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History is past Politics and Politics present History.-Freeman

EXTRA VOLUME

IV

“But when several families are united, and the association aims at something more than the supply of daily needs, then comes into existence the village ... When several villages are united in a single community, ... the state comes into existence ... Seeing then that the state is made up of households, before speaking of the state, we must speak of the management of the household."--Aristotle (Jowell).

“Wherever the primitive condition of an Aryan race reveals itself either through historical records or through the survival of its ancient institutions, the organ which in the elementary group corresponds to what we call the legislature, is everywhere discernible. It is the Village Council ... From this embryo have sprung all the most famous legislatures of the world.”-Maine.

"Die Hunderte ist, insofern ihr eben ursprünglich Zahlverhältnisse zu Grunde liegen, nicht so natürlich und frei erwachsen, wie die Dorfschaft auf der einen, die Landschaft auf der andern Seite. Sie hat etwas gemachtes, mechanisches an sich. Sie ist eine Abtheilung des Volks und Staats für bestimmte Zwecke.”- Waitz.

"If the shire be the ancient under-kingdom, or the district whose administrative system is created in imitation of that of the under-kingdom, the shiremoot is the folkmoot in a double sense, not merely the popular court of the district, but the chief council of the ancient nation who possessed that district in independence, the witepagemot of the preheptarchic kingdom."-Stubbs.

“Kenner des englischen Staatswesens sind heute wohl einverstanden, dass es nicht ausreichend ist immer nur das Parlament im Auge zu haben, dass die Darstellungen der Constitutional Law in Blackstone. seinen Nachfolgern und Bearbeitern unvollstandig sind und Haupttheile der Verfassung gar nicht enthalten."-Gneist.

TO THE

Local Constitutional History

OF THE

UNITED STATES,

BY
GEORGE E. HOWARD
Professor of History in the University of Nebraska

Vol. 1

Development of the Township, Hundred, and Shire

BALTIMORE

PUBLICATION AGENCY OF THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY

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