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"Pernobili» et Pervetusta Joyseorum familia, in Geneologia Domini Gregorii Joyes.
"Majores Joyseorum orti sunt in Anglia, familia veteri et honorabili, atque a Regibus Wallise, ut colligitur ex antiquis monuraentis approbatis a Domino Daniele Molineux, Armorum Rege in regno Hiberni», et a Reverendo Patre Francisco Browne ordinis Sancti Francisci, bene versato in genealogia nobilium familiarum Galviensium, item Dominus Petrus Albertus de Launay, Eques Auratus, nobilis ordinarius Domus Regi», et Primus Armorum Rex Provincialis Belgio, pro suo Majestate Catholica, sub titulo Brabantiffi, fidem facit et attestatur Bruxellis octavo Maii Anno 1666, familiam Joyeseorum esse antiquam et nobilem similiter. Dominus Jacobus Wareus, Eques Auratus et Regia? Majestati a conciliis secretioribus in regno Hibernia?, in comentario de presulibus Hibernise, a prima conversione gentis Hibernicse ad fidem Christianam ad nostra usque tempora, refert, quod in seculo 14° Eminentissimus Thomas Joise (recte Jorsey vel De Jorse) fuit Cardinalis S. Sabinae, et quod Walterus Joise ordinis praedicatorum (frater dicti Thomae et Cardinalis) fuit consecratus Archiepiscopus Armachanus in Hibernia, a Nicholao Cardinale Ostiensi, ut ex Bulla dementis V. data 8 Idus Augusti Pontificatus sui 2, inter Archiva Turris Londinensis asservata, liquet; et quod forte is idem fuit Walterus Anglicus quem Raphael Vollaterranus Commentariorum Urbanorum libr. 21, Edwardi Regis Anglia; fuisse confessorem. et Genua; in Italia sepultum asserit. Archiepiscopatum is resignavit, 16° Novembris, Anno 1311. Hie sex habuit fratres ulterius, qui omnes ejusdem fuerunt ordinis praedicatorum. Rolandus de Joise Dominicanus itidem et dicti Walteri frater germanus, consecratus est archiepiscopus Armachanus. Is porro Archiepiscopatum se abdicavit, Martii 20° anno 1321.''
"1. Dominus Thomas Joyes, ex stirpe Regis Britannia? sive Wallise, aut Angliae, appulit in Hibernia Tuamoni, duxit sibi in uxorem illustrissimam dominam Honoram O'Brien, ex semine illustrissimi domini O'Brien istius provincial principis. Inde, classe sua trajiciens mare in occidentalem partem Connaciae, habuit ex ea super mari filium; quem, quia super mari natus fuit, Mac Marah, id est filium maris, nuncupavit. Hie loci istius principatum tenens, varias terrarum partes istius provincia? occupavit, quas ad haec usque tempora posteri ejus hereditarunt Ab aliis etiam alterius filii Mac Thomas nomine multa praidia, multa loca publica multos montes nominavit; quaa etiam nunc ab incolis occidentalis Connacia; iisdem nominibus plusquam sexcentis annis appellantur.
"2. Dominus Mac Marah Joyes, seu filius maris, aliquot post annos, defuncto patre, duxit in uxorem, alterius istius nomine occidentalis Connatias principis, O'Flaherty, filiam. Herede ibi relicto, filiisque aliis et filiabus, reversus est in Tuamoniam,
ubi ubi, mortua prima uxore, secundam sibi accepit dominam Dorotheam, illustrissimi domini O'Neillan filiam, ex qua filios et filias genuit, ita ut in magnum numerum ejus crevisset. Dominus Mac Thomas Joyce, filius secundus post filium maris natus, sibi loca varia assumens, simul cum haereditate sibi a patre et fratre relicta, ex uxore sua altera principis O'Flaherty filia, habuit prolem, crevitque in gentem maximam clarissimorum virorum, qui praeclaris suis virtutibus bellicis, ad h«c usque bella, qui plurimos Hibernos funditus delevere, suas ditiones, suas hereditates et splendorem retinuere.
