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Gnobeg, for the origin of which, see Ogyg. p. 387, " Gnomore et Gnobeg duo filii Lugadie," &c., and Mac Firbis's Book of Irish Pedigrees, "oona oealBnuiB," 7c. O'Dugan, in his topographical poem before referred to, p. 143, states, that in the twelfth century, Mac Conraoi was chief of Gnomore, and O'Heyny chief of Gnobeg. "TTIej Conpaoi peio 00 jabap Mac Conry, meek, you shall find

Qp ^"o m0V na mfoncallcio, Over Gnomore of smooth callows,

O'h aonaio ap "find m-beaj m-buan, O'Heyny over Gnobeg, lasting, Neao nac oaioBip lp nac oiombuan. A nest not poor, not transient." See, likewise, Cambrensis Evers, p. 27. After that period, the O'Flaherties seized upon this territory, after having been driven from their own ancient inheritance, on the east side of Lough Corrib, by the De Burgos. The latter afterwards pursued them across the lake; and, in A. D. 1256, Mac William Burke plundered Gnomore and Gnobeg, and possessed himself of all Lough Orbsen (Corrib).—Four Masters. In A. D. 1584, Morogh na doe (no d-tuagh, i. e. of the battle-axes) O'Flaherty, who had been previously appointed by Queen Elizabeth chief of all the O'Flaherties, was hereditary chieftain of Gnomore, and resided in the castle of Aghnanure. Rory (Roderic or Roger) O'Flaherty, our author's grandfather, was hereditary chieftain of Gnobeg, and resided in the castle of Moycullen. Between these kindred chiefs there long subsisted violent territorial disputes, of which a curious detail will be found in Appendix II.

NOTE T. Seepage 60, note '. "O'Halloran.'"

The MS. fragment in Trin. Coll. Lib., H. 2, 17, here referred to for this ancient family, states that " O Halloran is the chief of the twenty-four townlands of Clan Fergail; and of these are the O'Antuiles and O'Fergus of Roscam." "O h-Qllmupcm caipeac cecpi m-baile picec cloinoi pepjaili, ajup oipein hi Qncuili ajup hi pepjupa Ropa-caim." See also the Book of Ballymote for same, fo. 54. This document refers to the twelfth century. These twenty-four townlands of Clan Fergail lay east of the river Gattimh, or Galway. The name Clan Fergail is now obsolete; but Roscam, on which are the remains of a round tower, is still well known. It lies about two miles S. E. of Galway. Mac Firbis, in his Book of Irish Genealogies, gives the pedigree of the O'Halloran family for twenty-five generations, as follows:

"eocai6 muijmeoooin (a. c. Eochy Moyvane, A D. 358, father

358) acaip of

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Mortogh,

Allmuran, a quo O'Halloran,

Fergallach,

Cucolle,

Aodh,

Dermot,

Connor of Cath-lury,

Donnell,

Teige, the strong,

Ferrall,

Hugh,

Connor,

Gilla-Stephen of the plunder,

Mulrony,

Donnell,

David,

Awley,

Teige,

Gillchrist,

Donnell,

Johnock,

Davock" (David Oge).

In the thirteenth century, the O'Hallorans were dispossessed of their ancient inheritance of Clan Fergail, by the De Burgos; and were obliged to emigrate, with the O'Flaherties, to Iar-Connaught, where they built the castle of O'Hery in Gnomore; and also, according to tradition, the castle of Rinvile in Northern Connemara. See our author's Ogyg. p. 376, for this old family; and the "History of Ireland," by Doctor Sylvester O'Halloran of Limerick, who states, vol. ii., p. 389, that he was himself "descended from the House of Clann Fergail." But there was another family of this name in Thomond, for which see Cathreim Tlwirdhealbhaigh, or the Chronicles of the Wars of Thomond, at A. D. 1309, which family was "descended from the stock of the O'Briens, and the other Dalcassians."—O'Brien, Diet. p. 514. The learned historian claims for "the House of Clan Fergail" the celebrated St. Finbar of Cork, and Aileron, surnamed an r-eayiai6, or the wise, for whom see Ussher in Primordpp. 818, 966; O'Conor's, Annal. Ulton. pp. 56, 57, and Petrie's Tare, p. 99. He also claims for this family the "invincible" William Ockham, mentioned by Harris, in

Ware, Ware, vol. ii., Writers, p. 82; but Wadding renders this claim more than doubtful. See Harris, in loc. nit. eitat. An account of the historian O'Halloran will be found in Fitzgerald's History of Limerick, Appendix, p. lx.

