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Account of the Prisoners of War and De -Gen. Bonnemain pursued him for a
serters, which have entered Salamanca, league on the other side of Ocana; he overfrom the 16th Nov, to this day, the 21st took his rear-guard, sabred 30 men, and of the same month.
made 20 prisoners; he also carried away Sub-Officers and about thirty horses. The Duke of DalmaOfficers. Soldiers.
tia fixed his head-quarters on the 26th at English
Ocana, whence he sent a reconnoissance Portuguese
upon Aranjuez. The enemy had evacuated Spanish
this town, blown up the bridge of la Reyna, Deserters.
and burnt the one near the palace; several
corps of infantry and cavalry were seen in 25
the park on the right bank. The Duke of Among the officers is Lieutenant-General Dalmatia began his operations for rebuildPaget.
ing the bridges. The tide of the Tagus Jourdan, Marshal of the Empire. was very high ; the fords were impractica
ble. On the 28th, his Majesty marched Extract of a Leller from Baron Thouvenot, with his reserve to Santa Cruz de la Parza.
General of Brigade, Governor of the 4th On the same day the troops of the Army of
to reconnoitre the force and position of the Villoria, Dec. 4. enemy, discovered that he had evacuated General Bigarre, Aid-de-camp to his Ca- Fuente Duena. The boats of the bridge tholic Majesty, has just arrived at Vittoria, were on the right bank, however, without bearing dispatches for the Emperor. He having received any damage; the posts and announces that 2,600 prisoners, among cables had been cut, and the beams carried whom is General Paget, will arrive on the away. An officer of sappers swam across 6th at Vittoria, under the escort of 3,000 the river; his example was followed by of the army of Portugal. The English several soldiers ; the boats were replaced, have retreated into Portugal, and it appears and the rebuilding of the bridge was imthat our affairs in that quarter are going on mediately set about. On the 29th, the as well as possible. --The General in King moved his head-quarters to Ocana. Chief, Count Reille, set out to-day to pro- On the same day the enemy's troops, who ceed on his route to Burgos.
had remained in the park of Aranjuez, on (Signed) Baron THOUVENOT. the right bank of the Tagus, retired be
hind the Jarama. The Duke of Dalmatia Extracts from Dispatches addressed to the advanced to Aranjuez.-- On the 30th,
Minister al War, the Duke of Fellre, by the bridges were entirely re-established at
ported that the enemy intended to concen
Madrid, Nov. 3. trate his forces upon the right bank of the The King departed from Cuenza on the Jarama, and that he appeared inclined to 26th, and fixed his head-quarters at Hor- defend that position, which is extremely cajada; the head of the Army of the Centre strong. Marshal the Duke of Dalmatia arrived on the same day at Tarancon. made a reconnoissance this day; he found On the 27th his Majesty arrived at Taran. the enemy intrenched upon the bridge of con; reconnoissances were pushed on Fuente. the Jarama, called Puente Largo; after seDuena, which was still occupied by the veral vollies of cannon, the enemy withdrew English troops ; the bridge of boats had his artillery, and exploded two mines, been withdrawn upon the right bank of the which blew up one arch of the bridge. The Tagus.-- The Duke of Dalmatia arrived Duke of Dalmatia then ordered the firing on the 25th at Santa Cruz de la Sarza; on of the musketry to cease, as it was now the same day, the reserve of cavalry of the without object. Our loss in this battle was army of the South, commanded by General about 25 wounded, among whom was an Tilly, was at Villa Tobas. The Duke of officer of Voltigeurs: the enemy's loss was Dalmatia ordered him to push a very strong much more considerable: he had several reconnoissance on Ocana; Gen. Bonnemain men killed on the bridge.--- The Duke of had the command of it. He found at Ocana Dalmatia still supposed the enemy intended 17 English and Portuguese squadrons, com- to give battle in the position which overmanded by General Long, who would not looks the Jarama, and as this position is fight, and who fell back upon Aranjuez. truly inassailable in front, it was necessary
