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If we would find out a Novel, there is nothing more to be done, than to look after it by the number it is under. If it be an Authentick, we must look in the table of the Code, for the title under which it is placed: It is so much the more easily found, because all the Authenticks are inserted in the Code in a different letter. To conclude, as those who have a mind to look after any aw, vote a great deal of time in turning over the table or index, they may save themselves that trouble, by rendering the titles of the body of the law familiar, and getting them by heart, by which means, they will acquire a general notion of the places where every particular matter is treated of, and without the east difficulty, be able to find out any law they have occasion to consult. * To compleat these instructions for young students how to find out the

quotations in our books, it remains only that I explain the abbreviations. - f

- AB PREVIATIONS. AP. JUSTIN. Apud justinianum, in justinian’s institutes. ARG. or A.R. Argumento, by an argument drawn from such a law. AUTH. Authentica, in the Authentić; that is to say, the Summary of some of the emperors Wavel constitutions inserted in the Code under such a title. CAP. Capite or Capitulo, in the chapter of such a Novel. C. or COD. Codice, in justinian s code. C. THEOD. Codice Theodosiano, in the Theodosian code. COL. Columna, in the first or second column of the book quoted. COLL. Collation, in the collation of such or such a Novel. C. or CONT. Contra, this is generally used to denote a contrary argument. D Dicto or Dicta, that is, the aforesaid, or law or chapter before quoted. D. Digestis, or in the Digest. E. or EOD. Under the same title. F. Finalis, the last or latter part. .sff in the Pandects or Digest. The Grecians having made use of the Letter r, to signify Pandects, the Romans changed them into two fos joined together, Digestorum liber ideo duplici s. signatur, 7uod graci pandectas per w cum accentu circumflexo notabant, sub quibus, et Digestorum khri comprehensi sunt, unde facili litera w in s, latine inolevit, says Calvin in his Lexicon juris. G.L. Glossa, the Gloss. H. Hic, here, in the same title, law or paragraph. H. T.I.T. Hoc titaio, in this Title. I. or INF. Insra, beneath or below. • J. GLO. juncta Glossa, the gloss joined to the text quoted. IN AUTH. COLL. 1. In autheritico, collutione 1, in justinian's Azvels, part or Section 1, &c. IN F. In fine, at the end of the title, law or paragraph quoted. 1NPR. In principio, in the beginning, and before the first parcgraph of a low. i o IN F. Pit. In file principii, toward the cnd of a beginning of a law. IN SUM. In summa, in the summary. L. Lege in such a law. LI. or LIB, Libra, in the first or second book, &c. NOV. Novella, in such a Novel, PAR Paragrapho, in such a paragraph or article of the law, or of a Title in the Institutes. PR. or PRIN. Principium, the beginning of a Title or a law. II. Pandectis, in the pandects. Penult. The iast but one. G. QU, or QUAES. $2.4 catione, in such a Question. RU. or RUB. In such a Rubrick or Title. The Titles were called Rubricks, from their being formerly written in red letters. SC. or SCIL. Scilicet, that is to say. SOL. Solutio, the answer to an objection, SUM. Summa, the summary of a law. § Paragrapho, in such a paragraph. T. or TíT. Titulus, Titulo, Title. - T or V. Versicolo, in such a verse, which is a part of a faragraft. ULT. Ultimo, Jitima, the last Title, Paragraph or Law.

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1st. Such as treat on the law previous to Justinian.

2dly. Such as treat historically on the Roman law generally. • 3dly. The principal editions of the Corpus Juris Civilis.

4thly. Commentators on the Corpus Juris Civilis, 5thly. Compilations on the civil law.

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First. Historical treatises on the Leges Regiæ, Jus Papirianum, Duodecim Tabule, and the laws and collections intervening between them and Justinian. Franciscus Balduinus. Libri duo in leges Romuli et duodecim tobularum. The third edition is the best. Basil. 1559, 8vo, Pardolphus Prateius Jurisprudentia vetus: sive Draconis et Soionis, nec non Romuli Romanorum regis, ac 12 tabularum leges coldectae interpretataeque, Leyden. 1557. j. Gothofred. Quatuor fontes juris civilis: sive leges 12 tabularum, cum earundem historia, &c. Legis Julie et Papia fragmenta: cdictum perpetuum : librorum Sabiniorum ordo et series. 4to. Genev. 1653. Rosinus also mentions several of the leges regite as inserted by Paulus Manutius. Rosinus himself gives a very brief and abridged account of the history of the Roman law from Pomponius, which is worth perusal. Rosini Antiq Rom. quto. Amstelod. 1685. p. 554. On the subject of the laws of the twelve tables in particular, he refers to the collections and comments of Julius Pacius, Antonius Augustinus, Joannes Oldendorpius, Joannes Crispinus, Antonius Contius, Fr. Hottomannus, Dionysius Gothofredus, Stephanus Pighius, Fr. Balduinus, Hadrianus Turnebus, Ludovicus Charondas, Justus Lipsius, and Theodorus Marcilius: of whom but few are noted by Camus in his lettres sur la Profession D'Avocat. Paris, 1776. The edition of J. Gothofred, in the book above cited, Quatuor sontes, &c. is in the most esteem. Autores et fragmenta veterum jurisconsultorum, de origine et proessu juris romani, cum notis Arnoldi Vinnii et variorum. Ex edit. §. Van Leewen, 1.eyden, 1671. Jena, 1697 8vo. Jurisprudentia vetus ante Justinianea. Ex recens. et cum not. Schultingii. Leyden, 1717. Leipsic, 1737, quo. This comprehends the fragments of Gaius, Paulus, Ulpian, and other jurisconsults preceding Justinian. 7. Gothafrcdus. Codex Theodosianus, cum amplissimo commentario, studio Antonii Marvilii Leyden, 1665. 6 vol. fol. SEcoSDLY. Historical treatises on Roman Jurisprudence generally. Ş. Gothafredi. Manuale juris 12mo. Several editions. jo. Vin Gravina. Origines juris civilis, seu de ortu et progressu juris civilis. With the annotations of Mascou. Leipsic, 1737, quo. Ven. 17, 9 to 4. Hen. Chr. Hausotter. Historia legum romanarum. Leipsic, 1758. 8vo. jo. Goti. Heineccius. Antiquitatum romanarum jurisprudentiam illustrantium Syntagma. This is comprehended in the Geneva edition of his works in 8 vols. Qto. 1743 and 1748. But there are also several separate editions; the best at Strasburg (Argentor.) in 1734, 1741 and in 2 vol. 8vo. 1755. . Ejustem historia juris civilis, 8vo., the best edition is Ritter’s, published at Strasburgh This and the preceding treatise form the fourth volume of his works, in qto. Burrnard Gotthef Struvius. Historia juris romani, 4to. Jena, 1718. ja. Fr. Eisenhardt. Historia juris literaria. 8vo. Helmstadt. 1752, 17(3. jo, Doti. Historia juris civilis romanorum. Paris, 1678. 12mo. .S. anheim. Orbis Homanus. Thomasius. D. lineatio historia juris Romani et Germanici. Erfurt. 8vo. to 50. Noevorum jurisprudentiae romanæ, lib. duo. Hal. Magd. 1707. Brown Zuellus. Historia juris Romano-Germanici. 8vo. Amstel. 1730. Gravina, Heineccius, Suruvius and Brunquellus, may be considered as the best of his class of writers. Histoire du droit romain par Claude Joseph de Ferriere. , 12mo, Paris, 1718. This is taken chiefly from Gravina. Dr. Beaver has

