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When Morrough of the battle-axes "-waxed" sufficiently "stronge," he resolved to subdue those western clans, or compel them to acknowledge his jurisdiction. To further this project he surprised the castle of Balinahinch, which was built on an island of the same name, in the centre of Conmaicne-mara. As soon as Teige na buille and the sons of Donal an chogaidh became aware of Murrough's designs, they immediately saw the advantage he acquired by gaining the castle, and that advantage they resolved to deprive him of. Accordingly, in A. D. 1584, they made a successful attack on the island; and although it was boldly defended by Murrough's son, Teige, they succeeded in taking it and the castle. Teige thereupon collected a considerable force and made an irruption into their territory, which he plundered of all its cattle. This petty warfare continued for some time with mutual destruction. The Clan Eoghan having made a descent on the island of Aran, were pursued thither by Teige, and a battle took place, in which several of the western O'Flaherties were slainq. The Annalists say that the matter in dispute was not worth all the bloodshed it caused on that day; but we have seen above, that there was a greater object in view than the mere possession of the island. A reconciliation at length took place. The Clan Eoghan retained the castle, and with it, for a while, their independence; and thus ended the last instance of clan warfare which took place in Iar-Connaught.

Of

at Oalway 17th August 1607, it was found that
Teige ne bolly O'Flaherty of Arde, chief of his name,
had and continued the title of O'Flaherty from the
time Sir Henry Sidney, knt. was lord deputy of
Ireland. [There is some error here, for Teige
could not assume the title, until after the death of
Donell]. That he was seised of the castle or stone
fortress of Arde, with two cartrons called the two
Ardes, and of half the lands of Ballineliinch. That,
by virtue of a division made between him and certain
of his competitors, he was seised of half Ballindoon,
4 qrs. and half Ballynahinchy, 4 qrs. And he was
so seised, "prout erat principalis cognominis sui, et
maxime senex ejusdem cognominis de O'Flahertie,
Anglice, prout erat tanist tempore ineunte composi-
tionis, et etiam diu postea," of the castle or stone for-
tress of Ballynahinchy in the island of Balleneliinchy,
and of the fishing of the Owenmore, and that he was
peaceably seized thereof, until one Thady (Teig)
Mac Murrough ne dome O'Flaherty, by force entered
IRISH ABCH. SOC. 15.

and built the lower part of the said castle, and pos-
sessed the same for some time, and until the said
Teige ne built/ and his two sons, together with Mor-
rough na moyrc O'Flaherty, expelled him out of the
said castle and island; which the said Morrough ne
moyre as yet unjustly holds the possession of. That
the said Teige was also seised of several head and
chief rents out of other lands. That Morrough ne
moyre, for the last six years, by force compelled the
tenants to pay him the said rents. That the said
Teige ne boolly, in right of his chieftainship, was
also seized of chief rents out of the Cleggan, Ballyna-
killy, &c, and that Morrough ne moyre claims 3
cartrons in the island of Inishnee under a mortgage,
dated the 10th March, 1598, made by Edmond
O'Flaherty (Gen. Table, II. No. 37), son of the said
Teige ne bullie."—Orig. Inquis. Rolls Off. Dublin.
Their descendants are unknown.
1 Four Masters.

3?

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Of all the western O'Flaherties, Donel an chogaidh, although not the chieftain, was the most powerful and opulent. He died before A. D. 1580, leaving by his wife Grace O'Mailly of Burrishoole (celebrated in after-times by the name of Grauna Weale) two sons, who were named as contracting, though not consenting, parties, in the indenture of Composition with Queen Elizabeth. Of these, Donall the eldest was slain by a party of Sir Richard Bingham's soldiers in A. D. 1586, and Morogh, the second son, surnamed Moot' (serjeant or steward), became the principal inheritor of a territory which embraced a line of sea-coast extending nearly 100 miles. Of this advantage Morogh na tnaor availed himself, by keeping a considerable number of galleys generally ready for service; and from several old documents he appears to have been sedulous in extending his landed possessionss. In A. D. 1599, he was ordered by the Lord Lieutenant to join his half-brother, Tibbott na long' (Theobald of the ships, the first Viscount Mayo), to bring the Queen's forces round the western coast of Ireland in his galleys, from Galway to Sligo, with provisions and implements of war, to assist O'Connor Sligo against Hugh ruadh O'Donnell"; but we soon after find him, with a large body of forces from Iar-Connaught, joined with the latter celebrated chieftain against the Government'. With him he proceeded to Mun