to manauvre to force the enemy to abandon | Guadarama. The cavalry of the army of it. On the 31st, the Ibuke of Dalmatia, the South occupied St. Antonio de las Naras learnt, and announced to his Majesty, that and Villa Castin. One part of the infantry the enemy had abandoned Puente Largo. was at L'Espinar, the other part remained This bridge was re-established, and on the at Guadaraina and Guadalapagar.---In same day the advanced guard of the Army the night between the 4th and 5th, the of the South advanced to Valdemoro, and Duke of Dalmatia reported to the King that took about 500 prisoners. The divisions of General Hill was continuing his retreat, and this army began to march on the night of that he appeared to direct his march upon the 31st, from the different points which Arrevalo, where, it was said, he was 10. they occupied, and passed the Tagus at form his junction with Lord Wellington. Aranjuez; they defiled during the whole of The King had no certain intelligence of the the day and night of the 1st of November. army of Portugal, but all that could be The army had not entirely passed the Tagus learned indicated that army to have answeron the ed of November, at six o'clock ined on the right of the Douro, all the bridges the morning.-- The King proceeded on of which the enemy had destroyed, and the 31st to Aranjuez, and ordered the that Lord Wellington announced the intenCount D'Erlon to march upon this point, tion of leaving on the left bank a portion of in order to follow the movement of the army his army to observe that of Portugal, and of the South._-On the 1st of November, to join the rest of General Hill's at Arrevathe advanced posts of the army of the South lo, in order to combat the army of the South arrived near Madrid ; that city was evacu- ' separately. His Majesty, that nothing ated, and the enemy made his retreat by might be compromised, thought it right to the Puerto de Guadarama.-- On the 2d, call to his aïd the army of the Centre, the army of the South was concentrated in which remained at Madrid. He, therefore, the environs of Madrid; the advanced on the 5ih, ordered the Count of Erlon to guard proceeded to the Escurial, and conti- leave Madrid immediately, and to advance mued to make prisoners. On the same day, as rapidly as possible on Villa Castin, the division of Gen. Villatte arrived in whence he would have to follow the direcMadrid, and his Majesty also arrived with tion taken by the army.---- On the 5th, his guards ; the army of the Centre defiled the King moved his head-quarters to Villa upon the bridge of Aranjuez.--This day, Castin. The same day, our cavalry haythe 5th, the troops of the army of the South ing arrived on the Boltaya, perceived that marched in the direction of the Escurial and of the enemy on the right bank of the river, Guadarama; the advanced guard must now covering the march of their infantry. The be on the other side of the mountains. Duke of Dalmatia hastened the march of The army of the Centre is arrived in the his infantry, and united some divisions at neighbourhood of Madrid; General D'Ar- Labajos ; the cavalry followed the movemagnac's division has succeeded, in Ma- ments of the enemy, who took the direction drid, that of Gen. Villatte, which has fol- of Penaranda, and met that of Arrevalo. lowed the movement of the army of the Our cavalry took a position at Villa Nueva South.---The infantry of the royal guard de Gomez, Blasco-Sancho, and Sanchidrion. has just departed, to sleep at Las-Rosas; -On the 6th, the king advanced his it will arrive to-morrow at Guadarama, and head-quarters to Arrevalo, and all the army the King will rejoin it with bis cavalry. moved in that direction. -On the 7th, His Majesty's intention is to pursue the the King remained at Arrevalo. Reconenemy with the army of the South, and to noitring parties were sent out, which complace himself in communication with the municated with the army of Portugal, army of Portugal. The army of the Centre which had arrived at Medina del Campo. will continue united in Madrid and its | The divisions of the arıny of the South, neighbourhood, and will be in readiness to which were still in the rear, continued join the King, if Lord Wellington should their march upon Arrevalo. General Count Concentrate his forces to give battle. Souham, commander of the army of Portu- ' (Signed) JOURDAN. gal, reported to the King, that Lord Wel
lington was directing his march on SalaSalamanca, Nov. 10, 1812. bianca with four divisions of his army, and As I had the honour of intimating to you a Spanish army commanded by Castanos. in my letter of the 3d, the King left Madrid -On the 8th, the King still continued on the 4th with his guard. The same day at Arrevalo. The troops of the army of his Majesty established his head-quarters at the South, which were yet behind, prosc
WHICH ACCOMPANIED THE AMERICAN PRE
cuted their march, and the army of the Ayres, were forwarded to Gerona, to be Centre arrived at Villa Castin. The same there sold for the prosit of the army ; the day the Duke of Dalmatia moved his caval- quinquina, the manna, the gum, and the ry on Penaranda, and some divisions of in wax were reserved for the military hosfantry were at Flores de Avilla. On the pitals. 9th, the King's head-quarters were at
(Signed) M. LAMARQUE. Flores de Avilla; the army of the Centre advanced upon Fuentiveros ; that of Portugal on Vittoria, Babila Fuente, and Huerta.
