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Eacac Oopmcapna riiic pheapjupa po ehioonuic ©unacouin oo t)hia ajup Do 6hpeanuinn ap cup."—Book of Bally mote, p. 54. The first ecclesiastical foundation here was a nunnery of canonesses of the order of St. Augustine, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary (Ware), established by St. Brendan, who placed his sister Briga over it; and died here himself, according to the Annals of Tigernach, in A. D. 577; but according to the Four Masters (who here anticipate the common era by one year) on the 16th of May, A. D. 576. See Ussher, in Primord. p. 955, who states that Enachdun was "in provincia Connachtarum in plebe Huabruin." An abbey of Canons Regular, or Prsemonstratenses of the order of St. Augustine, was also founded here at an early period ( Ware), but by whom is not stated. Enachdun was afterwards erected into a bishop's see, probably by the chiefs of Hy-Briuin Seola, the progenitors of the O'Flaherties; but there is no regular list or account extant of its ancient bishops. It is not named among the five sees of Connaught regulated at the synod held at Rath Breasaill, in Leaghes (thepresent Queen's County), A. D. 1110. Those sees were: 1. Tuaim da Gualan; 2. Cloinefeart Brenuin; 3. Conga; 4. Cilalladh; 5. Ardcharna. The see of Cong soon after this ceased; or, as is most likely, the episcopal chair was transferred to Enachdun, which is but a few miles distant. This synod made the following decree respecting Connaught: "If the clergy of Connaught be satisfied with the division, we are well pleased, but if not, let the division be made according to their own pleasure; onlie they shall have but five bishops in the province of Connaught." Harris, in Ware, was in the dark with respect to this synod; and even Dr. Lanigan himself appears not to have been fully informed on the subject. Seech. 25, ss. 13, 14. An account of this synod will be found in an old unpublished History of Ireland, preserved in manuscript in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. Ware, in his Antiq., cap. xvi. mentions ex antiquo codice, "Tuathal O'Connaigtaig episcopus Huambruin, i. Enachdunensis," as present at the synod of Kells, A. D. 1152, but Ware's explanation of Huambruin by Enachdun is doubtful; besides, no such bishop appears in the lists of Keating or Colgan, which are acknowledged accurate. Ware also states, in his Annals, since the coming of the English, that Concors, Bishop of Enachdun, with other Irish prelates, was present at the British Council held in A. D. 1189. See also Lanigan, c. 31, s. 7. At A. D. 1201, the Four Masters record the death of Conn O'Mellaigh (CPMaMey), bishop of this see, and a bright ornament of the Church. A. D. 1238, the Cloic Ceac, tower or steeple of Enachdun, was built.—Id.; but no trace of it now remains. A. D. 1241, Muircheartach O'Flaherty, Bishop of Enachdun,

died Id. A. D. 1250, Thomas O'Meallaigh, Bishop of Enachdun, died Id. On

the death of the latter, Bishop Concord was consecrated, but Florence Mac Flin, Archbishop of Tuam, entered on the see, and retained it against him. See Harris in Ware,

X 2 who quotes from Prynne some of the documents connected with this long continued dispute, particularly Archbishop Mac Flin's extraordinary petition to Hen. IIL A. D. 13:51, which states that "the church of Enachduin was but a parish church belonging to Tuam." In A. D. 1268, Hugh, the son of Connor O'Flaherty, official of Enachdun, died.—Four Masters. By the Close Roll, 2 Edw. n., A. D. 1309, it appears that one Gilbert, a Friar Minor, was elected to this see by the Dean and Chapter, but without license; and that the King, for a fine of £300, restored the temporalities.—Calendar, p. 7, No. 12. This bishop is not mentioned by Ware, Harris, or Lanigan. In A D. 1328, Thomas O'Malley, Bishop of Enachdun, died at Rome, according to the Four Masters; but the Annals of Loughkee, quoted by Ware, state that he died at Avignon, in A. D. 1328, which was after the union of the see of Enachdun to Tuam.—Ware. In A. D. 1400, the church of Annadown (Enachdun), was built by O'Flaherty (Hugh Mar), chief of his name.—See an entry to that effect in the Herald's Office, Dublin; but it is probable that the church was only repaired, or partially re-edified, at the time. In A. D. 1411, the monastery was burned.—Four Masters. In A. D. 1484, the parish church of St. Nicholas of the town of Gal way, being in the diocese of Enachdun, was erected into a collegiate church, and endowed with several ecclesiastical benefices

which formerly belonged to that see Hist. Galway, p. 234. After the Suppression,

the possessions of Enachdun were granted to the Earl of Clanricarde and others— Archdall, 789. All the buildings there are now in ruins.

The following Bulls of Popes Innocent VIII., Alexander VI., and Julius II., A D. 1487-1511, relating to the diocess of Enachdun, have been transcribed by the Editor from the originals preserved in the old Collegiate Library of Galway; and they are here inserted for the cogent reason assigned by De Burgo, for introducing similar documents: "Ne pro consueto Hibernorum infortunio, ne dicam negligentia, prorsus de memoria hominum deleantur."—Hib. Dom. p. 440.