ster; ster"; but after the defeat of the Spaniards at Kinsale, Morogh na maor retreated to his native fastnesses in Iar-Connaught, where he peaceably spent the remainder of his life.

r From this word maor, was derived the name of the royal family of Scotland. "Stuart, seu Steward Anglica etiam vox quaestorem ad recipiendos proventus, ut et Scotice Maor—Mormhaor LeavnaTM (the great steward of Lennox).— Ogyg. Part iii. c. 81; O'Conor, Rerum Hib. tom. i. p. 57. See also Martin's Western Islands, pp. 98,108; Verstegan, 324; and O'Brien's Diet. in voce.

'Several deeds and other instruments, about fifty in number, extending from A. D. 1590 to 1645, and principally relating to the possessions of Morogh na maor and his sons, are now in the hands of the Editor; but he regrets that want of space prevents any further notice of them here, as they contain several curious particulars of the state of society during that period in Iar-Connaught. In them, several individuals, named in the annexed Genealogical Tables, are mentioned.

t On Hot. Pat. 3 Jac. I. dors. 47, there appears a letter from James I., directing a surrender and regrant of lands in favour of Sir Theobald Burke, Knt.

(Tibbot na long, the first Viscount Mayo). and his two brothers by the half-blood, Morrogh O'Flahertie (na maor) and Donnell I. Keggie O'Flahertie (Gen. Table, II. No. 38), of Iar-Connaught. This state letter was never acted upon. DonelL here named, although called the brother of Sir Theobald, was his nephew, "by the half-blood.TM When Donell an chogaidh (Gen. Table, II. No. 36) died, his widow, Grace O'Mailly, married Sir Rickard an iarain Bourke (see him described ante, p. 300, under the name of Mac William), by whom she had Tibbot na long, afterwards Sir Theobald.—See Lodge's Peerage, vol. iv. p. 235, ed. 1789.

"Four Masters, A. D. 1599.

t Id. A. D. 1600. The following note, in the handwriting of our author, Roderic O'Flaherty, appears, at A. D. 1599, in a copy of the Annals of the Four Masters, preserved in Trinity College, Dublin: "25 Nov. castrametatur apud Killtnlagh

prope Galviam, postridie apud Derrydonnell.

27 Nov. reversus est [O'Donnell]. Cum eo tunc

By Inquisition taken, durante vita, 15 th September, 1607, it was found that "Morogh na Moyre O'Flaherty is seized of the castles of Bonowen, Ballinahinchy, and Renvyle. That Donell ne Cogge, father of the said Morogh, and whose heir he is, was, at the time he died, seized of several chief rents in the baronie of Ballinehinch. That O'Flaherty had and held the fines and customs following, in and through the whole baronie of Ballinehinch." [This shews that he usurped "by strong hand" the power of the chieftain.] "Imprimis, quandocunque aliquis furatus erat unam vaccam, fur solvebat predicto O'Flaherty, septem vaccas pro qualibet vacca sic furata, et sic de aliis catallis. Et quandocunque O'Flaherty se contulerat ad generalem sessinam, quod inhabitantes solebant elargire ill! quandam mensuram sacci [Anglice, a bott of xack~\, toties quoties. Preterea, debuit habere quotannis ex qualibet quarteria terre infra baroniam predictam, quasdam mensuras farine Hibemice vocatas sruans, cum sufficiente butiro. Et preterea, consuetus erat, quod quandocunque aliquis capiebat aliquod wreccum maris vel ambergreese, sine noticia inde data O'Flaherty vel suis servientibus [Anglice, his Serjeants'], quod quilibet sic faciens finem fecerat ipsi O'Flaherty ad septem vaccas, toties quoties. Et quandocunque O'Flaherty dederat aliquam filiaram suaram in matrimonio, consuevit habere unam sterilem vaccam duorum annorum, ex qualibet quarteria inhabitata, infra baroniam predictam"."