DOCUMENTS The cavalry of the army of the South proceeded towards Alba de Tormes, and the
SIDENT'S MESSAGE TO CONGRESS. infantry advanced to Flores de Avilla and Penaranda.--This day, the 10th, the King arrived at Penaranda, where his Ma Mr. Russell lo Lord Castlereagh. jesty established his head-quarters. Count My Lord,– It is only necessary, I trust, D'Érlon continued his movement to esta- to call the attention of your Lordship to a blish himself at Macotera and its environs ; review of the conduct of the Government the army of Portugal is completing its of the United States, to prove incontrovertmovement upon Babila Fuente. The Duke ibly its unceasing anxiety to maintain the of Dalmatia has directed his march towards relations of peace and friendship with Great Alba de Tormes, with his cavalry and part Britain. Its patience in suffering the many of his infantry. Alba de Tormes appears wrongs which it has received, and its perto be strongly occupied. The Duke of Dal-severance in endeavouring, by amicable matia has fired 1,500 cannon on this post, means, to obtain redress, are known to the without being able to dislodge the enemy. world. Despairing, at length, of receiv
Count Soubam reports, that Lord Wel- | ing this redress from the justice of the Brilington occupies the position of San Chris- tish Government, to which it had so often toval, in advance of Salamanca.----During applied in vain, and feeling that a further this march some hundreds of prisoners have forbearance would be a virtual surrender of been collected, together with some equi- the interests and rights essential to the pros. pages.
perity and independence of the nation conI pray, &c. (Signed) JOURDAN. fided to its protection, it has been compelled
to discharge its high duty by an appeal to Extract of a Leller from General Lamarque, arms. While, however, it regards this
Commander in Upper Catalonia, to the course as the only one which remained for Minister al War.
it to pursue with a hope of preserving any Gerona, Nov. 29. portion of that kind of character, which Sir,-Areynes-del-Mare was the entrepot constitutes the vital strength of every naof the enemy's smuggling, and one of his tion, yet it is still willing to give another magazines. This criminal commerce was proof of the spirit which has uniformly carried on under the protection of the Eng-distinguished its proceedings, by seeking to lish ships lying in the roads. -A move arrest, on terms consistent with justice and able battery was placed at the entrance of honour, the calamities of war. It has, the town; the first firing put the English therefore, authorized me to stipulate with to flight, all their vessels stood out to sea, His Britannic Majesty's Government, an and we have taken possession of Areyns- armistice, to commence at or before the exdel Mare and of its magazines, the enemy piration of 60 days after the signature of making no endeavour to thwart our opera- the instrument providing for it, on condition. The Catalonians perceived, from tion that the Orders in Council be repealed, the conduct of the English in this instance, and no illegal blockades be substituted for how little they can rely on the promises of them, and that orders be immediately given such worthless auxiliaries. -The English to discontinue the impressment of persons merchandises seized at Areyns-del-Mare from American vessels, and to restore the were instantly either burnt or thrown into citizens of the United States already imthe sea; but the grain, flour, rice, and pressed; it being moreover well understood other provisions, were conducted to the ma- that the British Government will assent to gazines of Barcelona. The articles brought enter into definitive arrangements, as soon from the Spanish colonies, such as the sugar as may be, on these and every other differand coffee of Havanna, the cottons of Vera ence, by a Treaty, to be concluded, either Cruz and Motril, and the leather of Buenos at London or Washington, as on an impar
tial consideration of existing circumstances violating the rights of the United States,
shall be deemed most expedient. As an and in return it will restore peace with the : inducement to Great Britain to discontinue Power, from whom in a friendly commer
