see? My pectations from reform have vanished away. The old friend, the Bishop of Durham, has 8000l. per annum great prizes of the church induce men to carry, and secured to himn. I am heartily glad of it ; what possi. fathers and uncles to send into the church considerable ble reason can there be for giving him more than other capitals, and in this way enable the clergy to associate bishops, and not giving to the Dean of Durham more wiih gentlemen, and to command that respect which, than other deans ? that is, of leaving him one half oi bis in all countries, and above all in this, depend so much present income. It is impossible this can be a clapon appearances. Your bill, abolishing pluralities, and irap for Joseph Hume, or a set-off against the disasters taking away at the same time, so many dignities, of Canada ; you are too honest and elevated for this. I leaves the church of England so destitute of great cannot comprehend what is meant by such gross par. prizes, that, as far as mere emolument has any in- tiality and injustice. fluencé, it will be better to dispense cheese and butter Why are the economists so eagerly in the field? The to the public, than to enter into the church.
public do not contribute one halfpenny to the support There are admirable mon, whose honest and beau- 1 of deans and chapters ; it is not proposed by any one
to confiscate the revenues of the church; the whole is ( qualities of our minds, as there is in the lesser const a question of distribution, in what way the revenues of derations of life. It is by no means indifferent to the the church can be best administered for the public morals of the people at large, whether a tricking per. good. But whatever may be the respective shares of , fidious king is placed on the throne of these realms, Peter or Paul, the public will never be richer or poorer or whether the sceptre is swayed by one of plain and by one shilling.
manly character, walking ever in a straight line, on When your dean and chapter bill is printed, I shall the firm ground of truth, under the searching eye of take the liberty of addressing you again. The clergy God. naturally look with the greatest anxiety to these two The late king was of a sweet and Christian disposi. bills; they think that you will avail yourself of this tion; he did not treasure up little animosities, and inopportunity, to punish them for their opposition to dulge in vindictive feelings; he had no enemies but your government in the last elections. They are the enemies of the country; he did not make the me. afraid that your object is not so much to do good as mory of a king , fountain of wrath; the feelings of to gratify your vanity, by obtaining the character of a the individual (where they required any control) were great reformer, and that (now the bishops are provided in perfect subjection to the just conception he had for) you will varnish over your political mistakes by formed of his high duties; and every one near him increased severity against the church, or, apparently found it was a government of principle and not of tem. struggling for their good, see with inexpressible de per; not of caprice, not of malice couching in high light the clergy delivered over to the tender mercies of places, and watching an opportunity of springing on the radicals. These are the terrors of the clergy. I its victim. judge you with a very different judgment. You are a Our late monarch had the good nature of Christian. religious man, not unfriendly to the church ; and but ity; he loved the happiness of all the individuals for that most foolish and fatal error of the church rates about him, and never lost an opportunity of promoting (into which you were led by a man who knows no more it, and where the heart is good and the mind active, of England than of Mesopotamia), I believe you would and the means ample, this makes a luminous and have gone on well with the church to the last. There beautiful life, which gladdens the nations, and leads is a genius in action, as well as diction; and because them, and turns men to the exercise of virtue, and the you see political evils clearly, and attack them bravely, great work of salvation. and cure them wisely, you are a man of real genius, We may honestly say of our late sovereign that he and are most deservedly looked up to as the leader of loved his country, and was sensibly alive to its glory the whig party in this kingdom. I wish, I must con- and happiness. When he entered into his palaces he fess, you were rather less afraid of Joseph and Dan. did not say 'All this is my birthright; I am entitled iel ; but God has given you a fine understanding, and a to it—it is my due-how can I gain more splendour? fine character; and I have so much confidence in your how can I increase all the pleasures of the senses ?' spirit and honour, that am sure you would rather but he looked upon all as a memorial that he was abandon your bills altogether, than suffer the enemies to repay by example, by attention, and by watchful. of the church to convert them into an engine of spoil ness over the public interests, the affectionate and la. and oppression. I am, &c.
