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ferior, from time to time, for the putting of the same orders, laws, statutes, ordinances, instructions and directions, in due execution against us, our heirs and successors, a sussicient warrant and discharge. And further, our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby for us, our heirs and successors, establish There (hall and ordain, That yearly, once in the year for ever hereafter, lean annu- namely, the aforesaid Wednesday in May, and at the town of »f the^go- Newport, or elsewhere if urgent occasion do require, the governor, Sec. vernor, deputy governor, and assistants of the sard companv, hy the ge- and other ossicers of the said companv, or such of them as the hyr1nssetnhe Seneral assembly shall think fit, shall be in the said general month of court or assembly, to be held frqm that day or time, newly May. chosen for the year ensuing, by greater part of the said company for the time being, as shalf be then and there present* Accidental And if it mall happen that the present governor, deputy gover^ fcathCorrey nor' an(l an,iftants, by these presents appointed, or any such as movai m<y shall hereafter be newly chosen into their rooms, or any of be filled up them, or any other the ossicers of the said company, shall die, lassiunbl" or be removed from h,s or their several ossices or places, before the said general day of election, (whom we do hereby declare Powertore- f0r any misdemeanor or desault, to be removable by the govermove the assistants and company, or such "rearer part of them, in

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any other any of the said public courts to be assembled, as aforesaid) officer, for that then, and in every such case, it shall and may be lawful meanor to zn^ ^or t'ie governor, deputy governor, assistants and company aforesaid, or such greater part of them so to be assembled, as is aforesaid, in any of their assemblies, to proceed to a new election of one or more of their company, in the room or place, rooms or places, of such ossicer or ossicers so dying or removed, according to their directions. And immediately upon and. after such election or election*) made of such governor, deputy governor, assistant or assistants, or any other ossicer of the said company, in manner and form aforesaid, the authority, ossice and power, before given to the former governor, deputy governor, and other ossicer and ossicers so removed, in whose stead and place new shall be chosen, shall, as to him and them, and every of them respectively, cease and determine: provided always, and our will and pleaThe gov. (UK js, That as well such as are by these presents appointed ic.^fhau'to ^e the present governor, deputy governor, and assistants of take solemn the said company, as those which shall succeed them, and all engage- other ossicers to be appointed and chosen as aforesaid, shall, the^outies0 before the undertaking the execution of the said ossices and of their places respectively, give their solemn engagement by oath or •espective otherwise, for the due and saithful performance of their duties .ffic". in $h their several ossices and places, before such person or persons as are by these presents hereafter appointed to take and receive the same; (that is to fay) the said Benedict Arnolds .Who is herein before nominated and appointed the present governor of the said company, shall give the aforesaid engagement before William Brenton, or any two of the said assistants of the said company, unto whom we do, by these presents, give full power aud authority to require and receive the same; and the said William Brenton, who is hereby beFore nominated and appointed the present deputy governor of the said company, shall give the aforesaid engagement before the said Benedict Arnold, or any two of the assistants of the said company, unto whom we do, by these presents, give full power and authority'to require and receive the same \ and the said William Boulston, John Porter, Roger Williams, Thomas Olney, John Smith, John Greene, John Coggeshall, James Barker, William Field, and Joseph Clarke4 who are herein before nominated and appointed the present assistants of the company, shall give the said engagement to their ossices and places respectively belonging, before the said Benedict Arnold and William Brenton^ or one of them, to whom respectively we do hereby give full power and authority to require* administer or receive the same. And further, Manner in our will and pleasure is, that all and every other future go- whichfuVernor, or deputy governor, to be elected and chosen by n"TM InTo'virtue of these presents, shall give the said engagement before ther officers two or more of the said assistants of the said company for the of the(hco"" time being, unto whom we do, by these presents, give full gi"eythese power and authority to require, administer or receive the engagesame; and the said assiltants, and every of them, and all and ^ea"' every other ossicer or ossicers, to be hereafter elected and chosen by virtue of these presents, from time to time, shall give the like engagements to their ossices and places respectively belonging, before the governor, or deputy governor, for the time being; unto which said governor, or deputy governor, we do by these presents give full power and authority to require, administer, or receive the same accordingly. And we do likewise, for us, our heirs and successors, The govergive and grant unto the said governor and company, and theirs *vem successors, by these presents, that for the more peaceable and the colony orderly government of the said plantations, it shall and may according be lawful for the governor, deputy governor, assistants, and tl,w, all other officers and ministers, of the said company, in the already been administration of justice, and exercise of government, in the in use there said plantations, to use, exercise, and put in execution, such ^°°f^ng

