Page images

Near this Palace are seen an immense Number of Swans, who wander up and down the River for some Miles, in great Security; no body daring to molest, much less kill any of them, under Penalty of a considerable Fine.

In TVhitehall are the. following Things worthy of Observation; .•'

I. The Royal Library, well stored with Greek, Latin, Italian and French Books: Amongst the rest, a little one in French, upon Parchment, in the hand Writing of the present reigning Queen Elizabeth, thus inscribed:

To the most High, Pnijsant, and Redoubted Prince, Henry VIIL of the Name, King of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith:

Elizabeth, his most humble Daughter,
Health and Obedience.

All these Books are bound in Velvet of different Colours, though chiefly red, with Clasps of Gold and Silver; some have Pearls, and precious Stones, set in their Bindings.

II. Two little Silver Cabinets of exquisite Work, in which the Queen keeps her Paper, and which Ihe uses for writing Boxes.

III. The Queen's Bed, ingeniously composed of Woods of different Colours, with Quilts of Silk, Velvet, Gold, Silver, and Embroidery.

IV- A little Chest ornamented all over with Pearls, in which the Queen keeps her. Bracelets, Ear-rings^and other Things of extraordinary Value.

V. Christ's Passion, in painted Glass.

VI. Portraits: Among which are Queen Elizabeth at 16 Years old. Henry, Richard, Edward, Kings of England; Rosamond; Lucrece, a Grecian Bride, in her nuptial Habit; the Genealogy of the Kings of England; a Picture of King EdwardVl'. representing at first Sight something quite deformed, till by looking through a small Hole in the Cover, which is put over it, you fee it in its true Proportions; CharlesV. Emperor; Charles EmanuelDvftx of Savoy, and Catherine of Spain, his Wife; Ferdinand Duke of Florence, with his Daughters; one of Philip King of Spain, when he came into England and married Mary; Henry VII. Henry VIII. and[ his Mother: Besides many more of illustrious Men and Women ; and a Picture of the Siege of: Malta.'

VII. A small Hermitage, half hid in a Rock, finely carved in Wood.

VIII. Variety of Emblems,on Paper, cut in the, . Shape of Shields, with Mottoes, used by the Nobility at Tilts and Tournaments, hung up there for a Me


IX. Different Instruments of Mufick, upon one of which two Persons may perform at the fame Time.

X. A Piece of Clock-work, an Æthiop riding upon a Rhinoceros, with four Attendants, who all make their Obeifance, when it strikes the Hour; these are all put into Motion by winding up the Machine,

At the Entrance into the Park from JVhitehall is this Inscription; ...

, * The Fijherman who has been wounded, learns,
though late, to beware;
But the unfortunate Actæon always prejses on.

The chajie Virgin naturally pitied:
But the powerful Goddess revenged the Wrong,
Let Actæon fall a Prey to his Dogs,
An Example to Youth,
Disgrace to those that belong to him!
May Diana live the Care of Heaven;

The Delight es Mortals;
The Security of those that belong to \er!

In this Park is great Plenty of Deer, ,

In a Garden joining to this Palace, there is a Jet eCeau, with a Sun-dial, which while Strangers are looking at, a Quantity of Water, forced by a Wheel,

* This romantic Inscription probably alluded to Philip II. who wooed the Queen aster her Sister's Death; and to the Destruction of hit Armada,

S 4 which •which the Gardner turns at a Distance, through a Number of little Pipes, plentifully sprinkles those that are standing round.

Guild-Hall, a fine Structure, built by Thomas Knowles: Here are to be seen the Statues of two Giants, faid to have assisted the Englijh when the Romans made War upon them; Corinius of Britain^ and Gogmagog of Albion. Beneath upon a Table the Titles of Charles V. Emperor, are written in Letters of Gold.

The Government of London is this: The City is divided into 25 Regions, or Wards; the Council is composed of 24.; Aldermen, one of which presides over every Ward. ' '.And whereas of old, the Chief Magistrate, was a Portreve, i, e. Governor of the City: Richard I. appointed two Bailiffs; instead of which King Johp gave, a Power by Grant, of chusing annually a Mayor, from any of the twelve principal Companies, and to name two Sheriffs, one of which to be called the King's, the other, the City's. It is scarce credible how this City encreafed, both in public and .private Buildings, upon establishing this Form of Government. Vide Cambden's Britan. Middlesex."-:''

It is worthy of Observation, that every Year upon St. Bartholomew's Day, when the Fair is held, it is usual for the Mayor, lattehded . by the 12 principal Aldermen, to,walls,in a neighbouring Field, dressed in^ hisTuarjet Gown, and about his Neck a golden Chain, to which is hung a * Golden Fleece, and besides, that f particular Ornament, which distinguishes the most noble Order of the Gaiter. During the Year of his Magistracy, he is obliged to live so magnificently, that Foreigner or Native, without any Expence, is free, if he can find a Chair empty, to dine at his Table, where there is always the greate I Plenty. When the Mayor goes out of the Precincts of die City, a Scepter, a Sword, and a Cap, are borne before him, and he is followed by the principal Aldermen in scarlet Gowns, with Gold Chains; himself and they on Horseback: Upon their Arrival at a Place appointed for that Purpose, where a Tent is,pitched, the Mob begin to wrestle before them, two at a time; the Conquerors receive Rewards from the Magistrates. After this is over, a Parcel of live Rabits are turned loose among the Crowd, which are pursued by a number of Boys, who endeavour to catch them, with all the Noise they can make. While we were at this Shew, one of our Company, Tobias Salander, Doctor of Physic, had his Pocket picked of his Purse, with nine Crowns dusoleil, which without doubt was so cleverly taken from him, by an Englijhman who always kept very close to him, that the Doctor did not in the least perceive it.

The Castle, or Tower of London, called Bringwin, and Tourgwin, in Welch, from its Whiteness, is en

* This probably alluded to the Woollen Manufacture j -Stow mentions his riding through the Clstb Fair, on the Eve of St. Birth*Jontew, p.'651.

t The. Collar of 55,


« PreviousContinue »