the practice of impressment from American cial intercourse so many advantages are to vessels, I am authorized to give assurance be derived. —Your Lordship is undoubt. that a law shall be passed (to be reciprocal) edly aware of the serious difficulties with to prohibit the employment of British sea, which the prosecution of the war, even for men in the public or commercial service of a short period, must necessarily embarrass the United States. It is sincerely be all future attempts at accommodatior. Pasljéved, that such an arrangement would sions exasperated by injuries—alliances or prove more efficacious, in securing to Great conquests on terms which forbid their abanBritain her seamen, than the practice of donment—will inevitably hereafter embitter impressment, su derogatory to the sovereign and protract a contest which might now be attributes of the United States, and so in- so easily and happily terminated.compatible with the personal rights of their !y impressed with these truths, I cannot citizens.--Your Lordship will not be but persuade myself that His Royal Highsurprised that I have presented the revoca ness the Prince Regent will take into his tion of the Orders in Council as a prelimi. early consideration the propositions herein nary to the suspension of hostilities, when made on behalf of the United States, and it is considered that the act of the British decide on them in a spirit of conciliation Government of the 23d of June last, or- and justice. I have the honour to be, daining that revocation, is predicated on with high consideration, my Lord, your conditions, the performance of which is Lordship's most obedient servant, rendered impracticable by the change
(Signed) JONA RUSSELL. which is since known to have occurred in To The Right Hon. Lord Viscount the relations between the two countries.
Castlereagh, &c. It cannot now be expected that the Government of the United States will immediately, on due notice of that Act, revoke, or cause
Lord Castlereagh to Mr. Russell. to be revoked, its Acts, excluding from the
Foreign Office, Aug. 29. waters and harbours of the United States Sir,--Although the diplomatic relations all British armed vessels, and interdicting between the two Governments have been commercial intercourse with Great Britain. terminated, by a declaration of war on the Such a procedure would necessarily involve part of the United States, I have not hesiconsequences too unreasonable and extrava- cated, under the peculiar circumstances of gant to be for a moment presumed. The the case, and the authority under which Order in Council of the 23d of June last you act, to submit to the Prince Regent the will, therefore, according to its own terms, proposition contained in your letter of the be null, and of no effect, and a new act of 24th inst. for a suspension of hostilities. the British Government, adapted to exist From the period at which your ining circumstances, is obviously required for structions must have been issued, it is obthe effectual repeal of the Orders in Coun- vious that this overture was determined cil of which the United States complain. upon by the Government of the United
The Government of the United States States.in ignorance of the Order in Council considers indemnity for injuries received of the 23d of June last, and as you inform under the Orders in Council and other me that you are not at liberty to depart edicts, violating the rights of the Ameri- from the conditions set forth in your letter, can nation, to be incident to their repeal, it only remains for me to acquaint you, that and it believes that satisfactory provision the Prince Regent feels himself under the will be made in the definitive treaty to be necessity of declining to accede to the prohereafter negociated for this purpose. positions therein contained, as being on vaThe conditions now offered to the British rious groonds absolutely inadmissible. Government for the termination of the war As soon as there was reason to apprehend by an armistice, as above stated, are so that Mr. Foster's functions might have moderate and just in themselves, and so en ceased in America, and that he might have tirely consistent with its interest and ho- been obliged to withdraw himself, in connour, that a confident hope is indulged that sequence of war being declared, from the it will not hesitate to accept them. In so United States, before the above-mentioned doing it will abandon no right; it will sa Order of the 23d of June, and the instruccrifice no interest; it will abstain only from tions consequent' thereupon, could have
