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New York, March 4, 1813. lency of the happy occurrences of the 5th Notice To British SUBJECTS.

April, with the intent of relieving the good

citizens of Berlin from the dread and fear Marshal's Office of the United Stales of they entertained of possibly again seeing

America for the District of New York, at the enemy within their walls. -General The City of New York, Murch 4, 1813. Von Borstell, with his detached corps, had

By virtue of the power vested in me, already advanced as far as Wahletz, for the and special instructions from the proper au- purpose of surrounding Magdeburg on the thority, all Alien Enemies, engaged in right bank of the Elbe; but, ou the 2d of commerce, and residing and being within April, being attacked by a superior force, forty miles of tide-water, or the margins he, according to his previous instructions, of the Hudson and East Rivers, and Long retreated back to Nedlitz, but covered the Island Sound, in the district of New York, roads to Burg and Gommern by Cossacks. and particularly those in the City of New -On the 5th of April the enemy obliged York, are hereby required forthwith to re- General Von Borstell to fall back io Gevena tire beyond that distance from tide-water, (on the road to Gorizke), and forced the and the margins of the Hudson and East Cossacks past Lutzkau and towards Burg. River and the Sound. Passports for their -As I had received certain information departure will be given at ihe Marshal's that the Viceroy of Italy commanded this Office, and the places of their residence expedition in person, with a corps d'armee therein designated. Persons of the above of four divisions, about 22 or 24,000 men description, who refuse or neglect to com- strong, among which were 3,000 cavalry, ply with this requisition, will be immedi- 40 pieces of artillery, not only causing the ately taken into custody.--And all alien country round Magdeburgh to be plunderenemies, not engaged in commerce, and re-ed (on the right bank of the Elbe), but siding and being within 40 miles of tide- likewise, not knowing that my corps was water, or the margins of the Hudson East so near him, intended inaking an attempt Rivers, and the Sound, in said district, are upon Berlin ; I determined on attacking required immediately to apply to the Mar- him with my whole strength, to drive him shal for permission to remain where they back with my whole force. — For this are, which permission will be granted purpose, on the 4th April, I concentrated when it satisfactorily appears that their in- the force of General Von York, near Zorest, tentions towards the United States are that of Lieutenant-General Von Berg, at friendly, and that the indulgence and hos- three German miles from thence, in the pitality which have been extended to them village of Lietzo, and fixed my head-quarhave not been abused or misapplied. ters at Zorest. I directed General Von Also, Alien enemies, of every occupation Borstell, and likewise General Von Bulow, or profession, who have arrived in the city who had, so early as the 4th April, arrived of New York, from a foreign place, since at Ziesa, to push as far forward as the enethe declaration of war, are required, with my would permit; but that they should on out delay, to retire into the interior of the the 5th, when they would be informed by country, beyond the distance above-men- a cannonade of my' having commenced ani tioned. If the different requisitions re- attack, fall on the enemy with the greatest quired by this notice are not uncondition. impetuosity. “On the 5th, in the moraally complied with, vigorous measures will ing, Lieutenant-General Von York's corps be taken against all those to whom it has advanced to Leitzkeu, and that of Lieuiereference.

nant-General Von Berg to Ladeburg.PETER CURTINIUS, Lieutenant-General Von Borstell had adMarshal of the District of New York. vanced towards Makun, and Lieutenant

General Von Bulow to Hohenzias. At two

o'clock in the afternoon, Lieutenant General NORTHERN WAR.

Von York was obliged to send a van-guard

towards Gammern, and Lieutenant-General Head-quarters, Zubst, April 7, 1813. Von Berg to do the same to this place. I hasten humbly to inform your Excel

(To be continued.)

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black-Horse-Court, Fleet-street.


Vol. XXIII, No. 21.]


[Price is.



about after “ THE COSSACK," and after SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

his spear; that identical spear, fourteen NORTHERN WAR.-BATTLE OF Lutzen. feet long, with which he killed thirty