"3. Dominus Gulielmus Joyes, ex stirpe filii maris et primse uxoris, oriundus, in oris Galvise sese conferans, uxorem duxit Agnetam, ex nobilissima Moriceorum familia. Versus Italian), Neapolim et Romam, deinde in Groeciam navigans, captus est a Saraeenis, et ductus in Africam. Ibi septem annos commoratus est. Deinde Barbarorum manus effugiens in Hispaniam impulsus fuit, ubi praeclarae ejus virtutes «elitus remunerabantur: nam monitus indicio aquilae supervolantis et demonstrantis locum thesaurum invenit incredibilem. Domum inde reversus, mamia urbis Galviensis, ecclesias et alia aedificia extrui curavit. Demum cum ei dicta uxor Jacobum, Henricum et Robertum peperit, plenus meritis vitam cum morte commutavit; et sepultns est in monumento quod sibi et suis posteris erigendum curavit, in celebri fratrum minorum conventu Galviae.
"4. Dominus Jacobus Joyes, praclarae indolis vir, junctus in matrimonio fuit pernobili matronae, dominre Christiana e French; ex qua unum tantum filium, Johannem suscepit. Dominus Henricus Joyce, natu secundus, uxorem sibi assumpsit nobilissimam dominam Catherinam Browne eximii domini Thoma Browne, Athenriensis aliquando Vicecomitis, filiam. Ex qua, cum liberos non suscepisset, patriam curam supra fratris sui haereditatem adhibuit, alias sibi atque alias haereditates comparando maximas; quas postquam Vicetenentis Regis, et praetoris sive gubernatoris comitates Galviensis officio perfunctus est, instante morte, primo nepotum suorum, simul cum sua haereditate quoad partem reliquit, reliquam haereditatis partem alios inter nepotes divisam, et ad ecclesias reficiendas ornandasque testatus est, sepultusque est cum suis."
To the foregoing corruptions of history, and much moreejusdemfarinee, here omitted, the following high official testimonies are annexed. "Omnibus et singulis ad quos presentes pervenerint, Ego Chichester Fortescue Eques Auratus, Ulster Rex Armorum, et principalis Heraldus totius Hiberniae, salutem: Sciatis quod Ego praedictus Rex Armorum potestate et authoritate a Regia Majestate, sub magnosigillo Hiberniffi, mihi concessit, certiores vos facio, quod, &c. In cujus rei testimonium, nomen titulumque meum hisce adscripsi, et sigillum meum officiale apposui. Dublinii die decima Irish Arch. soc. No. 15. 2 K septima septima mensis Decembris, anno Domini milesimo, septingentesimo nonagesimo. By
the Lord Lieutenant and General Governor of His Majesty's Kingdom of Ireland.
Westmobeland. At the humble request of Sir Chichester Fortescue Knt &c.
Given under our hand and seal of Anns at His Majesty's Castle of Dublin, the i" day
of January, 1791.
"[Signed] R. Hobart."
It may be necessary here to observe, that the family in question did not stand in need of this fabricated account of its origin and descent. These will be found faithfully detailed in Mac Firbis's great collection of Irish Genealogies, preserved in the library of the Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. See also the "Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of Hy-Fiachrach," p. 325. To this day the Joyces retain some of the great characteristics of the ancient Irish. "Populus magnus sicut Gigantes, procerss homines statur«, et fortissimi."—Usser. in Primord. p. 726. See also Irish Minstrelsy, vol. 1., p. 332; Lond. 1831.
NOTE R. See page 46, note*. "Edmond Burk."