translated it, and added Duck's treatise de usu et auctoritate juris civilis. Ant. Terasson. Histoire de la Jurisprudence Romaine. Paris, 1750, in folio. Compiled at the direction of Chancellor D’Aguessau. A work, says Mr. Gibbon, of more promise than performance. It contains however a curious and interesting collection of ancient documents and fragments. Dr. Beaver's history of the legal polity of the Roman state. 4to. 1781. Dr. Taylor's elements of the civil law 4to. 1755. There is an anonymous abridgement of this desultory but very interesting book, by the Rev. Mr. Ellis, with a preface on the nature of moral obligation. Bouchaud's Recherches historiques sur les edits des Magistrats Romains in tom. 41. page 1. of the Memoires de l'Academie Francoise. THIRDLY. The principal editions of the Corpus juris civilis. Corpus juris civilis cum glossis Genev. 1614. 4 vol. qto. Idem cum notis D. Gothofredi. Paris. Vitray. 1628. 2 vol. fol. This is the edition I have employed. Idem, Daniel Elzevir. 1664. 2 vol. 8vo. Amst. i Idem. Flzevir et Bleau, 1681 1700. 2 vol. 8vo. Corpus juris civilis academicum. Col. Mun. 1759. 1 vol. qto. The editions of the Institutes, are too numerous to catalogue. There are also about a dozen editions of the Paraphrase of the Institutes, by Theophilus, in Greek and Latin, and in Latin. Fourthly. Commentators on the Corpus juris, or particular parts of it. These may be reduced to the works of Cujacius, Vinnius, Voetius, Moodt, and Boehmer. Harris quotes joachim Mysinger frequently. I am not acquainted with any work of Mysinger's but his commentary on the title, de fide instrumentorum lib. 2 decretalium, Helmst. 1582, in fol. and Marp. 1602, 8vo. I have found the brief notes of D. Gothofred to his edition of the Corpus Juris civilis, worth attention. FIf rhiy Compilations on the civil law. o I possess a great number of them, but I know of few worth noticing, except the following. Cojacii Paratitla in pandectas et Codicem : of which there are about eight editions in 12mo, and 8vo. separate from the general collection of his works. Heineccii Elementa juris secundum ordinem Institutionum. Idem secundum ordinem Pandectarum. Of these there are several editions in 8vo. and 12mo, separate from his works. Barriga de Montvallon. Epitome juris et legum Romanorum. 8vo. Paris 1756. Claude jos de Ferriere. Nova et methodica juris civilis tractatio. 2vel. 12mo, Paris. The last of four editions is in 1734.

Ferriere. La Jurisprudence du Code de Justinian, - du Digest. - des Novelles. I have freely used the Nouvelle traduction des Institutes de l'Empireur Justinian of the same author, with notes, in 6 vol. 8vo. Paris. 1787. Pothier’s Pandecue justinianæ 3 v. fol. 1748. jean Domat. , Les Loix civiles dans leur ordre naturel. 5 vol. 8vo. and with a supplement by D'Hericourt in 3 vol. fol. Paris, 1724. This has been edited in English by Strahan; and is the book generally used in England on this subject; though Wood's institutes of the civil law (fol.) is a very useful digest upon the whole. Ayloff's Pandect of the Roman civil law, fol. 1734, is a work not deficient in learning, but too desultory and short. Inconvenient brevity, also renders the following works of less value than they might be, though they are not destitute of merit. Schomberg's Elements of the Roman Law. 8vo. 1780. o Dr. Halifax's Analysis of the civil law, a pamphlet 1775. Dr. Arthur Browz's Elements of the civil and Admiralty law: Dublin, and London, 1802, is commonly used among the bar in this Country, and therefore I have purposely omitted many observations, that may be found also in that book ; which though far too brief, deserves to be

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