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adjoining to, and upon the coast of Virginia, as also for sorne other matters and articles, concerning the better government of the s^id company and colony, in which point our said former letters patents do not extend so far, as time and experience hath found to be needful and convenient.
IV. We therefore, tendering the good andnappy success of the said plantation, both in regard of the^ general weal of human society, as in respect of the good of our own estate, a'nd kingdoms, and being willing to give furtherance to all gqod means, that may advance the benefit of the said company, and which may secure the sasety of our loving subjects, planted ip our said colony under the savour and protection of God Almighty, and of our royal power and authority, have therefore, of our especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, given, granted, and confirmed, and for us, our heirs and successors, We do, by these presents, Grant of * give, grant, and confirm, to the said treasurer and compa- ^country ny of adventurers and planters of the city of London for the t0 the said first colony in Virginia, and to their heirs and successors, for London ever, all and singular thofe islands whatsoever, situate and be- comPan)r' ing in any part of the ocean seas, bordering upon the coast of our said first colony in Virginia, and being within three hundred leagues of any the parts heretofore granted to the said treasurer and company, in our said former letters patents, as aforesaid, and being within or between the one-andfbrtieth and thirtieth degrees of northerly latitude, together. with all and singular foils, lands, grounds, havens, ports, rivers, waters, fishings, mines, and minerals, as well royal rn.ines of gold and silver, as other mines and minerals, pearls, precious stones, quarries, and all and singular other commodities, jurisdictions, royalties, privileges, franchises, and preheminences, both within the said tract of land upon the main, and also within the said istand and seas adjoining, whatsoever, and thereunto or thereabouts, both by sea and land, being and situate: and which, by our letters patents, we. may, or can, grant, and in as ample manner and sort, as we, or any our noble progenitors, have heretofore granted to ainy person or persons, or to any company,, body politic or corporate, or to any adventurer or adventurers, undertaker or undertakers, of any discoveries, plantations or trassic, of or into any foreign, parts, whatsoever, and in as large and ample manner as. if the fame were herein particularly named, mentioned, and expressed: provided always, that the said •islands, or any the premises herein mentioned, or by these presents intended or meant to be granted^ be not actually,
possessed or inhabited by any other christian prince or estate, nor be within the bounds, limits or territories of the northern colony, heretofore by us granted to be planted by divers of Hibendum. our loving subjects, in the north parts of Virginia. To have and to hold, possess and enjoy, all and singular the said islands, in the said ocean seas so lying, and bordering upon the coast and coasts of the territories of the said first colony in Virginia, as aforesaid; with all and singular the said soils, lands, and grounds, and all and singular other the premises, heretofore by these presents granted, or mentioned to be granted, to them, the said treasurer and company of adventurers and planters of the city of London for the first colony in Virginia, and to their heirs, successors, and assigns, for ever, to the sole and proper use and behoof of them, the said treasurer and company, and their heirs, and successors, and as. Tenendum. signs, for eve,r. To be holden of us, our heirs, and successors, as of our manor of East-Greenwich, in free and comReddcndo. mon soccage, and not in capite. Yielding and paying therefore to us, our heirs, and successors, the fifth part of the ore of all gold and silver, which shall be there gotten, had, or obtained, for all manner of services whatsoever. Associatir V. And further, our will and pleasure is, and we do, by onsofdj- these presents, grant and confirm, for the good and welsare of *ent r- plantat'on, a"d that posterity may hereafter know,
fonsto'thp wno have adventured, and not been sparing of their purses in said Lonr such a noble and generous action for the general good of donC0I*P?" their country, and at the request, and with the consent, of "y' the company aforesaid, that our trusty and well-beloved subjects, George, Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, Henry, Earl of Huntingdon, Edward, Earl of Bedford, Richard, Earl of Clanrickard, &c. who since our said last letters patents, are become adventurers, and have joined themselves with the former adventurers and planters of the said company and society, shall, from henceforth, be reputed, deemed, and taken to be, and shall be, brethren and free members of the company, and shall and may, respectively, and according to the proportion and value of their several adventures, have, hold, and enjoy all such interest, right, title, privileges, preheminencies, liberties, franchises, immunities, profits, and commodities, whatsoever, in as large, and ample, and beneficial manner, to all intents, constructions, and purposes, as any other adventurers, nominated and expressed in any our former letters patents, or any of them, have or may have, by force and virtue of these presents, or any our former letters patents whatsoever.
