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Briuin Seola; 3. Ceallach, from whom the Mac Kilkelly's of the same; 4. Clercean, from whom (according to Lib. Ballymote, ut supra) the O'Clerchean; 5. Maol-na n-gall, from whom the family of that name; and 6. Flaithbhertach, from whom the O'Flaherties. From the latter also sprung the Clan Donogh (now Mac Donogh), Clan Connor, & Clann Mac Dermod duff of Iar-Connaught." Mac Firbis, in his larger work, has given the following branch, viz. "Rory of Aghnenure in Gnomore, father of Morogh, father of Edmond, Teige, Aodh, Rory, Murcertach, Brian, and Donnell," but not having connected it with any of the other lines, it could not therefore be abstracted. His table ends at No. 38; but the two descents have been continued to the present time, from family documents, tradition, and information given by the late Talbot O'Flaherty, Esq., (Gen. table II. no. 42,) and other members of the family. Tradition relates that two brothers of the Sliocht Eoghan race, Donnell and Brian, emigrated to Dingle (Daingin Ui Chuis), in the County of Kerry, where their posterity still continue respectable. A learned member of this branch, John T. O'Flaherty, Esq., was author of " The History and Antiquities of the Southern Islands of Arran, lying off the West Coast of Ireland," printed in the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy, vol. xiv.
The armorial bearings of the O'Flaherty family are, Argent, two lions counterrampant, supporting a dexter hand, couped at the wrist, gules: in base, an antique galley, oars in action, sable.—Crest, on a helmet and wreath of its colours, a lizard, passant, vert*.—Supporters, on the dexter, a lion, gules, argent, armed and langued,
azure; on the sinister, a griffin, argent, armed and langued, gules Motto, "Fortuna
* This crest, according to tradition, was chosen intelligit hostem alicubi esse in insidiis" Eraem.
from the following incident: In days of yore. one of Col. Amicitia. As usual, the tradition assigns no
the chiefs of the O'Flaherties, retreating from his ene- date; but that may be supplied from the Gen. Table,
mies, was overcome by fatigue, and taking advantage II., where the agnomen of Amhaladh (Awley),
of a sequestered spot to rest himself, he fell fast asleep. viz., Earclataigh, signifies an eft or lizard. This
His pursuers were close approaching, when a lizard, refers to the seventh century. Our eccentric his
a creature said to be friendly to man, by running up torian Taaffe, Ireland, vol. i. p. 556, Dub. Ed. 1809,
and down his face and neck, and gently scraping and states that he had read in an old vellum MS., to which
tickling with its nails, at length awoke the chief in he gives no reference, " Concerning the migration of
sufficient time to enable him to effect his escape. But the Hy-m-Briuin tribe towards the Shannon. They
the latter part of the story may be better told in divided themselves into three columns, the standard
the words of Erasmus:—" Circumcursat per col- of each was a serpent of burnished gold." Whatever
lum et faciem hominis: nee finem facit, donee pru- credit this may be entitled to, it would appear from
ritu scalptuque unguium excitetur. Porro qui ex- Mac Cuitin's English-Irish Dictionary, voce Lizard,
pergiscitur, conspecta in propinquo lacerta; mox that the serpent and the lizard bear the same name
The length to which the foregoing annotations have extended, renders it necessary to confine the remainder of this Appendix to a brief detail of the principal transactions of Iar-Connaught, as related in our annals; with passing notices of its ancient chieftains, merely as an illustration of the annexed genealogical tables. This detail will be authenticated by several original documents, never before published ; and some of these may possibly be considered interesting even beyond the limits to -which they relate. Indeed, the narrative, if such it can be called, is itself principally intended as a medium for the preservation of those local evidences, many of which, if omitted here, might long remain unexplored, or probably be lost for ever.
Duach Teangumhab, named in the annexed pedigrees, who has been by some called the third Christian king of Connaught, was the seventh in descent from Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, great ancestor of the Muinter Murchadha, or O'Flaherties. This prince was slain in the battle of Seaghsa, near Goran, in the present County of Sligo, A. D. 500°, in which battle Murchertach, the son of Erca, monarch of Ireland, was victor. Duach's descendants, Cinnfaela, son of Colgand, fell in the battle of Eastern Seola, A. D. 653". From this Cinnfhaola descended Morogh, or Murchadh, son of Maonach', who died A. D. 89 ig. From him was derived the tribe-name of the O'Flaherties, and their correlatives, i. e. the Muintir Murchadha*. At this period, and for many ages after, this tribe dwelt to the east of the great lake Orbsen, now Lough Corrib, on the fertile plains of Moy Seola, which now form the barony of Clare, but •which anciently included the district surrounding the present town of Galway, east of the river. In the Annals, the tribe is indiscriminately called Muintir Murchadha and Hy-Briuin Seola, for several generations. Their territory is also distinguished from
that that extending westward from the lake, which was known by the names of Dealbhna Feadha or Tire da Loch, i. e. the Dealbhna, or Delvin of the country of the two lakes, (called also Gnomore and Gnobeg, lying between Lough Orbsen and Lough Lurgan, or the Bay of Galway), and Conmhaicne-mara now anglicised Connamara, or the Sea Conmhaicne, bordering on the Atlantic ocean. The Muintir Murchadha are thus described by O'Dugan, in his topographical poem before quoted, which refers to the twelfth century:
in the Irish language.
