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friends of the church to diminish (by abolishing the enjoyed internal peace and entire freedom from all test laws), so very fertile a source of hatred to the religious animosities and feuds, since the Revolution.' state.

The fact, however, is not more certain than conclo. In the 15th page of his lordship's charge, there is an sive against his view of the question. For, since that argument of a very curious nature.

period, the worship of the Church of England bas

been abolished in Scotland the corporation and test Let us suppose,' (says the Bishop of Lincoln), that there had been no test laws, no disabling statutes, in the

| acts repealed in Ireland -and the whole of this king's year 1745, when an attempt was made to overthrow the reign has been one series of concessions to the CathoProtestant government, and to place a popish sovereign up

lics. Relaxation, then, (and we wish this had been on the throne of these kingdoms; and let us suppose, that remembered at the charge) of penal laws, on subjects the leading men in the houses of Parliament, that the min- of religious opinion, is perfectly compatible with inter. isters of state, and the commanders of our armies, had then nal peace, and exemption from religious animosity. been Papists. Will any one contend, that that formidable

But the bishop is always fond of lurking in generals, rebellion, supported as it was by a foreign enemy, would have been resister with the same zeal, and suppressed with

and cautiously avoids coming to any specific instance the same facility, as when all the measures were planned of the dangers which he lears. and executed by sincere Protestants !-(P. 15.)

• It is declared in one of the 39 Articles, that the king is And so his lordship means to infer. that it would be head of our church, without being subject to any foreign foolish to abolish the laws against the Catholics nou',

power; and it is expressly said, that the Bishop of Rome

has no jurisdiction within these realms. On the contrary, because it would have been foolish to have abolished

Papists assert, that the Pope is supreme head of the whole them at some other period ;--that a measure inust be Christian church, and that alleviance is due to him from bad, because there was formerly a combination of cir- | every individual member, in all cumstances, when it would have been bad. His lord. rect opposition to one of the fundamental principles of the ship might, with alınost equal propriety, debate what ecclesiastical part of our constitution, is alone sufficient to ought to be done if Julius Cæsar were about to make.

justify the exclusion of Papists from all sinations of aua descent upon our coasts ; or lament the impropriety vil matters is due to the king. But cases must arise, in

thority. They acknowledge, indeed, that obedience in ciof emancipating the Catholics, because the Spanish which civil and religious duties will clash ; and he knows Armada was putting to sca. The fact is, that Julius but little of the intluence of the Popish religion over the Cæsar is dead-t anish Armada was defeated in mind of its votaries, who doubts which of these duties the reign of Quee Elizabeth--for half a century would be sacrificed to the other. Moreover, the most subtle there has been no disputed succession--the situation canulstry cannot always discriminate between temj oral and of the world is changed-and, because it is changed, SP

spiritual things; and in truth, the concerns of this life not we can do now what we could not do then. And no- unfrequently partake of both characters.'--(l'p. 21, 22.) thing can be more lamentable than to see this respec. We deny entirely that any case can occur, where table prelate wasting his resources in putting imagin. the exposition of a doctrine purely speculative, or the ary and inapplicable cases, and reasoning upon their arrangement of a mere point of church discipline, can solution, as if they had anything to do with present interfere with civil duties. The Roman Catholics are affairs.

Irish and English citizens at this moment; but no These remarks entirely put an end to the common such case has occurred. There is no instance in which mode of arguing à Gulielmo. What did King William obedience to the civil magistrate has been prevented, do? What would King William say? &c. King Wilby an acknowledgment of the spiritual supremacy of liam was in a very different situation from that in the pope. The Catholics have given (in an oath which which we are placed. The whole world was in a very we suspect the bishop never to have read) the most different situation. The great and glorious authors of solemn pledge, that their submission to their spiritual the Revolution (as they are commonly denominated) | ruler should never interfere with their civil obedience. acquired their greatness and glory, not by a supersti. The hypothesis of the Bishop of Lincoln is, that it tious reverence for inapplicable precedents, but by must very often do so. The fact is that it has never taking hold of present circumstances to lay a deep done so. foundation for liberty ; and then using old names for His lordship is extremely angry with the Catholies new things, they left the Bishop of Lincoln, and other for refusing the crown a reto upon the a ointment of men, to suppose that they had been thinking all the their bishops. He forgets, that in those countries of Eutime about ancestors.

rope where the crown interferes with the appointment Another species of false reasoning, which pervades of bishops, the reigning monarch is a Catholic, which the Bishop of Lincoln's charge is this: He states makes all the difference. We sincerely wish that the what the interests of men are, and then takes it for Catholics would concede this point ; but we cannot be granted that they will eagerly and actively pursue astonished at their reluctance to admit the interfe. them ; laying totally out of the question the probabil. |rence of a Protestant prince with their bishops. What ity or improbability of their effecting their object, and would his lordship say to the interference of any the influence which this balance of chances must pro-Catholic power with the appointment of the English duce upon their actions. For instance, it is the inte sees? rest of the Catholics that our church should be subser. Next comes the stale and thousand times refuted vient to theirs. Therefore, says his lordship, the charge against the Catholics, that they think the pope Catholics will enter into a conspiracy against the Eng. has the power of dethroning heretical kings; and that