F methods, to tb* tarn t[iEu|^ un" methods, rules, orders, and directions, not being contrary and change/in rePugnant to tne laws and statutes of this our realm, as has beeH some gen. heretofore given, used, and accustomed in such cases respectively, aslembly. to be put in practice, until, at the next, or some other general assembly, especial provision shall be made and ordained in the ar"";" the ca^es a^ore^aid' And we do further, for us, our heirs and sucpeop'Ie^ and ceu"ors, give and grant unto the said governor and company, and leading their successors, by these presents, that itshall and may be lawful them out to to and for the said governor, or in his absence the deputy goenemhtt vernor5and major part of the said assistants for the time being, at that (hall any time, when the said general assembly is not fitting, to nomiinvade the nate, appoint and constitute such and so many commanders, gocolonyi verftors, and military ossicers, as to them shall seem requisite, for the leading, conducting, and training up the inhabitants of the said plantations in martial affairs, and for the desence and saseguard of the said plantations; and that it shall and may be lawful to and for all and every such commander, governor, and military officer, that shall be so as aforesaid, or by the governor, or in his absence the deputy governor, and six of the assistants, and major part of the freemen of the said company, present at any general assemblies, nominated, appointed and constituted, 'according to the tenor of his and their respective commissions and

directions,. to assemble,exercise in arms, marshal, array,and put in-warlike posture, the inhabitants of the said colony, for their especial desence and sasety; and to lead and conduct the said inhabitants, and to encounter, repulse, and resist by force of arms, as well by sea as by land, and also to kill, slay and destroy, by all fitting ways, enterprizes and means whatsoever, all and every such person or persons, as shall at any time hereafter attempt or enterprize the destruction, invasion, detriment or annoyance of the said inhabitants or plantations; and to use and exercise the law martial, in such cases only as occasion shall necessarily require; and to take and surprize, by all ways and means whatsoever, all and every such person and*persons, with their ship or ships, armour, ammunition, or other goods of such persons as shall in hostile manner invade or attempt the deseating of the said plantation, or the *ustcaPsi:stonurt of tne said company and inhabitants; and upon just invad^them causes to invade and destroy the natives, Indians, or other Butthey enemies of the said colony. Nevertheless, our will and pleamay not in- sore is, and we do hereby declare, to the rest of our colonies tfve'indianiin New-England, that it shall not be lawful for this our said inhabiting colony of Rhode-Island and Providence plantations in Ameother colo- rica, in New-England, to invade the natives inhabiting withBieswithout in the boun(js and iimits 0f tneir faid colonies, without the

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Jud colonies knowknowledge and consent os the said other colonies. And it is And thc °hereby declared, that it shall not be lawful to or for the rest of ^r the colonies to invade or molest the native Indians, or any other unJerthe inhabitants inhabiting within the bounds or limits hereafterfamerestricmentioned, (they having subjected themselves unto us, and ^ct^Yh* fceing by us taken into our special protection) without Indians that the knowledge and consent of the governor and company inhabit of our colony of Rhode-Island and Providence plantation. Rhode"Isl" Aiso our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby declare unto Provifion in all Christian Kings, Princes and States, that if any person,case anyof which shall hereafter be of the said company or plantation, J^jSjjjjJ or any other by appointment of the said governor and com- colony of pany, for the time being, shall at any time or times hereafter Rhode-Ill, rob or spoil, by sea or land, or do any hurt, or unlawful roi! 6T