b " Duachus lingua: arit dicitur, forsau a tuba icrea, ./Ere ciere viros Martemque accendere cantu." O'Conor, lierum. Hib. Script. Annul. Tig., p. 12G, n. 5. The ancient, and certainly more pleasing signification of the name, is thus given by Mac Firbis:— "Ouac Ceanjuma .1. up binne auplubpao ao-bepci ancainm ptn ppip, uaip nip Binne ceol cpoc ma jac pocal ua6u. Duachus Teangnmha was so named from the sweetness of his voice; for the music of the harp was not sweeter than the sound of his words."—p. 210.
« Annal. Tig. ad an. & Four Masters, A. D. 499. All our Annalists differ, more or less, from the common era; but their dates will be observed in this
sketch, except where they may be found materially to affect any facts. It is essential, however, for 'h* purposes of Irish history, that their chronology should be accurately adjusted. As a proof of til'*. ** ante, pp. 128-9, for this Duach.
d See the annexed Genealogical Table, II. No. 11.
'Tig. 649; Four Masters, 652.
'Gen. Table, II. no. 16, 17.
I Four Masters. The Annals of Innisfallen record his death in A. D. 882 ; and call him "King of I*rConnaught."
h Gen.Table, II The Four Masters, at A. D. 908.
record the death of Clcirchin, son of Murchad or Morogh, prince of Hy-Briuin Seola; but his name does not appear in the Gen. Tables.
Clann FTlupcaoa an muippe apcaij, Clan Murchadha of the amiable mansions
Qj mulncip laino plaicBeapcaij. Had the warlike O'Flaherties''.
Ceicheo pe na njleo oleajhap To flee from their onset is meet;
leo fetcerh na opionnchalao. To them belongs the watching of the fair
In A. D. 923, it is recorded that the people of Conmhaicne-mara slew the Danish chieftain Tomrar, the son of Tomralt. It appears that about the same time the Danes made several predatory incursions into the west of Connaught. In A. D. 92 7, a party of these invaders, from Limerick, seized upon Lough Orbsen, and destroyed its islands, but they were soon after defeated, with considerable slaughter, by the Connacians3. Murchadh, king of the Hy-Briuin, died soon after; and his son Archad, or Urchada, who was styled Lord of Iar-Connaught, died in A. D. 943k. It may be necessary here to observe, that the chiefs of the Muintir Murchadha were frequently, as in the present instance, styled in the Annals, lords of Iar or Western Connaught, which, I conjecture, meant only their native inheritance of Moy-Seola, and not the territories west of Lough Orbsen, which, at the time last alluded to, and for centuries after, were under the rule of their own hereditary chieftains'. It was not until the thirteenth century that those districts, now properly called Iar-Connaught, fell under the power of the O'Flaherties, as will appear in the sequel. The foregoing conjecture
'See ante, pp. 93, 145, 253, for the other districts Archad dearg, King or Lord of West Connaught,
beyond the lake and their chiefs, as mentioned by had two daughters, one of whom was mother of the
O'Dugan. O'Ca6ain (O'Kyne), O'Oopcaoa celebrated Brian Borumha, Monarch of Ireland; the
(O'Dorchy or Darcy), and O'gopmoj (O'Gor- other of Caox an cuip, King of Connaught,
moge), were the ancient rulers of Partraighe an t- ancestor of the O'Conors. See the annexed Pedi
tleibhe, or Partry of the mountain ; now the barony gree, III., and Keating, A. D. 1027; where we are
(.f Rosa, sometimes called Duthaidh Seoigheach, or told that Brian's mother was the offspring of the
Joyce's country, and for which see ante, p. 246. prayers of the saints and clergy. "Oo peip an
JFour Masters In the Chronicon Scotorum, this C-Seancuip, ip 00 juioe naorh 7 cleipe 00
slaughter is assigned to A. D. 930. cainix. macaip 6hpiain &opoirhe."
k Gen. Table, no. 17,18. This Urchada, also called See last note'.