not also the decided inte. it is the duty of every Catholic to use every possible rest of his lordship's butler that he should be bishop, means to root out and destroy heretics, &c. To all of and the bishop his butler? That the crozier and the which may be returned this one conclusive answer, corkscrew should change hands and the washer of that the Catholics are ready to deny these doctrines the bottles which they had emptied become the dio- upon oath. Avd as the whole controversy is, whether cesan of learned divines? What has prevented this the Catholics shall, by means of oaths, be excluded change, so beneficial to the upper domestic, but the from certain offices in the state ;—those who contend extreine improbability of success, if the attempt were that the continuance of these excluding oaths is essen. made ; an improbability so great, that we will venture tial to the public safety, must admit, that oaths are to say, the very notion of it has scarcely once entered binding upon Catholics, and a security to the state that into ihe understanding of the good man. Why, then, what they swear to is true. is the reverend prelate, who lives on so safely and con. It is right to keep these things in view and to omit tentedly with John, so dreadfully alarmed at the Cath-no opportunity of exposing and counteracting that olics? And wh loes he so

tely forget, in their spirit of intolerant zeal or intolerable time-serving, instance alone, that men do not merely strive to ob- which has so long disgraced and endangered this tain a thing because it is good, but always mingle with country. But the truth is, that we look upon this the excellence of the object a consideration of the cause as already gained ;-and while we warmly conchance of gaining it.

gratulate the nation on the mighty step it has recently The Bishop of Lincoln (p. 19,) states it as an argu- made towards increased power and entire security, it ment against concession to the Catholics, that we havel is impossible to avoid saying a word upon the humili

ating and disgusting, but at the same time most edify the most household and parturient woman in England ing spectacle, which has lately been exhibited by the could not exceed ;--but the thing wanted was the anti-Catholic addressers. That so great a number of wrong man, the gentleman without the ring—the mas. persons should have been found with such a proclivity ter unsworn to at the altar—the person unconsecrated io servitude (for honest bigotry had but little to do by priests, with the matter), as to rush forward with clamours in favour of intolerance, upon a mere surmise that this

Oh! let me taste thee unexcis'd by kings.' would be accounted as acceptable service by the pres. The following strikes us as a very lively picture of ent possessors of patronage and power, affords a nore the ruin and extravagance of a fashionable house in a humiliating and discouraging picture of the present / great metropolis. spirit of the country, than anything else that has occurred in our remembrance.

Il a trois • M. d'Epinay a complété son domestique. The edifying part of thel..

laquais, et moi deux; je n'en ai pas voulu davantage. Il a spectacle is the contempt with which their officious

un valet de chanıbre; et il vouloit aussi que je pri se une devotions have been received by those whose favour seconde femme, mais comme je n'en ai que faire, j'ai tenu they were intended to purchase, and the universalbon. Enfin les Otliciers, les femmes, les valets se montent scorn and derision with which they were regarded by au nombre de seize. Quoique la vie que je mene soit assez independent men of all parties and persuasions. The uniforme, j'espère n'étre pas obligée d'en changer. Celle catastrophe, we think, teaches two lessons ;-one to de M. d'Epinay est ditierente. Lorsqu'il est levé, son valet the time-servers themselves, not to obtrude their ser

de chambre se met en dcvoir de l'accommoder. Deux la

quais sont debout à attendre ordres. Le premier secretaire vility on ihe government, till they have reasonable

vient avec l'intention de lui rendre comte des lettres qu'il ground to think it is wanted ;--and the other to the a recues de son départment, et qu'il est chargé d'ouvrir ; il nation at large, not to imagine that a base and inter-doit lire les réponses et les faire signer; mais il est interested clamour in favour of what is supposed to be rompu deux cents fois dans cette occupation par toutes agreeable to government, however loudly and exten- sortes d'espèces imaginables. C'est un maquignon qui a sively sounded, affords any indication at all, either of des chevaux uniques à vendre, mais qui sont retenus par un the general sense of the country, or even of what is selg!

seigneur: ainsi il est venu pour ne pas manquer à sa parole;

car on lui en donneroit le double, qu'on ne pourroit faire. actually contemplated by those in the administration

Il en fait une description séduisante, on demande le prix. of its affairs. The real sense of the country has been Le seigneur un tel en offre soixante louis.-Je vous en proved, on this occasion, to be directly against those donne cent.--Cela est inutile, à moins qu'il ne se dedise. who presumptuously held themselves out as its or. Cependant l'on conclut à cent louis sans les avoir vus, car gans ;-and even the ministers have made a respecta. le lendemain le seigneur ne manque pas de se dedire: voilà able figure, compared with those who assumed the ce que j'ai vu et entendu la semaine derniere character of their champions.

Ensuite c'est un polisson qui vient brailler un air, et al qui on accorde sa protection pour le faire entrer à l'Opéra, après lui avoir donné quelques legons de bon goût, et lui avoir appris ce que c'est que la propreté du chant françois;

C'est une demoi clle qu'on fait attendre pour savoir si je MADAME D'EPINAY, (EDINBURGH REVIEW, 1818.) suis encore là. Je me lève et je m'en vais; les deux laquais

ouvrent les deux battans pour me laisser sortir, moi qui Mémoires et Correspondence de Madame D'Epinay. 3 vols. passerois alors par le trou d'une aiguille; et les deux esta8vo. Paris, 1818.