VI. And we are further pleased, and we do, by these'pre- Addition of sents, grant and confirm, that Philip, Earl of Montgomery, J^'TM'" William Lord Paget, Sir John Starrington, Ent. &c. son";tothe whom the said treasurer and company have, since the said last council of. letters patents, nominated and set down, as worthy and dis- the sald creet persons, fit to serve as counsellors, to be of our council company' for the said plantation, shall be reputed, deemed, and taken,
as persons of our said council for the said first colony, in such manner and sort, to all intents and purposes, as those, who have been formerly elected and nominated, as our counsellors for that colony, and whose names have been or are inserted and expressed, in our said former letters patents.
VII. And we do hereby ordain and grant, by these presents, Courts or that the said treasurer and company of adventurers and plan- assemblies ters aforesaid, shall and may, once every week, or oftener, at pany^ii** their pleasure, hold and keep a court and assembly, for the be held better order and government of the said plantation, and such once every things as shall concern the same; and that any five persons of *f"^ our council for the said first colony in Virginia, for the time transaction being, o'f which company the treasurer, or his deputy, to be "f ordinary always one, and the number of fifteen others, at the least, of bufinef4, the generality of the said company, assembled together in
such manner, as is and hath been heretofore used and accustomed, shall be said, taken, held, and reputed to be, and shall be a sussicient court of the said company, for the handling, and ordering, and dispatching of all such casual and particular occurrences, and accidental matters, of less consequence and weight, as shall, from time to time, happen, touching and concerning the said plantation;
VIII. And that nevertheless, for the handling, ordering, And sor the
and disposing; of matters and affairs of great weight and im- m3nl£e
K A, , /i„ 6 r . ° . , ment of th«
portance, aild such, as shall or may, in any sort, concern the more im.
weal public and general good of the said company and planta- portant bution, as namely, the manner of government from time to time finess of the to be used, the ordering and disposing of the lands and pos- sou^Pg"eat sessions, and the settling and establishing of a trade there, or and general such like, there shall be held and kept, every year, upon the jJjhnbB" last Wednesday i save one, of Hillary term, Easter, Trinity, bers ofitTM'" and Michaelmas terms, for ever, one great, general, and so-stall be lemnassembly, which four assemblies shall be stiled and called,held ineTeThe four great and general courts of the council and com- y"r" pany of adventurers for Virginia; in all and every of which said great and general courts, so assembled, our will and pleasure is, and we do, for us, our heirs, and successors, for ever, give and grant to the said treasurer and company, and their
successors, for ever, by these presents, that they, the sard ttSA surer and company, or the greater number of them, so assembled, shall and may have full power and authority, from time Election of to time, and at all times hereafter, to elect and c;huse discreet
counsellors perfons tG De Df our said council for the laid first colony in and other . . . . r . i
o(ficers of Virginia, and to nominate and appoint luch ossicers, as they government shall think fit and requisite, for the government, managing, ordering, and dispatching of the affairs of the said company: and shall likewise have full power and authority, to ordain and Making make such laws and ordinances, for the good and welsare of laws' the said plantation, as to them, from time to time, shall be thought requisite and meet: so always, as the same be not contrary to the laws and statutes of this our realm of England: and shall, in like manner, have power and authority, to ext)isfranchi-pulse, disfranchise, and put out of and from their said comsemebersof Pany and society, for ever, all and every such person and perthat neglect sons, as having either promised, or subscribed tbeir names, toto pay the become adventurers to the said plantation of the said first cojn°ney 'TMy lony in Virginia, or having been nominated for adventurers, cribed. in these or any other our letters patents, or having been otherwise admitted and nominated to be of the said company, have nevertheless, either not put