vish expenditure of his subjects; and this was not a SYDNEY SMITH. decision of reason, but a feeling, which hurried him
Whenever it was pointed out to him that England could be made more rich, or more hap
py, or rise higher in the scale of nations, or be SERMON ON THE DUTIES OF THE QUEEN. better guided in the straight path of the ChristiDANIEL, iv. 31.
an faith, on all such occasions he rose above him. "O# KING, THY GLORY IS DEPARTED FROM THEE.'
self; there was a warmth and a truth, and an honesty,
which it was impossible to mistake; the gates of his I do not think I am getting out of the fair line of du- heart were flung open, and the heart throbbed and ty of a minister of the gospel, if, at the beginning of a beat for the land which his ancestors had rescued new reign, I take a short review of the moral and re. from slavery, and governed with justice :-but he is ligious state of the country; and point out what those gone—and let fools praise conquerors, and say the topics are which deserve ihe most serious considera- great Napoleon pulled down this kingdom and destroytion of a wise and a Christian people.
ed that army, we will thank God for a king who has The death of a king is always an awful lesson to derived his quiet glory from the peace of his realm, mankind; and it produces a more solemn pause, and and who has founded his own happiness upon the creates more profound reflection than the best lessons happiness of his people. of the best teachers.
But the world passes on, and a new order of things From the throne to the tombwealth, splendour, arises. Let us take a short view of those duties flattery, all gone! The look of favour-ihe voice of which devolve upon the young queen, whom Provi. power, no more ;—the deserted palace-the wretched dence has placed over us—what ideas she ought to monarch on his funeral bier-ihe mourners ready-form of her duties and on what points she should enthe dismal march of death prepared. Who are we, deavour to place the glories of her reign. and what are we? and for what has God made us? First and foremost, think, the new queen should and why are we doomed to this frail and unquiet ex. bend her mind to the very serious consideration of istence? Who does not feel all this? in whose heart educating the people. Of the importance of this, I does it not provoke appeal to and dependence on God? think no reasonable doubt can exist; it does not, in before whose eyes does it not bring the folly and the its effects, keep pace with the exaggerated expecta. nothingness of all things human?
tions of its injudicious advocates, but it presents the But a good king must not go to his grave without best chance of national improvement. that reverence from the people which his virtues de Reading and writing are mere increase of power. served. And I will state to you what those virtues They may be turned, I admit, to a good, or a bad pur. were, state it to you honestly and fairly; for I should pose; but for several years of his lite the child is in heartily despise myself, if from this chair of truth I your hands, and you may give to that power what would utter one word of panegyric of the great men of bias you please : thou shalt not kill—thou shalt not the earth, which I could not aver before the throne of stealthou shalt not bear false witness ;-by how maGod.
ny fables, by how much poetry, by how many beauti. The late monarch, whose loss we have to deplore, fúl aids of imagination, may not the fine morality of was sincere and honest in his political relations; he the Sacred Scriptures be engraven on the minds of the put his trust really where he put his trust ostensibly young? I believe the arm of the assassin may be of. -and did not attempt to undermine, by secret means, ten stayed by the lessons of his early life. When I those to whom he trusted publicly the conduct of af. see the village school, and the tattered scholars, and fairs; and I must beg to remind you that no vice and the aged master or mistress teaching the mechanical no virtue are indifferent in a monach; human beings art of reading or writing, and thinking that they are ure very imitative; there is a fashion in the higher teaching that alone, and feel that the aged instructor
is protecting life, insuring property, fencing the altar, I would add (if any addition were wanted as a part guarding the throne, giving space and liberty to all of the lesson to youthful royalty), the utter folly of al the fine powers of man, and lifting him up to his own wars of ambition, where the object sought for—if at. place in the order of creation.