fiers crient dans l'anti-chambre: Madame, messieurs, voila THERE used to be in Paris, under the ancient regime,

madame. Tout le monde se range en baie, et ces messieurs

sont des marchands d'étoffes, des marchands d'instrumens, a few women of brilliant talents, who violated all the des bijoutiers, des colporteurs, des laquais, des décroteurs, common duties of life, and gave very pleasant little des créanciers; enfin tout ce que vous pouvez imaginer de suppers. Among these supped and sinned Madame plus ridicule et de plus affligeant. Midi ou une heure sonne d'Epinay-the friend and companion of Rousseau, Di. avant que cette toilette soit achevée, et le secrétaire, qui,

ot, Grimm, Holbach, and many other literary per. sans doute, sait par experience l'impossibilité de rendre un sons of distinction of that period. Her principal over compte detaillé des affaires, a un petit bordereau qu'il renet was Grimm; with whom was deposited, written in

entre les mains de son maitre pour l'instruire de ce qu'il

doit dire à l'assemblée. Une autre fois il sort à pied ou en feigned names, the history of her life. Grimm died

fiacre, rentre à deux heures, fait comme un bruleur de maihis secretary sold the history-the feigned names son, dine téte à tête avec moi, ou admet en tiers son premier have been exchanged for the real ones and her works secrétaire qui lui parle de la nécessité de fixer chaque article now appear abridged in three volumes octavo.

de dépense, de donner des délégations pour tel ou tel objet. Madame d'Epinay, though far from an immaculate La seule réponse est : Nous verrons cela. Ensuite il court Character, has something to say in palliation of her ir. le monde et les spectacles ; et il soupe en ville quand il n'a

I personne à souper chez lui. Je vois que mon temps de regularities. Her husband behaved abominably; and alienated, by a series of the most brutal injuries, an

repos est fini.'-1. pp. 308–310. attachmeht which seems to have been very ardent A very prominent person among the early friends of and sincere, and which, with better treatment would Madame d'Epinay, is Mademoiselle d'Ette, a woman probably have been lasting. For, in all her aberra- of gr

have been lasting. For, in all her aberra- of great French respectability, and circulating in the tions, Mad. d'Epinay seems to have had a tendency to best society; and, as we are painting French manners, be constant. Though extremely young when separa. we shall make no apology to the serious part of our rated from her husband, she indulged herself with but English readers, for inserting this sketch of her histo. two lovers for the rest of her lite ;-to the first of ry and character by her own hand. whom she seems to have been perfectly faithful, till he left her at the end of ten or twelve years ;-and to

Je connois, me dit-elle ensuite, votre franchise et votre

discrétion: dites-moi naturellement quelle opinion on a de Grimm, by whom he was succeeded, she seems to

mois dans le monde. La meilleure, lui dis-je, et telle que have given no rival till the day of her death. The vous ne pourriez la conserver si vous pratiquiez la morale account of the life she led, both with her husband and que vous venez de me prêcher. Voilà où je vous attendois, her lovers, brings upon the scene a great variety of me det-elle. Depuis dix ans que j'ai perdu ma mère, je fus French characters, and lays open very completely the séduite par le chevalier de Valory qui m'avoit vu, pour interior of French lite and manners. But there are ainsi dire, elever; mon extrémne jeunesse et la confiance some letters and passages which cught not to have que j'avois en lui ne me permirent pas d'abord de me défier been published; which a sense of common

de ses vues. Jefus longtemps à m'en apercevoir, et lorsque

je m'en a percus, j'avojs pris tant de goût pour lui, que je and morality ought to have suppressed; and which, I n'eus pas la force de lui résister. Il me vint des scrupules; we feel assured, would never have seen the light in il les leva, en me promettant de m'épouser. Il y travailla this country.

en e fet; mais voyant l'opposition que sa famille y A French woman seems almost always to have aportoit à cause de la disproportion d'age et de mon peu wanted the flavour of prohibition as a necessary con- 9

de fortune; et me trouvant, d'ailleurs, heureuse comme diment to human life. The provided husband was re

j'étois, je fus la première à étouffer mes scrupules, d'autant

plus qu'il est assez pauvre. Il commençoit à faire des jected, and the forbidden husband introduced in ambi

réflexions, je lui proposai de continuer à vivre comme nous guous light, through posterns and secret partitions. It étions ; il l'accepta. “Je quittai ma province, et je le suivis was not the union to one man that was objected to la Paris : vous voyez comme j'y vis. Quatre fois la semaine for they dedicated themselves with a constancy which il passe sa journée chez moi ; le reste du temps nous nous

contentons réciproquement d'apprendre de nos nouvelles, or a grave, is much the same thing.-In London, à moies que le hasard ne nous fasse rencontrer. Nous as in law, de non apparentibus, et non eristentibus eadem vivons heureux, contens; peut-être ne le serions nous paseet tant si nous étions mariés,'I. pp. 111, 112.

This is the account Madame d'Epinay gives of This seems a very spirited, unincumbered way of Rousseau soon after he had retired into the hermitage. passing through life; and it is some comfort, therefore, to a matrimonial English reader, to find Mademoiselle

J'ai été il y a deux jours à la Chevrette, pour terminer d'Ette kicking the chevalier out of doors towards the quelques affaires avant de m'y établir avec mes enfans,

J'avois fait prévenir Rousseau de mon voyage: il est venu end of the second volume. As it is a scene very edi.

me voir. Je crois qu'il a besoin de ma presence, et que la fying to rakes, and those who decry the happiness of solitude a déjà agité sa bile. Il se plaint de tout le monde. the married state, we shall give it in the words of Ma- Diderot doit toujours aller, et ne va jamais le voir; M. dame d'Epinay.

