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neither can be (faith the Apostle) because they are spiritually difcern'd. These fpiritual things are invisible to à carnal Eye, and they that live and walk by Sight only, cannot be. hold or frante any Notion of them.
But ye know him (faith Christ to his Disciples), for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. You are enabled by an Eye of Faith' to discern and know him, and to feel his invisible Comforts and Operations ; for he shall abide with you, and take up his Residence in you. Tho the World hath no Knowledg or Experience of these things, yet, by partaking of his fanctifying Graces, you shall have a true Sense and Conviction of them: And therefore be of good chear, I will not leave you comfortless, I will come to you; you shall not be left deftitute, as Orphans bereft of Parents and Guardians, that have none to help or take care of themı; for I will come to you by the Presence of my Spirit, and that shall be an assur'd Pledg of my Return to you, to your everlasting Joy and Comfort. For in a little while (as he goes on to tell them) the World shall see me no more; for I Thall be taken up from this Earth, where Mens bodily Eyes will not be able to follow or behold me any more; bilt ye see me, by the Eye of Faith and heavenly Meditation : and because I then live in the Regions of Bliss and Glory, ye also, by my Conquest over Death and Hell, shall arrive thither too, and live for ever with me. And at that Day (faith he) ye Mall know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you; that is, you shall then, by the means of this Holy Spirit, plainly see and know the close and entire Union that is between the Father and me, and likewise between me and you, and all the Members of my mystical Body; that as I and my Father are one, fo ye also shall be one in us, and so Mall all live together in one entire Fellowship and Communion with each other.
And now our Blessed Saviour, having thus set forth the inestimable Gift of sending the Holy Ghost, together with the great and invaluable Benefits and Bleflings that ensue thereupon; he resumes his former Argument, and returns to the Condition upon which this Holy Spirit is promis'd and bestow'd: and that is, the Condition of loving him, together with the best Proof and Demonstration thereof, which is the keeping of his Commandments ; saying in the next Verse, He that hath my Commandments and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me; and be that loveth me, shall be loved ту
Father, and I will love him, and will manifest my self
to him. Where, as the loving of Christ is the Condition of his giving the Holy Ghoft, so the keeping of his Commandments is made the most infallible Sign and Token of our loving of him : for 'tis not he that speaks me fair, and cries Lord, Lord; but he that observes my Sayings, and makes my Precepts the Rule and Guide of his Actions ; he it is that truly loveth me. And to encourage us so to do, he tells us, that God the Father will love those that thus express their Love to his Son; and Christ himself will requite their Love to him with the blessed Fruits and Effects of his Love to them: for he will freely acquaint them with the Secrets of his Heart, and manifeft himself and his Goodness to them.
Upon this Discourse of our Saviour's, Judas, not Iscariot, but one of his Disciples, said unto him, Lord! how is it that thou wilt manifeft thy self to us, and not unto the World ? where he seems desirous to know the reason why he so freely reveals his Mind to them, and not unto others. To which our Saviour gives him no direct Answer, but intimates the Reason of it to be, because the World neither lov'd his Person, nor obey'd his Precepts; for if they did, he would as freely communicate himself to the World as to them : 'tis their Sin and their Disobedience that make them hate me, and that withholds good things from them. If a Man love me (faith Christ) be will keep my Words : And then, My Father will love him, and we will come unto bim, and make our Abode with him ; whereas, on the other hand, He that loveth me not, keeperb not my Sayings. And the Evil thereof is the more heinous and dangerous, because the Word which you hear is not mine, but the Father's that sent me. The Message I deliver to the World is from him; and if that be despis'd, there can be no hopes of Mercy, but a fearful Expe&tation of Vengeance. These things (faith he) have I spoken' unto you, being yet present with you ; that is, I was willing to let you know these things before I leave you, that you may remember and consider them when I am gone. How beit, soon after my Departure the Paraclete, or Comforter, will come; that is, the Holy Ghost, which my Father will send in my Name, as he did this Day: and he at his Coming shall niore fully instruct you in these and all other Matters; for he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your Remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. Where, by teaching all things, and leading into all Truth, we must not understand indefinitely all things, Vol. IV, Part 2.
or all Truths of every kind, but only all Divine Truths necessary to be known in order to Salvation : and in these the Holy Ghost hath not been wanting either to the Apostles or us; having imparted to both the whole Mind and Will of God, fo far as is necessary to bring us to him : which, as it is an inestiniable Favour, fo is it no more than is needful for us; for we of our felves are naturally blind and ignorant, and know nothing as we ought to know. 'Tis the Holy Spirit of God that enlightens our Minds, helps our Infirmities, and guides us in the way that we should go; without 'which we should stumble and fall at Noon-day, and wander in the Paths of Destruction. But thanks be to God, who hath given us of his Spirit, to direct our Footsteps, and lead us in the Way to everlasting, Life.