In A. D. 1585, the "O'Halloran" was one of the contracting parties in the Indenture of Composition for Iar-Connaught with Queen Elizabeth, which will be found in Appendix I. It appears from the "Description of Connaught," preserved in the British Museum, and quoted in the last additional note, S, p. 252, that Jonick O'Halloran was proprietor of the castle of O'Hery, in Moycullen barony. On 27th March, A. D. 1619, " the east quarter of Barney was granted by patent to Teige and Moyler O'Halloran."—Rot. Pat. Jac. I. And on 28th Nov., 1638, Stephen Lynch obtained a decree in Chancery against Edmond O'Hallorane, of Barney, for £410. 19*. 8rf., and the lands of O'Hery to be charged therewith."—Orig. enrolled. This decree is supposed to have led to the transfer of the Barna estate to the Lynches, by whom it is possessed to this day. The following documents relating to the O'Hallorans, who since that time have shared the vicissitudes of most of the ancient Irish families, are considered sufficiently curious for preservation. They are taken from the originals, in the possession of the Editor:

"Carta Dermicii O'Halloran. "A.D. 1594. "Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Dermicius, alias Dermoid duff Mc Shane O'Halloran de Bearna in comitatu Galway generosus, pro quadam summa pecunie mihi per Edmundum Halloran de Galwey mercatorem pre manibus solute, dedi, concessi, vendidi et barganizavi, et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi eidem Edmundo omnia et singula maneria, dominia, castra, messuagia, terras et cetera hereditamenta quecunque,

cum omnibus et singulis eorum pertinenciis in villis, campis, locis de Rine

moyly, Ayrdnegrivagh et Tulaghvor, que mihi jure hereditario pertinent, in baronia de Balynahensy infra comitatum predictum. Habendum et tenendum omnia et singula premissa superius expressa, cum omnibus et singulis eorum pertinenciis prefato Edmundo Halloran heredibus et assignatis suis, imperpetuum; de capitalibus dominis feodi illius, per servitia inde debita et de jure consueta. Et ego vero predictus Dermicius alias Dermoid O'Halloran et heredes mei omnia et singula premissa prefato Edmundo Halloran heredibus et assignatis suis, contra omnes gentes, warrantizabimus, acquietabimus et imperpetuum, per presentes, defendemus. Et ulterius sciant me

prefatum Dermicium alias Dermoyd O'Halloran fecisse, ordinasse in loco meo

posxiisse dilectum mihi in Christo Nehemiam Ffolain generosum, mcum attornatum ad intrandum, et possessionem et seisinam capiendum pro me, vice et nomine meo, de et in omnibus et singulis premissis, cum omnibus et singulis eorum pertinenciis. Et

post post hujusmodi possessionem et seisinam sic inde captas et habitas, deinde pro me, vice et nomine meo, plenam et pacificam possessionem et seisinam inde et de qualibet inde parcella prefato Edmundo deliberandum et tradendum. Habendum et tenendum sibi, heredibus et assignatis suis, secundum tenorem, vim, formam et effectum hujus presentis carte mee inde ei confecte. Ratum et gratum habens et habiturus totum et quicquid predictus attornatus meus fecerit in premissis per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium presentibus sigillum meum apposuL Datum vicesimo septimo die Junii, Anno regni domine Elizabethe, Dei gratia Anglie, Francie et Hibernie Regine, fidei defensoris, etc. tricesimo sexto.

"PresentNicholas Linch, fyz Marks.
Hew, is sign.
IDc Oabnc.

Dorby alias Diermoyd Ohalloran, his signe.-f-"

"I Eremond Hallorine sonne and heyre of the within named Ed. Halloraine do

release unto Edmond Flahertye of Rinvile esq. all my right to the castle and lands of

Rinvile, by virtue of this deede or any other deede whatsoever. In witnesse whereof I

have heereunto subscribed my name the last of October Anno Dni 1638.

"Eremond Halloraine. "Present Hugh Flahertye. Nicholas Browne."

