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which they had lately got executed in several dioceses. And therefore they insisted, that they were such a part of the parliament, as could not be separated from it ; and consequently if they were no longer a provincial synod, they were however a part of the national clergy summoned by the Præmunientes clause to meet in parliament. And, indeed, had their parliamentary notions been true, this had been a just inference from them. But when they came to consult the learned in the law, they soon found, that the act for continuing the parliament did by no means include the convocation, which, being called by a different writ, had a different constitution, and must determine with the king's death. When they were under this disappointment, they sollicited some friends in the house of lords to bring in an extraordinary clause, to declare the convocation to be still in being. This was moved by the earl of Rochester, but the attorney-general declaring it was against the queen's ecclefiaftical supre. macy, it was let fall, and they were forced to acquiesce in the dissolution.

Upon the queen's accession to the crown, all these angry men, that had raised this fame in the Church, as they treated the memory of the late king with much indecent contempt, so they seemed very confident, that, for the future, all preferments fhould be distributed among them (the queen having superseded the commission for ecclesiastical preferments) and they thought they were full of merit, and were as full of hopes.

The End of the REIGN OF WILLIAM III.

X4

THE

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воок ХХVІІІ. Containing the three first Years of Queen Anne,

from 1702 to 1704.

C H A P. I. Queen Anne's Accession Account of her before she was

queen--Rise and character of the duke of Marlborough The queen prejudiced against the Whigs and in favour of ibe Tories-Her first speech to her privycouncil and to the parliament - Confternation in Holland at king William's death-Tbe queen's letter to the StatesProceedings in France-Civil lift settled- A bill for the public accounts-The abjuration-oath refused by few-A ministry formed-Debate in council about war and the foreigners serving in the army War against France proclaimedA bill of union proposed between the two kingdomsFalse reports of deSigns against the queen-Libellous pamphlets censured

Parliament prorogued with a speech-Naval prepanations - Affairs of Scotland-An union treated of, and comes to nothing - Affairs of IrelandOf Germany

War

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War in Poland--Treaty with Bavaria-Posture of affairs in the beginning of the war-Keyserswaert taken

Attempt upon Nimeguen--Landau taken by storm.

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T TPON the death of king William, the crown, pursu- Anne.

ant to the act of succession, devolved to the princess 1701-2.

Anne of Denmark, daughter of king James II. by the lady Anne Hyde (e). This princess was born at Queen

Anne's accefSt. James's on the 6th of February 1664-5. She was sent ac

(e) She was the daughter of things. She soon understood the earl of Clarendon. The what belonged to a princess, king, when duke of York, was and took state on her rather too contracted to her at Breda, No much. She writ well, and had vember 24, 1659, and pri. begun the duke's life, of which vately married to her at Wor- the shewed Dr, Burnet a volume. cefter-house, September 5,1660, It was all drawn from the duke's in the night, by Dr. Joseph journal; and he intended to Crowcher, the duke's chaplain. have employed Burnet in carryHer father solemnly protested, ing it on. She was bred to that he knew nothing of the great strictness in religion, and matter, till it broke out in 1662. practised secret confeflion. More The duke thought to have fha- ley was her confessor. She beken her from claiming her mar gan åt twelve years old, and riage by great promises and as continued under his direction, great threatenings. But she, be- till, upon her father's disgrace, ing a woman of a high spirit, he was put from the court. She said, she was his wife, and was generous and friendly, but would have it known that he was too severe an enemy. It was so, let him use her after was supposed she had been prewards as he pleased. King vailed upon to change her reliCharles II. ordered some bi- gion, for a paper was published shops and judges to peruse che by Maimberg, after her death, proofs she had to produce, and giving an account of the grounds they reporting the marriage was of her conversion, which paper good, the king, not being then the duke of York shewed Bur. willing to break with the earl of net, all writ.with her own hand, Clarendon, told his brother he but would not let him 'copy it, must live with her whom he had though he gave him leave to made his wife. The duchess read it twice. After a long deof York was a very extraordi- cay of health the died in 1672, nary woman. She had great very little beloved or lamented. knowledge and a lively sense of Her haughtiness had raised her

many

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