tained at all—is commonly attained at manifold its There are, I am sorry to say, many countries in real value, and often wrested, after short enjoyment, Europe, which have taken the lead of England in the from its possessor, by the combined indignation and great business of education, and it is a thoroughly just vengeance of the other nations of the world. It is commendable and legitimate object of ambition in a all misery, and folly, and impiety, and cruelty. The sovereign to overlake them. The names, too, of mal. atrocities, and horrors, and disgusts of war, have nev. efactors, and the nature of their crimes are subjected er been half enough insisted upon by the teachers of to the sovereign ;-how is it possible that a sovereign, the people; but the worst of evils and the greatest of with the fine feelings of youth, and with all the gen. follies, have been varnished over with specious names, tleness of her sex, should not ask herself, whether the and the gigantic robbers and murderers of the world human being whom she dooms to death, or at least have been holden up, for their imitation, to the weak does not rescue from death, has been properly warned eyes of youth. May honest counsellors keep this poi. in early youth of the horrors of that crime for which son from the mind of the young queen. May she love his life is forfeited ?— Did he ever receive any educa. what God bids, and do what makes men happy! tion at all?-did a father and mother watch over him? I hope the queen will love the national church, and -was he brought to places of worship ?-was the protect it; but it must be impressed upon her mind, Word of God explained to him ?—was the book of that every sect of Christians have as perfect a right to knowledge opened to him ?-Or am I, the fountain of the free exercise of their worship as the church itself mercy, the nursing-mother of my people, to send a --that there must be no invasion of the privileges of forsaken wretch from the streets to the scaffold, and other sects, and no contemptuous disrespect of their to prevent, by unprincipled cruelty, the evils of un. feelings-that the altar is the very ark and citadel of principled neglect?'
freedom. Many of the objections found against the general Some persons represent old age as miserable, be. education of the people are utterly untenable ; where cause it brings with it the pains and infirmities of the all are educated, education cannot be a source of dis body: but what gratification to the mind may not old tinction, and a subject for pride. The great source of age bring with it in this country of wise and rational labour is want; and as long as the necessities of life improvement? I have lived to see the immense im. call for labour-labour is sure to be supplied. All provements of the Church of England; all its powers these fears are foolish and imaginary; the great use of persecution destroyed—its monopoly of civil offices and the great importance of education properly con. expunged from the book of the law, and all its unjust ducted are, that it creates a great bias in favour of and exclusive immunities levelled to the ground. The virtue and religion, at a period of life when the mind Church of England is now a rational object of love and is open to all the impressions which superior wisdom admiration—it is perfectly compatible with civil freemay choose to affix upon it; the sum and mass of dom-it is an institution for worshipping God, and not these tendencies and inclinations make a good and vir. a cover for gratifying secular insolence, and minister. tuous people, and draw down upon us the blessing ing to secular ambition. It will be the duty of those and protection of Almighty God.
to whom the sacred trust of instructing our youthful A second great object which I hope will be impress-queen is intrusted, to lead her attention to these great ed upon the mind of this royal lady is, a rooted horror improvements in our religious establishments; and to of war-an earnest and passionate desire to keep her show to her how possible,
and how wise it is, to render people in a state of profound peace. The greatest the solid advantages of a national church compatible curse which can be entailed upon mankind is a state of with the civil rights of those who cannot assent to its war. All the atrocious crimes committed in years of doctrines. peace
all that is spent in peace by the secrei corrup Then again, our youthful ruler must be very slow to tions, or by the thoughtless extravagance of nations, believe at the exaggerated and violent abuse which are mere trifles compared with the gigantic evils which religious sects indulge in against each other. She will stalk over the world in a state of war. God is forgot. find, for instance, that the Catholics, the great object ten in warmevery principle of Christian charity tram- of our horror and aversion, have (mistaken as they are) pled upon-human labour destroyed-human industry a great deal more to say in defen of their tenets than extinguished ;-you see the son and the husband and those imagine who indulge more in the luxury of invec the brother dying miserably in distant lands-you see tive than in the labour of inquiry--she will find in that the waste of human affections-you see the breaking sect, men as enlightened, talents as splendid, and pro. of human hearts-you hear the shrieks of widows and bity as