Grimm le néglige; le Baron d'Holbach l'ouble; Gauffecourt

et moi seulement avons encore des égards pour lui, dit-il ; Une nuit, dont elle avcit passé las plus grande partiel j'ai voulu les justifier; cela n'a pas réussi. J'espère qui dans l'inquietude, elle entre chez le chevalier : il dormoit;l sera beaucoup plus à la Chevrette qu'à l'Hermitage. Je elle le reveille, s'assied sur son lit, et entame une explica- suis persuadée qu'il n'y a que facon de prendre cet homme tion avec toute la violence et la fureur qui l'animoient. Le pour le rendre heureux; c'est de feindre de ne pas prendre chevalier, après avoir employé vainement, pour le calmer, garde à lui, et s'en occuper sans cesse; c'est pour cela que tous les moyens que sa bonté naturelle lui suggéra, lui je n'insistai point pour le retenir, lorsqu'il m'eut dit qu'il signifia en tin très-précisément qu'il alloit se séparer d'elle vouloit s'en retourner à l'Hermitage, quoiqu'il fát tard et pour toujours, et fuir un enfer auquel il ne pouvoit plus malgré le mauvais temps.'- II. pp. 253, 254. tenir. Cette confidence, qui n'étoit pas faite pour l'appaiser, redoubla sa rage. Puisqu'il est ainsi, dit-elle, sortez tout ál Jean Jacques Rousseau seems, as the reward of l'heure de chez moi; vous deviez partir dans quatre jours, genius and fine writing, to have claimed an exemption c'est vous rendre service de vous faire partir dans l'instant.trom all moral duties. He borrowed and begged, and Tout ce qui est ici m'appartient ; le bail est en mon nom: never paid ;--put his children in a poor house-betray. il ne me convient plus de vous souffrir chez moi: levez

ous sourir chez moi: levez-led his friends-insulted his benefactors-and was guil. vou», monsieur, et songez à ne rien emporter sans ma per

ty of every species of meanness and mischief. His mission.'-II. pp. 193, 194.

vanity was so great, that it was alınost impossible to Our English method of asking leave to separate from keep pace with it by any activity of attention; and Sir William Scott and Sir John Nicol is surely better his suspicion of all mankind amounted nearly, if not than this.

altogether, to insanity. The following anecdote, how. Any one who provides good dinners for clever peo- ever, is totally clear of any symptom of derangement, ple, and remeinbers what they say, cannot fail to write and carries only the most rooted and disgusting selfish. entertaining Memoires. Among the early friends of ness. Madame d'Epinay was Jean Jacques Rousseau-she

•Rousseau vous a donc dit qu'il n'avoit pas porté son lived with him in considerable intimacy; and no small

ouvrage à Paris? nen a menti, car il n'a fait son rosage part of her book is taken up with accounts of his eccen-laue pour cela. J'ai recu hier une lettre de Diderot, qui tricity, insanity, and vice.

peint votre hermite comme si je le voyois. Il a fait ces

deux lieues à pied, est venu s'établir chez Diderot sans Vous avons débuteé par l'Engagement téméraire, comédie

l'avoir prévenu, le tout pour faire avec lui la revision de nouvelle, de M. Rousseau, ami de Francueil qui nous l'a

son ouvrage. Au point ou ils en étoient ensemble, vous présenté. L'auteur a joué un rôle dans sa pièce. Quoique

conviendrez que cela est assez étrange. Je vois, par cerce ne soit qu'une comedie de société, elle a eu un grand

tains mots échappés à mon ami dans sa lettre, qu'il a quel. succes. Je doute cependant qu'elle put réussir au théâtre :

i que sujet de discussion entre eux; mais comme il ne s'ex. mais c'est l'ouvrage d'un homme de beaucoup d'esprit, et )

plique point, je n'y comprends rien. Rousseau l'a tenu peut-être d'un homme singulier. Je ne sais pas trop ce

impitoyablement à l'ouvrage depuis le Samedi dix heures pendant si c'est ce que j'ai vu de l'auteur ou de la pièce qui

plece qudu matin jusqu'au Lundi onze heures du soir, sans lui donme fait juger ainsi. Il est complimenteur sans etre poli, ou

h, ou ner à piene le temps de boire ni manger. La revision finie, au moins sans en avoir l'air. Il paroit ignorer les usages

Diderot cause avec lui d'un plan qu'il a dans la téte, prie du monde; mais il est aisé de voir qu'il a infiniment d'es

d'es Rousseau de l'aider à arranger un incident qui n'est pas prit. Il a le teint brun : et des yeux pleins de feu animent

ment encour trouvé à sa fantaisie. Cela est trop ditficile, répond savhysionomie. Lorsqu'il a parle et qu'on le regarde, il froidement l'hermite, il est tard, je ne suis point accoutume paroit joli; mais lorsqu'on se le rappelle, c'est touj urs en

buzurs en a veiller. Bon soir, je pars demain å six heures du matin,

vei Laid. On dit ou'il est d'une mauvaise santé, et qu'il a des il est temps de dormir. Il se lève, va se coucher, et late souffrances qu'il cache avec soin, par je ne sais quel prin-Dide

quer prin- Diderot petritié de son procédé. Voilà cet homme que vous cipe de vanité; c'est apparemment cequi lui donne, de temps

croyez si penetré de vos lecons Adjoutez à cette reflexion en temps, l'air farouche. M.de Bellegarde, avec qui il a cause

un propos singulier de la femme de Diderot, dont je vous long-temps, ce matin, en est enchanté, et là engagé à nous

prie de faire votre profit. Cette femme n'est qu'une bonne venir voir souvent. j'en suis bien dise; je me promets del temme, mais elle a la tact iuste. Voyant son tan desde profiter beaucoup de sa conversation.'--. . 175, 176.

