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colony and plantation; and also, all and every such person and persons whatsoever, as shall enterprise or attempt, at any time hereafter, destruction, invasion, hurt, detriment, or annoyance, to the said colony and plantation, as is likewise specified in the said former grant.

SfcVW XXs'' And that ]t 111311 be lawful for the said treasurerand cent, upon company, and their successors, and every of them, from time

ailgoodsim- to time, and at all times for ever hereafter, and they shall have seWtecoion° ^u11 Power arHl authority, to take and surprise, by all ways or exported and means whatsoever, ,all and every person and persons whatout of it by soever, with their ships, goods, and other furniture, traf^.e^s'nn8^ sicking in any harbour, creek, or place, within the lirhits or members of precincts of the said colony and plantation, not being allowed the said by the said company to be adventurers or planters of the said company; coiony, until such time as they, being of any realms and dominions under our obedience, shall pay, or agree to pay, to the hands of the treasurer or of some other officer, deputed by the said governor of Virginia (over and above such subsidy and custom, as the said company is, or hereafter shall be, to pay) five pounds per cent, upon all goods and merchandises so brought in thither, and also five per cent, upon all goods by and 10 per them shipped out from thence; and being strangers, and not aUgoodsfo" under our obedience, until' they have paid (over and above such imported subsidy and custom, as the said treasurer and company, or thither or their successors, is, or hereafter shall be, to pay) ten pounds the^f-e^by Rer cent- upon all such goods, likewise carried in and out, strangers anything, in the said former letters patents, to the contrary rtatundtr notwithstanding; and the same sums of money and benefit, ^ed^nce3. as aforesaid, for and during the space of one-and-twenty years, shall be wholly employed to the benefit, use, and behoof of the said colony and plantation ; and aster the said one-and-twenty years ended, the same shall be taken to the use of us, our heirs, and successors, by such officers and rninisters, as by us, our heirs, or successors, shall be thereunto assigned and appointed, as is specified in the said former letters patents.

General de- XXII' Also, we do, for us, our heirs, and successors, "nsuchper- declare, by these presents, that all and every the persons, sons as shall being our subjects," which shall. go and inhabit within the be born in said colony and plantation, and every of their children and that colony, ^fa^^ which shall happen to be born within any the limits thereof, shall have and enjoy all liberties, franchises, and immunities of free denizens and natural subjects, within any of pur other dominions, to all intents and purposes, as if they'


had teen sliding and born within this our realm of England, or in any other of our dominions.

XXlil. Apd forasmuch, as it shall be necessary for all such Power to our loving subjects, as shall inhabit within the said precincts ^e of Virginia, afon said, to determine to live together j in the menfthat fear and true worship of Almighty God, christian peace, and sliall be apcivil quietness, each with other, whereby every one may, Puintedr with more sasety, pleasure, and profit, enjoy that, whereunto bythecounthey shall attain with great pain and peril; we, for us, our cil asoresaid, heirs, and successors, are likewise pleased and contented, and tove]rnf by these presents, do give and grant unto the said treasurer th^siid coand company, and their successors, and to such governors, lonyaccordossicers, and ministers, as shall be, by our said council, con- jns to svfc stituted and appointed, according to the natures and limits ^^"'well of their.ossices and places respectively, that they shall and as civil, as may, from time to time for ever hereafter, within the .said Biil| be esprecincts of Virginia, or in the way by sea thither and from St^said6' thence, have full and absolute power and authority, to cor- council, r'ect, punish, pardon, govern, and rule, all such the subjects of us, our heirs, and successors, as shall, from time to time, adventure themselves in any voyage thither, or that shall, at any time hereafter, inhabit in the precincts and territories of the said colony, as aforesaid, according to such orders, ordinances, constitutions, directions, and instructions, as by our said council, as aforesaid, snail be established; and in desect thereof, jn case of necessity, acccording to the good discretion of the said governor and ossicers, respectively, as \vell in cases capital and criminal as civil, both marine and other; so always, as the said statutes, ordinances, and proceedings, as near as conveniently may be, be agreeable to the laws, statutes, government, and policy of this our realm of England.

XXlV. And we do further, of our special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, grant, declare, and ordain* that such principal governor, .as, from time to time, shall duly and lawfully be authorised and appointed, in manner and form in these presents heretofore expressed, shall have full power _ and authority, t6 use and. exercise martial law, in. cafes of rebellion or mutiny, in as large and ample manner, as our lieutenants in our counties, within this our realm of Engiand, have, or ought to have, by force of their commissions of lieutenancy*

, XXV. And furthermore, if any person or oersons, ad-Perfonswho venturers or planters of the said colony, or any other, at any under Pretime or'times hereafter, shall transport any monies, goods, J££

M 2 Ot colony, sliaU send goods or merchandizes, out of any of our kingdoms, with a pre> «untri"',6ntcnceor purpose, to land, sell, or otherwise dispose of the Hull forfeit same, within the limits or bounds of the said colony, and yet their ships nevertheless, being at sea, or after he hath landed within any and goods. part Qf ^ colonVi shall carry the same into any other foreign country, with a purpose there to sell and dispose thereof; that then, all the goods and chattels of the said person, or persons, so offending and transported, together with the ship or vessel wherein such transportation was made, shall be forseited to us, our heirs and successors. Doubtful XXVI. And further, our will and pleasure is, that in all thssse"" 1ue^'ons an(l doubts that shall arise, upon any dissiculty of iormer' pa- construction or interpretation of any thing, contained either in tents shall thisorinoursoid former letters patents,the same shall be taken heconstruedand interpreted, inmost ample and beneficial manner for the to tne'gran- treasurer and company, and their successors, and every tee«. member thereof.