"Carta Joh. O'HaUoran, "A.I). 1594. "Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Johannes CPHaUoran de Galwey, piscator, dedi, concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Ambrose Martin de Galwey predicta mercatori, omnia et singula manerium, castrum, messuagium, terras, tenements, prata, pascua, pasturas, boscos, suboscos, moram, montium, aquas, gurgitas piscarum et alia hereditaments quorumcunque, cum omnibus et singulis eorum pertinenciis que habeo, habui, seu quovismodo in futuro habere potero, vel aliquis alius habet vel habere debet, vel aliqui alii habent vel habere debent, ad meum usum in villis, campis et hamletis de Renvyle, vel in aliquo alio loco in Erconnaght, in comitatu Galwey predicta; habendum et tenendum omnia et singula premissa superius expressa, concessa, recitata et specificata cum omnibus et singulis eorum pertinenciis, prefato Ambrose Martin heredibus et assignatis suis, ad usum predicti Ambrose, heredum et assignatorum suorum imperpetuum, de capitalibus dominis feodi illius per servicia inde debita et de jure consueta. Et ego vero predictus Johannes O'Halloran et heredes mei omnia et singula premissa superius expressa, concessa, recitata, et specificata cum omnibus et singulis eorum pertinenciis, prefato Ambrose Martin heredibus et assignatis suis contra omnes gentes warrantizabimus, acquiet

abimus abimus et imperpetuum defendemus per presentes. Et ulterius sciant me prefatum Johannem O'Halloran fecisse, constituisse, ordinasse, deputasse, et in loco meo possuisse dilectum mihi in Christo Edmond boy M'Bryne de Irislona, et Dermod M'Hyue de Shanvalliard in Erconnaght predicta, yeomen, meum verum et legitimum atturnatum, aid intrandum et possessionem et seisinam capiendum pro me, vice et nomine meo, et post hujusmodi possessionem et seisinam sic inde captas et habitas, deinde pro me, vice et nomine meo, plenam et pacificam possessionem, et seisinam omnium et singulorum premissorum superius expressorum, cum omnibus et singulis eorum pertinenciis, prefato Ambrose Martin heredibus et assignatis suis deliberandum, secundum tenorem, vim, formam et effectum hujus presentis carte mee, inde ei confecte per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium, presentibus sigillum meum apposui. Datum apud Grailwey vm.° die Septembris, Anno Domini, 1954.

"John O'halluran, his mark" (viz., a curiously shaped fishing-hook)Orig.

"Morrertagh O'Hallurane and Teig is Dede, the
"17 of Oct. 1606.

"Be yt knowen into all men by theis presents, that wee Morrirtegh fytz Davocke O'Hailorane, and Teige fytz Davocke O'Hallorane of Rynvilly in the county of Galway yeomen, have gywen and graunted into our welbeloued land-lord, Morrogh ne Moyer O'Flaherty of Bonnowen in the county of Gallewey aforesaid gentle, all that quarter of land sett, lying and being in Rynvilly within the Barony of Ballenehensy in the county of Galewey aferesaid, frome us our heires, executores and assignes, into the said Morroghe ne Moyer O'Flaherty his heires, executors and assignes, sole and proper use for ever, uppon condicion and forme folowinge, viz. to sey, that yfe in cause that the said Morrirteghe O'Hallorane, Teige O'Hallorane or ther heires should happen to dwell in and uppon any part or parcell of that land, that then he or they shall yeald and pay into the said Morroghe ne Moyer O'Flaherty his heires, executores and assignes, the just some of six shillings and eight pence sterr: corant lawfull money in England, for and out of every cartron of that quarter of land, that he or they shall occupie or meynure yearly, otherwyse yf it shald happen that the said Morroghe ne Moyer O'Flaherty his heires or assignes shall occupie or meynure anny cartrone of that quarter of land, that then he his heires or assignes shall yeld and pay into the said Morirtegh O'Hallorane and Teige O'Hallorane or their heires, the just some of wane (one) shilling and eight pence ster. yearly: provided allweys that the said rent of six shillings eight pence ster. is to be paid yearly out of every cartrone in Rynvilly to Morroghe ne Moyer O'Flaherty, in respect of and consideration of his lordshipe in that soylle. In withnes whereofe we have sett hirinto our signes and seniles. this 17

IKISH ArCH. SOC. 15. 2 L of

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