le jour du départ de Rousseau, elle lui en demande la ra)Their friendship so formed, proceeded to a great

son; il la lui dit : C'est le manque de délicatesse de cet

homme, ajoute-t-il, qui m'aillige; il me fait travailler comme degree of intimacy. Madame d'Epinay admired his

a pmay wamited his un manoeuvre, je ne m'en serois, je crois pas aperçu, se il genius, and provided him with hats and coats; and, at ne m'avoit refusé aussi sèchement de s'occuper pourmoi un last, was so far deluded by his declamations about the quart d'heure... Vous êtes étonné de cela, lui répand sa country, as to fit him up a little hermit cottage, where femme, vous ne le connoissez donc pas ? Il est devors there were a great many birds, and a great many plants d'envie; il enrage quand il paroit quelque chose de besu and flowers and where Rousseau was, as might have qui n'est pas de lui. On lui verra faire un jour quelques been expected, supremely miserable. His friends grands forfaits plutôt que de se laisser ignorer. Tenez, je

ne jurerois pas qu'il ne se rangeât du parti des Jésuites, et from Paris did not come to see him. The postinın,

ne posunin, i qu'il n'enterprit leur apologic.'-III. pp. 60, 61. the butcher, and the baker, hate romantic scenery duchesses and marchionesses were no longer found to The horror which Diderot ultimately conceived to scramble for him. Among the real inhabitants of the him, is strongly expressed in the following letter 10 country, the reputation of reading and thinking is fatal Grimm--written after an interview which compelled to character; and Jean Jacques cursed his own suc-him, with many pangs, to renounce all intercourse cessful eloquence which had sent him froin the suppers with a man who had, for years, been the object of his and flattery of Paris to smell to datfodils, watch Spar- tenderest and most partial feelings. rows, or project idle saliva into the passing stream.

Cet homme est un forcené. Je l'ai vu, je lui ai reVery few men who have gratified, and are gratifying proché avec toute la force que donne l'honnêtete et en their vanity in a great metropolis, are qualified to quit sorte d'intérêt qui reste au fond du ceur d'un ami qui lui it. Few have the plain sense to perceive, that they est dévoué depuis long-temps, l'énormité de sa conduite ; must soon inevitably be forgotten,-or the fortitude les pleurs versés aux pieds de madame d'Epinay, dans le to bear it when they are. They represent to them. moment même où il la chargeoit prés de moi des accusations selves inaginary scenes of deploring friends and dis. I les plus graves ; cette odieuse apologie qu'il vous a en

voyée, et où il n'y pas une seule, des raisons qu'il avoit a pirited companions--but the ocean might as well redir

dire ; cette lettre projectée pour Saint-Lambert, qui devor gret the drops exhaled by the sun-beams. Life goes le tranquilliser sur des sentimens qu'il se reprochoit, et on on; and whether the absent have retired into a cottage loin d'avouer une passion née dans son cæur malgre lui, il

s'excuse d'avoir, alarme Madame d'Houdetot sur la sienne. | d'Epinay, Dr. Tronchin, of Geneva, was in vogue, and Que sais-je encore ? Je ne suis point content de ses rés- Do lady of fashion could recover without writing to ponses ; je n'ai pas eu le courage de le lui temigner j'ai him, or seeing him in person. To the Esculapius of mieux aimé lui laisser la miserable consolation de croire. qu'il m'a trompé. Qu'il vive! Il a mis dans sa defense un

this very small and irritable republic, Madame d'Epi. importement, froid qui m'a atligé. J'ai peur qu'il ne soit

it nay repaired; and, after a struggle between life and endurci.

death, and Dr. Tronchin, recovered her health. DurAdieu, mon ami : soyons et continuons d'etre honne. ing her residence at Geneva, tes gens : l'état de ceux qui ont cessé de l'étre me fait peur.with Voltaire, of whom she has left the following adAdieu, mon ami ; je vous embrasse bien tendrement. ... mirable and original account the truth, talent, and Je ne jette dans vos bras comme un homme ett rayé ; je tà- simplicity of which, are not a little enhanced by the che en vain de faire de la poésie, mais cet homme me revient tout à travers mon travail ; il me trouble, et je suis

| tone of adulation or abuse which has been so generally comme si j'avois a côte de moi un damné : il ext damné. J einployed in speaking of this celebrated person. cela est sûr. Adieu mon ami..... Grimm, voilà l'erret que je ferois sur vous, si je devenois jamais un mechant:l 'Eh bien ! mon ami, je n'aimerois pas à vivre de suite avec en vérité, j'aimerois mieux etre mort. Il n'y a peut-etre lui; il n'a mi principe arrété, il compte trop sur sa mémoire, pas le sens commun dans tout ce que je vous écris, mais je et il en abuse souvent ; je trouve qu'elle fait trot quelquefois vous avoue que je n'ai jamois éprouvé un trouble d'ame si à sa conversation ; il redit plus qu'il ne dit, et ne laisse jamais terrible que celu que j'ai.