-This battle is the most falal that has Frenchmen in an hour, and which, as we taken place since the beginning of this were told, the Cossack brought up from fwenty years' war. It has not been the Yarmouth or Harwich, sticking out of the most bloody; it has not ended in the most window of the post-chaise ? And the signal triumph of the French; it has not " DON COSSACK," too? Where is he? spread so much havoc and so much disgrace -Oh! what a wise, what a “thinking amongst the enemy; but, still it is the most nation!" These destroyers of our fatal; because the result was less expected enemy may now hasten back again; for than a defeat ever was, upon any former there appears to be business enough for occasion. I have been, for nearly four them to perform. And, how unfortunate months, a most mortified spectator of the that the Duke of Cumberland did not set off delusion practised upon this “ most think- a little sooner! If he had been present at "sing nation,” who have been made to be the battle of Lutzen, the result might have lieve, as firmly as they believe in their ex- been different. However, he is on his istence, that the Emperor Napoleon was way, and, in all probability, we shall soon down for ever; that it was impossible for hear of the effect of his presence with the him again to collect an army in sufficient armies of the allies.-One thing I must force to dare to face the allies in the North; stipulate for beforehand with my readers, that, in short, he was about to experience and that is, that if His Royal Highness the fate of a rebel and an usurper; and does not beat Buonaparte, he shall not, for that, in a few months, we might expect to all that, be supposed to be inferior to him hear of his having suffered an ignominious either in skill or courage; but, then, I am death.--I endeavoured to put the public afraid, that we shall have to allow, that on their guard against being the dupe of there is a superiority in the French troops ; these delusions; but, I must confess, that, for, unless we allow this, I do not see how even amongst persons usually rational in we shall be able to deny, in case of Buonatheir way of calculating, I found very few parté's beating the allies with the Duke indeed to coincide with me iu opinion. - along with them, that the Duke is not infeIt was manifest, I thought, that the whole rior to him either in skill or in courage. question turned upon the success that Na -The Morning Chronicle, whose busipoleon would meet with in raising an army ness it is to work the Ministers out of their in France. That he appears to have done ; places, and to put in its own party, takes and, having again an army of Frenchmen, this occasion of blaming the Ministers, all other inings he will obtain. I do though it is not very easy to perceive what not see what is now to arrest his progress, they can have done to cause the Russians unless, indeed, the people of Germany can and Prussians to be beaten by the French; be roused against him; and, I must, from or, what they could have done to prevent what has passed, greatly doubt of that. what has happened. --The offer of terms There are now the same motives to oppos- of peace might, indeed, have had some efing him that there were before, and I fect on the minds of men on the Continent; cannot see why they should now be more but, can any one say, that the Whig Party efficacious than they formerly were. A have shown any desire to see such offers people, and only a people, can, in my opi- made ? Where is the record of any molion, nion, effectually resist his power; and, any speech even, to that effect ? Nay, have until I see a people hearty in the cause, I they not abetted the Ministers in all their shall continue to believe, that he will ulti- warlike projects, and even gone beyond wately succeed. And now what do them in expressions of exultation at what those persons think, who have been running they all appear to have deemed the fall of

Napoleon ?--But, besides this, will Mr. sist him, is the only recommendation to Perry undertake to show, that, in the pre- elevation in his service. ---It is, therefore, sent internal state of this country, peace no wonder that he succeeds, and less wonwith France is possible ?. If she be left in der that he is admired by his army and by possession of Holland, I defy the Ministers, the people, seeing that he can have no under the present system, to reduce by peace temptation to promote an unworthy person. the expenses of the country; and, if the - The Courier and Times news-papers, taxes cannot be reduced, peace would only especially the latter, has, for many months have the effect of sending out of the coun- past, amused their readers with accounts try many of those who now smart under the of insurrections in France. We nove taxes.----Are the Whigs ready to give us know, that these were falsehoods hatched a reform of the parliament? If they are by themselves, or by others for them, who not, to talk aboui peace is a mere mockery. had their views to answer. Indeed, all --The hireling prints are, as usual, men of any political information knew, at making great efforts to cause the public to the time, that they were falsehoods; but, believe, that Napoleon has, upon this occa- the mass of the people believed the acsion, gained no victory. He has advanced counts; and, as the accounts have never 50 miles, however, according to their own been contradicted, they do still believe acknowledgment. But, this thinking peo- them. The people in this country, in geple have long been in the habit of regard- neral, think that Napoleon is hated in ing his advances as no proof at all of tri- France as much as they hate him. If you umph; while those of his enemies are de- were to tell them the contrary, they would cided proofs of triumph.--It is useless, , either not attend to you, or think that you however, to make these observations for were ignorant of what you were talking about the thousandth time. They do, per- about. They believe, almost to a man, haps, but little good. The public ear is that Napoleon is held, in France, in deadly filled with the falsehoods of the hired press ; abhorrence; that he is obliged to resort to and suffering alone can make way for a be- all sorts of precautions to prevent himself lief of the truth.-_What is most wor- from being assassinated ; that he has spies thy of remark upon this occasion is, that in every hole and corner; that no man the people of France seem to partake, as dares open his lips without danger to his much as ever, in the feelings of the Empe- life; that there are soldiers every where lo ror. That is the main point; for, after all, shoot at the people, and that these soldiers, France herself, that fruitful source of mili- having been forced into the service, hate tary talent and military courage, is what he him even more than the rest of the nation inust depend upon. When the French do; that France is filled with Bastiles ; people resolved, that the Rhine and the that any man may be clapped into prison, Alps should be the boundary of their terri- or shot, or hanged, at a minute's warning, tory, how soon they extended their sway to without any trial; that there are no laws the Rhine and the Alps! It is the genius in France except military laws; that there and taste of the people of France, which do are no courts of justice ; and, in short, that every thing. It is not on brute force that the people are the most wretched slaves, Napoleon depends. It is on the skill of his the most miserable, starving, bare-boned officers; their genius for war; their quick- creatures that imagination can trace. sightedness; their ability in turning every And, why do the thinking people" becircumstance to their advantage; and the lieve all this? Because there are a hundred great mass of like ability, though in a dif- or two of news-papers to tell it them, once ferent way, amongst the ranks of his army. every day, or, at least, once every week, all

