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THE

DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH HISTORY.

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LATE SCHOLAR OF BALLIOL COLLEGE, OXFORD; LECTURER ON MODERN HISTORY,

KING'S COLLEGE, LONDON;

AND

. F. S. PULLING, M.A.,

LATE PROFESSOR OF HISTORY, YORKSHIRE COLLEGE, LEEDS.

CASSELL & COMPANY, LIMITED :

LONDON, PARIS, NEW YORK & MELBOURNE.

1884.

RIGHTS RESERV

PRE FACE

Alainen hen the systematic study of English history is every day attract1 in La raterest of an ever- widening circle of readers, it is somewhat renicaksise that there should be no convenient handbook to the whole subject. The lis t publication is an attempt to supply this deficiency, so far as it can his type od loy a work which is intended to be useful rather than exhaustive. Ir ars possible that everything relating directly or indirectly to a subject

*t and so ill-defined as the history of a great people and a great empire Oull lyp inniled within the compass of eleven hundred moderate-sized pages. 1ne angiels of a concise historical dictionary must be content to make a selt on to the materials at their command. The present work is not an PD: * te, end the editors are aware that many things are onitted from it trie in the live been included, had its limits been wider, and its aim more Sol. 101: Dit they hope that the general reader, as well as the special student .if tips b'in of the British Empire, will find this volume a convenient auxiliary ta Ti 14. s, and they are sanguine enough to anticipate that it will fill a gap on 1.6 i okselves not at present occupied by any single book of reference.

Dhium ionare; i biography already exist in abundance; handbooks of dates and crinology and common and familiar things; manuals of English history, pii.ci'iy institutional, of all sizes and all degrees of merit, are at the easy Pols. let the reading public; and it is possible, by diligent search, to discover

*ks on En 3h bibliography, and even on the bibliography of English history. Baia a girat ook is a great evil, a great many books are assuredly, a greater. The thirst fart t student cannot be expected to read his history with a dozen pranual , works of reference at his elbow, in case he should be in: doubt as 10 fact, 1) should require to verify a date, to gain some information on a CAD statical ; oint, to satisfy himself as to the sequence of events at one of the spoles no annals, or to find out the authorities for a particular period.

To u re a ok which should give, as concisely as possible, just the informarion, ningraphal, bibliographical, chronological, and constitutional, that the recies of Ench history is likely to want, is what is here attempted.

In decidinwhat should or should not find a place in these pages, the Editors hatten to' ep in view the probable needs of modern readers. Practical conPr. sc. has guided them in the somewhat arbitrary selection they have been

Lagant to make; and with a view to this end they have not hesitated to make 60116 let banges of plan which suggested themselves in the course of the sirk ta th biographical department names of purely personal and literary in"reast have been omitted, and the biographies have been written throughout f10 tra historical standpoint. No attempt is made to supplant other Dictionaridi dorj.cu solely to biography ; but the reader will, it is hoped, find sufficient information about every prominent personage to be of use to him in his historical studies, while the references to authorities which accompany all the more important articles will show him where to go if he desires to pursue his inquiries further. In the older “Helps to English History," such as that of Heylin, space equal to the whole of this work is devoted to genealogies and to the lists of the holders of public offices and dignities. In the present volume relatively

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