rien à faire aux autres. Il ne sait point causer, et il humilie can! mon anni, quel spectacle que celui d'un homme l'amour-propre; il dit le pour et le contre, tant qu'on veut, méchant et bourrele! Brúlez, déchirez cevapier, qu'il ne toujours avec de nouvelles graces à la vérité, et néanmoins il retombe plus sous vos yeux ; que je ne revoie plus cet hom- a toujours l'air de se moquer de tout, jusqu'a lui-même. Il n'a me là, il me feroit croire aux diables et à l'enfer. Si je nulle philosophie dans la tête ; il est tout hérissé de petits suis jamais forcé de retourner chez lui, je suis sur que je préjues d'enfans; on les lui passeroit peut-être en faveur de ses fremirai tout le long du cheinin : j'avois la fiévre en reve graces, du brillant de son esprit et de son originalité, s'il ne nant. Je suis fâche de ne lui avoir pas laissé voir l'horreur s'affichoit pas pour les secouer tous. Il a des inconséquences qu'il m'inspiroit, et je ne me réconcilie avec moi qu'en plaisanter, et il est au milieu de tout cela tres amusant à voir. pensant, que vous, avec toute votre fermeté, vous ne l'au- Mais je n'aime point les gens qui ne font que m'amuser. Pour riez pas pu a ma place ; je ne sais pas pas s'il ne m'auroit madame sa niece, elle est tout-à-fait comique. pas mé. On entendoit ses cris jusqu'au bout du jardin ; et Il paroit ici depuis quelques jours un livre qu je le voyois! Adieu, mon ami, j'irai demain vous voir : échauffe les têtes, et qui cause des discussions fort intéressalij'irai chercher un homme de bien, auprès duquel je m'astes entre différentes personnes de ce pays, parce que l'on préseye, qui me rassure, et qui chasse de mon ame je ne sais tend que la constitution de leur gouvernment y est intérersée : quoi d'infernal qui la tourmente et qui s'y est attaché. Les Voltaire s'y trouve mělé pour des propos assez vifs qu'il a tenu poétes on bien fait de mettre un intervalle immense entre à ce sujet contre les prêtres. La grosse nièce trouve fort le ciel et les enfer. En vérité, la main me tremble.'-III. mauvais que tous les magistrats n'ayent pas pris fait et cause pp. 148, 149,

I pour son oncle. Elle jette tour à tour ses grosses mains et ses

petits bras par dessus sa tête, maudissant avec des cris inhuMadame d'Epinay lived, as we before observed, inains les lois, les républiques, et surtout ces polissons de réwith many persons of great celebrity. We could noi publicans qui vont à pied, qui sont obligés de souffrir les cri.

ailleries de leurs prêtres, et quise croient libres. Cela est touthelp smiling, among many others, at this anecdote of

à-fait bon d entendre et à voir.-III. pp. 196, 197. our countryman, David Hume. At the beginning of" his splendid career of fame and fashion at Paris, the Madame d'Epinay was certainly a woman of very historian was persuaded to appear in the character of considerable talent. Rousseau accuses her of writing a sultan ; and was placed on a sofa between two ot bad plays and romances. This may be ; but her episthe most beautiful women of Paris, who acted for that tolary style is excellent-her remarks on passing events evening the part of inexorables, whose favour he was lively, acute, and solid-and her delineation of char. supposed to be soliciting. The absurdity of this scene acter adinirable. As a proof this, we shall give her can easily be conceived.

portrait of the Marquis de Croismare, one of the friends "Le célèbre David Hume, grand et gros bistoriographe

of Diderot and the Baron d'Holbach. d'Angleterre, connu et estimé par ses écrits, n'a pas autant de talens pour ce genre d'amusemens auquel toures nos

Je lui crois soixante ans; il ne les paroit pourtant pas. II jolies femmes l'avoient décidé propre. Il fit son debut. I est d'une taille mediocre, sa figure a dû étre tres-agréable : chez Madame de T* * *; on lui avoit destiné le rôle d'un elle se distingue encore par un air de noblesse et d sultan assis entre deux esclaves, employant toute son florepand de la grace sur tout sa personne. Sa physionomie a quence pour s'en faire aimer; les trouvant inexorables, il de la finesse. Ses gestes, ses attitudes ne sont jai devoit chercher le sujet de leurs peines et de leur réssistches; mais ils s

di chés ; mais ils sont si bien d'accord avec la tournue de son esance : on le place sur un sopha entre les deux plus jolies

Torit. qu'ils semblent ajouter à son originalité. Il parle des fernmc de Paris, il les regarde attentivement, il se frappe

choses les plus sérieuses et les plus importantes d'un ton si gai. le ventre et les genoux à plusieurs reprises, et ne trouve qu'on est souvent tenté de ne rien croire de ce qu'il dit. On jamais autre chose à leur dire que : Eh bien ! mes demoi

Un'a presque jamais rien a citer de ce qu'on lui entend dire : selles. . . . Eh bien ! vous voilà donc. . . Eh bien ! mais lorsqu'il parle, on ne veut rien perdre de ce qu'il dit: s'il tous voilà. . . vous voilà ici ? . . . . Cette phrase se tait, on desire qui parle encore Cette uhrase se tajt, on désire qo'l parle encore. Sa prodigieuse vivacité.