Again, The Holy Ghost is said to bring all things to our Remembrance, whatsoever our Saviour hath said unto us; and this too is but needful, for we are too apt to forget what we are most concern'd to remember. Our Memories are treacherous and unfaithful, and, like Water, are wont to keep up light and trivial things, and suffer weightier Matters to sink into Oblivion; and therefore the best of us stand in need of a Monitor, or Remembrancer, to call to mind those saving Truths that are apt to slip from us, and to fasten them upon us by a frequent and seasonable Recollection. This Office the Holy Ghost still does for us, by secretly moving and inciting us to our Duty, when we are turning from it; by suggesting Motives of Consolation in Trouble, when we are like to faint under it, and in a word, by calling to mind and applying Passages of Holy Scripture for our Comfort and Direction, when we stand in need of it: which shews us the great Ufe and Benefit of this Comforter.
And now our Saviour Christ, having thus fully declar'd his Mind to the Disciples, and promis'd them another Comforter to supply his Place, he begins to take his leave of them, saying in the next Verse, Peace I leave with you, my Peace I give unto you, not as the World giveth, give I unto you, &c. This giving or wishing of Peace was a Form of Salutation, antiently us’d at the departing of Friends, and implies a Wish of all kind of Happiness; Peace including in it all manner of Blessings : And this he twice repeats, to fhew the Heartiness and Sincerity of his Wilh; Peace! leave-toith you, my Peace I give unto you, not as the World
glveth: for they do it only formally and heartlesly, with an outward Show of Civility, but without any inward Truth or Sincerity ; but I give it to you after another and better manner; that is, cordially, and with the highest Degrees of Love and Affeétion: I bequeath it to you as a Legacy, to stand or remain with you. Or else, not as the World giveth, give I unto you, may be meant, because the World cannot give that Peace that it wishes; it can only defire, but cannot perform it: but I give it unto you with a design of doing it, and will effectually perform it for you; and therefore let not your Heart be troubled, neither let it be csfraid: be not griev'd at my departing from you, nor be afraid of what may befal you when I am gone, for the Comforter will come, and do all that for you which you can reasonably desire, or your Necessities call for: so that your hearing of what I said unto you, I go away and come again to you, can be no just cause of mourning or repining, yea, If you loved me (faid he) you would rejoice rather, because I faid, I go unto the Father, for my Father is greater than I; for greater is he that sendeth, than he that is sent; and my going to him will be for mine and your Advancenient, This I have told you (faith he) before it come to pass, that when it is come to pass, ye may believe, and Atrengthen your Faith in
I shall add no more (faith he) but to let you know, That the Prince of the World, or the Accuser of the Brethren, comes and findeth nothing in me, or hath nothing to lay to my Charge; but that the World may know that I love the Father, I have fulfilled his Will, and as the Father gave me Commandment, even fo do 1.
This is the whole Sense and Substance of the Gospet for this Day ; from which I shall infer two or three things by way of Application. As,
it, Since Love is the Condition of Christ's giving us the Holy Ghost, let us labour to work our Hearts to the Love of God and Christ; for both concur in conferring upon us this inestimable Gift, and therefore we must extend our Love to both. God the Father so loved the World, that he gave his only Son to ransom and redeem it; and God the Son so loved the World, that he gave his Holy Spirit to sanctify and comfort it; the Sense whereof ought to inflame our Hearts with the most ardent Love and Affection to both.
2dly, Since the best Token and Trial of our Love to Chrilt, is the keeping his Commandments, let us give him
that Testimony or Demonstration of our true Affection to him : one eminent Act or Expression of Love to another, is the doing of things grateful and well-pleasing to him, either by promoting his Good, or gratifying his Desires. Now because God is above the receiving any Good from us, our only way of doing things grateful and acceptable to him, is the observing his Commands, and doing what he requires of us : This our Saviour looks upon as the chief, if not the only Expression of our Love to him, as may be seen throout this Chapter. Let us not then fail of giving him this Proof and Demonstration of our Affection, and as we are bid to fhew our Faith, so let us show our Love by our Works, ever obeying and submitting to his Will, by doing and suffering what he would have us.
3dly, Since the Holy Ghost is sent to us as a Comforter, Teacher and Remembrancer, let us thankfully receive and comply with him in all those Offices; that is, first, let us not refufe, but chearfully receive his Holy Comforts, that we may be encourag'd by his Joys, and supported by his Confolations. Next, let us beware of stifing and suppressing his good Motions, or turning the deaf Ear to his Calls, whether publickly or secretly suggested to us. Again, let us take heed of smothering the Gifts or Graces of the Spirit vouchfafed to us, but rather daily exercise and improve them, and then to him that hath shall be given, and he hall have more abundantly. In short, let us not quench the Hoa ly Spirit, that came in the Form of Fire to chear and en. liven us, left he come again in Haming Fire to consume and destroy us ; nor let us refuse to hear him speaking to us, who came in the Shape of Tongues to teach and instruct us; left those Tongues open again to accufe and condemn us. The Spirit of God will not always strive with us ; and therefore let us beware of resisting, grieving, or doing despight to the Spirit of Grace, which alone can bring us to Glory: To which God of his infinite Mercy bring us all, cc.