"Bulla pro Par. de Gnowceg, A. D. 1487.
"Lecta in audientia. A Zenus, locum tenen.

"Innocentius episcopus servus servorum Dei, dilectis filiis Johanni de Burgo et Nemee Magnelly canonicis ecclesie Enachdunensis ac officialibus Enachdunensibus, salutem et apostolicam benedictionem. Apostolice sedis providentia circumspecta ad ea libenter intendit per que in singulis ecclesiis continue benedicatur altissimus, ac persone ecclesiastice in illis divinis laudibus insistentes, temporalium rerum, sine quibus spiritualia diu subsistere non possunt, ubertate fruantur. Cum itaque, sicut accepimus, rectoria parrochialium ecclesiarum de Gnobeg, Enachdunensis diocesis, invicem unitaram que de jure patronatus laicorum existet, ex eo quod dilectus filius Mauritius Offlaghart, olim rectoriam predictam, tunc certo modo vacantem et canonice sibi collatam, assecutus, illamque per annum et amplius pacifice possidens, se non fecit, impedimento cessante legitimo, nullaque per eum super hoc dispensacione obtenta ad aliquem ex sacris ordinibus promoveri, vacet ad presens, et tanto tempore vacaverit quod ejus collatio, juxta Lateranensig statuta concilii, est ad sedem predictam legitime devoluta, licet prefatus Mauritius, rectoriam predictam, sic vacante, nullo titulo, nullove juris adminiculo sibi de novo quesito, sed temeritate propria et de facto per nonnullos annos detinuerit, prout adhuc detinet indebite occupatam. Et ut exhibita nobis nuper, pro parte dilectorum filiorum moderni rectoris, Guardiani nuncupati, et octo presbiterorum ecclesie Sancti Nicholai ville Gallvie, dicte diocesis, inibi inter se collegium auctoritate apostolica constituentium, petitio continebat si rectoria predicta masse communium fructuum, reddituum et proventuum dicte ecclesie Sancti Nicholai, qui inter rectorem et octo presbiteros prefatos, qui inibi juxta dicti collegii institucionem in divinis deservire tenentur, dividuntur, et ad ipsorum sustentacionem non sufficient, perpetuo uniretur, annecteretur, et incorporaretur, ex hoc profecto commoditatibus rectoris et octo presbiterorum predictorum plurimum consuleretur, pro parte rectoris et presbiterorum offerentium masse quadraginta, et rectorie predictarum duodecim marcharum sterlingorum fructus, redditus et proventus, secundum communem estimationem valorem annuum non excedere, nobis fuit humiliter supplicatum, ut rectoriam predictam eidem masse perpetuo unire, annectere et incorporare, aliasque in premissis oportune providere, de benignitate apostolica dignaremur. Nos igitur, qui dudum inter alia, voluimus, statuimus et ordinavimus, quod quicunque beneficium ecclesiasticum tunc per annum immediate precedentem pacifice possessum, et quod certo modo vacare pretenderet, deinceps impetraret quot annis illu.il ipse possessor possedisset in hujusmodi impetratione exprimere deberet et teneretur, alioquin impetracio predicta, et quecunque indesecuta, nullius existerent firmitatis, quamque de predict is certain noticiam non habemus, prefatos rectorem et presbiteros ac eorum singulos a quibus excommunicationis, suspensionis et interdicti, aliisque ecclesiasticis sentenciis, censuris et penis, a jure vel ab homine, qua vis occasione vel causa latis, si quibus quomodolibet innodati existunt, ad effectum presentium duntaxat consequendum, harumserie absolventes, et absolutos fore censentes, necnon tempus per quod prefatus Mauritius die tarn rectoriam detinuit pro expresso habentes, hujusmodi supplicationibus inclinati, discretioni vestre, per apostolica scripta, mandamus, quatenus vos vel duo aut unus vestrum, si vocatis dicto Mauritio et aliis qui fuerint evocandi, rectoriam predictam, ut premittitur, vel alias quovis modo aut ex alterius cujuscunque persona, seu per liberam resignationem dicti Mauritii, vel alicujus alterius de illa extra Romanam Curiam, etiam coram notario publico et testibus sponte factam, aut constitutionem felicis recordationis Johannis Pape XXII., predecessoris nostri, que incipit 'Execrabilis,' vel assecutionem alterius beneficii ecclesiastici, ordinaria auctoritate, collati, vacare et quoad unionem hujusmodi premissa fore vera reppereritis rectoriam predictam, etiam si dispositioni apostolice specialiter reservata existat, et super ea inter aliquos lis cujus statum presentibus haberi volumus, pro expresso pendeat indecisa, dummodo tempore dati presentium non sit in ea alicui jus specialiter quesitum, et ad id dictorum patronorum et aliorum, quorum interest, expressus accedat assensus, cum omnibus juribus et pertinenciis suis, eidem masse, auctoritate nostra, perpetuo unire, annectere et incorporare curetis. Ita quod liceat extunc rectori et presbiteris prefatis, per se vel alium seu alios, corporalem rectorie, juriumque et pertinenciarum predictorum, possessionem propria auctoritate libere apprehendere ac perpetuo retinere, illorumque fructus, redditus et proventus in suos ac masse et rectorie predictorum usus utilitatemque convertere, diocesani loci et cujusvis alterius licentia, alias super hoc minime requisita. Non obstantibus voluntate, statuto et ordinacione nostris predictis, ac pie memorie Bonifacii Pape VIII. etiam predecessoris nostri, et aliis apostolicis constitutionibus contrariis quibuscunque. Aut si aliqui super provisionibus sibi faciendis, de hujusmodi vel aliis beneficiis ecclesiasticis in illis partibus, speciales vel generales, dicte sedis vel legatorum ejus litteras impetrarint, etiam si per eas ad inhibitionem, reservationem et decretum, vel alias quomodolibet sit processum, quas quidem litteras et processus habitos per easdem ac indesecuta quecunque ad rectoriam hujusmodi volumus non extendi, sed nullum per hoc eis, quo ad assecutionem beneficiorum aliorum, prejudicium generari, et quibuslibet aliis privileges, indulgentiis et litteris apostolicis, generalibus vel specialibus, quorumcunque tenorum cxistant, per que presentibus non expressa vel totaliter non inserta, effectus earum impediri valeat quomodolibet vel differri, et de quibus quorumque totis tenoribus habenda sit in nostris litteris mencio specialis. Proviso qood propter unionem, annexionem et incorporationcm predictas, si ille, vigore presentium, fiant, et effectum sorciuntur, dicta rectoria debitis non fraudetur obsequiis, et animarum cura in ea nullatenus negligatur, sed ejus congrue supportentur onera consueta. Nos enim ex nunc irritum decernimus et inane, si secus super hiis a quoquam, quavis auctoritate, scienter vel ignoranter, contigerit attemptari. Datum Rome apud Sanctum Petrum, Anno Incarnationis Dominice, millesimo, quadringentesimo octuagesimo septimo. Quarto Idus Februarii, Pontificatus nostri anno quarto."