On 29th Oct. A. D. 1327, this Edmond " Burk" or De Burgo (after the death of
his father the Red Earl) and Walter, the son of William De Burgo (which Walter is not
mentioned by Lodge) were appointed to the offices of justices of the peace in the
counties of Connaught, Tipperary and Lymerick, with power to protect the lands of
Richard late Earl of Ulster in those counties Rot. Pat. 20 Edw. II., for which see
Calendar of the Patent Rolls, Ireland, p. 33, N" 13. And on 5 Sept. A. D. 1333, the same Edmond, three months after the murder of his nephew William third Earl of Ulster, at Carrickfergus, obtained a grant of all the lands and possessions of the said earl William, in Connaught, during the minority of his heir (Eliz. afterwards wife of Lionel Duke of Clarence) rendering therefore, to the Exchequer, £200 yearly. And a writ of liberari facias thereupon issued, directing Roger de Flete, Seneschal of Connaught, to deliver unto him the possession of the same.—Rot. Pat. 8 Edw. III. See the same Calendar of Patent Rolls, p. 40. N°. 119. This writ was the cause of his death, and also that of the Seneschal, de Flete, as related by our author.
In Hibernia Dominicana, p. 224, the following entry is given from the archives of Athenry. "Obitus Domini Edmundi de Burgo, Mac an lark, qui in Saccum immissus fuit in Clawtro Fratrum de Roba, & submersus in Lacu Mask per Mac-Padin, & alios de Roba, Anno Domini 1337." Brief as this entry is, it varies in three points from the account given by our author. It is moreover stated, note (e) that the victim was called "Edmundus na Fiesoga, i. e. Barbatus." Archdall has here added error to error—Monast. p. 495. See the annals of Clonmacnoise, and those of the Four Masters, for their accounts of the transaction, A. D. 1338.
Of the "Fryer's House of Balinrobe," mentioned by our author, p. 47, Ware is silent; wherefore Archdall, in Monast. p. 495, says of it, "when or by whom founded is not recorded." But, in a description of the County of Mayo by Robert Downing, A. D. 1684, preserved in MS. in the library of Trinity College, Dublin, it appears, that in "the now Shire Town called Ballinrobe, taking its name from the River or Rivillett, (the Robe, in Irish, Rodhba) is the ruins of an auncient Augustinian Mindieant Friery or Priory, built by Tutallus [Cuacal] O'Maly, lord of the Owles, in the Reigne of Brianus Boruvius King of Ireland, about the beginning of the Eleventh Century. There was likewise a small abbey or cell of the Joanitar, called Taghown or St. John's House, now altogether gone to ruine; and a small cell called Kilcrava, it was a small House of Nunns." Their possessions appear to have been few. On 2nd July, 1608, Thomas Nolan of Ballinrobe, gent. obtained a grant by patent, of the four quarters of land in Ballinrobe, for ever.—Rot. Pat. 150. Jac. I. p. 1.
This Thomas Nolan, before the date of the above grant, resided at "the Crevaghe," now called Creagh, in the barony of Kilmain and Co. Mayo. In the Indenture of Composition for that county, A. D. 1585, which see, Appendix I., it was provided that he should have the castle of the Crevaghe, and 3 quarters of land thereto adjoining, free from the Composition rent, "in respecte of his sufficiencie to act as a Clerke in the said Countrey." This provision may be taken as a proof of the low state even of elementary education in the West of Ireland, at that period. To this may be added, as a matter merely coincident, that the next grantee of those very lands in the succeeding century, under the Act of Settlement, was Mr. James Cuff, ancestor of the late Baron Tyrawley, and of the present proprietor of the Crevaghe, whose first appearance here was in the capacity of clerk or secretary to Cromwell's Commissioners of Transplantation to Connaught, as appears by the following order: "By the lo. Deputy and Council! It is ordered that Mr. James Cuff be and is hereby appointed secretary to Sir Charles Coote, and the rest of the Commissioners appointed and nominated in a commission bearing date this day, for the setting out of lands to the transplanted Irish and inhabitants of Connaught and Clare. Dated at Athlone, the 16th June, 1655. T. H. C. C."—Orig. Council Book, Dublin Castle. On 12th April following, Mr. Cuff was himself appointed a Commissioner of assessment for Mayo, (Id.) where he afterwards acquired considerable grants of forfeited lands, and among others, of the town and manor of Ballinrobe, forfeited by the descendants of Thomas Nolan.