-Then, he has the vast advantage of the year round. Burke said: " let a man being disembarrassed by aristocralical and tell you his story once a-day for a year, oligarchical interests.

No family influ- " and, at the end of the year he is your ence prevails with him.

He is not, by any “ master.”—The Country-papers are, such 'shackles, confined to a few, out of for the most part, the mere echoes of the whom to select his officers. He has a whole hired prints in London. They are, in genes army; he has all France, to choose out of. ral, even more dependent. They depend All the youth of France are brought, as it for existence their advertisements. were, one after another, before him, for These follow the politics. The magisthe purpose of giving him an opportunity trates, the Clergy, the Sheriffs, the Taxto seleci the filtest persons to command in Commissioners, the Navy and Transport his armies. He chooses, tov, after experi- Boards, the Barrack-office, the War-office, onice. Merit, real merit; real ability to as- and the numerous other sources of adver


tisements, all dependent on the Ministry of find, in such men; soldiers ready to risk the day, draw almost the whole of the their lives for him, soldiers, to beat his Country-papers into the Government vor. enemies: if you were to put these questions tex. So that, if the editors were, as some to the good thinking country people in of them are, well-informed men, the in- England, they would first stare at you ; terests of the concern must be attended to; they would then grin; and they would, if and thus are the Country people, who read they gave you any answer at all, say that only the weekly abstract of the London Bony was a scoundrel, and that they hoped papers, kept in as complete ignorance of that the Russians would finish him. While the truth, as far as relates to Napoleon and the more cunning and wicked part of thein his subjects, as are the people of Otaheite. would call you a friend of Buonaparlé. In short, it is impossible to form an idea of -This is the answer you would get. ignorance more complete.--It is thus you would get no other; and on they would that they are always sound on the side of go again to call him a butcher and a robber, those who are for war with Buonaparté. and speak of him as wishing to get hither They are made to believe, that he is a mere 10 rob and murder us.-- -Were it not for devil in human shape ; and, that it is his the base press of this country, the people serious intention to come here with an army never could have been so deceived as they lo murder all the people. They believe, have been and still are. Nine out of len of that he is a sort of wholesale murderer; them never read the official accounts from that he delights in the shedding of human France. They read only the abstract of blood; that he has butchered thousands the editor; and this he knows very well, with his own hands; and, looking upon otherwise he would not venture to make him in this light, how is it to be expected, that abstract, as he generally does, and

say that they can ever think of peace with him? just the contrary of what the accounts con

- If you were to tell them about the tain. He knows, that men of sense and incodes of laws that he has formed and put in formation will express their wonder at his force ; about his institution of schools for impudence, and their contempt for his vethe education of the children of labour-nality; but, he also knows, they are a very ers and mechanics ; about his vast improve- small minorily; that his endeavours will ments in roads and canals; about the flou- generally succeed; that he has the fears rishing state of agriculture since his exalta- and the hopes of the herd with him; and, tion ; about his unbounded encouragement wbich is the main thing, the falsehood is of the arts and sciences ; about his infinite profitable to him; more so than the truth pains to enrich the public libraries and se- would be.~~When one considers, thereminaries of learning; about all, or any of, fore, the means that are made use of, one his acts of this kind, they would, if they ceases to wonder at the delusion which prebelieved you, let your statement in at one vails at the end of twenty years. One ear and out at the other. - Their minds ceases to wonder, that the same nation, who are choked up. They cannot, and they were so long persuaded, that they could will not see in him any thing but a sero- not preserve their property or their recious, a bloody tyrant, hated even more in ligion while France was a Republic, France than he is in England. -- If you are now persuaded that the danger is were to ask them how it happens, that, if not less imminent when France is behe be so universally hated in France, he can come again a Monarchy. One ceases leave France for so long a time as he does to wonder, that the same nation, who without risking his throne ; if you ask cried out against liberty and patriotism them how he can take away so many sol. while the French cried out for them, should diers, if his government at home depend now think it wise and just to carry on a wholly on soldiers ; if you were to ask war for what they are made to believe are them how he trusts himself with an army, liberty and patriotism.--The whole lies composed entirely of conscripts, whom he in these few words: the people of this has forced, in chains, as we are told, to country feel most grievously the burdens form themselves into regiments; if you they have to bear; but, the press makes were to ask them, how he could force them believe, that, unless Napoleon can be them, if all his soldiers hated him ; if you overset, they will have to suffer more than were to ask them, how he comes to find, they now suffer. -So long as this belief in those men who so hate him, and whom can be upheld, the majority of the people he has collected by the means of chains; will be for the wor; and, it will be upheld if you were to ask them, how he comes to until their suffering shall be so great as to

