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III. Moorgatefiom a neighbouring Morass, now converted into a Field, first opened by * Francetius the Mayor, A. D. 1414.
IV. And Bijhopsgate, from some Bishop: This the German Merchants of the Hans Society were obliged by Compact to keep in Repair, and in Times of Danger to defend. They were in Possession of a Key, to open or shut it, so that upon Occasion they could come in, or go out, by Night, or by Day.
There is only one Gate to the East: Aldgate, that is Oldgate, from its Antiquity; though others think it to have been named Elbegate.
Several People believe, there were formerly two Gates (besides that to the Bridge) towards the Thames.
I. Billingsgate, now a Cothon, or artificial Port, for the Reception of Ships.
II. Dourgate, vulgo Dowgate, i. e. Water-Gate.
The Cathedral of St. Paul was founded by Ethel? bert, King of the Saxons, and being from Time to Time re-edified, encreascd to Vastness and Magnificence, and in Revenue so much, that it affords a plentiful Support to a Bishop, Dean, Bræcentor, Treasurer, four Archdeacons, 29 Prebendaries, and
* His Name was Sir Tbmas Fatctner,
many many others. The Roof of this Church, as of most others in England, with the adjoining Steeple, is covered with Lead.
On the right Side of the Choir is the Marble Tomb of Nicholas Bacon, with his Wife. Not far from this is a magnificent Monument, ornamented with Pyramids of Marble, and Alabaster, with this Inscription;
Sacred to the Memory of Sir Christopher Hat ton, Son of.William, Grandson of John, of the most ancient Family of the Hattons; one of the 50 Gentlemen Pensioners to her Majesty Queen Elizabeth; Gentleman of the Privy-chamber; Captain of the Guards; one of the Privy Council, and High Chancellor of England, and of the University of Oxford: Who, to the great Grief of his Sovereign, and of all good Men, ended this Life religiously, after having lived unmarried to the Age of 51, at his House in Holbourn, on the 20th of November, A. D. 1591.
TVilliam Hatton, Knight, his,Nephew by his Sifter's Side, and by Adoption his Son and Heir* most sorrowfully raised this Tomb, a Mark of his Duty.
On the left Hand is the Marble Monument of William Herbert Earl of Pembroke, and his Lady: And near it, that of John Duke of Lancaster, with this Inscription:
R 4 Here
Here sleeps in the Lord, y<>hn of Gant, so called from the City of the fame Name in Flanders, where he was born,fourth Son of Edwardlll. Kingof England, and created by his Father, Earl of Richmond. He was thrice married, first to Blanch, Daughter and Heiress of Henry Duke of Lancaster; by her he received an immense Inheritance, and, became not only Duke of Lancaster, but Earl of Leicester, Lincoln, and Derby, of whose Race are descended many Emperors, Kings, Princes, and Nobles. His second Wife was Constance, who is here buried, Daughter and Heiress of Peter, King of Castile Leon, in whose Right he most f justly took theStile of Kingof Castile and Leon. She brought him one only Daughter, Catherine, of whom, by Henry, are descended the Kings of Spain. His third Wife was Catherine, of a Knight's Family, a Woman of great Beauty, by whom he had a numerous Progeny; from which is descended, by the Mother's Side, Henry VII. the most prudent King of England, by whose most happy Marriage with Elizabeths Daughter of Edward IV. pf the Line of York, the two Royal Lines of Lancaster and ftrk are united, to the most desired Tranquillity of England.
The most Illustrious Prince, John, surnamed Plantagenetf King of Castile and Leon, Duke of Lancaster, Earl of Richmond, Leicester, and Derby, Lieutenant of Aquitain, High-Steward of England, died in the 21st Year of Richard II. A. D. 1398.
,f This is not true, for |(er Legitimacy was with good Reason contested,
A little farther, almost at the Entrance of the Choir, in a certain Recess, are two small Stone Chests, one of which is thus inscribed:
Here lies Seba, King of the East Saxons, who was converted to the Faith by St. Erkenwafd, Bishop of London, A. D. 677.
On the Other:
Here lies Ethelred, King of the Angles, Son of King Edgar; on whom St. Dunjian is faid to have denounced Vengeance, on his Coronation-day, in the following Words:
*' In as much, as thou hast aspired to the Throne *' by the Death of thy Brother, against whose Blood the EngUJh, along with thy infamous Mother, conspired; the Sword shall not pass from thy "House J but rage all the Days of thy Life, afflict"ing all thy Generation, till thy Kingdom shall be "translated to another, whose Manner and Lan"gua&e»tne People under thee knoweth not. Nor f shall thy Sin be done away till after long Chastise"ment, nor the Sin of thy Mother, nor the Sin of '« those Men, who assisted in thy wicked Council."
All which came to pase, as predicted by the Saint; for, after being worsted and put to Flight by Sucno King of the Danes, and his Son Canute; and at last /closely besieged in London, he died miserably A. D. 1017, after he had reigned 36 Years in great Difficulties.
There is besides in the Middle of the Church a Tomb made of Brass, of some Bishop of London, named William, who was in Favour with Edward King of England, and afterwards was made Counsellor to King William. He was Bishop 16 Years, and died A. D. 1077. Near this, is the following Inscription:
Virtue survives the Funeral.
To the Memory of Thomas Linacre, an eminent Physician, John Caius placed this Monument. On the lower Part of it is this Inscription in Gold Letters:
Thomas Linacre, Physician to King Henry VIII, a Man learned in the Greek and Latin Languages, and particularly skilful in Physick, by which he restored many from a State of Languishment and Despair to Life. He translated with extraordinary Eloquence many of Galen's Works into Latin; and published, a little before his Death, at the Request of his Friends, a very valuable Book on the correct Structure of the Latin Tongue. He founded in Perpetuity, in Favour of Students in Physick, two public Lectures at Oxford, and one at Cambridge. In this City he brought about, by his own Industry, the establishing of a College of Physicians, of which he was elected the first President. He was a Detester of all Fraud and Deceit,