Morogh

fuerunt Torlogh Mc Morogh O'Brien, O'Conor Sligo, lecta, p. 55a, quoted in Gratianus Lucius, p. 41.

et Morogh na maor O'Flaherty." Sir George Carew was " Presbyteri filius." The late

"See Paeat. Hib., A. D. 1601. "The O'May- Sir Francis Burdett, who was well acquainted with

lies and O'Flagherties had a purpose with six hun- Irish history, once observed to the Editor, that " Ca

dred men (which they had already furnished) to rew was created Earl of Totness, in England, for his

invade Kerry." In that work, c viii., there appears atrocities in Ireland."

a letter to Sir George Carew, dated 3rd July, 1600, « Original Inquisition, Rolls Office, Dublin. See and signed "William Burke, Morogh Hi Afoe [na in the same Repository, Rot. Pat. 15° Jac. I. fac. maor ?] O'Flarty." In that letter the following 54, for an instrument perfected by the gentry and passage occurs: "So that your Honour consi - "freeholders" of Conamara, empowering Morogh na der us with a peece of money." This passage has maor O'Flaherty of Bonowen, in the county of Galall the appearance of an interpolation. "My faith- way, Esq., to procure grants to himself, as trustee ful George" (see the Queen's letter to Carew, c. xiv.) for them, of their lands, then recently surrendered to is charged with not having been a faithful narrator; the Crown. Among these parties, the present " old but the " Pacata" was written for him, and not by stock" of Conamara, viz. the Mac Conroys (Kings), him. He is also charged with having destroyed Clan Conors, Mac Donoughs, O'Duans, O'Lees, many old Irish books and records. See Roth's Ana- Mac Coneelys, &c , may trace their ancestors, who all

Morogh na maor died A. D. 1626. The following abstract of his last will has been made from the Inquisition, post mortem, taken on that occasion:—