[Sub plumbeo sigillo pendente a fib canabeo\.

Ii.

"Bulla pro Skryne et Muchulin, A. D. 1492.

"Innocentius episcopus, servus servorum Dei, ad perpetuam rei mcmoriam. Ex injuncto nobis de super apostolice servitutis officio, ed ea libenter intendimus, per que personarum ecclesiasticarum, presertim in ecclesiis quibuslibet divinis laudibus insistencium, commodo et utilitati consuli possit, et hiis que propterea perinde facta fuisse dicuntur, ut firma perpetuo et illibatu persistant libenter, cum a nobis petitur, apostolici adjicimus muniminis firmitatem. Sane pro parte dilectorum filiorum, universorum presbiterorum et clericorum ecclesie Sancti Nicholai ville Galvie, Enachdunensis diocesis, nobis nuper exhibita petitio continebat: quod alim perpetuis vicariis parrochialium ecclesiarumdeiSZreyne et Maguily/, Tuamensis et dicte Enachdunensis diocesum, tunc certo modo vacantibus, venerabilis frater noster modernus Archiepiscopus Tuamensis, et Episcopus Enachdunensis attendens exilitatem fructuum, reddituum et proventuum collegii presbiterorum et clericorum predictorum, qui in dicta ecclesia Sancti Nicholai continue divinis officiis insistunt, vicarias predictas, sic vacantes, eidem collegio, ordinaria auctoritate, perpetuo univit, annexuit et incorporavit, prout in quibusdam litteris autenticis dicti Archiepiscopi etEpiscopi desuper confectis, dicitur plenius contineri. Cum autem, sicut eadem petitio subjungebat, a nonnullis de juribus unionis, annexion]s et incorporationis predictarum beneficetur, pro parte presbiterorum et clericorum predictorum asserentium, quod ipsi unionis, annexionis et incorporationis predictarum vigore, dictarum vicariarum possessionem assecuti fuerunt, quodque fructus, redditus et proventus dictarum vicariarum quatuordecim marcharum sterlingorum, secundum communem extimacionem, valorem annuum non excedunt, nobis fuit humiliter supplicatum ut unioni, annexioni et incorporation! predictis, pro illarum subsistencia firmiori, robur apostolice confirmacionis adducere, ac potiori pro cautela dictas vicarias eidem Collegio de novo perpetuo unire, annectere et incorporare, aliasque in premissis oportune providere, de benignitate apostolica dignaremur. Nos igitur, qui dudum inter alia volumus, quod petentes beneficia ecclesiastica aliis uniri tenerentur exprimere verum valorem, secundum communem extimationem etiam beneficii cui aliud uniri peteretur. Alioquin unio non valeret, et semper in unionibus comissio fieret ad partes vocatis quorum interesset, et idem observaretur in confirmationibus unionum factarum, prefatos presbiteros et clericos eorumque singulos a quibusvis excommunicationis, suspensionis et interdicti, aliisque ecclesiasticis sententiis, censuris et penis, a jure vel ab homine quavis occasione vel causa latis, si quibus quomodolibet innodati existunt, ad effectum presentium duntaxat consequendum harum serie, absolventes, et absolutos fore censentes, ac verum ultime dictarum vicariarum vacationis

modum

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