firm, as in our own church ; and she will soon children after the battle--and you walk over the man. learn to appreciate, at its just value, that exaggerated gled bodies of the wounded calling for death. I would hatred of sects which paints the Catholic faith (the re. say to that royal child, worship God, by loving peace ligion of two-thirds of Europe) as utterly incompatible -it is not your humanity to pity a beggar by giving with the safety, peace, and order of the world. him food or raiment I can do that; that is the chari. It will be a sad vexation to all loyal hearts and to ty of the humble, and the unknown-widen you your all rationally pious minds, if our sovereign should fall heart for the more expanded miseries of mankind--pity into the common error of mistaking fanaticism for re. the mothers of the peasantry who see their sons torn ligion ; and in this way fling an air of discredit upon away from their families--pity your poor subjects real devotion. It is, I'am afraid, unquestionably the crowded into hospitals, and calling in their last breath fault of the age; her youth and her sex do not make it upon their distant country and their young queen-pity more improbable, and the warmest efforts of that dethe stupid, frantic folly of human beings who are al. scription of persons will not be wanting to gain orer a ways ready to tear each other to pieces, and to deluge convert so illustrious and so important. Should this the earth with each other's blood; this is your extend take place, the consequences will be serious and dised humanity-and this the great field of your compas. tressing—the land will be inundated with hypocrisysion. Extinguish in your heart the fiendish love of absurdity will be heaped upon absurdity-there will be military glory, from which your sex does not necessa a race of folly and extravagance for royal favour, and rily exempt you, and to which the wickedness of flat. he who is farihest removed from reason will make the terers may urge you. Say upon your death-bed, 'I nearest approach to distinction ; and then follow the have made few orphans in my reign-I have made few usual consequences; a weariness and disgust of reliwidows-my object has been peace. I have used all gion itself, and the foundation laid for an age of impithe weight of my character, and all the power of my ety and
infidelity. Those, then, to whom these mal
. situation, to check the irascible passions of mankind, ters are delegated, will watch carefully over every and to turn them to the arts of honest industry: this sign of this excess, and guard from the mischievous has been the Christianity of my throne, and this the intemperance of enthusiasm those feelings and that Gospel of my sceptre ; in this way I have strove to understanding, the bealthy state of which bears so worship my Redeemer and my Judge.'
THE LAWYER THAT TEMPTED CHRIST.
ETERNAL LIFE ?'”
strongly and intimately upon the happiness of a whole
A SERMON ; earnestly pray that our young sovereign may evince Preached in the Cathedral Church at St. Peter, York, herself to be a person of deep religious feeling: what other cure has she for all the arrogance and vanity
before the Hon. Sir John Bayley, Knt., one of his which her exalted position must engender? for all the
Majesty's Justices of the Court of King's Bench, and flattery and falsehood with which she must be sur
the Hon. Sir John Hullock, Knt., one of his Majesty's rounded? for all the soul-corrupting homage with
Barons of the Court of Erchequer, August 1, 1824. which she is met at every moment of her existence ?
LUKE X. 25. what other cure than to cast herself down in darkness and solitude before God-10 say that she is dust and
AND BEHOLD, A CERTAIN LAWYER STOOD UP, AND TEMPTED ashes--and 10 call dowu the pity of the Almighty upon
HIM, SAYING, "DIASTER, WHAT SHALL I DO TO INHERIT her difficult and dangerous life? This is the antidote of kings against the slavery and the baseness which This lawyer, who is thus represented to have tempted surround them
they should think often of death-and our blessed Saviour, does not seem to have been very the folly and nothingness of the world, and they should much in earnest in the question which he asked ; his humble their souls betore the Master of masters, and object does not appear to have been the acquisition of the King of kings; praying to Heaven for wisdom and religious knowledge, but the display of human talent. calm reflection, and for that spirit of Christian gentle. He did not say to himself, I will now draw near to this ness which exalts command into an empire of justice, august being ; I will inform myself from the fountain and turns obedience into a service of love.
of truth, and from the very lips of Christ; I will learn A wise man struggling with adversity is said by a lesson of salvation ; bui it occurred to him, that in some heathen writer to be a spectacle on which the such a gathering together of the Jews, in such a mogods might look down with pleasure—but where is ment of public agitation, the opportunity of display there a finer moral and religious picture, or one more
was not to be neglected: full of that internal conti. deserving of divine favour, than that of which, per. dence which men of talents so ready, and so exercised, haps, we are now beginning to enjoy the blessed real. are sometimes apt to feel, he approaches our Saviour ity?