"In The Name Of God, Amen, I, Muerouoh ne moyre O'Fflahertie, of Bonowen, in the baronie of Ballinahinch, within the countie of Galway, esquire, beinge weake and sicke of bodie, but perfect in minde and memorie God be praised, do make my testament and last will in manner and forme followinge: Firste, I bequeathe my soule to God almightie, and my bodie to the grave to be buried amongst my ancestors in Sainct Fraunces' abbey neere Gallway. I bequeath, and my will is, that all my castles, manors, lands, heretofore estated to my eldest sonne and heire, Murrough na marie O'Fflahertie, shall be absolutelie in the said Murrough his heires and assigns, for ever; and all the castles and lands heretofore estated to my second sonne, Edmond O'Flahertie, shall be absolutelie to him his heires and assigns, for ever. Item, that my third sonne Bryen O'Flahertie and his heires shall have the Cleggan', excepting only the aiery of hawkes upon Barnanoran reserved to the said Murrough na marie. Item, that my married wife Onora Flahertie alias Bourke, shall have three qTM and a half of Ballindoone whereupon the castle and towne of Bonown stands, and the £ qr of Bally Me Finely thereunto adjoinninge, without rente, and after her decease, to be and remayne to the said Morrough na marie. Item, that mee fourthe sonne Teige O'Flahertie shall have to him and his heires the q" of Kilkieran and Inniscrevar of the landes allotted to Morroughe, he himself redeeminge them from Geoffrie Martin and others who may challendge anie mortgadge thereupon; and that Teige shall have noe power to alienate or mortgadge the said lande, without the license of the said Morrough na marie. Item, that my seconde sonne Edmonde shall passe an estate unto my sixt son Hughe and his heires of the quarter of Ballinikill, with a provisoe that Hugh shall not alienate, imortgadge, or sell withoute the lycense of Edmonde or his heires. Mee will is, that my said children, Edmond, Brian, Teige, and Hugh and their heires, shall yearlie paie to said Morrough na marie and his heires thre shillinges sterling, oute of everie quarter for ever; and that they and theire heires shall aunswere all suites and services due the mannors of Bonowne and Ballenehinse, and from henceforth shall be obedient to the said Morroughe'. Item, if anie of the said sonnes die without issue male lawfully begotten, then all the portions of lands of him or them shall retorne to the said Morrough na marie, paieinge to the daughter or daughters of hym soe dieinge a proportion of marryage goods towards preferment, as to the dyscretion of fower of the principallest of theire indifferentest kindred of each side, shall be thought fytt. Item, that my said sonne and heyre Morrough, and the rest of my sonnes for Edmond and Bryan, and my sayd wife Onora, shall, in one intire paiement satisfie and paie to my fift sonne, Patricke, who is become a schollera, 20u- sterling when he is readie and determined to goe beyond seas to studie, together with 10"' sterling everie yeare duringe his continuance beyond the seas. Item, that my three eldest sonnes shall paie proportionably oute of the lands allotted to each of them all the debtes which I doe owe. Item, that both my daughters, Soragh ni Flahertie and Owna ni Flahertie, shall have suche portions for their preferment in marriadge, oute of all the lands allotted to my said three eldest sonnes, proportionable as to the dyscretyon of Sir Tybbott Bourke, knight, or his sonne and heire Myles Bourke, and Sir John Bourke, knighth, calling to their assistance two or more of my neerest friends in Gallway, as shall be thought fitt. Item, that mee said three eldest sonnes shall paie oute of their several proporcons of lands, all chardges that will be laid oute about my funeral expenses, devotions, and legaties. Item, my will is, that my saide children shall remayne loveing brothers henceforward; whereupon I give them my blessing, to give them that grace for to continue: and if anie ambiguitie, doubt, or question should differ or arise betwixte them in the misconstring the premisses, my will is that the said Sir Tybbott Bourke, or his sonne Miles Bourke, and Sir John Bourke, together with two of my neerest friends in Galway, shall decide that controversy, and settle them friends and loveing brothers, soe often as anie such doubte shall arise betwixt them0. And the rather that they have been formerly acquainted with the contentes of this my last wyll, and were all contented I should soe distribute it, to avoyde all further dissension. Item, I give to my said wife Onora, all my plate, cowes, garrans, and sheep, with my household stuffe, besids her third of all my lands. In Witness, I have hereunto putt mee hand and seale the 13th day of April, in the yeare of our Lord God, 1626.

towards acknowledged Morrough na d-tuagh, Teige na buille, our own time, and Morogh na maor, as their chiefs and leaders. 'Seep. 118, note ".

But at the time alluded to, the old clan feelings pre- • See the will of Sir Morrough na d-tuagh. ante.

vailed, and many of them have continued even to p. 399.

"Morrogh na Moyre O'flahertied." The only sons of Morogh na moor, of whom any certain accounts remain, were Morogh na mart (Morogh of the beeves), the eldest", and Edmond, the second, still

remembered

* He became an Augustine friar; but that it was Myles Bourke, the testator's nephew by the halfconsidered dangerous to state. blood, was the second viscount of that name.

h Of Derrymacloughny, brother-in-law of the c See the will before referred to, p. 399.

testator, and cousin of the Marquis of Clanricarde. d Inquis. Rolls Off. 23 Oct. 1627.

Sir Tibbott Bourke (who was soon after created "Gen. Table, II. No. 38. See ante, p. 108,

Viscount Mayo), was the testator's half-brother. note'". On 1st March, 1633, livery of seisin was

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