, V •> J * / . , , r iniure the

hostility, to any of the subjects of us, our heirs and tuc- subjects of cesibrs, or any of the subjects of any Prince or State, being any state in then in league with us, our heirs and successors; upon com- £TM!^nJlth plaint of such injury done to any such Prince or State, or their subjects, we, our heirs and successors, will make open proclamation, within any parts of our realm of England, fit for that purpose, that the person or persons committing any such robbery or spoil, shall, within the time limited by such . . proclamation, make full restitution or satissaction of all such injuries done or committed, so as the said Prince, or others so complaining, may be fully satisfied and contented; and if the said person or persons, who shall commit any such rob-' bery or spoil, shall not make satissaction accordingly within such time so to be limited, that then we, our heirs and successors, will put such person or persons out of our allegiance and protection; and that then it shall and may be lawful and free for all Princes or others, to prosecute with hostility such offenders, and every of them, .their and every of their procurers, aiders, abettors and counsellors, in that behalf. Provided also, and our express will and pleasure is, and we do Reservation by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors,, ordain and totheking't appoint, that these presents shall not in any manner hinder ^"Jfthe any of our loving subjects whatsoever, from using and exer- liberty of' cising the trade of fishing upon the coast of New-England, ip, fishing anil America, but that they, and every or any of them, (hall have ^I'n?(^Vr full and free power and liberty to continue and use the trade jj^^w., of fishing upon the said coast, in any of the seas thereunto ad- ''„'» joining, or any arms of the sea, or salt-water, rivers and creeks, where they have been accustomed to fish, and to build and set upon the waste land belonging to the said colony . and plantations, such wharfs, stages, and work-houses as>

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shall be necessary for the salting, drying and keeping of their Whales, fish, to be taken or gotten upon that coast. And further, for the encouragement of the inhabitants of our said colony of Providence plantation, to set upon the business of taking whales, it shall be lawful for them, or any of them, having struck a whale, dubertus, or other great fish, it or them to pursue unto that coast, and into any bay, river, cove, creek or shore, belonging thereto, and it or them, upon the said coast, or in the said bay, river, cove, creek or shore, belonging thereto, to kill and'order for the best advantage without molestation, they making no wilful waste or spoil; anything in these presents contained, or any other matter or thing to Vineyards, the contrary notwithstanding. And further also, we are graciously pleased, and do hereby declare, that if any of the inhabitants of our said colony dp set upon the planting of vineyards, (the foil and climate both seeming naturally to concur to' the production of .wines) or be industrious in the discovery of fishing-banks, in or about the said colony, we will, from time to time, give and allow all due and fitting encouragement therein, as to others in cases of like nature, carrvdver further of our more ample grace, certain knowledge, and

to this co- mere motion, we have given and granted, and by these prelony any of sents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give and grant, rb-ect"S'S unto the said governor and company of the English colony of who (hall Rhode-Island and Providence plantation in the Narragansett bewiliing bay in New-England, in America, and to every inhabitant thef- tli'" there, and to ever7 person and persons trading thither, and "' to every such person or persons as are or shall be free of the said colony, full power and authority, from time to time, and at all times heireafter, to take, ship, transport, and carry away, out of any of our realms and dominions, for and towards the plantation and defence of the said colony, such and, so many of our loving subjects and strangers, as shall or wilf willingly accompany them in and to their said colony and plantation, except such person or persons as are or shall be, therein restrained by us, our heirs and successors, or any law wise to car or statute of this realm; and also to ship 'and transport all and ry over all manner of goods, chattels, merchandize, and other things goods and whatsoever, that are or shall be useful or necessary for the said oMzeC>a"" planUtions, and defence' thereof, and usually transported, England, and not prohibited by any law or statute of this bur realm i 1 yielding and paying unto us,* our heirs and successors, such

the duties, customs and subsidies, as' are or ought to be paid General de- or payable for the same. : And further, our will and pleasure nization of fe an(j we d0 for US our heirs and successors, ordain, de!**?»''', •' '' clare,

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