with all the apparent modesty of interrogation, and, A young queen, at that period of life which is com. saluting him with the appellation of Master, prepares, monly given up to frivolous amusement, sees at once with ali professional acuteness, for his humiliation and the great principles by which she should be guided, defeat. and steps at once into the great duties of her station. Taiking humanly, and we must talk humanly, for The importance of educating the lower orders of the our Saviour was then acting an human part, thé expeople is never absent from her mind; she takes up periment ended, as all musi wish an experiment to this principle at the beginning of her life, and in all the end, where levity and bad faith are on one side, and change of servants, and in all the struggle of parties, piety, simplicity and goodness on the other : the oblooks to it as a source of permanent improvement. Ajector was silenced, and one of the brightest lessons of great object of her affections is the preservation of the Gospel elicited, for the eternal improvement of peace; she regards a state of war as the greatest of all mankind. human evils, thinks that the lust of conquest is not a
Still, though we wish the motive for the question glory but a bad crime ; despises the folly and miscal. had been better, we must not forget the question, and culations of war, and is willing to sacrifice every thing we must not forget who asked the question, and we to peace, but the clear honour of her land.
must not forget who answered it, and what the an. The patriot queen, whom I am painting, reverences swer was. The question was the wisest and best that the national church-frequents its worship, and regu- ever came from the mouth of man; the man who asked lates her faith by its precepts; but she withstands the it was the very person who ought to have asked it; a encroachments, and keeps down the ambition natural man overwhelmed, probably, with the intrigues, the to establishments, and, by rendering the privileges of bustle, and business of life, and, therefore, most likely the church compatible with the civil freedom of all to forget the interests of another world: the answerer sects, confers strength upon, and adds duration to, was our blessed Saviour, through whose mediation, that wise and magnificent institution. And then this you, and I, and all of us, hope to live again, and the youthful monarch, profoundly but wisely religious, dis- answer, remember, was plain and practical; not flow. daining hypocrisy, and far above the childish follies of ery, not metaphysical, not doctrinal; but it said to false piety, casts herself upon God, and seeks from the the man of the law, if you wish to live eternally, do Gospel of his blessed Son a path for her steps and a your duty to God and man ; live in this world as you comfort for her soul. Here is a picture which warms ought to live ; make yourself fit for eternity; and every English heart, and would bring all this congre. then, and then only, God will grant to you eternal gation upon their bended knees before Almighty God life. to pray ít may be realized. What limits to the glory There are, probably, in this church, many persons and happiness of our native land, if the Creator should of the profession of the law, who have often asked be. in his mercy have placed in the heart of this royal fore, with better faith than their brother, and who do woman the rudiments of wisdom and mercy; and if, pow ask this great question: What shall I do to in. giving them time to expand, and to bless our children's herit eternal life?' I shall, iherefore, direct to them children with her goodness, He should grant to her a some observations on the particular duties they owe long sojouming upon earth, and leave her to reign over to society, because I think it suitable to this particuus till she is well stricken in years? What glory! lar season, because it is of much more importance to what happiness ! wbat joy! what bounty of God!' i tell men how they are to be Christians in detail, than of course can only expect to see the beginning of such to exhort them to be Christians generally; because it a splendid period; but when I do see it, I shall ex. is of the highest utility to avail ourselves of these oc. claim with the Psalmist, Lord, now lettest thou thy casions to show to classes of mankind what those vir. servant depart in peace, for mine eyes have seen thy lues are, which they have more frequent and valuable salvation.'
opportunities of practising, and what those faults and vices are to which they are more particularly exposed.
It falls to the lot of those who are engaged in the active and arduous profession of the law to pass their lives in great cities, amidst severe and incessant occupation, requiring all the faculties, and calling forth, from time to time, many of the strongest passions of our nature. In the midst of all this, rivals are to be watched, superiors are to be cultivated, connections cherished; some portion of life must be given to soci. ety. and some little to relaxation and amusement.