Drugs and Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Pharmacology
This student-friendly, accessible text provides students with a thorough introduction to the field of behavioral pharmacology and prepares them to analyze drug information from a variety of sources. The text describes impartially and scientifically the effects of drugs on behavior, and the various ways that behavior principles facilitate an understanding of both the actions of drugs and the way people use them. *Reviews the basic principles and concepts of pharmacology, psychology, and neurophysiology. *Uniform coverage of drug classes. *Provides an historical background for each drug and explains each drug's effect from subjective, behavioral, and neurological perspectives. *Introduces students to recent findings on withdrawal and abuse potential and describes the drug's harmful effects and methods of treatment. *Includes over 700 references to original research and review articles.
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Primary Effects and Side Effects
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absorption abuse acid action potentials activity addiction administration alco amphetamine antidepressants antipsychotics arousal axons azepines barbiturates basal ganglia behavior benzodiazepines block blood levels brain caffeine cannabinoids cause cell body Chapter cigarettes cocaine coffee conditioned consumed cortex crease decrease depression developed diazepam digestive system disease dopamine drinkers drinking drug effects of alcohol enzyme excretion experiment fects functioning GABA given hallucinogens heroin high doses humans increase injection ion channels ionized known laboratory animals lever lipid-soluble liver marijuana membrane mesolimbic metabolism methadone methylxanthines molecules monkeys morphine motor nervous system neurons neurotransmitters nicotine nonhumans normal opiates opium orally overdose pentobarbital percent physical dependence placebo positive reinforcement rats receptor sites reported response resting potential result schedule self-administration sensitization shown similar sleep smoking stimulants studies subjective effects substance synapses therapeutic tion tive tobacco tolerance transmitter treatment users usually withdrawal symptoms