da prodigieu dura un quart d'heure, sans qu'il pût en sortir. Une d'elles et une singuliere aptitude à toutes sortes de talons et de con. se leva d'impatience: Ah! dit-elle, je m'en étois bien dou-noissances, l'ont porté à tout voir et à tout connoitre : au motée, cet homme n'est bon qu'à manger du veau ! Depuis ce / yen de quoi vous comprenez qu'il est fort instruit. Il a bien temps il est relégué au rôle de spectateur, et n'en est pas lu, bien vu, et n'a retenu que ce qui Valoit la peine de letre. moins fété et cajole. C'est en verité une chose plaisante Son esprit annonce d'abord plus d'agrement que de solidité que le rôle qu'il joue ici ; malheureusement pour lui, ou

mais je crois que quiconque le jugeroit frivole lui feroit trot. plutôt pour la dignite philosophique, car, pour lui, il paroit

Je le soupconne de renfermer dans son cabinet les épines des s'accommoder fort de ce train de vie : il n'y avoit aucune roses qu'il distribue dans la société : assez constammen manie dominante dans ce pays lorsqu'il y est arrivé; on l'a

dans le monde, seul je je crois melancolique. On dit qu'il a regardé comme une trouvaille dans cette circonstance, et l'ame aussi tendre qu'honnete; qu'il sent vivement et on'il sa l'effervesence de nos jeunes têtes s'est tournée de son côte. I livre avec impetuosite à ce qui trouvre le chenin de mon cmpur. Toutes les jolies femmes s'en sont emparées ; il est de tous | Tout le monde ne lui plait pas ; il faut pour cela de l'originalles soupers fins, et il n'est point de bonne fête sans lui: en lite, ou des vertus distinguées, ou de certains vices a un mot, il est pour nos agréables ce que les Genevois sont I passions ; néanmoins dans le courant de la vie, il s'accommoda pour moi.'-III. Pp. 284, 285.

de tout. Beancoup de curiosité et de la facilité dans le carac

tère (ce qui va jusqu'a la foiblesse) l'entrainent souvent à There is always some man, of whom the human

négliger ses meilleurs amis et à less perdre de vue, pour se

livrer à des gouts factices et passagers: il en rit avec eux; viscera stand in greater dread than of any other per

mais on voit si clairement qu'il en rougit avec lui-même, qu'on son, who is supposed, for the time being, to be the

ve peut lui savoir maurus gré de ses disparates,'-Ill. pp.324 only person who can dart his pill into their inmost re- 33. cesses, and bind them over, in medical recognizance, to assimilate and digest. Ir the Trojan war, Podali- The portrait of Grimm, the French Boswell, vol. üi. rius and Machaon were what Dr. Baillie and Sir Henry p. 97, is equally good, if not superior; but we have al. Halford now are-they had the fashionable practice of ready extracted enough to show the nature of the the Greek camp; and, in all probability, received ma. work, and the talents of the author. It is a lively ny a guinea from Agamemnon dear to Jove, and Nes.entertaining book,--relating in an agreeable manne tor the tamer of horses. In the time of Madame I the opinions and habits of many remarkable men

mingled with some very scandalous and improper pas. : the following passage, objections that are applicable sages, which degrade the whole work. But it all the to almost all the rest. decencies and delicacies of lite were in one scale, and five francs in the other, what French bookseller would “The district school would no doubt be well superintended feel a single moment of doubt in inaking his selec- and well regulated, magistrates and country gentlemen would tion ?

be its visitors. The more excellent the establishinent, the greater the mischief'; because the greater the expense. We may talk what we will of economy, but where the care of the

poor is taken exclusively into the hands of the rich, comparaPOOR LAWS. (EDINBURGH REVIEW, 1821.)

tive extravagance is the necessary consequence: to say that

the gentlemail, or even the overseer, would never pernit the 1. Safe Method for rendering Income arising from Personal

poor to live at the district school, as they live at home, is sayProperty acailable to the Poor-Laws. Longman & Co.

ing far too little. Englislı humanity will never see the poor in 1819.

any thing like want, when that want is palpably and visibly 2. Summary Review of the Report and Evidence relative to

brought before it: first, it will give necessaries, next comforts; the Poor-Laus. By S. W. Nicol. York.

until its fostering care rather pampers, than merely relieves. 3. Essay on the Practicability of modifying the Poor-Laws.

The humanity itself is highly laudable; but if practised on an Sherwood. 1819. 4. Considerations on the Poor-Laws. By John Davison, A.M.

extensive scale, its couscquences must entail an almost unling

ited expenditure, Oxford.

Mr. Locke computes that the labour of a child from 3 to 14, Our readers, we fear, will require some apology for being set against its nourishment and teaching, the result being asked to look at anything upon the poor-laws. would be exoneration of the parish from expense. Nothing No subject, we admit, can be more disagreeable, or could prove more decisively the incompetency of the board of more trite. But, unfortunately, it is the most impor

trade to advise on this question, or the productive labour of

the workhouse, I shall have to speak hereafter; I will only oly tant subject which the distressed state of the country

serve in this place, that after the greatest care and attention is now crowding upou our notice.

bestowed on the subject, after expensive looms purchased, &c. A pamphlet on the poor-laws generally contains

the 50 boys of the blue coat school earned in the year 1816, 594 some little piece of favourite nonsense, by which we | 10s. 3d.; the 40 girls earned, in the same time, 401. 78.9d. The are gravely told this enormous evil may be perfectly ages of these children are from 8 to 16. They earn about one cured. The first gentleman recommends little gar pound in the year, and cost about twenty. der.s; the second cows; the third a village shop; the

