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? clearing and securing property, strengthening and facilita. Will.III.

ting the adminiftration of justice, restraining and punishing 1700. crimes, preserving peace and quietness, &c. He next al'sured them of his great concern, for not being able to al! sert the company's right of establishing a colony at Darien,

without disturbing the peace of Christendom, and bringing that ancient kingdom into an inevitable war, without hopes of assistance. With these plain reasons, he doubted not but they would be satisfied; and therefore, recommend

ing to them unanimity, and the raising of competent taxes ' for their defence, he concluded with only acquainting them

further, that he had thought fit to continue the duke of

Queensberry high commissioner : and bid them heartily ! farewel.'

It must be observed, that, during the interval between the two feffions of parliament, came the news to Scotland of the intire surrender of their fettlement at Darien (a). This occasioned the company to represent to the parliament, the first day of their session, ? That, for want of dụe protection

abroad, some persons had been encouraged to break in upon their privileges even at home.' This representation was seconded with a national address to the king upon that fubjeét, whose answer was, " That he could take no further notice of ! it, since the parliament was now met; and he had made a ! declaration of his mind for the good of his people, with ! which he hoped all his faithful subjects would be satisfied.'

Though people were in so bad a humour, that much practice was necessary to bringthem into any temper, yet, after some heats about the miscarriage of the Darien affair, the fəllion, in conclusion, ended well. After having set about three months, the parliament came to this resolution, " That in

consideration of this great deliverance by his majesty, and, ! in that, next under God, their fafety and happiness de

(a) The Spaniards had, some " 2. That the prisoners on both time before, outed the Scots, ! fides should be exchanged, and retaken what the latter had • 3. That, if any ships came possessed themselves of by arti. 'Thither in six months, they cles of capitulation, signed by · should have leave to anchor Mr. Gibson, Mr. Vetch, and in the harbour, and the priothers, of the Caledonian coun- " vilege of wood, water, and cil and settlement; which were, provisions, if they needed "1. That the Scots should have them.' Thus ended the affair • liberty to retire, with their of Darien. : {hips and effects, unmolested.


Will.III. - pended wholly on his preservation and that of his govern1700. (ment, they would support both to the utmost of their

- power, and maintain such forces, as should be requisite for

I those ends. Accordingly an act passed for keeping on foot three thousand men, till the ist of December, 1702, and another for a land-tax to maintain those troops; which done, the commissioner produced the king's letter, wherein it was desired he might have eleven hundred men on his own account to the ift of June following ; which was readily complied with, and then they were prorogued to the 6th of May.' The troops, that were ordered to be broke, were sent to the States, who were now increasing their force. This session was chiefly managed by the duke of Queensberry and the earl of Argyle, and, in reward of it, the one had a garter, and

the other was made a duke. The death In O&tober the pope diéd; and at the same time all Euof the king rope was alarmed with the desperate state of the king of of Spain. Burnet.

Spain's health. When the news came to the court of France, Cole. that he was in the last agony, monsieur de Torcy, the French

secretary of state, was fent to the earl of Manchester, the English ambassador there, defiring him to let the king his master know the news, and to signify to him, that the French king hoped, that he would put all things in readiness to execute the treaty of partition, in case it should be opposed ;

and, in his whole discourfe, he expressed a fixed resolution in Nov, r. the French councils to adhere to it. A few days after that, N. S.

the news came of the king of Spain's death, and of his will, Octob. 21

declaring the duke of Anjou, second son of the Dauphin, the universal heir of the Spanish monarchy; and, in case that duke should die without children, or should inherit the crown of France, then the whole Spanish monarchy should go to the duke of Berry; and, if the same should happen to him, then the archduke Charles and his heirs were to inherit; and that monarchy was at last limited to the duke of Savoy and his heirs. The will likewise recommended, that the duke of Anjou should marry one of the archduchesses. It is not yet certainly known by what means this was brought about, and how the king of Spain was drawn to consent to the will, or whether it was a mere forgery, made by cardinal Portocarrero, and some of the grandees, who partly by practice and corruption, and partly for safety, and that their monarchy might be kept intire (they imagining, that the power of France was far superior to all, and that the house of Austria would not be able to engage in its interests) had been prevailed on to prepare and publish this will; and to make it



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Inthe Collection of l'Anthony Wescomb Bar II Millerfeselp,

more acceptable to the Spaniards, among other forfeitures Will.III. of the crown, not only the successor's departing from what 1700. they call the Catholic faith, but even his not maintaining the immaculate conception of the Virgin, was one (b.)


(b.) The circumstances of the jou. They flatter themselves, death and will of the king of that the French king will accept Spain, will appear from the fol- this offer. I hope the emperor lowing extracts of M. Cole's before it is too late, will see it Memoirs.

his interest to sign the treaty.

The earl of Manchester to Mr. The earl of Manchester to the secretary Vernon.

earl of Jersey. Paris, O&ob. 9, 1700. Paris, Octob. 11, 1700. I am of opinion, that we shall Monsieur de Torcy told me, now soon fee matters of great That they had an express from importance transacted all over Spain, with letters of the 26th Europe ; because it is expected, of last month ; and that the king that, in a few days, we shall of Spain was so extreme ill, that hear, that the king of Spain is his physicians thought he could dead. They have, at court, not live eight days. That, received a courier from Madrid ; thereupon, they had dispatched and, on the 26th of September, a courier to monsieur de Villars, the king was so ill, he having with orders to acquaint the emcontinual vomitings, and a great peror with it, and to let him looseness, that his physicians know, That, as they had not believed he could not live a yet named a fucceffor, so it week. Last night, late, the would be necessary to know his emperor's envoy was with me, further resolutions, since the case who had just received news of might foon happen, which the zoth, by an express. His would oblige them to take such letters mention, That the king measures as would be proper, had received the sacrament, the in case the emperor did not extreme unction, &c. and that think fit to fign the treaty. Monhe had taken leave of the queen, fieur de Torcy made an excuse, &c. so they despaired of his life: that, the time did not perBut, on the day this was wrote, mit the first concerting with there was some little hopes of the king; that, else it would him, his looseness having aba- have been done; though he did ted. He told me, he was then not see any difficulty, but that going to Fontainebleau. It is his majesty would approve of it. certain, that the whole council He defired I would write ; which

of Spain, and even those, that I assured him I would not fail I were creatures of the queen, who to do: And then I took notice is entirely for the house of Au. of the augmentation of their Aria, are all for the duke of Ag forces, which will amount to


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