reached him, measures were taken for 29th ult, which I did not receive until this authorizing the British Admiral on the morning, that the Prince Regent has American station to propose to the United thought proper to decline to accede to the States an immediate and reciprocal revoca- proposition for a suspension of hostilities, tion of all hostile orders, with the tender contained in my note of the 21st of August. of giving full effect, in the event of hostili. It has been matter of surprise to me ties being discontinued, to the provisions of that my view with regard to the revocation the said order, upon conditions therein of the Orders in Council on the 23d of June specified. From this statement you will last should have been considered to have perceive, that the view you have taken of been incorrect, when it appears by your this part of the subject is incorrect, and Lordship's note that the British Governthat, in the present state of the relations ment itself had deemed it necessary to give between the two countries, the operation of powers to the British Admiral to stipulate the Order of the 23d of June can only be for its full effect, and thereby admitted that defeated by a refusal on the part of your a new act was required for that purpose. Government to desist from hostilities, or 10 -It now only remains for me to ancomply with the conditions expressed in the nounce to your Lordship that it is my insaid Order. Under the circumstances of tention to embark immediately at Plyyour having no powers to negociate, I must mouth, on board the ship Lark, for the decline entering into a detailed discussion of United States, and to request that permisthe propositions which you have been di- sion inay be granted, as soon as may be, rected to bring forward. I cannot, how- for the embarkation of my servants, bagever, refrain on one single point from ex-gage, and the effects of this legation, and pressing my surprise ; namely, that, as a that the necessary passports may be furnishcondition, preliminary even to a suspension ed for my own and their safe conduct to of hostilities, the Government of the United that destination.--I avail myself of this States should have thought fit to demand, occasione to apprize your Lordship, that I that the British Government should desist am authorized by the Government of the from its , ancient and accustomed practice of United States to leave Reuben Gaunt Beasly, impressing British seamen from the mer-Esq. as its agent for prisoners of war in this chant ships of a foreign State, simply on country, and to desire that every necessary the assurance that a law shall hereafter be facility may be offered him in the exercise passed, to prohibit the employment of Bri- of that trust by the British Government. tish seamen in the public or commercial - -I have the honour to be, my Lord, service of that State.---The British Goo your Lordship's most obedient humble servernment now, as heretofore, is ready to vant, receive from the Government of the United
(Signed) JONA RUSSELL States, and amicably to discuss, any pro- The Right Hon. Lord Viscount position which professes to have in vierv
Gastlereagh. either to check abuse in exercise of the practice of impressment, or to accomplish, by means less liable to vexation, the object Lord Castlereagh to Mr. Russell. for which impressment has hitherto been
Foreign Office, Sepl. 2, 1812. found necessary; but they cannot consent to Sir, I have laid before His Royal Highsuspend the exercise of a right upon which ness the Prince Regent your letter of the ist the naval strength of the empire mainly inst. in which you announce your intention depends, until they are fully convinced to embark immediately at Plymouth, on that means can be devised, and will be board the ship Lark, for the United States. adopted, by which the object to be obtain
-I have already the honour of forwarded by the exercise of that right can be ef- ing to you an Admiralty Order, for the fectually secured. I have the honour to be, protection of that ship as a cartel on her Sir, your most obedient humble Servant,
voyage to America, and I herewith enclose Signed) CASTLEREAGH.
to you a passport for the free embarkation 3. Russell, Esq. dr.
of yourself and family, in conformity to your request. The Lords Commissioners
of His Majesty's Treasury will issue direcMr. Russell to Lord Castle reagh.
tions to the Commissioners of the Custorps 18, Benlinck-sirsel, 1st Sept. 1812. to give every facility to the embarkation of My Lord,.--I have learnt with much reyour effects. If, previous to your degret, by your Lordship’s noie, dated the parture from England, you can point out