The above Thomas Nolan was one of the first "English Tavern" Keepers in Connaught. When the old Irish Biataghs (see Stat. Kilkenny, p. 4,) and "houses of hospitality" ceased, they were succeeded by "English inns" or taverns. On 21st Deoember, A. D. 1616, a license was granted to "John Coman of Athlone, merchant, and
2 K 2 Thomas Thomas Nolan of BaUinrobe, esq. to keep taverns, and sell wines and spirituous liquors. The former in Loughrea and all Galway co. except the town and parish of Athenrie, the town of Galway, and the barony of Kilconnell; also, in the town of Burrysowle, and in the baronies of Moriske, Burrysowle, Irrus, Costellagh, and Gallen in Mayo co., in Athlone, in Roscommon and Westmeath co*., in Ballymote and all Sligo co. except the town of Sligo, in Ballintobber and all Roscommon co. except the baronies of Athlone and Boyle, and the towns of Ardcarne and Elffin.—To the latter in the town of Callow, and in the whole barony of Kilconnell, and in the town and barony of Kilmaine in Mayo co. during their own lives, and those of Barnaby Coman brother of John, of John Nolan son of Thomas, of Peter Nolan, son of Richard Nolan late of Athlone, merchant, deceased, and of Jane or Jennet Coman daughter of the said John."—Rot. Pat. 14° Jac. I. p. 2. d. N°. 58. This was one of the extensive Monopolies granted at that period, for more of which see ante, p. 240.
NOTE S. See page 52, note '. "Moycullin barony—Gnomore, Gnobeg."
In the document before referred to, p. 44, note g, preserved in the British Museum, and entitled the "Division of Connaught, A. D. 1586," Titus B. xiii. fo. 399, this barony is described as follows: "The barony of Muckullen, containing Cosarg [Coip-paipje], Gnovore, Gnobeg, Loghcurb and Keildromedirge, 20 myles long, 20 broad; and is, after this rate, plowlands 5. Murrogh ne doe chief in the same.—Parishes 6, viz. Vicarages of Rahune, Killaen, Galway, Muckullin, Kylcumayne, Killinkelogh.—Gentlemen and castles (20) viz. Rory O'Flahairte of Muykullen; Murrogh ne doe of Nowghe and of Achneuir (Aghnenure) Thomas Colman, Mynlagh(Menlo); Jonick O'Halorane, O'hery; Owen O'Halorane, Bearne; (Barna) Domynick Lynche, Tyrellan; Rollond Skeret, Short Castle; (Castlegar) Donell oge O'Hologhan, Qwarown Brown (Carrowbrowri); W. & Redmond Mc W\ Ffiegh, Kellyn; Redmond Mc Thomas, Ballymuritty; Redmond Reogh, Ballindully; Richard Beg, Cloynecanyn; Darby Augny, Lysacowly; John Blake fitz-Ricard, Kiltullagh; John Blake fitz-Ricard, Kiltorog; Thomas Blake, Ballemicro; Thomas and John Blake, Turlagh ne sheamon; Muriertagh O'Conor, Tullekyhan; Martyn Lynch, New Castle."—Much of the topographical information contained in the foregoing document, could not be procured elsewhere, at the present day. All the castles, with the exception of that of Menlo, the residence of Sir Valentine Blake, baronet, are now in ruins.
The barony of Moycullen was created A. D. 1585; and it was so called from the castle, which was itself named from Magh, a plain or field, and UUinn, mentioned ante, p. 52, note (z). It was formed of the two ancient territories of Gnomore and