Confirmati- XXVII. And further, we do, by these presents, ratify on of former and confirm unto the said treasurer and company, and their patents not successors all the privileges, franchises, liberties, and immualtered by nities, granted in our laid former letters patents, and not in the present these our letters patents revoked, altered, changed or charter. abridged.

Extensionof XXVIII. And finally, our will and pleasure is, and we the privile-d0 further, hereby, for us, our heirs and successors, grant bythischar-an(* aSree, t0 an^ w''h the said treasurer and company, and ter to all su- their successors, that all and singular person and persons, sure mem- which shall, at any time or times hereafter, adventure any ftiTM°oma ^um or sums of money, in and towards the said plantation of »y duly a<i-the said colony in Virginia, and shall be admitted, by the mitted into said council and company, as adventurers of the said cocouncil th<S lonv, 'n foTm aforesaid, and shall be enrolled in the book thereof, in or records of the adventurers of the said company, shall and the manner may be accounted, accepted, taken, held, and reputed, adabove de- venturers of the said colony, and shall and may enjoy all and

scribed. - . ... * . . r r

singular grants, privileges, liberties, benefits, profits, com, modities, and immunities, advantages, and emoluments whatsoever, as fully, largely, amply, and absolutely, as if they, and every of them, hail been precisely, plainly, singularly, and distinctly named and inserted in these our letters patents.

Noperson XXIX. And lastly, because the principal effect which shall go into we can desire or expect of this action, is the conversion and the said reduction of the people in those parts unto the true worship country cf Q0(j an£j chriftian religion, in which respect we ihould

be be loath, that any person should be permitted to pass, that without hawe suspected toeffect the superstitions of the church of Rome; J^8 fitr*eta" we do hereby declare, that it is our will and pleasure, that oath of su. none be permitted to pass, in any voyage, from time to time premacy. to be made into the said country, but such as first shall have taken the oaths of supremacy i for which purpose we do, by these presents, give full power and authority, to the treasurer for the time being, and any three of the council, to tender and exhibit the said oath, to all such persons as shall, at any time, be sent and employed in the said voyage. Although express mention of the true yearly value or certainty of the premises, or any of them, or of any other gifts or grants, by us, or any of our progenitors, or predecessors, to the aforesaid treasurer and company heretofore made, in these presents is not made; or any act, statute, ordinance, provision, proclamation, or restraint, to the contrary hereof had, made, ordained, or provided, or any other thing, cause, or matter, whatsoever in any wise notwithstanding. In witness whereof, we have caused these our letters to be made patent; witness ourself atWestminster, the 23d day of May, in the seventh year of our reign of England, France,and Ireland, and of Scotland the *****

Per ipsum Regtm.

L U K I N.


Charter of King JAMES I. to the Treasurer arid
Company of Virginia. Dated March 12, 1611-2.

I. TAMES, by the grace of God, King of England, Scot-Recital of

J land, France, and Ireland, Desender of the Faith; to the suball, to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas ^"charter at the humble suit of divers and sundry our loving'subjects, as 0fMayi3, well adventurers as planters of the first colony in Virginia, 1609. and for the propagation of christian religion, and reclaiming of people barbarous to civility and humanity, we have, by our letters patents, bearing date, at Westminster, the three


an'd-tWentieth day of lvlay, iii the seventh year of out feign of England, France, and Ireland, and the two-and-fortieth of Scotland, given and granted unto them, that they, and all such astd so many of Our loving subjects, as should, from' time to time forever after, be joined with them, as planters or adventurers in the said plantation, and their successors, for ever, should be one body politic, incorporated by the name of, The treasurer and company of adventurers and planters of" the city of London fof the first colony in Virginia.

II, And whereas also, for the greater good and benefit of she said Company, and for the better furtherance, strengthening, and establishing of the said plantation, we did further give, grant, and confirm, by our said letters patents, unto; the said treasurer and company, and theif successors, forever, all those lands, countries, or territories, fituate, lying, and Being, iii that part of America called Virginia, from the point' of land called Cape or Point Corhfort, all along the sea coasts, to the northward, two hundred miles, and from. the said point of Cape Comfort, all along the sea coast, to the southward, two hundred miles, and all that space and circuit of land, lying from the sea coast of the precinct aforesaid, up or into the land, throughout from sea to sea, west and northwest, and also all the islands, lying within one hundred miles, along the coast of both the seas of the precinct aforesaid, with divers other grants, liberties, franchises, and preheminences, privileges, profits, benefits, and commodities, granted, in and by our said letters patents, to the said treasurer and company, and their successors, for ever. Petition of HI. Now, forasmuch as we are given to understand, that the grantees in those seas, adjoining to the said coasts of Virginia, and. sor the en- w;thout the compass of those two hundred miles, by us so of their sor- granted unto the said treasurer and company, as aforesaid, merchatter, and yet not sar distant from the said colony in Virginia^ there are, or may be, divers islands, lying desolate and uninhabited, some os which are already made known and dis* Covered, by the industry, travelT and expence of the said company-, and others also are supposed to be and remain, as yet, unknown and undiscovered, all and every of which it may import the'said colony, both in sasety and policy of trade, to populate and plant, in regard whereof, as well for'the preventing of peril, as for the better commodity and prosperity of the said colony, they have been humble suitors ufito us, that we would be pleased to grant unto them. ari enlargement of our said former letters patents, as well for a more ample extent of their limits and territories into the seas

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