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1090, taken Notice of by [/] Mr. Thtmas Luskin os' that Town, and to that other of A0. Do'. M°. 133 at Aelmion, in Northamptonjhire, by [k] Dr. John Wallis, are not to be condemned as Forgeries, because [/] a learned Man has faid, "Mabtllon and "VoJJius were too good Judges to be imposed upon "in the Æra of Numerals."

There are numerous Branches of one Danish Family, viz. the Garrolds, still remaining in the Village, remarkable only for the Wideness of their Mouths, and the undeviating Poverty of their Conditions; for 'tis faid, that from their fiist settlinghere in the Year 1017, to the present Year 1758, there never was one of them worth a Shilling.

Some awkward Customs or Habits remain in the Village, which seem to be of Saxon ExtraSlion; but, not being certain whether they may not be Danish, I suspended my Account of them till I had taken notice of some small Traces and Remains of the Danes: I shall now leave it to the Judgment of the Reader to ascribe them to either, or to both, as his greater Skill in theHistory and Customs of thoseTimes and Nations shall incline him. I call them Customs or Habits, because they were no other at first, but I mean those Superinductions in the Progeny, which they^ derive, not by Imitation, but from the very Loins of their Progenitors; for as Custom is proverbially called second Nature, so when uniformly prac

[i] Phil. Transact. Aug. 1699. N° 25;. [*] Phil. Transact. Dec. 1683. N° 154. [/] Jeb's Bibliath. Literaria.

tised through two or three Generations, it becomes a part of the first in later Posterity.

The Custom of holding the Wig on with the left Hand, while the Hat is taken off with the right, is an inbred Caution derived from their Ancestors, who wore [»] Wool-wigs, which adhered to the Cap, and could not be separated without the utmost Care; but now Hats and Hair-wigs are in Fashion, which are generally well lubricated with Oil, or Hogs-lard, there seems to be no Occasion for it.—The Custom of carryingtheirown [»] Knives to an Entertainment, and refusing to make Use of the Knives laid upon the Table, is an inbred Caution derived from their Ancestors, who in those unsettled Times, probably suspecting the Knives of their Host might be insidiously blunted, carried their own, in case of a Surprise.— The Custom of setting the Knife bolt upright upon the Table, as soon as it has cut a Mouthful, is an inbred Posture of Defence derived from their Ancestors, who made Knives Weapens to guard themselves, and to be Surety for their Friends, that they should receive no Harm while they were drinking [«].—The Custom of eating without a Fork, is an inbred Habit derived from their Ancestors, who would not incumber both Hands at a Time; but is now an useless Piece of Slovenness; and yet, as Horace fays,

[m] Blasii Episc. Reliq. vulgo voc. Flocculi. [n] Howii op.

[o] This Custom in pledging one in drinking, (/'. e.) to be Surety for his Safety at that Time, was occasioned by the Practice of the Vanes, who frequently used to slab, or cut the Throats of one another, while they were drinking,

, Naturam Nc.turam expellas fur ca, tamen usque recur ret,

for they will throw them down as fast as you lay them.—The Custom of fitting at Arm's Length from the Table, is an inbred Distance derived from their Ancestors, whose gouty Legs to their Tables would not suffer Men to come nearer; but in these more modern and shapeable Times quite unnecessary.

That these were the prudent and even necessary Customs of their Saxon or Danijli Ancestors, or both, is very evident; and that they were delivered down to their Posterity in the Channel I have mentioned, seems very probable; for nothing but the Force of first, or second nature, which goes its own Wayf in Defiance of Fashion or Ridicule, could continue Customs, now so apparently unnecesfary, troublesome and indelicate, i

Nothing since the Conquest of this Island by the Duke of Normandy, commonly called WILLIAM the Conqueror, has happened to this Village in particular; in general he, and, for his fake, his Ancestors, seem to have been great Favourites here, as well as all over England. The famous Clameur de HA-RO is a Proof of it; for, though now fallen among Carters and Ploughmen, and by them converted into a Language like Pedlar's French, HA, HO, HAYT, HO, fcfc. to their Horses, it was at first an Invocation, by all Ranks of Men, upon Duke ROLLO, under any Dissiculties, even < by by Carters themselves, when their Waggons were .Jet in bad Roads; RO being a current and established Abbreviation of the Duke's Name. The Invocation was [/>] HARO at aide man Princes The latter Part of which has been here (Iiiacos intra fnurds peccatur et extra) as well as elsewhere, profaned, -by a very false Interpretation, to some little Curses and Imprecations; it being almost a general Belief among the Vulgar, that when Men speak French, or any Outlandijh Lingua, they swear, or talk Bawdy.

The Cerfew Bell is not rung here, because there is not one in the Steeple that has Voice enough to be heard throughout the Parish; but the Order and Custom is observed by all the better Sort; the poor, by a Fatality that runs through their whole Oeconomy, are the only People that burn Fire and Candle after eight o'Clock at Night; by which Mismanagement they waste a Penny to earn an Half-penny, if they work; but too often their Farthing Candle serves only to make Darkness visible for much worse

Purposes. For this Reason I have often thought,

that if Authority would order the Corfew Bell to be rung or a Bell-man to go round every Parish, at eight at Night, throughout the Kingdom (instead of disturbing us in our Beds at twelve or one in the Morning) with a Veto ejfe tale Luminis commercium. Put out your Lights, at every Man's Door, whtf does not pay Scot and Lot, it would be better for

[p ] Falle's Ac«, of Jersey, 4

Vol. II.



the Poor, for their Neighbours, and for the Commonwealth.

The present State of this Parish differs nothing from the ancierit in Point of Fruitfulness. The People, by Intermarriages, and other ways, have passed through so many Combinations, that they all sit down under the common Denomination of Englijb. They are Christians, as appears most evidently from she Parish Register,, and all of them, when they do not stay at HomeT go to the fame Place of Worship; except one , who, retained some Tenets of his Brltijh Paganism, pays his Devotions under an Oak, or a Walnut-Tree, with a modern Druid, every Sabbath-Day.—There slave been but two Houses erected of late Years; the one seemingly contrived by Eli, a Jew-Christian Family settled here; for it is built without a Staircase, upon the fewijh Model ,of climbing, not walking up, to Bed. The other I know not by whom ; but it is upon a very inhospitable Plan (quite contrary totheTempersof the late Inhabitants) forthe Chimnies are so placed, it is difficult to get in at the Door.—The prevailing Tasterunsmuch upon building Temples to Cloacina, and Menageries for WildBoars; Structures in themselves beautiful, but at the Expence of that noble Roman Way, the Via Icenorton, that leads through the Parish, which they narrow and obumbrate.r—The Morals of the People are like the Morals of other Men, of the fame Rank; not the worse perhaps for the Advice of their Parson, ©f whom they seem to entertain a tolerably good


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