in any adventure at all, for and towards the said plantation, or else have refused and neglected, or shall refuse and neglect to bring in his or their adventure, by word or writing promised, within six months after the same shall be so payable and due. Directions Jx. And whereas the sailing and not payment of such of justiceto f1011i68, as nave been promised in adventure for the advanceensorce the ment of the said plantation, hath been often by experience payment of found, to be dangerous and prejudicial to the same, and much ah/""''"o"to nave hindered the progress and proceeding of the said plantation, and for that it seemeth unto us a thing reasonable, that such persons, as by their hand writing have engaged themselves for the payment of their adventures, and afterwards. neglecting their saith and promise, should be compelled to make good and keep the same; therefore our will and pleasure is, that in any suit or suits commenced, in any of our courts at Westminster, or elsewhere, by the said treasurer and company, or otherwise, against any such persons, that our judges for the time being, both in our court of Chancery, and at the Common Pleas, do savour and further the said suits, so sar forth as law and equity will, in any wise, further and permit.
Power to x. And we do, for us, our heirs, and successors, further give persons""7 an(* grant t0 tne treasurer and company, or their successors, 'for for ever, that they, the said treasurer and company, or the whethernagreater part of them, for the time being, so in a full and general subjects"" court assembled, as aforesaid, shall and may, from time to time, the King, and at all times for ever hereafter, elect, chuse, and admit into v aliens, their company and society, any person or persons, as well strangers and aliens, born in any part beyond the seas where- . soever, being in amity with us, as our natural liege-subjects, born in any our realms and dominions: and that all such persons so elected, chosen, and admitted to be of the said company, as aforesaid, shall thereupon be taken, reputed, and held, and shall be free members of the said company, and shall Jiave, hold, and enjoy all and singular freedoms, liberties, franchises, privileges, immunities, benefits, profits, and commodities whatsoever, to the said company in any sort belonging or appertaining, as fully, freely, and amply, as any other adventurers, now being, or which hereafter at any time shall be of the said company, hath, have, shall, may, might, or ought to have and enjoy the same, to all intents and purposes whatsoever.
XI. An'i we do further, of our special grace, certain know- Power to ledge, and mere motion, for us, our heirs, and successors, give c,ar7,.out,
P' , ,.'. . .' ,' ° . the King s
and grant unto the laid treasurer and company, and their subjects,Tor successors, for ever, by these presents, that it shall be lawful strangers, to and free for them and their assigns, at all and every time j5?*le th* and times hereafter, out of any our realms and dominions t^n .p t"g*" whatsoever, to take, lead, carry, and transport in and into ther with the said voyage, and for and towards the said plantation of f^c^'y our said first colony in Virginia, all such and so many of our ^j* A" loving subjects, or any other strangers that will become our fence, and loving subjects, and live under our allegiance, as shall wil- merchandilingly accompany them in the said voyages and plantation; for2t with shipping, armour, weapons, ordnance, munition, pow- with the der, Ihot, victuals, and all manner of merchandises and wares, Pe°piethe«, and all manner of cloathing, implements, furniture, beasts, ^yingUtany cattle, horses, mares, and all other things necessary for the custom or said plantation, and for their use and desence, and for trade duty for with the people there, and in passing and returning to and se'TM _^rf_ from, without paying or yielding any subsidy, custom, or imposition, either inward or outward, or any other duty, to us, our heirs, or successors, for the same, for the space of seven years from the date of these presents.
XII. And we do further, for us, our heirs, and successors, Power to give and grant to the said treasurer and company, and their *e*"»ftir«r successors, for ever, by these presents, that the said treasurer orhis of that company, or his deputy, for the time being, or any deputy, or two other of the said council, for the said first colony in Vir- ct"n°nc°]f
N 2 ginia,'