shake this tenet of their political faith." discussing that point we must make our

If Napoleon succeed in reaching Pe “ stand upon this--never to commit our tersburgh, which I think not impossible, it "naval rights to the mediation of any powwould make an impression on the merchants" er. This is the flag we must nail to the and manufacturers; but, very little upon 6 national mast, and go down rather than the farmers, whose corn would sell the strike it.—-Before the war commenced, higher, and who would still see the war “ concession might have been proper; we carried on with pleasure. There are some " always thought it unwise. But the hour few of them, who calculate upon better of concession and of compromise is passprinciples; but not many; and the majo- " ed; America has rushed unnecessarily rity would still cry, war!--It seems to " and unnaturally into war, and she must me, that the burning of Moscow and the " be made to feel the effects of her folly consequent retreat of the French armies " and injustice. Peace must be the conwill have been the cause of adding some " sequence of punishment, and retraction years to the length of the war upon the " of her insolent demands must precede neContinent; but, I do not think, that either “gociation. The thunder of our cannon that or any events now to come, upon the “must first strike terror into the American Continent, can have any effect at all as to "shores, and Great Britain must be seen the producing of peace with us. My opi-" and felt in all the majesty of her might, nion is, that, unless we have a reform al " from Boston to Savannah, from the home, we cannot remain at peace while " Lakes of Canada to the Mouths of the MisNapoleon retains any power' at all; that "sissippi.-- And before this article goes we must reform, or overset him, or that we " forth to the world, her cannon have cannot have peace.

" been heard and her power felt. The

66 clamorous demagogues of America, the AMERICAN WAR. This war, as ap. “ turbulent democrats, the noisy advocates pears by advices from America, has been “for war with us, the pretended patriots further marked by our success by land and 6 of America and the real partisans of our failure by sea. I will not call it dis “ France, assume now another tone. Their grace, or defeat; but, an American Sloop " papers no longer speak the language of of War has now defeated an English Sloop" boast and menace. Fear pervades their of War for the second time. So that, “ towns on the sea coast — Alarm prevails owing to some cause or other, the Ameri

" in all quarters. They are more intent can Navy, upon equal terms, really seems "upon removing their property than in to have gained the superiority.---- In the

- In the making head against the danger; and mean while, however, it is stated, that," though they boasted that they would supthrough the means of the mediation of port Government with all their means Russia, an opening for a negociation for“ and resources, with their treasures and peace is likely to take place. But, from their blood, the Government cannot, in the language of our vile news-papers, the " the first year of the war, raise a loan of editors of which appear to hate the Ame “ Four Millions sterling! These are the ricans for no other cause than that they are “ immediate consequences of a war entered not slaves, little hope seems to exist of a “ into to gratify the passions of hatred and happy result. The article, to which I al." envy of England, and to propitiate lude, was in the following words :

66 France."

-And, this is the language " Captain Bedford, as we stated yester- of peace, is it? It would seein, that

day, has brought the official notification writers like this feared nothing so much as " of an off

on the part of Russia to me an end to that war, which has already “ diate between this country and America. brought more disgrace upon the British We hope it will be refused; indeed we Navy, than all the wars in which we were 66 are sure it will. We have the highest ever before engaged. It would really seem, respect

for the Russian Government, the that these men were paid to endeavour to “ warmest admiration of its prowess, but cause an American Navy to be created.

we have a love for our naval pre-cmi- What other object they can have in view, “nence that cannot bear to have it even in thus goading the Americans on to hos6 touched by a foreign hand. Russia too tility and hatred, I cannot conceive.-I “ can hardly be supposed to be very adverse am sure, that the Times news-paper, by " to the principles of the armed neutrality, its senseless abuse of Mr. Madison and the 66 and that idea alone would be sufficient Congress, and its insolent and contemp" to make us decline the offer. But without ruous language towards the Americau peo

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