The greater the call for labour in public institutions, le

they prixons, work houses, or schools, the more difficult to be fourth a spade; the fifth Dr. Bell, and so forth. Eve.

procured that labour must be. There will thence be both uued ry man rushes to the press with his small morsel of

less of it for the comparative numbers, and it will afford a iinbecility; and is not easy till he sees his iin perti. much less price ; to get any labour at all, one school must un rence stitched in blue covers. In this list of absurdi- derbid another.' ties, we must not forget the project of supporting the l'It has just been observed, that " the child of a poor cottapoor from national funds, or, in other words, of im. ger, half clothed, half fed, with the enjoyment of home and inediately doubling the expenditure, and introducing

liberty, is not only happier but better than the little autour

ton of a parish workhouse :" and this I believe is accurately every possible abuse into the administration of it.

true, I scarcely know a more cheering sight, though certainly Then there are worthy mnen, who call upon gentle.

inany more elegant ones, than the youthful gambols of a village men of fortune and education to become overseers green. They call to mind the description given by Paley of meaning, we suppose, that the present overscers are the shonls of the fry of fish : “ They are so happy that they to perform the higher duties of men of fortune. Then know not what to do with themselves; their attitude, their vi. merit is up as the test of relief'; and their worships vacity, their leaps out of the water, their frolics in it, all couare lo enter into a long examination of the lite and duce lo show their excess of spirits, and are simply the eflecis character of each applicant, assisted, as they doubt. / of that excess."

“Though politeness may be banished from the cottage, and less would be, by candid overseers, and neighbours

though the anxious mother may sometimes chide a little too divested of every feeling of malice and partiality. sharply, yet here both maternal endearments and social affeeThe children are next to be taken from their parents, tion exist in perhaps their greatest vigour: the attachments and lodged in immense pedagogueries of several acres of lower life, where independent of attachment there is so little each, where they are to be carefully secluded from to enjoy, fur outstrip the divided if not exhausted sensibility those fathers and mothers they are commanded to

of the rich and great ; and in depriving the poor of these at

tachments, we may be said to rob them of their little all. obey and honour, and are to be brought up in virtue

But it is not to happiness only I here refer; it is to morals by ihe church wardens. And this is gravely intended |

Nisten with great reserve to that system of moral instruction, as a corrective of the poor-laws; as it (to pass over

which has not social affection for its basis, or the feelings of the many other objections which might be made to it,) the heart for its ally. It is not to be concealed, that every it would not set mankind populating faster than car- thing may be taught, yet nothing learned, that systems planpenters and bricklayers could cover in their children, ned with care, and executed with attention, may evaporate or separate twigs to be bound into rods for their fia.

into unmeaning forms, where the imagination is not roused, er gellation. An extension of the poor-laws to personal

the sensibility impressed.

Let us suppose the children of the district school," purproperty is also talked of We shall be very glad to

tured with that superabundant care which such institutions, see any species of property exempled from these laws, when supposed to be well conducted, are wont to exbibit; but have no wish that any which is now exempted they rise with the dawn; after attending to the calls of cleanshould be subjected to their inthience. The case i liness, prayers follow; then a lesson ; then breakfast; then would infallibly be like that of the income tax-the work, till noon liberates them, for perhaps an hour, from the Inore easily the tax was raised the more profligate walls of their prison to the walls of their prison court, Dinwould be the expenditure. It is proposed also that

per follows; and then, in course, work, lessons, supper, alehouses should be diminished, and that the children Pf

prayers; at length, after a day dreary and dull, the couuter

part of every day which has preceded, and of all that are to ot'the poor should be catechized publicly in the church, I follow, the children are disinissed to bed. This system may both very respectable and proper suggestions, but of construct a machine, but it will not form a man. Oi what doe's themselves hardly strong enough for the evil. We it consist of prayers parroted without one sentiment in arhave every wish ihat the poor should accustom them. corol with the words uttered: of moral lectures which the unselves io habits of sobriety ; but we cannot help re. derstanding does not comprehend, or the heart feel; of endflecting, sometimes, thut an alehouse is the only place !

less bodily constraint, intolerable to youthful vivacity, and in

jurious to the perfection of the human frameThe cottage where a poor tired creature, haunted with every spe.

day may not present so imposing a scene; no decent uniforio; cies of wretchedness, can purchase three or four times

no well triomed locks; no glossy skin ; no united response of a year three pennyworth of ale--a liquor upon which hundreds of coujoined voices; no lengthened procession, muwine-drinking moralists are always extreinely severe. nameal exercise; but if it has less to strike the eye, it has far We must not forget, among other nostrums, the eulogy more to engage the heart. A tritie in the way of cleanliness of small farms in other words, of small capital, and must suflice; the prayer is not forgot; it is perhaps imper. profound ignorance in the arts of agriculture; and the feelly repeated, and confusedly understood; but it is not mutevil is also thought to be curable by periodical con. henvenly one : duty, love, obedience, are not words without

tered as a vain sonud; it is an earthly parent that telle of a tributions from men who have nothing, and can earn ineaning, when repeated by a mother to a child: to God, the nothing without charity. To one of these plans, and great unknown Bemg that made all things, all thanks, all perhaps the most plausible, Mr. Nicol has stated in praise, all adoration is due. The young religionist may be la

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